Yıl 2019, Cilt 8 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 1035 - 1054 2019-10-15

An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables
Öğretmen Adaylarının Üstbilişsel Farkındalık Düzeylerinin Belirli Değişkenler Açısından İncelenmesi

Funda Ekici [1] , Burcu Ulutaş [2] , Basri Atasoy [3]


This study focuses on metacognition and has two main purposes: (1) to determine preservice teachers’ levels of metacognitive awareness and (2) to determine how they relate to the variables of academic achievement, gender, grade level and department. The participants were biology, physics and chemistry preservice teachers (N=367). The Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) was used as a data collection tool for determining the preservice teachers’ metacognitive awareness. This is an associational survey study. Pearson’s correlation analysis, the independent samples t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The results indicated a significant relationship between preservice teachers’ metacognitive awareness and academic achievement. Their metacognitive awareness also significantly varied by their grade level. However, no significant relationships were found between the preservice teachers’ metacognitive awareness and gender or department.

Üstbilişi konu alan bu çalışmanın 2 amacı vardır: öğretmen adaylarının (1) üstbilişsel farkındalık düzeylerinin belirlenmesi ve (2) üstbilişsel farkındalıklarının akademik başarı, cinsiyet, sınıf düzeyleri ve öğrenim görülen bölüm değişkenleri açısından incelenmesidir. Çalışma grubunu biyoloji, fizik ve kimya öğretmen adayları (N=367) oluşturmaktadır. Öğretmen adaylarının üstbilişsel farkındalıklarının tespit edilmesi için Üstbilişsel Farkındalık Envanteri (ÜFE) veri toplama aracı olarak kullanıldı. Bu çalışmanın modeli ilişkisel tarama modelidir. Elde edilen verilerin analizi için Pearson korelasyon analizi, ilişkisiz örneklemler t-testi ve tek faktörlü ANOVA testi yapıldı. Analiz sonuçlarına göre öğretmen adaylarının üstbilişsel farkındalıkları ile akademik başarıları ile arasında anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu belirlendi. Ayrıca öğretmen adaylarının üstbilişsel farkındalıklarının sınıf düzeylerine göre de farklılık gösterdiği tespit edildi. Ancak öğretmen adaylarının üstbilişsel farkındalıkları ile cinsiyet ve öğrenim görülen bölüm değişkenleri arasında bir fark olmadığı belirlendi. 


