Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 449 - 460 2019-05-04

Incidences and reporting rates of incidental findings on lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spinal magnetic resonance images and extra-neuronal findings on brain magnetic resonance images

Volkan Kızılgöz [1] , Hasan Aydın [2] , Ali Kemal Sivrioğlu [3] , Ümit Can Özcan [4] , Utku Menderes [5] , Sunay Sibel Karayol [6] , Ahmet Erdem [7]

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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence rates, reporting rates, and the best imaging plane and sequence for incidental findings in patients undergoing spinal and brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.

Methods: Three experienced radiologists retrospectively re-evaluated the MR images of 1056 consecutive patients.

Results: The incidence rates for extraspinal incidental findings for the images of the lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spine, and extra-neuronal incidental findings on MR images of the brain were 35.47%, 32.25%, 29.16%, and 54.35%; respectively, with reporting rates of incidental findings for these examinations of 31.47%, 8.33%, 29.50%, and 59.62%; respectively. For all examination types, the T2-weighted sequence and the axial plain were the best to reveal the incidental findings of MR examinations, other than that of the cervical spine.

Conclusions: Incidental findings, which are commonly detected during routine spinal and brain MR evaluations, are occasionally omitted from formal radiological reports in daily practice. We strongly recommend checking the T2-weighted axial plane for MR imaging of the lumbar, thoracic spine and brain and taking a second look at the T2-weighted sagittal plane MR images of the cervical spine during radiological evaluations. 

Incidental findings, magnetic resonance imaging, spine, brain, report
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Primary Language en
Subjects Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Medical Imaging, Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3450-711X
Author: Volkan Kızılgöz (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0485-5893
Author: Hasan Aydın
Institution: Department of Radiology, Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0500-6335
Author: Ali Kemal Sivrioğlu
Institution: Department of Radiology, Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4447-0296
Author: Ümit Can Özcan
Institution: Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0419-874X
Author: Utku Menderes
Institution: Department of Radiology, Eskişehir State Hospital, Eskişehir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2696-3580
Author: Sunay Sibel Karayol
Institution: Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3911-4753
Author: Ahmet Erdem
Institution: Department of Radiology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: May 4, 2019

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Incidences and reporting rates of incidental findings on lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spinal magnetic resonance images and extra-neuronal findings on brain magnetic resonance images %A Volkan Kızılgöz , Hasan Aydın , Ali Kemal Sivrioğlu , Ümit Can Özcan , Utku Menderes , Sunay Sibel Karayol , Ahmet Erdem %T Incidences and reporting rates of incidental findings on lumbar, thoracic, and cervical spinal magnetic resonance images and extra-neuronal findings on brain magnetic resonance images %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.379704 %U 10.18621/eurj.379704