Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle
Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle

Sezgin ŞENTÜRK [1] , Hüseyin Cihan [2] , Sevim KASAP [3] , Zafer MECİTOĞLU [4] , Mutlu TEMİZEL [5]


Tanenler polifenolik bileşiklerdir. Tanenler kimyasal açıdan, hidroliz olabilen tanenler ve kondanse tanenler olmak üzere iki ana gruba ayrılırlar. Tanenler ruminal timpani ve yüksek metan gazı oluşumunu engellemek amacı ile ruminantlarda kullanılmaktadır.

Sunulan çalışmada tanen maddesinin, süt sığırlarında negatif enerji dengesi metabolizması üzerine etkisini ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır.

Hayvanlar, genel sağlık kontrolü yapıldıktan sonra, çalışma (test grubu n=10) ve kontrol grubu (n=10) olmak üzere 2 gruba ayrıldı. Çalışma grubuna doğum öncesi ve sonrası 3 hafta olmak üzere 6 hafta boyunca hayvan başına 90 gr hayvansal kullanıma uygun bitkisel öz kapsayan (Quebracho Colorado) tanen (Unitan Saica Inc., Arjantin) ilavesi yapılırken, kontrol grubuna tanen veya başka bir katkı ilavesi yapılmadı. Her iki grubu oluştu-ran hayvanlardan doğum öncesi 21 gün, doğum anı ve doğum sonrası 7., 14. ve 21. günlerde dışkı, kan ve doğum sonrası haftalarda süt örnekleri alındı. Kan örneklerinden Betahidroksi butirat (BHB), albümin, kalsiyum, fosfor, total protein, BUN, GGT, kolesterol, trigliserid, süt örneklerinden; Süt üre nitrojen (MUN), düzeyleri değerlendirildi. Gruplar arasında BUN, MUN, kalsiyum, fosfor, trigliserid, albumin, total protein ve GGT değerlerinde fark bulunmadı. Bununla birlikte, çalışma grubundaki BHB düzeylerinde kontrol grubuna göre doğum anı, doğum sonrası 7. ve 14. günde istatistiksel düzeyde olmayan ama 21. günde istatistiksel düzeyde saptanan bir düşme belirlenmiştir.

Sonuç olarak; tanen uygulanan gruptaki hayvanlarda özellikle BHB düzeyinin kontrol grubundaki hayvanlara göre düşük değerde bulunması, tanenin negatif enerji dengesine karşı korumada kullanılabileceğini gösterebilir.

Tannins are polyphenolic compounds. Tannins are chemically divided into two main groups as hydro-lysable tannins and condensed tannins. Tannins are used in ruminants in order to prevent ruminal tympani and the formation of high methane gas.

In the present study, it was aimed to determine the effects of tannin on of negative energy balance metabolism in dairy cattle.

Animals, after the physical examination, were divided into 2 groups as study (test group n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Herbal extract (Quebracho Colorado) of tannin (Unitan Saica Inc., Argentina) which is appropri-ate for animal use, was applied 90 gr per animal daily for 6 weeks (each 3 weeks in pre and postpartum period) to animals in study group. While no any tannin or other additive was given to the animals in control group. Fae-ces, blood and milk (only after parturition on days 7, 14 and 21) samples were collected from both group on 21st day before parturition, during parturition and 7th, 14th, and 21st day from parturition. Beta hydroxybutyrate (BHB), albumin, calcium, phosphorus, total protein, BUN, GGT, cholesterol and triglycerides from blood sam-ples and milk urea nitrogen (MUN) levels from milk samples were evaluated. Difference between the groups for BUN, MUN, calcium, phosphorus, triglycerides, albumin, total protein and GGT was not detected. However, a decline was detected for BHB levels during parturition, 7th, 14th (not statistically significant) and 21st (statistical-ly significant) days after parturition in the study group compared to the control group.

As a result; in animals, as detected lower BHB levels in animals applied tannin in study group compared to the control group, tannin can be used for the protection against negative energy balance.

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Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Sezgin ŞENTÜRK (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University

Author: Hüseyin Cihan
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University

Author: Sevim KASAP
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University

Author: Zafer MECİTOĞLU
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University

Author: Mutlu TEMİZEL
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Uludag University

Dates

Publication Date : December 12, 2015

Bibtex @research article { uluvfd385238, journal = {Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1301-3173}, address = {}, publisher = {Bursa Uludağ University}, year = {2015}, volume = {34}, pages = {1 - 7}, doi = {10.30782/uluvfd.385238}, title = {Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle}, key = {cite}, author = {Şentürk, Sezgin and Cihan, Hüseyin and Kasap, Sevim and Meci̇toğlu, Zafer and Temi̇zel, Mutlu} }
APA Şentürk, S , Cihan, H , Kasap, S , Meci̇toğlu, Z , Temi̇zel, M . (2015). Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle . Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi , 34 (1-2) , 1-7 . DOI: 10.30782/uluvfd.385238
MLA Şentürk, S , Cihan, H , Kasap, S , Meci̇toğlu, Z , Temi̇zel, M . "Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle" . Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 34 (2015 ): 1-7 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/uluvfd/issue/34790/385238>
Chicago Şentürk, S , Cihan, H , Kasap, S , Meci̇toğlu, Z , Temi̇zel, M . "Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle". Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 34 (2015 ): 1-7
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle AU - Sezgin Şentürk , Hüseyin Cihan , Sevim Kasap , Zafer Meci̇toğlu , Mutlu Temi̇zel Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.30782/uluvfd.385238 DO - 10.30782/uluvfd.385238 T2 - Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 7 VL - 34 IS - 1-2 SN - 1301-3173- M3 - doi: 10.30782/uluvfd.385238 UR - https://doi.org/10.30782/uluvfd.385238 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle %A Sezgin Şentürk , Hüseyin Cihan , Sevim Kasap , Zafer Meci̇toğlu , Mutlu Temi̇zel %T Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle %D 2015 %J Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1301-3173- %V 34 %N 1-2 %R doi: 10.30782/uluvfd.385238 %U 10.30782/uluvfd.385238
ISNAD Şentürk, Sezgin , Cihan, Hüseyin , Kasap, Sevim , Meci̇toğlu, Zafer , Temi̇zel, Mutlu . "Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle". Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 34 / 1-2 (December 2015): 1-7 . https://doi.org/10.30782/uluvfd.385238
AMA Şentürk S , Cihan H , Kasap S , Meci̇toğlu Z , Temi̇zel M . Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle. Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2015; 34(1-2): 1-7.
Vancouver Şentürk S , Cihan H , Kasap S , Meci̇toğlu Z , Temi̇zel M . Effects on Negative Energy Balance of Tannin in Dairy Cattle. Uludağ Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi. 2015; 34(1-2): 1-7.