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Nevşehir Bölgesi Pomza Agregasi ile Üretilen Hafif Beton Özelliklerinin Uçucu Kül İkamesi ile İyileştirilmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, 302 - 308, 28.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.732592

Öz

Kaynakça

  • [1]. M. Gül,“Investigation of the use of waste plastics and pet as a lightweight concrete aggregate”, Master's Thesis, Fırat University Institute of Science and Technology, Elazığ, 2018.
  • [2]. O. Şimşek, Concrete And Concrete Technology, Seçkin Publishing House, Ankara, 230,2007.
  • [3]. H. Özkul, MA. Taşdemir, M. Tokyay andM. Uyan, Concrete with All Aspects. Turkish Ready Mixed Concrete Association, Istanbul, 2004.
  • [4]. B. Baradan and H. Yazıcı, Durability at the reinforced concrete structures and innovations brought by TS EN 206-1 standard, TMH-Engineering News of Turkey, vol. 426, no 4, pp. 62-69, 2003.
  • [5]. S. Yazıcıoğlu and N. Bozkurt, “Investigation of mechanical properties of lightweight concrete obtained with the pumice stone”. Turkish Pumice Symposium and Exhibition, Denizli, (2005).
  • [6]. Hakan Yılmaz,“The Effect of Cement Type and Pumice Aggregate on Concrete Characteristics, Master's thesis, Düzce University Institute of Science and Technology, Düzce, 2017.
  • [7]. HY. Aruntaş, M. Dayı, İ. Tekin, R. Birgül andO. Şimşek, O.“Effect of Waste Marble Powder on Self-Compacting Concrete Properties”, 2. Symposium on Chemical Contributions In Structures, Ankara, (2007).
  • [8]. K.N. Kumar, D.S. Vijayan, R. Divahar, R. Abirami, C. Nivetha,“An experimental investigation on light-weight concrete blocks using vermiculite”. Materials today: Proceedings, vol. 22, no 3, pp. 987-991, 2020.
  • [9]. S.P. Sangeetha, R. Divahar, K. Mawlong, B. Lyngkhoi, A. Kurkalang, “Mechanical characteristics of pumice stone as light weight aggregate in concrete”. International Journal of Sci. and Tech. Res. vol. 9, no 1, pp. 3760-3762, 2020.
  • [10]. A. Bala, V.K. Sehgal and B. Saini,“Effect of fly ash and waste rubber on properties of concrete composite”, Concrete Research Letters, vol. 5, no 3, pp.842-857, 2014.
  • [11]. İ.B. Topçu, Concrete Technology. Uğur Ofset, 570, Ankara, 2006.
  • [12]. S.V. Razavi, A.H. Eı-Shafıe, P. Mohammadı, Artificial neural networks for mechanical strength prediction of lightweight mortar. Sci. Res. Ess, vol. 6, no 16, pp. 3406–3417, 2011.
  • [13]. Ayşe Akkaş, Investigation of The Bearing Properties of Pumice Aggregate Bearing Lightweight Concrete, Ph. D. Thesis, Süleyman Demirel University Institute of Science and Technology, Isparta, 2011.
  • [14]. S.N. Karaburc, S.A. Yildizel, G.C. Calış, “Evaluation of the basalt fiber reinforced pumice lightweight concrete”. Maga. of Civ. Eng, vol. 94, no 2, pp. 81–92, 2020.
  • [15]. Vural Taşkın, “Investigation of the design and properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete with Bitlis pumice”. Master's Thesis, Bitlis Eren University Institute of Science and Technology, Bitlis, 2016.
  • [16]. A. Biçer and F. Kar, “The effects of apricot resin addition to the light weight concrete with expanded polystyrene”. J. Adh. Sci. Tech, vol. 31, no 21, pp. 2335–2348, 2017.
  • [17]. A.A. Aliabdo, A.E.M Abd-Elmoaty, H.H. Hassan, “Utilization of crushed clay brick in concrete industry”. Alexandria Eng. J, vol. 53, pp. 151-168, 2014.
  • [18]. D. Kramar, V. Bindiganavile, “Impact response of lightweight mortars containing expanded perlite”. Cem. Conc. Comp, vol. 37, pp. 205-214, 2013.
  • [19]. A. Yilmaz and N. Degirmenci, “Possibility of using waste tire rubber and flyash with Portland cement as construction materials”, Waste Manag, vol. 29, no 5, pp. 1541-1546, 2009.
  • [20]. S. Lee, C.M. Chon, “Glass Content In Coal-Fıred Fly Ash For Geopolymer Productıon”. In: Fly Ash, Nova Science Publishers, Chapter 4, 2017.
  • [21]. Z. Han, “Dissolution Kinetics of Alumina by Leaching Coal Fly Ash with Ammonium Hydrogen Sulfate”, Doctoral Thesis, Shenyang: Shenyang University of Technology; 2016.
  • [22]. H.S. Arel and F.U.A. Shaikh,“Effects of fly ash fineness, nano silica, and curing types on mechanical and durability properties of fly ash mortars”. Struc. Conc, vol. 19, no 2, pp.597–607, 2018.
  • [23]. T. Çiçek, Y. Çinçin, “Use of fly ash in production of light-weight building bricks”. Const. and Build. Mat, vol. 94, pp. 521-527, 2015.
