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Değişken desenli gece kurbağası, Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769)’in erken aktivasyonu üzerine bir örnek çalışma

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 2, 38 - 40, 15.08.2019

Öz

Amfibiler, çevresel faktörlerden doğrudan etkilenen en savunmasız gruplardan biridir. Nitekim araştırmacılar, türlerin neredeyse üçte birinin neslinin tükenme tehdidinde olduğunu bildirmişlerdir. Ilıman bölgedeki amfibiler normal şartlar altında kış mevsiminde uykuya yatarlar ve iklimdeki dalgalanmalar bu ektotermik hayvanların yaz ve kış aktivitesini dolaylı olarak etkiler. Bu çalışmada, Bufotes variabilis’in kış mevsiminde olağandışı aktivitesi hakkında bir veri sunuyor ve değişken desenli gece kurbağasının küresel iklim değişikliğinden dolayı yıl boyunca aktif olabileceğini değerlendiriyoruz.

Kaynakça

  • Avci, A., Tuniyev, B., Isailovic, J.C., Lymberakis, P., Andrén, C., Cogalniceanu, D., Wilkinson, J., Ananjeva, N., Üzüm, N., Orlov, N., Podloucky, R., Tuniyev, S., Kaya, U., Nilson, G., Sharifi, M., Papenfuss, T. & Bafti S.S. (2015). Bufotes variabilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T153571A74506381. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-1.RLTS.T153571A74506381.en .Downloaded on 9 February 2019.
  • Carey, C., Alexander M.A. (2003). Climate change and amphibian declines: is there a link? Diversity and Distributions, 9, 111-121.
  • Nowakowski, A. J., Watling, J. I., Whitfield, S. M., Todd, B. D., Kurz, D. J., & Donnelly, M. A. (2017). Tropical amphibians in shifting thermal landscapes under land‐use and climate change. Conservation Biology, 31(1), 96-105.4.
  • Eksilmez, H., Altunışık, A., & Özdemir, N. (2017). The Herpetofauna of Karçal Mountains (Artvin/Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 10 (1), 1-5.
  • Pounds, A., Fogden, M. & Campbell, J. (1999). Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain. Nature, 398, 611-614.
  • Kiesecker, J. M., Blaustein, A.R. & Belden, L.K. (2001). Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature, 410, 681-684.
  • Jablonski, D. (2013). Unusual observation of the winter activity of Lissotriton vulgaris from south–western Slovakia. Folia faunistica Slovaca, 18(3), 301-302.
  • Vitt, L. J., & Caldwell, J. P. (2009). Herpetology An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. (L. J. Vitt & J. P. Caldwell, Eds.) (3.rd). Burlington: Academic Press.
  • Sas, I., & Covaciu-Marcov, S.-D. (2007). Overwintering without winter: the exceptional case of two terrestrial anurans from the thermal habitats in north-western Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 3(2), 121–126.
  • Sicilia, A., Lillo, F., Zava, B., & Bernini, F. (2006). Breeding phenology of Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 in Sicily. Acta Herpetologica, 1(2), 107–117. https://doi:10.13128/acta_herpetol-1291
  • Altunışık, A., & Özdemir, N. (2015). Life history traits in Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769) from 2 different altitudes in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39, 153–159. https://doi:10.3906/zoo-1402-57
  • Badpayman, J. M., Nokhbatolfoghahai, M. & Esmaeili, H. R. (2016). Intra-specific variation in Pseudepidalea viridis in Fars province, Iran: Life history and developmental patterns. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction A: Science, 40(2), 125–136. https://doi:10.1007/s40995-016-0001-3
  • Başkale, E., Sayım, F., Yıldırım, Ş., Atatür, M. K., & Kaya, U. (2011). Reproductive ecology and body size-fecundity relationships of the Green Toad, Pseudepidalea viridis (Laurenti, 1768), in the Kocaçay Stream, İzmir, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East, 52(1), 39–46. https://doi:10.1080/09397140.2011.10638477
  • Castellano, S., Cucco, M., & Giacoma, C. (2004). Reproductive Investment of Female Green Toads (Bufo viridis). Copeia, 2004(3), 659–664. https://doi:10.1643/CE-03-182R2
  • Kovács, É.-H., & Sas, I. (2010). Aspects of breeding activity of Bufo viridis in an urban habitat: a case study in Oradea, Romania. Biharean Biologist, 4(1), 73–77. https://doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.61.1795
  • Sinsch, U., Leskovar, C., Drobig, A., König, A., & Grosse, W.-R. (2007). Life-history traits in green toad (Bufo viridis) populations: indicators of habitat quality. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85(5), 665–673. https://doi:10.1139/Z07-046
  • Giacoma, C., Zugolaro, C. & Kozar, F. (2000). Temporal spacing of breeding activity in the green toad, Bufo viridis. In: Atti I Congresso Nazionale Societas Herpetologica Italica (Torino 1996), p. 101-108. Giacoma, C., Ed., Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino, Ages Arti Grafiche, Torino.

