Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 4, Pages 686 - 690 2019-07-04

The alteration of first trimester screening markers in fresh and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfers

Nur Dokuzeylül Güngör [1] , Tuğba Gürbüz [2] , Ayşe Filiz Gökmen Karasu [3] , Aynur Erşahin [4]

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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether first trimester combined screening for major fetal trisomies is influenced by assisted reproduction techniques (ART) from blastocyst transfer, with or without cryopreservation.

Methods: This study is a retrospective analysis involving 115 singleton pregnancies with euploid fetuses recruited between January 2017 and December 2017. Sixty-five women conceived with fresh blastocysts from in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles (fresh-blasto), 50 with frozen-thawed blastocysts. All cases underwent ultrasound assessment at 11+0 - 13+6 weeks with measurements of crown rump length, nuchal translucency (NT) , free beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (free β-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) concentrations.

Results: Baseline characteristics and pregnancy outcomes did not differ substantially among the study groups. The NT was not significantly different in the frozen-thawed -blasto compared to the fresh-blasto group (p = 0.741). The free β-hCG levels was not significantly different in frozen-thawed-blasto group compared to fresh-blasto group (p = 0.495). The two groups showed no significant difference in the PAPP-A levels (p = 0.139). The median delta crown rump length was also not significantly different among the two groups (p = 0.758).

Conclusions: In ART pregnancies from blastocyst transfer, with or without cryopreservation, the NT measurement, free β-hCG concentration and PAPP-A levels did not show any significant difference. These features are apparently unrelated to the outcome of pregnancy and may be due to alterations or delays in embryogenesis or placentation with potential relevance for the screening test performance. 


Assisted reproductive technique, blastocyst, first trimester screening, frozen-thawed embryo transfer, fresh embryo transfer
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7234-3876
Author: Nur Dokuzeylül Güngör
Institution: Department of In Vitro Fertilization Center, Bahçeşehir University, Medical Park Göztepe Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3555-3767
Author: Tuğba Gürbüz (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bahçeşehir University, Medical Park Göztepe Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7480-4691
Author: Ayşe Filiz Gökmen Karasu
Institution: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bezmialem University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1855-3546
Author: Aynur Erşahin
Institution: Department of In Vitro Fertilization Center, Bahçeşehir University, Medical Park Göztepe Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: July 4, 2019

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal The alteration of first trimester screening markers in fresh and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfers %A Nur Dokuzeylül Güngör , Tuğba Gürbüz , Ayşe Filiz Gökmen Karasu , Aynur Erşahin %T The alteration of first trimester screening markers in fresh and frozen-thawed blastocyst transfers %D 2019 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.400462 %U 10.18621/eurj.400462