Year 2018, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 155 - 172 2018-12-28

The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey
İtham-Tahkik (Adversarial-Inquisitorial) Dikotomosinin İspat Hususunda Analitik Değeri: Türkiye ve İngiltere Örnekleri

Halil CESUR [1]

45 177

Common law systems differ substantially from civil law jurisdictions as to how and by whom the investigation and trial are to be conducted, and how rules of evidence are to be constructed. Whilst common law systems are considered to follow an adversarial trial process model, civil law traditions have generally been associated with an inquisitorial procedure. Yet, convergence between the criminal justice systems of the common law and those of the civil law in relation to proof and evidence suggest that the labels “adversarial” and “inquisitorial” cannot be used today to show the general character and structure of criminal trial models. Rather, they can only be used to help us begin to understand the different features that traditionally exist in different systems, or at best they can be used today to grasp the effects of the tradition on the mentality of parties during the trial. The aim of this article is first to set a basis for understanding the adversarial/inquisitorial dichotomy by looking at distinctive elements of each legal system, and then, so as to evaluate whether this conceptual dichotomy is useful, it aims to elaborate further the purposes of English and Turkish criminal trials and examine the evidentiary rules of the two jurisdictions. 
Müşterek hukuk sistemleri Kıta Avrupası hukuk sistemlerinden soruşturmanın ve yargılamanın nasıl ve kim tarafından yürütülmesi konusunda ve delillere ilişkin kurallar bakımından temel bir şekilde farklılık gösterir. Müşterek hukuk sistemlerinde itham usulü (adversarial) ceza yargısının  esasını oluştururken Kıta Avrupası’nda tahkik (inquisitorial) sistemi benimsenmiştir. Ancak bu iki hukuk geleneğinin ispat ve delil hukuklarındaki yakınlaşma bugün için ‘adversarial-inquisitorial’ kavramsallaştırmasının ceza yargılaması modellerini açıklamak için kullanılamayacağını gösteriyor. Mezkur iki kavram yalnızca hukuk sistemlerinin geleneksel olarak farklılık gösteren özelliklerini izah edebilir. En iyi ihtimalle, muhkem hukuk geleneklerinin yargılamanın süjeleri üzerindeki etkisini anlamaya yardımcı olabilir. Bu makalenin amacı iki farklı hukuk sisteminde var olan o ülkeye münhasır unsurlara bakarak ‘adversarial-inquisitorial’ dikotomisini kavramak için bir temel oluşturmak ve bu doğrultuda İngiliz ve Türk ceza yargılamalarının delile ilişkin kurallarını incelemektir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Law
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2355-3658
Author: Halil CESUR

Bibtex @research article { iuchkd504931, journal = {Journal of Penal Law and Criminology}, issn = {2148-6646}, eissn = {2602-3911}, address = {Istanbul University}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {155 - 172}, doi = {}, title = {The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {CESUR, Halil} }
APA CESUR, H . (2018). The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey. Journal of Penal Law and Criminology, 6 (2), 155-172. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/iuchkd/issue/41843/504931
MLA CESUR, H . "The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey". Journal of Penal Law and Criminology 6 (2018): 155-172 <http://dergipark.org.tr/iuchkd/issue/41843/504931>
Chicago CESUR, H . "The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey". Journal of Penal Law and Criminology 6 (2018): 155-172
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey AU - Halil CESUR Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Penal Law and Criminology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 155 EP - 172 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 2148-6646-2602-3911 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Penal Law and Criminology The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey %A Halil CESUR %T The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey %D 2018 %J Journal of Penal Law and Criminology %P 2148-6646-2602-3911 %V 6 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD CESUR, Halil . "The Analytical Value of the Adversarial-Inquisitorial Dichotomy in Approaches to Proof: The Examples of England and Turkey". Journal of Penal Law and Criminology 6 / 2 (December 2018): 155-172.