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Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 5, 32 - 38, 28.12.2020

Öz

Kaynakça

  • [1] P. Burlamacchi, A. Consortini, L. Ronchi, G. di Francia, Laser beam propagation in the atmosphere, 259, Quant.Electron. (1967).
  • [2] A. Consortini, L. Ronchi, Investigation of atmospheric turbulence by narrow laser beams, Appl. Opt. 9, 11, 2543-2547 (1970).
  • [3] K.S. Shaik, Atmospheric propagation effects relevant to optical communications, TDA Prog. Rep., 42-94 (1988).
  • [4] R.Z. Yahe, I. Last, Numerical simulation of laser beam propagation in three-dimensional random media: beam splitting and patch formation, Wave Random Media, 81-98 (1992).
  • [5] Y. Cai, Propagation of various flat-topped beams in turbulent atmosphere, J. Opt. A–Pure Appl. Opt., 8, 6 (2006).
  • [6] I. Toselli, L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and V. Ferrero, Angle of arrival fluctuations for free space laser beam propagation through non Kolmogorov turbulence, Proc. SPIE 6551,65510E (2007).
  • [7] L.-Y. Cui, B.-D. Xue, X.-G. Cao, J.-K. Dong, and J.-N. Wang, Generalized atmospheric turbulence MTF for wave propagating through non-Kolmogorov turbulence, Opt. Express 18, 21269–21283 (2010).
  • [8] S. K. Searles, G. A. Hart, J. A. Dowling, S. T. Hanley, Laser beam propagation in turbulent conditions, Applied Optics, 30, 4, 401-406 (1991).
  • [9] A.A.B. Raj, Free space optical communication: system design, modeling and characterization and dealing with turbulence, Kings College of Engineering (2016).
  • [10] C. Gao, L. Su, W. Yu, Long-term spreading of Gaussian beam using modified atmospheric spectrum, Proceeding of 2015 IEEE, International Conference on Mechanics and Automation.
  • [11] A. Prokes, Modeling of atmospheric turbulence effect on terrestrial FSO link, Radioengineering, 18, 42-47 (2009).
  • [12] L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications, SPIE Press, 2001.
  • [13] L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, ‘Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media’, SPIE Press, 2005.
  • [14] Z. I. Feizulin, Y. A. Kravtsov, ‘Broadenng of a laser beam in a turbulent medium’, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 10,1 (1967).
  • [15] H. Weichel, Laser beam propagation in the atmosphere, Bellingham, WA:SPIE Optical Engineering Press (1990).
  • [16] Army Research Laboratory, Characterization of optical turbulence data measured at the ARLA_LOT facility,ARL-MR-625 (2005).
  • [17] J. D. Schmidt, Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation With Examples in MATLAB, (2010).
  • [18] B. L. McGlamery, Restoration of turbulence-degraded images, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57 (3), 293-U297 (1967).
  • [19] J. D. Schmidt, Numerical simulation of optical wave propagation, with examples in MATLAB, SPIE Press (2010).

Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 5, 32 - 38, 28.12.2020

Öz

Atmospheric turbulence has been extensively studied for many years in physics and engineering disciplines. When a laser beam propagates through the atmosphere, it can be affected by different optical phenomena including scattering, absorption, and turbulence. Turbulence effect of the atmosphere results from changes of the refractive index such as different size eddies that affect optical wave propagation through the atmosphere. These changes of refractive index cause different variation for the propagating laser beam such as beam wandering, beam spreading, and image jitter. All these effects can severely influence the beam quality and decrease the performance efficiency of the system in some applications including free space optical communication, LIDAR-LADAR applications, and directed energy weapons systems [1-5]. Traditionally, the turbulence is of the Kolmogorov type. The Kolmogorov spectrum is with the power law value of 11/3. There are many spectra which have specific inner and outer scale like Tatarskii, von Karman, Kolmogorov and generalized modified spectra [6,7]. In this study, the generalized modified atmospheric spectra model is applied. We numerically and analytically perform the propagation behavior of Gaussian laser beam at different propagation distance. Also, we examine the influence of some parameters on beam propagation. We form a graphical user interface using MATLAB and perform all the simulations via the gui. All results are discussed and compared with literature.

