Year 2020, Volume 6 , Issue 4, Pages 142 - 148 2020-12-30

Effect of circuit training on selected health-related physical fitness components: the case of sport science students

Dessalegn Wase MOLA [1] , Getachew Tesema BAYISA [2]

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of circuit training on selected health-related physical fitness of 2nd-year sport science students at Ambo University, Ethiopia. The quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. For this study, all 39 students were considered as a sample with 22 males and 17 females by using the stratification sampling technique. Among 39 students, 19 of them were experimental groups (EG, n=19) while the other 20 were considered as the control group (CG, n=20) using a simple random sampling technique. The age of subjects was ranged from 19-22. The EG of the study received a supervised training program for 12 weeks and 3 days per week for 60 – 65 minutes per session and CG did not receive the additional training which was designed for this study. The variables selected for this study were: Muscular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility with their tests of push-up, wall squat and sit and reach test. Tests were taken two times at pre-test and post-training. In this study, exercise was done with orientations, instructions, and supervision by the researcher and assistants. Data were analyzed by paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test. After the 12-week training program, the muscular endurance, muscular strength, and flexibility of the students are increased significantly in the experimental group (p < .05). The respective values did not change in the control group (p > .05). The results showed that the circuit training program was effective to increase and maintain muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility of the students. The present study indicated that 12-weeks of well-designed physical fitness training enhanced the performance of sport science students at Ambo University. Therefore, scientific-based training should be incorporated into the sports science curriculum training program to maximize the ability of the athletes.
Flexibility, Health-Related Physical Fitness, Muscular Endurance, Muscular strength
  • Abdullah, N., & Omar F. (2002). Sport Psych. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publication.
  • Alcaraz, P.E., Sánchez-Lorente, J., & Blazevich, A.J. (2008). Physical performance and cardiovascular responses to an acute bout of heavy resistance circuit training versus traditional strength training. J Strength Cond Res, 22(3), 667-671.
  • Armstrong, M.E.G. (2009). Youth fitness testing in South Africa primary school children: national normative data, fitness and effects of socioeconomic status. Doctoral thesis, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Ashok, C. (2008). Test your physical fitness. India: Gyan Publishing House.
  • Baltaci, G., Un, N., Tunay, V., Besler, A., & Gerçeker, S. (2003). Comparison of three different sit and reach tests for measurement of hamstring flexibility in female university students. Br J Sports Med, 37(1), 59–61.
  • Barbosa, A. R., SantarÉm, J. M., Jacob Filho, W., & Marucci, M. D. F. N. (2002). Effects of resistance training on the sit-and-reach test in elderly women. J Strength Cond Res, 16(1), 14-18.
  • de Villarreal, E.S., Kellis, E., Kraemer, W.J., & Izquierdo, M. (2009). Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: a meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res, 23(2), 495-506.
  • Grosset, J.F., Piscione, J., Lambertz, D., & Pérot, C. (2009). Paired changes in electromechanical delay and musculo-tendinous stiffness after endurance or plyometric training. Eur J Appl Physiol, 105(1), 131-139.
  • Ingle, L., Sleap, M., & Tolfrey, K. (2006). The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. J Sports Sci, 24(9), 987-997. Kothari, C.R. (2004). Research methodology: methods and techniques. New Delhi: New Age International Ltd.
  • Mane, M.M., & Yadav, S.K. (2011). The effects of circuit training for the development of vertical jumping ability, endurance, agility and skill ability in football players’ boys aged 10 to 12 years. Variorum, Multi-Disciplinary e-Research Journal, 1(4), 1-8.
  • Markovic, G. (2007). Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? a meta-analytical review. Br J Sports Med, 41(6), 349-355.
  • Mayorga-Vega, D., Viciana, J., & Cocca, A. (2013). Effects of a circuit training program on muscular and cardiovascular endurance and their maintenance in schoolchildren. J Hum Kinet, 37, 153–160.
  • Ortega, F.B., Ruiz, J.R., Castillo, M.J., & Sjöström, M. (2008). Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health. Int J Obes, 32, 1–11.
  • Reily, T., & Brooks, G. (1982). Investigations of circadian rhythms in metabolic response to Exercise. Ergonomics, (25), 1098-1197.
  • Shaikh, A., & Mallick, N.I. (2012). Effects of plymetrics training and weight training on selected motor ability components among university male students. International Journal of Advancements in Research and Technology, 1(6): 1-9.
  • Sonchan, W., Moungmee, P., & Sootmongkol, A. (2017). The effects of a circuit training program on muscle strength, agility, anaerobic performance and cardiovascular endurance. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Sport and Health Sciences, 11(4), 176-179.
Primary Language en
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Original Articles

Orcid: 0000-0001-9688-0775
Author: Dessalegn Wase MOLA (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Sport Science, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ethiopia
Country: Ethiopia

Orcid: 0000-0001-9688-0775
Author: Getachew Tesema BAYISA
Institution: Department of Sport Science, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University
Country: Ethiopia

Supporting Institution Ambo University, sport science department
Project Number No Project
Thanks My deep gratitude was going to Ambo University Sport Science student which has been duly acknowledged for adjusting me with requirements to go through proper data collection particularly; Mr. Endale Alemayew (Msc) for his sustainable support and technical guidance during my study period

Publication Date : December 30, 2020

APA Mola, D , Bayısa, G . (2020). Effect of circuit training on selected health-related physical fitness components: the case of sport science students . Turkish Journal of Kinesiology , 6 (4) , 142-148 . DOI: 10.31459/turkjkin.812512