The practice of interval training is one of the essential lifestyle change measures for the management of high blood pressure while having beneficial effects that go beyond event reduction and cardiovascular mortality. Interval training is a form of cardio training, alternating periods of effort with more or less short recovery periods, in the same session. It improves the physical condition in the management of cardiovascular pathologies in general and arterial hypertension in particular. The study aimed to find out the effects of endurance physical exercises of the interval training type for hypertensive soldiers in the Kinshasa garrison. One hundred military subjects with hypertension, including 36 junior officers and 64 military sub-officers, aged 20 years and over, were joined the study. They were subjected for 6 months to a physical training program such as interval training on a treadmill. The program was divided into periods of 30 minutes of work, alternating phases of activity, and phases of active rest lasting 5 minutes per interval, of low to moderate intensity, and with a frequency of three times per interval. Week of slow walking exercises via fast and accelerated. The primary aim was the reduction in blood pressure and weight. The paired student's t-test was used to compare continuous variables before and after the interval training exercise program. A significant reduction was observed in 6 months of interval training exercises combined with dietary advice adapted for most of the morpho-physiological parameters studied. Adapted physical exercises such as interval training, associated with dietary advice significantly reduce body weight, waist circumference, body mass index, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and significantly increases VO2 max.
Hypertensive, interval training exercise, soldier