Kaynakça

  • [1] P. Burlamacchi, A. Consortini, L. Ronchi, G. di Francia, Laser beam propagation in the atmosphere, 259, Quant.Electron. (1967).
  • [2] A. Consortini, L. Ronchi, Investigation of atmospheric turbulence by narrow laser beams, Appl. Opt. 9, 11, 2543-2547 (1970).
  • [3] K.S. Shaik, Atmospheric propagation effects relevant to optical communications, TDA Prog. Rep., 42-94 (1988).
  • [4] R.Z. Yahe, I. Last, Numerical simulation of laser beam propagation in three-dimensional random media: beam splitting and patch formation, Wave Random Media, 81-98 (1992).
  • [5] Y. Cai, Propagation of various flat-topped beams in turbulent atmosphere, J. Opt. A–Pure Appl. Opt., 8, 6 (2006).
  • [6] I. Toselli, L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and V. Ferrero, Angle of arrival fluctuations for free space laser beam propagation through non Kolmogorov turbulence, Proc. SPIE 6551,65510E (2007).
  • [7] L.-Y. Cui, B.-D. Xue, X.-G. Cao, J.-K. Dong, and J.-N. Wang, Generalized atmospheric turbulence MTF for wave propagating through non-Kolmogorov turbulence, Opt. Express 18, 21269–21283 (2010).
  • [8] S. K. Searles, G. A. Hart, J. A. Dowling, S. T. Hanley, Laser beam propagation in turbulent conditions, Applied Optics, 30, 4, 401-406 (1991).
  • [9] A.A.B. Raj, Free space optical communication: system design, modeling and characterization and dealing with turbulence, Kings College of Engineering (2016).
  • [10] C. Gao, L. Su, W. Yu, Long-term spreading of Gaussian beam using modified atmospheric spectrum, Proceeding of 2015 IEEE, International Conference on Mechanics and Automation.
  • [11] A. Prokes, Modeling of atmospheric turbulence effect on terrestrial FSO link, Radioengineering, 18, 42-47 (2009).
  • [12] L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation with Applications, SPIE Press, 2001.
  • [13] L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, ‘Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media’, SPIE Press, 2005.
  • [14] Z. I. Feizulin, Y. A. Kravtsov, ‘Broadenng of a laser beam in a turbulent medium’, Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics, 10,1 (1967).
  • [15] H. Weichel, Laser beam propagation in the atmosphere, Bellingham, WA:SPIE Optical Engineering Press (1990).
  • [16] Army Research Laboratory, Characterization of optical turbulence data measured at the ARLA_LOT facility,ARL-MR-625 (2005).
  • [17] J. D. Schmidt, Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation With Examples in MATLAB, (2010).
  • [18] B. L. McGlamery, Restoration of turbulence-degraded images, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57 (3), 293-U297 (1967).
  • [19] J. D. Schmidt, Numerical simulation of optical wave propagation, with examples in MATLAB, SPIE Press (2010).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik, Elektrik ve Elektronik, Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Fehmiye YILDIZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Roketsan Missiles Industries Inc.
Türkiye


Hamza KURT
TOBB UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND TECHNOLOGY
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Roketsan Inc.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 5

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @konferans bildirisi { actamat671966, journal = {Acta Materialia Turcica}, issn = {2630-5909}, address = {}, publisher = {Gebze Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, number = {5}, pages = {32 - 38}, title = {Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıldız, Fehmiye and Kurt, Hamza} }
APA Yıldız, F. & Kurt, H. (2020). Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum . Acta Materialia Turcica , 4 (5) , 32-38 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/actamat/issue/58418/671966
MLA Yıldız, F. , Kurt, H. "Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum" . Acta Materialia Turcica 4 (2020 ): 32-38 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/actamat/issue/58418/671966>
Chicago Yıldız, F. , Kurt, H. "Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum". Acta Materialia Turcica 4 (2020 ): 32-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum AU - Fehmiye Yıldız , Hamza Kurt Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Acta Materialia Turcica JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 32 EP - 38 VL - 4 IS - 5 SN - 2630-5909- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Acta Materialia Turcica Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum %A Fehmiye Yıldız , Hamza Kurt %T Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum %D 2020 %J Acta Materialia Turcica %P 2630-5909- %V 4 %N 5 %R %U
ISNAD Yıldız, Fehmiye , Kurt, Hamza . "Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum". Acta Materialia Turcica 4 / 5 (Aralık 2020): 32-38 .
AMA Yıldız F. , Kurt H. Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum. ACTAMAT. 2020; 4(5): 32-38.
Vancouver Yıldız F. , Kurt H. Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum. Acta Materialia Turcica. 2020; 4(5): 32-38.
IEEE F. Yıldız ve H. Kurt , "Analysis and simulation of turbulence effects on Gaussian beam propagation based on generalized modified atmospheric spectrum", Acta Materialia Turcica, c. 4, sayı. 5, ss. 32-38, Ara. 2020