Year 2021, Volume 10 , Issue 2, Pages 58 - 75 2021-04-30

Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde ergenlerin depresyon-anksiyete düzeyleri ve başa çıkma stratejileri
Depression-anxiety and coping strategies of adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic

Fulya TURK [1] , Aykut KUL [2] , Erdal KILINÇ [3]


Bu araştırmanın amacı; Covid-19 salgını sürecinde ergenlerin anksiyete, depresyon ve başa çıkma düzeylerinin incelenmesidir. Araştırma Gaziantep’in Şahinbey ilçesinde ortaokul ve lisede eğitim gören 3058 öğrenciyle (2080 kız, 978 erkek) yürütülmüştür. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak, Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Çocuklarda Anksiyete ve Depresyon Ölçeği Yenilenmiş-Çocuk Formu ve Çocuk ve Ergenler için Başa Çıkma Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde İlişkisiz Örneklemler İçin t-Testi ve İlişkisiz Örneklemler İçin Tek Yönlü ANOVA kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın sonuçlarına göre; araştırmaya katılan ergenlerden yüksek düzeyde depresyon, anksiyete ve depresyon ve anksiyete birlikte sahip olanların oranı sırasıyla; %45,6, %48,6 ve %47,12’dir. Kadınların, lisede okuyan ergenlerin, anne ve babası düşük eğitim seviyesine sahip olanların, anne ve babası ayrı olanların, sosyal medya kullanımında artış olanların ve kardeş sayısı üçten fazla olan ergenlerin daha yüksek anksiyete ve depresyon düzeyine sahip oldukları saptanmıştır. Depresyon ve anksiyete düzeyi yüksek ergenlerin kaçınma ve olumsuz başa çıkma stratejilerini daha fazla kullandığı saptanmıştır. Salgın sürecinde ergenlerin ruh sağlığı problemlerinin yaygınlığının yüksek olduğu ve bu konuda ergenlerin ruh sağlığı alanındaki çalışmalara gereksinim olduğu ifade edilebilir.
The aim of the present study was to examine the levels of anxiety, depression and coping of adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic. The study was carried out with 3058 students (2080 females, 978 males) who are continuing their secondary and high school educations at Şahinbey District of Gaziantep. Personal Information Form, The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale – Child Version and Coping Scale for Children and Adolescents were used for data collection. Independent Samples t-Test and One-Way ANOVA were used for data analysis. Based on the results of the study; the ratios of adolescents with high depression, anxiety as well as depression and anxiety were 45.6%, 48.6% and 47.12% respectively in the present study. It was determined that women, adolescents at high school, those with parents having low education level, individuals with separated parents, those with increased social media use and adolescents with number of siblings greater than three have higher anxiety and depression levels. Adolescents with high levels of depression and anxiety were found to use more avoidant and negative coping strategies. It can be stated that the prevalence of mental health problems of adolescents during the epidemic process is high and that studies in the field of mental health of adolescents are needed.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1896-8418
Author: Fulya TURK
Institution: ISTANBUL MEDENIYET UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2851-2222
Author: Aykut KUL (Primary Author)
Institution: GAZIANTEP UNIVERSITY, GAZİANTEP FACULTY OF EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9665-4241
Author: Erdal KILINÇ
Institution: T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Herhangi bir kurumdan destek alınmamıştır.
Project Number Herhangi bir proje dahilinde gerçekleştirilmemiştir.
Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2021

APA Turk, F , Kul, A , Kılınç, E . (2021). Depression-anxiety and coping strategies of adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic . Turkish Journal of Education , 10 (2) , 58-75 . DOI: 10.19128/turje.814621