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Determination of Ceramic Cutting Tool Performance on Machining of Steel (PMD23) Produced by Powder

Yıl 2020, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 193 - 198, 28.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.547749

Öz

This study aimed to determine optimum cutting parameters for recovering the best surface roughness during PMD 23 powder metal machining with ceramic sharp cutting tool at CNC turning center. Experiments for this aim were carried out on 27 samples in 80 mm diameter and 200 mm length prepared at turning center by application of cutting parameters determined with Taguchi method. Three different cutting speeds (200, 350, 500 m/min.), three different feed rates (0,1–0,2–0,3 mm/rev) and three different tool nose radius (0,4-0,8-1,2 mm) were used and depth of cut was applied stable as 0,8 mm in the experiments. Later, surface roughness of experiment sample and the roughness change was evaluated with respect to cutting speed, feed rate and tool nose radius. Variant analysis (ANOVA) were used to investigate characteristics of the processes. As a result of the experimental study, it was found out that feed rate and tool radius of cutting parameters had an effect on surface roughness, but the effect of cutting speed was not significant.

Kaynakça

  • [1]Ö. Tekaslan, N. Gerger, U. Şeker, CNC Torna Tezgâhlarında AISI 304 Çeliklerin İşlenmesinde Optimum Yüzey Pürüzlülüğünü Sağlayacak Kesme Parametrelerinin Tespiti, Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, Sayı: 16, Eylül 2008 .
  • [2]A. Devillez, F. Schneider, S. Dominiak, D. Dudzinski, D. Larouquere, Cutting forces and wear in dry machining of Inconel 718 with coated carbide tools, Wear, 262, 931(2007).
  • [3]M. Remadna, J. F .Rigal, Evolution during time of tool wear and cutting forces in the case of hard turning with CBN inserts, Journal Materials Processing Technology, 178, 67 (2006).
  • [4]D. A. Axinte, P. Andrews, W. Li, N. Gindy, P. J. Withers, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 55, 1 (2006).
  • [5]A. Y. L.Yong, K. H. W. Seah, M. Rahman, Performance of cryogenically treated tungsten carbide tools in milling operations, The International Journal Of Machine Tools And Manufacture Design, 46, 2051 (2006).
  • [6]N. Camuşcu , Effect of Cutting Speed on the Performance of Al2O3 based Ceramic Tools in Turning Nodular Cast Iron, Materials And Design, 27, 997 (2006).
  • [7]J. Rech, Influence of cutting tool coatings on the tribological phenomena at the tool–chip interface in orthogonal dry turning, Surface And Coatings Technology, 200, 5132 (2006).
  • [8]T. Özel, T. Hsu, E. Zeren, Effects of Cutting Edge Geometry, Workpiece Hardness, Feed Rate and Cutting Speed on Surface Roughness and Forces in Finish Turning of Hardened AISI H13 Steel, International Journal Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 25, 262 (2005).
  • [9]A. Kurt, U. Şeker, The effect of chamfer angle of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride cutting tool on the cutting forces and the tool stresses in finishing hard turning of AISI 52100 steel Materials And Design, 26, 351 (2005).
  • [10]E. Aslan, N. Camuscu, B. Birgören, Design optimization of cutting parameters when turning hardened AISI 4140 steel (63 HRC) with Al+ TiCN mixed ceramic tool, Materials and Design 28, 1618–1622 (2007).
  • [11]C. Moganapriya, R.Rajasekar, K.Ponappa, R. Venkatesh, S.Jerome, Influence of Coating Material and Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness and Material Removal Rate in Turning Process Using Taguchi Method, Metarials Today: Proceedings, 5(2018)-8532-8538.
  • [12]M.Mia, P.R.Dey, M.S.Hossain, Md.T.Arafat, Md.Asaduzzaman, Md.S.Ullah, S.M.T.Zobaer, Taguchi S/N based optimization of machining parameters for surface roughness, tool wear and material removal rate in hard turning under MQL cutting condition, Measuremnt, 122(2018) 380-391.
  • [13]S.Debnath, M.M.Reddy, Q.S.Y,. Influence of cutting fluid conditions and cutting parameters on surface roughness and tool wear in turning process using Taguchi method, Measurement, 78(2016)111-119.
  • [14]X.Cui, J. Guo, J.Zheng, Optimization of geometry parameters for ceramic cutting tools in intermittent turning of hardened steel, Metarials and Design, 92(2016)424-437.
  • [15]ISO 3685, Tool Life Testing With Single - Points Turning Tools, 1992.

