Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 244 - 249 2019-03-04

Quitting smoking before surgical interventions and its relationship to health literacy

Seyda Efsun Özgünay [1] , Hakan Demirci [2] , Şermin Eminoğlu [3] , Seyhan Dülger [4] , Canan Yılmaz [5] , Derya Karasu [6] , Özlem Şengören Dikiş [7]

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Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of health literacy (HL) level and smoking dependence of patients on their compliance with advice given by the physicians in anesthesia polyclinics on giving up smoking.

Methods: This prospective study included 165 smokers. HL was evaluated by The European Health Literacy (HLS-EU). Nicotine dependence was measured by Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence (FTND). Patients were advised not to smoke and their carbon monoxide levels in expired air were measured before on the operation day.

Results: The number of patients smoking on the day of surgery was significantly higher among females (p = 0.001). While the HL was lower, the FTND scores (p = 0.006), daily cigarette consumption (p < 0.001) and years of cigarette smoking (p = 0.002) were found to be significantly higher. Fewer number of days between the polyclinic interview and the surgery date were positively correlated with compliance with the advice to give up smoking (p = 0.011).

Conclusions: Since the number of patients continuing to smoke cigarettes was high, it was concluded that verbal advice on giving up smoking is not enough and that other more effective measures are needed to ensure patient compliance. The reminder of 'quit smoking' on the day very close to the surgery may help more patients to stop smoking on that day. 

Health literacy, anesthesiologist, smoking, verbal advice, Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1501-9292
Author: Seyda Efsun Özgünay (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0434-4807
Author: Hakan Demirci
Institution: Department of Family Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5741-2960
Author: Şermin Eminoğlu
Institution: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0073-3506
Author: Seyhan Dülger
Institution: Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6626-3626
Author: Canan Yılmaz
Institution: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1867-9018
Author: Derya Karasu
Institution: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7005-3333
Author: Özlem Şengören Dikiş
Institution: Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: March 4, 2019

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Quitting smoking before surgical interventions and its relationship to health literacy %A Seyda Efsun Özgünay , Hakan Demirci , Şermin Eminoğlu , Seyhan Dülger , Canan Yılmaz , Derya Karasu , Özlem Şengören Dikiş %T Quitting smoking before surgical interventions and its relationship to health literacy %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.418313 %U 10.18621/eurj.418313