  • [24]. Z. Pavlík, M. Záleská, M. Pavlíková. “Experımental Analysıs Of Lıght-Weıght Concrete Incorporatıng Regranulated Waste Polypropylene”, 17 th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, Section Green Buildings Technologies and Materials, (2017).
  • [25]. E. Ganjian, M. Khorami and A.A. Maghsoudi,“Scrap-tyre rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete”, Const. and Build. Mate, vol. 23, no 5, pp. 1828-1836, 2009.
  • [26]. M. Mao, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, and W. Zhang, “Study of durability of concrete with fly ash as fine aggregate under alternative interactions of freeze-thaw and carbonation”. Adv. in Civil Eng, vol. 2019, pp. 1-15, 2019.
  • [27]. T. Seo, M. Lee, C. Choi and Y. Ohno, “Properties of drying shrinkage cracking of concrete containing fly ash as partial replacement of fine aggregate”, Maga. of Conc. Res, vol. 62, no 6, pp. 427-433, 2010.
  • [28]. T. Bilir, O. Gencel and I.B. Topcu,“Properties of mortars with fly ash as fine aggregate”, Const. and Build. Mate, vol. 93, pp. 782–789, 2015.
  • [29]. D. Zhang, P. Han, Q. Yangand M. Mao,“Shrinkage Effects of Using Fly Ash instead of Fine Aggregate in Concrete Mixtures”. Adv. Mat. Sci. and Eng, vol. 2020, pp. 11-20, 2020.
  • [30]. T. Gönen, S. Yazıcıoğlu, “The Effect of Curing Conditions on Permeation of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete with Basaltic Pumice Aggregate”. Arab. J. Sci and Eng, vol. 43, no 10, pp. 5157-5164, 2018.
  • [31]. TS 3234, Mining, Placing, Curing, Mix Design and Methods of Testing of Pumice Concrete, Turkish Standard Institute, Ankara 1978.
  • [32]. N. Bozkurt and V. Taskin,“Design of Self Compacting Lightweight Concrete Using Acidic Pumice with Different Powder Materials”. Acta Phy. Pol. A. vol. 132, no 2017, pp. 779-782, 2017.
  • [33]. T. Kotan andR. Gül, “Effect of atmospheric pressure steam curing to mechanical properties of lightweight concrete produced with Erzurum–Pasinler pumice”. Mach. Technol. Mater. Int. Vir. J, vol.4, no 5, pp. 66–69 (2010).
  • [34]. Z.F. Türkmenoğlu, A.M. Kılıç, T. Depci, “Determination of mechanical properties of self compacting lightweight concrete manufactured with pumice in Van Region. Çukurova Univ. J. Faculty Eng. Arc, vol. 30, no 105 2015.
  • [35]. N. Su, B.A. Miao, “New method for the mix design of medium strength flowing concrete with low cement content”. Cem. Concr. Compos, vol. 25, no 2, pp. 215–22 (2003)
  • [36]. M. Kurt, M.S. Gül, R. Gül, A.C. Aydin, T. Kotan, “The effect of pumice powder on the self-compactability of pumice aggreggate lightweight concrete”. Constr. Build. Mater, vol. 103, pp. 36–46, 2016.
  • [37]. N.U. Koçkal, T. Özturan,“Durability of lightweight concretes with lightweight fly ash aggregates”. Const. and Build. Mat, vol. 25, no 3, pp. 1430-1438, 2011.
  • [38]. N.A. Libre, M. Shekarchi, M. Mahoutian, P. Soroushian, “Mechanical properties of hybrid fiber reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete made with natural pumice”. Const. and Buil. Mat, vol. 25, no 5, pp. 2458–2464, 2011.
  • [39]. A. Çağlar, H. Çağlar, A. Şahin, S. Çimen, “Comparison of the Physical Properties of Fly Ash Substituted Blend Brick With Standard Brick Properties”. International Symposium on Turkish World Studies, Afyonkarahisar, 735-745, (2018).
  • [40]. TS EN 197-1, (2009). Cement-Part 1: General Cements-Composition, Properties and Conformity Criteria. Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara.
  • [41]. TS EN 1008, (2003). Rules for The Determination of The Conformity of Water as Concrete Mixing Water, Including Water Recovered From Concrete Mixing Water, Sampling, Experiments and Processes in The Concrete Industry, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara.
  • [42]. Aylin Akyıldız, “Investigation of the use of boron wastes as puzzolan material in concrete production”. PH. D. Thesis, Namık Kemal University Institute of Science and Technology, Hatay, 2012.
  • [43]. S. Yazıcıoğlu, N. Bozkur, “The Investigation Of The Mechanical Properties Of Structural Lightweight Concrete Produced With Pumice And Mineral Admixtures”. J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ, vol. 21, no 4, pp. 675-680, 2006.
  • [44]. H. Temiz, AH. Akçakale, “Investigation of Engineering Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete”, Karaelmas Sci and Eng. J, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 7-20, 2014.
  • [45]. HY. Aruntaş, “The Potential of Fly Ash Usage in Construction Sector”, J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ, vol 21, no 1, pp. 193-203, 2006.