Determination of Ceramic Cutting Tool Performance on Machining of Steel (PMD23) Produced by Powder

Yıl 2020, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 193 - 198, 28.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.547749

Öz

This study aimed to determine optimum cutting parameters for recovering the best surface roughness during PMD 23 powder metal machining with ceramic sharp cutting tool at CNC turning center. Experiments for this aim were carried out on 27 samples in 80 mm diameter and 200 mm length prepared at turning center by application of cutting parameters determined with Taguchi method. Three different cutting speeds (200, 350, 500 m/min.), three different feed rates (0,1–0,2–0,3 mm/rev) and three different tool nose radius (0,4-0,8-1,2 mm) were used and depth of cut was applied stable as 0,8 mm in the experiments. Later, surface roughness of experiment sample and the roughness change was evaluated with respect to cutting speed, feed rate and tool nose radius. Variant analysis (ANOVA) were used to investigate characteristics of the processes. As a result of the experimental study, it was found out that feed rate and tool radius of cutting parameters had an effect on surface roughness, but the effect of cutting speed was not significant.



Kaynakça

  • [1]Ö. Tekaslan, N. Gerger, U. Şeker, CNC Torna Tezgâhlarında AISI 304 Çeliklerin İşlenmesinde Optimum Yüzey Pürüzlülüğünü Sağlayacak Kesme Parametrelerinin Tespiti, Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, Sayı: 16, Eylül 2008 .
  • [2]A. Devillez, F. Schneider, S. Dominiak, D. Dudzinski, D. Larouquere, Cutting forces and wear in dry machining of Inconel 718 with coated carbide tools, Wear, 262, 931(2007).
  • [3]M. Remadna, J. F .Rigal, Evolution during time of tool wear and cutting forces in the case of hard turning with CBN inserts, Journal Materials Processing Technology, 178, 67 (2006).
  • [4]D. A. Axinte, P. Andrews, W. Li, N. Gindy, P. J. Withers, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, 55, 1 (2006).
  • [5]A. Y. L.Yong, K. H. W. Seah, M. Rahman, Performance of cryogenically treated tungsten carbide tools in milling operations, The International Journal Of Machine Tools And Manufacture Design, 46, 2051 (2006).
  • [6]N. Camuşcu , Effect of Cutting Speed on the Performance of Al2O3 based Ceramic Tools in Turning Nodular Cast Iron, Materials And Design, 27, 997 (2006).
  • [7]J. Rech, Influence of cutting tool coatings on the tribological phenomena at the tool–chip interface in orthogonal dry turning, Surface And Coatings Technology, 200, 5132 (2006).
  • [8]T. Özel, T. Hsu, E. Zeren, Effects of Cutting Edge Geometry, Workpiece Hardness, Feed Rate and Cutting Speed on Surface Roughness and Forces in Finish Turning of Hardened AISI H13 Steel, International Journal Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 25, 262 (2005).
  • [9]A. Kurt, U. Şeker, The effect of chamfer angle of polycrystalline cubic boron nitride cutting tool on the cutting forces and the tool stresses in finishing hard turning of AISI 52100 steel Materials And Design, 26, 351 (2005).
  • [10]E. Aslan, N. Camuscu, B. Birgören, Design optimization of cutting parameters when turning hardened AISI 4140 steel (63 HRC) with Al+ TiCN mixed ceramic tool, Materials and Design 28, 1618–1622 (2007).
  • [11]C. Moganapriya, R.Rajasekar, K.Ponappa, R. Venkatesh, S.Jerome, Influence of Coating Material and Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness and Material Removal Rate in Turning Process Using Taguchi Method, Metarials Today: Proceedings, 5(2018)-8532-8538.
  • [12]M.Mia, P.R.Dey, M.S.Hossain, Md.T.Arafat, Md.Asaduzzaman, Md.S.Ullah, S.M.T.Zobaer, Taguchi S/N based optimization of machining parameters for surface roughness, tool wear and material removal rate in hard turning under MQL cutting condition, Measuremnt, 122(2018) 380-391.
  • [13]S.Debnath, M.M.Reddy, Q.S.Y,. Influence of cutting fluid conditions and cutting parameters on surface roughness and tool wear in turning process using Taguchi method, Measurement, 78(2016)111-119.
  • [14]X.Cui, J. Guo, J.Zheng, Optimization of geometry parameters for ceramic cutting tools in intermittent turning of hardened steel, Metarials and Design, 92(2016)424-437.
  • [15]ISO 3685, Tool Life Testing With Single - Points Turning Tools, 1992.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Yayınlanma Tarihi Ocak 2020
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Aslan ÇOBAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Sakarya Uygulamalı Bilimler Üniversitesi
0000-0001-5896-2964
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Ocak 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 1 Nisan 2019
Kabul Tarihi 28 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 8, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

IEEE A. Çoban , "Determination of Ceramic Cutting Tool Performance on Machining of Steel (PMD23) Produced by Powder", Academic Platform - Journal of Engineering and Science, c. 8, sayı. 1, ss. 193-198, Oca. 2020, doi:10.21541/apjes.547749