Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 2, Pages 179 - 204 2020-04-30

Development of Internet literacy self-efficacy scale for pre-service teachers
Öğretmen adayları için İnternet okuryazarlığı özyeterlik ölçeğinin geliştirilmesi

Nehir YASAN AK [1]


This study aims to develop the Internet Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale (ILSEF) that can be used to examine pre-service teachers’ beliefs in their capabilities to perform recent web functionalities. The data was collected from eight different departments and all grade levels of the faculty of education at a state university in Turkey. Two different samples were used to develop and validate the instrument. The first and second samples consisted of 174 and 150 pre-service teachers, respectively. In an effort to explore the factorial structure, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were run. Construct validity was also checked by convergent and discriminant validity. A four-factor structure with 16 items was obtained: trustworthiness, creation, technical knowledge, and getting information. This structure accounted for 65.40% of the total variance. The reliability Cronbach alpha coefficients of the scale were calculated as ranging from .90 to .71. The results provided some evidence that the scores obtained from the Internet Literacy Self-Efficacy Scale are valid and reliable in assessing pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs in terms of the Internet use knowledge and skills.

Bu çalışma, öğretmen adaylarının güncel web işlevlerini kullanabilme yetenekleriyle ilgili inançlarını incelemek için kullanılabilecek İnternet Okuryazarlığı Özyeterlik Ölçeğini (ILSEF) geliştirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Veriler, Türkiye'deki bir devlet üniversitesindeki eğitim fakültesinin 8 farklı bölümünden ve tüm sınıf düzeylerinden toplanmıştır. Ölçeğin geliştirilmesi ve güvenirlik çalışmaları için iki farklı örneklem kullanılmıştır. Birinci örneklem 174 ve ikinci örneklem 150 öğretmen adayından oluşmaktadır. Faktöriyel yapıyı araştırmak için, açımlayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yapılmıştır. Yapı geçerliği ayrıca yakınsak ve ayırt edici geçerlik ile kontrol edilmiştir. 16 maddelik dört faktörlü bir model elde edilmiştir: güvenilirlik, oluşturma, teknik bilgi ve bilgi alma. Bu model toplam varyansın %65.40'ını açıklamıştır. Ölçeğe ilişkin Cronbach alfa güvenirlik katsayıları .90 ile .71 arasında hesaplanmıştır. Sonuçlar, İnternet Okuryazarlığı Özyeterlik Ölçeğinden elde edilen puanların, öğretmen adaylarının İnternet kullanım bilgi ve becerilerine olan özyeterlik inançlarını değerlendirilmesinde geçerli ve güvenilir bir yapıda olduğunu ortaya koymuştur.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4801-2740
Author: Nehir YASAN AK (Primary Author)
Institution: TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks I would like to thank Dr. Yeşim Çapa Aydın particularly for her valuable feedback in the statistical analyses of my study.
Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2020

APA YASAN AK, N . (2020). Development of Internet literacy self-efficacy scale for pre-service teachers. Turkish Journal of Education , 9 (2) , 179-204 . DOI: 10.19128/turje.664706