Improving of Lightweight Concrete Properties Produced with Pumice Aggregate of Nevşehir Region with Fly Ash Substitution

Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, 302 - 308, 28.05.2021
https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.732592

Öz

In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of industrial waste fly ash substitution on physical and mechanical properties of lightweight concrete. In this respect, lightweight concrete samples were produced by the use of fly ash as a cement replacement material in different proportions (1%, 3% and 5%). In lightweight concrete production, the Nevşehir region acidic pumice has been used as aggregate. The physical and mechanical properties of these lightweight concrete samples were investigated and microstructural analysis was carried out. To determine the physical differences, dry unit volume weight, capillary water absorption, porosity, compactness and freeze-thaw experiments were conducted. For the determination of mechanical properties, tensile splitting strength and compressive strength tests were applied. SEM images have been interpreted to examine the structural differences occurring within the material. As a result of the study, it was determined that the physical and mechanical properties of the ligtweight concrete were improved with the increase in the amount of fly ash. The best results were obtained from sample with 5% fly ash substitution. The use of industrial waste in a large sector such as construction, which adversely affects the ecological balance, will be an opportunity to dispose of waste.

Kaynakça

  • [1]. M. Gül,“Investigation of the use of waste plastics and pet as a lightweight concrete aggregate”, Master's Thesis, Fırat University Institute of Science and Technology, Elazığ, 2018.
  • [2]. O. Şimşek, Concrete And Concrete Technology, Seçkin Publishing House, Ankara, 230,2007.
  • [3]. H. Özkul, MA. Taşdemir, M. Tokyay andM. Uyan, Concrete with All Aspects. Turkish Ready Mixed Concrete Association, Istanbul, 2004.
  • [4]. B. Baradan and H. Yazıcı, Durability at the reinforced concrete structures and innovations brought by TS EN 206-1 standard, TMH-Engineering News of Turkey, vol. 426, no 4, pp. 62-69, 2003.
  • [5]. S. Yazıcıoğlu and N. Bozkurt, “Investigation of mechanical properties of lightweight concrete obtained with the pumice stone”. Turkish Pumice Symposium and Exhibition, Denizli, (2005).
  • [6]. Hakan Yılmaz,“The Effect of Cement Type and Pumice Aggregate on Concrete Characteristics, Master's thesis, Düzce University Institute of Science and Technology, Düzce, 2017.
  • [7]. HY. Aruntaş, M. Dayı, İ. Tekin, R. Birgül andO. Şimşek, O.“Effect of Waste Marble Powder on Self-Compacting Concrete Properties”, 2. Symposium on Chemical Contributions In Structures, Ankara, (2007).
  • [8]. K.N. Kumar, D.S. Vijayan, R. Divahar, R. Abirami, C. Nivetha,“An experimental investigation on light-weight concrete blocks using vermiculite”. Materials today: Proceedings, vol. 22, no 3, pp. 987-991, 2020.
  • [9]. S.P. Sangeetha, R. Divahar, K. Mawlong, B. Lyngkhoi, A. Kurkalang, “Mechanical characteristics of pumice stone as light weight aggregate in concrete”. International Journal of Sci. and Tech. Res. vol. 9, no 1, pp. 3760-3762, 2020.
  • [10]. A. Bala, V.K. Sehgal and B. Saini,“Effect of fly ash and waste rubber on properties of concrete composite”, Concrete Research Letters, vol. 5, no 3, pp.842-857, 2014.
  • [11]. İ.B. Topçu, Concrete Technology. Uğur Ofset, 570, Ankara, 2006.
  • [12]. S.V. Razavi, A.H. Eı-Shafıe, P. Mohammadı, Artificial neural networks for mechanical strength prediction of lightweight mortar. Sci. Res. Ess, vol. 6, no 16, pp. 3406–3417, 2011.
