Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 550 - 556 2019-05-04

Complications in patients with spinal cord injuries: a clinical study from a third level rehabilitation center in Turkey

Tuba Tülay Koca [1] , Burhan Fatih Koçyiğit [2] , Ejder Berk [3] , Vedat Nacitarhan [4]

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Objectives: Normal lifespan can be achieved by avoiding complications in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs). We aimed to characterize our spinal cord injured patients and to obtain necessary information to prevent complications.

Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 44 patients with subacute/chronic SCIs, who were included in an inpatient rehabilitation program from 2012 to 2017. The patients’ epidemiological data, etiology, neurological examinations, complications, and accompaying conditions were analyzed. The neurological level, functional ambulatory scale (FAS), and American Spinal Cord Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale were used for the classification of patients.

Results: A total of 44 patients between 16 and 81 years of age (median: 35) were included in the study. Of these, 65.9% were male. The most common etiologies were falling down from a height (31.8%), spinal surgery (29.5%), and traffic accidents (15.9%) respectively. When we look the neurological status of these patients, FAS: 0 (38.6%) and ASIA: C (40.9%) were the most common cases seen in the population. Eighteen patients (40.9%) were wheelchair-bound. Urinary (34.1%), dermatologic (29.5%), and psychiatric (22.7%) complications were the most common in the patients. Patients with low FAS levels were young (in early period), and their spasticity, urinary incontinence, and urinary and dermatological pathologies were found to be high. The wheelchair-bound patients were mostly young, and they had significantly high urinary incontinence, urinary and dermatological pathologies.

Conclusions. In our rehabilitation clinic, subacute/chronic SCI diagnosis is most commonly seen in young men, with thoracic vertebrae being the most common, followed by falling from a height. The most common complications were urinary and dermatological pathologies. The present study found higher rates of complications in patients with higher grades of injuries and in patients with lower functional levels. 

complication, morbidity, rehabilitation, spinal cord injury
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4596-858X
Author: Tuba Tülay Koca (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6065-8002
Author: Burhan Fatih Koçyiğit
Institution: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0816-0960
Author: Ejder Berk
Institution: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1756-8615
Author: Vedat Nacitarhan
Institution: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Country: Turkey


EndNote %0 The European Research Journal Complications in patients with spinal cord injuries: a clinical study from a third level rehabilitation center in Turkey %A Tuba Tülay Koca , Burhan Fatih Koçyiğit , Ejder Berk , Vedat Nacitarhan %T Complications in patients with spinal cord injuries: a clinical study from a third level rehabilitation center in Turkey %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.395651 %U 10.18621/eurj.395651