A case study on earlier activation of the variable toad, Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769)

Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 2, 38 - 40, 15.08.2019

Öz

Amphibians are one of the most vulnerable group that are directly affected by environmental factors. Researchers report that nearly one third of species threatened with extinction. Amphibians in the temperate zone hibernate in winter season under normal conditions and fluctuations in climate impact indirectly the summer and winter activity of these ectothermic animals. In this study, we report data on the extraordinary activity of Bufotes variabilis in winter period and evaluated that variable toad could be active throughout the year due to global climate changes.

Kaynakça

  • Avci, A., Tuniyev, B., Isailovic, J.C., Lymberakis, P., Andrén, C., Cogalniceanu, D., Wilkinson, J., Ananjeva, N., Üzüm, N., Orlov, N., Podloucky, R., Tuniyev, S., Kaya, U., Nilson, G., Sharifi, M., Papenfuss, T. & Bafti S.S. (2015). Bufotes variabilis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T153571A74506381. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-1.RLTS.T153571A74506381.en .Downloaded on 9 February 2019.
  • Carey, C., Alexander M.A. (2003). Climate change and amphibian declines: is there a link? Diversity and Distributions, 9, 111-121.
  • Nowakowski, A. J., Watling, J. I., Whitfield, S. M., Todd, B. D., Kurz, D. J., & Donnelly, M. A. (2017). Tropical amphibians in shifting thermal landscapes under land‐use and climate change. Conservation Biology, 31(1), 96-105.4.
  • Eksilmez, H., Altunışık, A., & Özdemir, N. (2017). The Herpetofauna of Karçal Mountains (Artvin/Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 10 (1), 1-5.
  • Pounds, A., Fogden, M. & Campbell, J. (1999). Biological response to climate change on a tropical mountain. Nature, 398, 611-614.
  • Kiesecker, J. M., Blaustein, A.R. & Belden, L.K. (2001). Complex causes of amphibian population declines. Nature, 410, 681-684.
  • Jablonski, D. (2013). Unusual observation of the winter activity of Lissotriton vulgaris from south–western Slovakia. Folia faunistica Slovaca, 18(3), 301-302.
  • Vitt, L. J., & Caldwell, J. P. (2009). Herpetology An Introductory Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. (L. J. Vitt & J. P. Caldwell, Eds.) (3.rd). Burlington: Academic Press.
  • Sas, I., & Covaciu-Marcov, S.-D. (2007). Overwintering without winter: the exceptional case of two terrestrial anurans from the thermal habitats in north-western Romania. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 3(2), 121–126.
  • Sicilia, A., Lillo, F., Zava, B., & Bernini, F. (2006). Breeding phenology of Bufo viridis Laurenti, 1768 in Sicily. Acta Herpetologica, 1(2), 107–117. https://doi:10.13128/acta_herpetol-1291
  • Altunışık, A., & Özdemir, N. (2015). Life history traits in Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769) from 2 different altitudes in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39, 153–159. https://doi:10.3906/zoo-1402-57
  • Badpayman, J. M., Nokhbatolfoghahai, M. & Esmaeili, H. R. (2016). Intra-specific variation in Pseudepidalea viridis in Fars province, Iran: Life history and developmental patterns. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction A: Science, 40(2), 125–136. https://doi:10.1007/s40995-016-0001-3
  • Başkale, E., Sayım, F., Yıldırım, Ş., Atatür, M. K., & Kaya, U. (2011). Reproductive ecology and body size-fecundity relationships of the Green Toad, Pseudepidalea viridis (Laurenti, 1768), in the Kocaçay Stream, İzmir, Turkey. Zoology in the Middle East, 52(1), 39–46. https://doi:10.1080/09397140.2011.10638477
  • Castellano, S., Cucco, M., & Giacoma, C. (2004). Reproductive Investment of Female Green Toads (Bufo viridis). Copeia, 2004(3), 659–664. https://doi:10.1643/CE-03-182R2
  • Kovács, É.-H., & Sas, I. (2010). Aspects of breeding activity of Bufo viridis in an urban habitat: a case study in Oradea, Romania. Biharean Biologist, 4(1), 73–77. https://doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.61.1795
  • Sinsch, U., Leskovar, C., Drobig, A., König, A., & Grosse, W.-R. (2007). Life-history traits in green toad (Bufo viridis) populations: indicators of habitat quality. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 85(5), 665–673. https://doi:10.1139/Z07-046
  • Giacoma, C., Zugolaro, C. & Kozar, F. (2000). Temporal spacing of breeding activity in the green toad, Bufo viridis. In: Atti I Congresso Nazionale Societas Herpetologica Italica (Torino 1996), p. 101-108. Giacoma, C., Ed., Mus. reg. Sci. nat. Torino, Ages Arti Grafiche, Torino.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Biyoloji Çeşitliliğinin Korunuması
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Abdullah ALTUNIŞIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University
0000-0003-2934-7414
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ağustos 2019
Başvuru Tarihi 15 Mart 2019
Kabul Tarihi 15 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 12, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Altunışık, A. (2019). A case study on earlier activation of the variable toad, Bufotes variabilis (Pallas, 1769) . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 12 (2) , 38-40 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/biodicon/issue/59577/857581

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