  • [13]. Ayşe Akkaş, Investigation of The Bearing Properties of Pumice Aggregate Bearing Lightweight Concrete, Ph. D. Thesis, Süleyman Demirel University Institute of Science and Technology, Isparta, 2011.
  • [14]. S.N. Karaburc, S.A. Yildizel, G.C. Calış, “Evaluation of the basalt fiber reinforced pumice lightweight concrete”. Maga. of Civ. Eng, vol. 94, no 2, pp. 81–92, 2020.
  • [15]. Vural Taşkın, “Investigation of the design and properties of self-compacting lightweight concrete with Bitlis pumice”. Master's Thesis, Bitlis Eren University Institute of Science and Technology, Bitlis, 2016.
  • [16]. A. Biçer and F. Kar, “The effects of apricot resin addition to the light weight concrete with expanded polystyrene”. J. Adh. Sci. Tech, vol. 31, no 21, pp. 2335–2348, 2017.
  • [17]. A.A. Aliabdo, A.E.M Abd-Elmoaty, H.H. Hassan, “Utilization of crushed clay brick in concrete industry”. Alexandria Eng. J, vol. 53, pp. 151-168, 2014.
  • [18]. D. Kramar, V. Bindiganavile, “Impact response of lightweight mortars containing expanded perlite”. Cem. Conc. Comp, vol. 37, pp. 205-214, 2013.
  • [19]. A. Yilmaz and N. Degirmenci, “Possibility of using waste tire rubber and flyash with Portland cement as construction materials”, Waste Manag, vol. 29, no 5, pp. 1541-1546, 2009.
  • [20]. S. Lee, C.M. Chon, “Glass Content In Coal-Fıred Fly Ash For Geopolymer Productıon”. In: Fly Ash, Nova Science Publishers, Chapter 4, 2017.
  • [21]. Z. Han, “Dissolution Kinetics of Alumina by Leaching Coal Fly Ash with Ammonium Hydrogen Sulfate”, Doctoral Thesis, Shenyang: Shenyang University of Technology; 2016.
  • [22]. H.S. Arel and F.U.A. Shaikh,“Effects of fly ash fineness, nano silica, and curing types on mechanical and durability properties of fly ash mortars”. Struc. Conc, vol. 19, no 2, pp.597–607, 2018.
  • [23]. T. Çiçek, Y. Çinçin, “Use of fly ash in production of light-weight building bricks”. Const. and Build. Mat, vol. 94, pp. 521-527, 2015.
  • [24]. Z. Pavlík, M. Záleská, M. Pavlíková. “Experımental Analysıs Of Lıght-Weıght Concrete Incorporatıng Regranulated Waste Polypropylene”, 17 th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, Section Green Buildings Technologies and Materials, (2017).
  • [25]. E. Ganjian, M. Khorami and A.A. Maghsoudi,“Scrap-tyre rubber replacement for aggregate and filler in concrete”, Const. and Build. Mate, vol. 23, no 5, pp. 1828-1836, 2009.
  • [26]. M. Mao, D. Zhang, Q. Yang, and W. Zhang, “Study of durability of concrete with fly ash as fine aggregate under alternative interactions of freeze-thaw and carbonation”. Adv. in Civil Eng, vol. 2019, pp. 1-15, 2019.
  • [27]. T. Seo, M. Lee, C. Choi and Y. Ohno, “Properties of drying shrinkage cracking of concrete containing fly ash as partial replacement of fine aggregate”, Maga. of Conc. Res, vol. 62, no 6, pp. 427-433, 2010.
  • [28]. T. Bilir, O. Gencel and I.B. Topcu,“Properties of mortars with fly ash as fine aggregate”, Const. and Build. Mate, vol. 93, pp. 782–789, 2015.
  • [29]. D. Zhang, P. Han, Q. Yangand M. Mao,“Shrinkage Effects of Using Fly Ash instead of Fine Aggregate in Concrete Mixtures”. Adv. Mat. Sci. and Eng, vol. 2020, pp. 11-20, 2020.
  • [30]. T. Gönen, S. Yazıcıoğlu, “The Effect of Curing Conditions on Permeation of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete with Basaltic Pumice Aggregate”. Arab. J. Sci and Eng, vol. 43, no 10, pp. 5157-5164, 2018.
  • [31]. TS 3234, Mining, Placing, Curing, Mix Design and Methods of Testing of Pumice Concrete, Turkish Standard Institute, Ankara 1978.
  • [32]. N. Bozkurt and V. Taskin,“Design of Self Compacting Lightweight Concrete Using Acidic Pumice with Different Powder Materials”. Acta Phy. Pol. A. vol. 132, no 2017, pp. 779-782, 2017.
