Research Article
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İdeolojik Sermaye Olarak Mülteci

Year 2018, Volume -, Issue 8, 196 - 215, 18.12.2018

Abstract

Bugün, modern toplum mülteci figürüne nasıl bakıyor? ‘Mülteci’nin insani bir çözüm gerektiren mağduriyeti temsil ettiğini söyleyebilir miyiz? Yoksa kapitalizmin somutlaştırdığı mutluluk için umutsuz bir arzuyu resmeden bir ötekiliği mi temsil etmektedir? Ve bir ideolojik sermaye ürünü olarak mülteci tasviri nedir? Bu makale ‘mülteci’ konusunun, başlangıcından itibaren nasıl göründüğünü ve kimlik aracılığıyla vatandaşın kendi imgesini nasıl etkilediğini ele almaktadır. Bu çalışma bir diğer yandan, tipik bir mültecinin anatomisini dikkatle incelemek için modern siyasetin, bilimin ve psikolojinin kullanımına ve ayrıca bir dışlama aracı olarak kullanımına bakmaktadır. Freud, Singer ve Baudrillard gibi yazarlarla birlikte felsefe, psikanaliz ve kültürel teorinin bakış açılarından, bu makale herkesin mutluluğu için mültecinin farkında olmayarak nasıl kapitalist gündemin parçası haline geldiğini kavramaya çalışmaktadır.

References

  • Aiken, S. J., Carasco, E., Galloway, D. & Macklin, A. (2007). Immigration and refugee law: Cases, materials, and commentary. Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications Limited.
  • Baudrillard, J. (1996). The perfect crime. London: Verso.
  • Birnbaum, M., & Witte, G. (2015, September 3). ‘People in Europe are full of fear’ over refugee influx. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/-world/hungarys-leader-to-migrants-please-dont-come/2015/09/03/d5244c6d-53d8-4e82-b9d7-35ec41ca2944_story.html?utm_term=.8ef03596b53d
  • Boswell, C. (2005). The Ethics of refugee policy. UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
  • Crepeau, F. (2016, March 16). EU migration summit: ‘Some European states showing a complete disregard for human rights. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=17232
  • Dalhuisen, J. (2016, April 1). Turkey: Illegal mass returns of Syrian refugees expose fatal flaws in EU-Turkey deal. Amnesty International Press Release. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/press-releases/2016/04/turkey-illegal-mass-returns-ofsyrian-refugees-expose-fatal-flaws-in-eu-turkey-deal/
  • Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline & Punish: The birth of the prison. NY: Vintage.
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  • Freud, S. (2001a). Civilisation and its discontents. In J. Strachey (Eds. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, Volume 21. London: Vintage
  • Freud, S. (2001c). Why war?. In J. Strachey (Eds. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, (Volume 22, pp. 197-215). London: Vintage
  • Hathaway, J. C. (1991). The law of refugee status (Vol. 104). Toronto: Butterworths.
  • McWilliams, D. (March 24, 2016). West finally needs to admit that all radical roads lead back to Saudi Arabia. Irish Independent. Retrieved from http://www.independent.ie/opinion/columni-sts/david-mcwilliams/david-mcwilliams-west-fina-lly-needs-to-admit-all-rad-ical-roads-lead-back-to-saudi-arabia-34564558.html
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  • Schleifer, T. (2016, March 10). I think Islam hates us. CNN. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/09/politics/donald-trump-islam-hates-us/
  • Singer, P. (1993). Practical Ethics. Massachusetts: Cambridge University Press.
  • Simpson, J. (2015, December 12). The migrant crisis is different from all others. BBC. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-35091772.
  • Tugal, C. (2016, February 15). Syrian refugees in Turkey are pawns in a geopolitical game. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/-commentisfree/2016/feb/15/-refugees-turkey-government-eu-crisis-europe
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  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/ UNHCR. (2017). Figures at a Glance. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.unhcr.org/en-ie/figures-at-a-glance.html
  • Weymouth, L. (2012, April 6). An interview with Viktor Orban, prime minister of Hungary. The Washington Post Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/aninterview-with-viktor-orban-prime-minister-of-hungary/2012/04/06/gIQAaaMN0S_story.html?utm_te-rm=.2b08f0434ed9

The Refugee as Ideological Capital

Year 2018, Volume -, Issue 8, 196 - 215, 18.12.2018

Abstract

How does modern society look at the figure of the refugee today? Can we say that the refugee represents the victimhood that requires a humanitarian answer? Or does it represent an otherness that portrays a desperate desire for happiness that capitalism embodies? And what of the figure of the refugee as a product of ideological capital? The present article approaches the topic of the refugee from its inception, how it is viewed, and how the refugee has impacted the citizen’s image of itself via identity. It also looks at the use of modern policy, science, and psychology to dissect the anatomy of a typical refugee and also its use as an instrument to exclude. From the viewpoints of philosophy, psychoanalysis and cultural theory with authors such as Freud, Singer, and Baudrillard, this article attempts to grasp how the refugee inadvertently becomes part of the capitalist agenda for the happiness of all.