  • [33]. T. Kotan andR. Gül, “Effect of atmospheric pressure steam curing to mechanical properties of lightweight concrete produced with Erzurum–Pasinler pumice”. Mach. Technol. Mater. Int. Vir. J, vol.4, no 5, pp. 66–69 (2010).
  • [34]. Z.F. Türkmenoğlu, A.M. Kılıç, T. Depci, “Determination of mechanical properties of self compacting lightweight concrete manufactured with pumice in Van Region. Çukurova Univ. J. Faculty Eng. Arc, vol. 30, no 105 2015.
  • [35]. N. Su, B.A. Miao, “New method for the mix design of medium strength flowing concrete with low cement content”. Cem. Concr. Compos, vol. 25, no 2, pp. 215–22 (2003)
  • [36]. M. Kurt, M.S. Gül, R. Gül, A.C. Aydin, T. Kotan, “The effect of pumice powder on the self-compactability of pumice aggreggate lightweight concrete”. Constr. Build. Mater, vol. 103, pp. 36–46, 2016.
  • [37]. N.U. Koçkal, T. Özturan,“Durability of lightweight concretes with lightweight fly ash aggregates”. Const. and Build. Mat, vol. 25, no 3, pp. 1430-1438, 2011.
  • [38]. N.A. Libre, M. Shekarchi, M. Mahoutian, P. Soroushian, “Mechanical properties of hybrid fiber reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete made with natural pumice”. Const. and Buil. Mat, vol. 25, no 5, pp. 2458–2464, 2011.
  • [39]. A. Çağlar, H. Çağlar, A. Şahin, S. Çimen, “Comparison of the Physical Properties of Fly Ash Substituted Blend Brick With Standard Brick Properties”. International Symposium on Turkish World Studies, Afyonkarahisar, 735-745, (2018).
  • [40]. TS EN 197-1, (2009). Cement-Part 1: General Cements-Composition, Properties and Conformity Criteria. Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara.
  • [41]. TS EN 1008, (2003). Rules for The Determination of The Conformity of Water as Concrete Mixing Water, Including Water Recovered From Concrete Mixing Water, Sampling, Experiments and Processes in The Concrete Industry, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara.
  • [42]. Aylin Akyıldız, “Investigation of the use of boron wastes as puzzolan material in concrete production”. PH. D. Thesis, Namık Kemal University Institute of Science and Technology, Hatay, 2012.
  • [43]. S. Yazıcıoğlu, N. Bozkur, “The Investigation Of The Mechanical Properties Of Structural Lightweight Concrete Produced With Pumice And Mineral Admixtures”. J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ, vol. 21, no 4, pp. 675-680, 2006.
  • [44]. H. Temiz, AH. Akçakale, “Investigation of Engineering Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete”, Karaelmas Sci and Eng. J, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 7-20, 2014.
  • [45]. HY. Aruntaş, “The Potential of Fly Ash Usage in Construction Sector”, J. Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ, vol 21, no 1, pp. 193-203, 2006.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mehmet Oğuzhan KALE
Selefkos Yapı Denetim ŞTİ.
0000-0002-0066-1322
Türkiye


Hakan ÇAĞLAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kırşehir Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi İnşaat Mühendisliği Bölümü
0000-0002-1380-8637
Türkiye


Arzu ÇAĞLAR
AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3928-8059
Türkiye


Ahmet Celal APAY
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2008-6588
Türkiye


Selçuk ÇİMEN
BAYBURT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4536-7693
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Mayıs 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi 5 Ocak 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 9, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

IEEE M. O. Kale , H. Çağlar , A. Çağlar , A. C. Apay ve S. Çimen , "Improving of Lightweight Concrete Properties Produced with Pumice Aggregate of Nevşehir Region with Fly Ash Substitution", Academic Platform - Journal of Engineering and Science, c. 9, sayı. 2, ss. 302-308, May. 2021, doi:10.21541/apjes.732592