References

  • Aiken, S. J., Carasco, E., Galloway, D. & Macklin, A. (2007). Immigration and refugee law: Cases, materials, and commentary. Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications Limited.
  • Baudrillard, J. (1996). The perfect crime. London: Verso.
  • Birnbaum, M., & Witte, G. (2015, September 3). ‘People in Europe are full of fear’ over refugee influx. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/-world/hungarys-leader-to-migrants-please-dont-come/2015/09/03/d5244c6d-53d8-4e82-b9d7-35ec41ca2944_story.html?utm_term=.8ef03596b53d
  • Boswell, C. (2005). The Ethics of refugee policy. UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
  • Crepeau, F. (2016, March 16). EU migration summit: ‘Some European states showing a complete disregard for human rights. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=17232
  • Dalhuisen, J. (2016, April 1). Turkey: Illegal mass returns of Syrian refugees expose fatal flaws in EU-Turkey deal. Amnesty International Press Release. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.org/en/press-releases/2016/04/turkey-illegal-mass-returns-ofsyrian-refugees-expose-fatal-flaws-in-eu-turkey-deal/
  • Foucault, M. (1995). Discipline & Punish: The birth of the prison. NY: Vintage.
  • Freud, S. (2001b). General theory of the neuroses. In J. Strachey (Eds. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, Volume 16. London: Vintage
  • Freud, S. (2001a). Civilisation and its discontents. In J. Strachey (Eds. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, Volume 21. London: Vintage
  • Freud, S. (2001c). Why war?. In J. Strachey (Eds. and Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud, (Volume 22, pp. 197-215). London: Vintage
  • Hathaway, J. C. (1991). The law of refugee status (Vol. 104). Toronto: Butterworths.
  • McWilliams, D. (March 24, 2016). West finally needs to admit that all radical roads lead back to Saudi Arabia. Irish Independent. Retrieved from http://www.independent.ie/opinion/columni-sts/david-mcwilliams/david-mcwilliams-west-fina-lly-needs-to-admit-all-rad-ical-roads-lead-back-to-saudi-arabia-34564558.html
  • O'Briain, D. (Producer, Comedian). (2004). Live at The Apollo s11e02 Episode Script. Retrieved from https://www.springfieldspringfield.co.uk/view_episode_scripts.php?tv-show=liveat-the-apollo-2004&episode=s11e02
  • Schleifer, T. (2016, March 10). I think Islam hates us. CNN. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2016/03/09/politics/donald-trump-islam-hates-us/
  • Singer, P. (1993). Practical Ethics. Massachusetts: Cambridge University Press.
  • Simpson, J. (2015, December 12). The migrant crisis is different from all others. BBC. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-35091772.
  • Tugal, C. (2016, February 15). Syrian refugees in Turkey are pawns in a geopolitical game. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/-commentisfree/2016/feb/15/-refugees-turkey-government-eu-crisis-europe
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/ UNHCR. (2011). Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Retrieved December 18, 2018, from https://www.unhcr.org/3b66c2aa10
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees/ UNHCR. (2017). Figures at a Glance. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from http://www.unhcr.org/en-ie/figures-at-a-glance.html
  • Weymouth, L. (2012, April 6). An interview with Viktor Orban, prime minister of Hungary. The Washington Post Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/aninterview-with-viktor-orban-prime-minister-of-hungary/2012/04/06/gIQAaaMN0S_story.html?utm_te-rm=.2b08f0434ed9

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

John O'DONOGHUE This is me
0000-0002-5043-3336
Ireland

Publication Date December 18, 2018
Application Date September 14, 2018
Acceptance Date December 16, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume -, Issue 8

Cite

APA O'donoghue, J. (2018). The Refugee as Ideological Capital . ViraVerita E-Dergi , - (8) , 196-215 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/viraverita/issue/41684/510963