  • Abdellah, R. (2015). Metacognitive awareness and its relation to academic achievement and teaching performance of pre-service female teachers in Ajman University in UAE. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 560-567.
  • Akin, A., Abaci, R., & Çetin, B. (2007). The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the metacognitive awareness inventory. Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri, 7(2), 671.
  • Alexander, J. M., Carr, M., & Schwanenflugel, P. J. (1995). Development of metacognition in gifted children: Directions for future research. Developmental review, 15(1), 1-37.
  • Al-Jarrah, A., & Obeidat, A. A. (2011). Metacognitive Thinking Level Amongst a Sample of Yarmouk University Students in the Light of Some Variables.
  • Anderson, D., & Nashon, S. (2007). Predators of knowledge construction: Interpreting students’ metacognition in an amusement park physics program. Science Education, 91(2), 298-320.
  • Bağçeci, B., Döş, B., & Sarıca, R. (2011). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin üstbilişsel farkındalık düzeyleri ile akademik başarısı arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi [An analysis of metacognitive awareness levels and academic achievement of primary school students]. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8(16).
  • Bidjerano, T. (2005). Gender Differences in Self-Regulated Learning. Online Submission.
  • Brown, A. L. (1987). Metacognition, Elective control-self regulation, and other more mysterious mechanisms, In F. E Weinert &R.H Kluwe. (Ed.), Metacognition, motivation and understanding (pp.65-116). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2017). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (18. bs.) [Scientific research methods (18th ed.)]. Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing.
  • Cubukcu, F. (2009). Metacognition in the classroom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 559-563.
  • Deniz, D., Kucuk, B., Cansiz, S., Akgun, L. ve Isleyen, T. (2014). Ortaöğretim matematik öğretmeni adaylarının üstbiliş farkındalıklarının bazı değişkenler açısından incelenmesi. Kastamonu Eğitim Dergisi, 22(1), 305-320.
  • Dunning, D., Johnson, K., Ehrlinger, J. and kruger, J. (2003). Why people fail to recognize their own incompetence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 12(3), 33-87.
  • Emrahoğlu, N., & Öztürk, A. (2010). Fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının akademik başarılarına bilişsel farkındalığın etkisi: bir nedensel karşılaştırma araştırması. Çukurova Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 19(2), 18-30.
  • Flavell, J.H. (1979). Metacognition and cognitive monitoring. A New area of cognitive – development inquiry. American psychologist, 34, 906-911.
  • Fraenkel J. R. and Wallen N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education, 6th edn, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Glaser, R., Schauble, L., Raghavan, K., & Zeitz, C. (1992). Scientific reasoning across different domains. In Computer-based learning environments and problem solving (pp. 345-371). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • Hart, L. C., & Memnun, D. S. (2015). The relationship between preservice elementary mathematics teachers' beliefs and metacognitive awareness. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 3(5), 70-77.
  • Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Jegede, O., Taplin, M., Fan, R. Y., Chan, M. S., & Yum, J. (1999). Differences between low and high achieving distance learners in locus of control and metacognition. Distance Education, 20(2), 255-273.
  • Jou, Y. J. (2015). Investigation of technological university students' use of metacognitive reading strategies in first and second languages. English Language Teaching, 8(1), 180-188.
  • Justice, E. M., & Dornan, T. M. (2001). Metacognitive differences between traditional-age and nontraditional-age college students. Adult education quarterly, 51(3), 236-249.
  • Kacar, M., & Sarıçam, H. (2015). Sınıf öğretmen adaylarının üstbiliş farkındalıkları ile matematik kaygı düzeyleri üzerine bir çalışma. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 5(2), 137-152.
  • Kelemen, W. L., Frost, P. J., & Weaver, C. A. (2000). Individual differences in metacognition: Evidence against a general metacognitive ability. Memory & Cognition, 28(1), 92-107.
  • Koc, I., & Kuvac, M. (2016). Preservice science teachers’ metacognitive awareness levels. European Journal of Education Studies.
  • Kocak, R. Boyacı, M. (2010).The predictive role of basic ability levels and metacognitive strategies of students on their academic success. Procedia Social and B ehavioral Sciences, 2(2), 767-772.
  • Kramarski, B., & Kohen, Z. (2017). Promoting preservice teachers’ dual self-regulation roles as learners and as teachers: Effects of generic vs. specific prompts. Metacognition and Learning, 12(2), 157-191.
  • Kuzucu, G., Aydoğan, M. N., & Pekdağ, B. (2018). Kimya öğrencilerinin başarı ve bilişötesi farkındalık düzeyleri. In Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences Research Congress 26-28 October 2018 (pp 278). Balıkesir, Turkey.
  • Mai, M. Y. (2015). Science teachers self perception about metacognition. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 5(1 S1), 77.
  • Memnun, D. S., & Akkaya, R. (2012). Matematik, fen ve sınıf öğretmenliği öğrencilerinin bilişötesi farkındalıklarının bilişin bilgisi ve düzenlenmesi boyutları açısından incelenmesi. Kuramsal Eğitim Bilim Dergisi, 5(3), 312-329.
  • Niemivirta, M. (1997). Gender differences in motivational-cognitive patterns of self-regulated learning. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL.
  • Özkaya, Ö. M. (2017). The role of metacognitive skills in predicting achievement motivation. Bartın Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 6(3), 1040-1055.
  • Özsoy, G., & Günindi, Y. (2011). Okulöncesi öğretmen adaylarının üstbilişsel farkındalık düzeyleri. İlköğretim Online, 10(2), 430-440.
  • Pressley, M., & Ghatala, E. S. (1990). Self-regulated learning: Monitoring learning from text. Educational Psychologist, 25(1), 19-33.
  • Rozendaal, J. S., Minnaert, A. E. M. G., & Boekaerts, M. (2003). Motivation and self-regulated learning in secondary vocational education: Information-processing type and gender differences. Learning and Individual Differences, 13(4), 273-289.
  • Schraw, G. & Moshman, D. (1995). Metacognitive theories. Educational Psychology Rewiew, 7, 351-373.
  • Schraw, G. (1998). Promoting general metacognitive awareness. Instructional Science, 26(1-2), 113-125.
  • Schraw, G., Crippen, K. J., & Hartley, K. (2006). Promoting self-regulation in science education: Metacognition as part of a broader perspective on learning. Research in Science Education, 36(1-2), 111-139.
  • Schraw, G., Dennison, R. S. (1994). Assessing metacognitive awareness. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 19, 460-475.
  • Scott, B. M., & Berman, A. F. (2013). Examining the domain-specificity of metacognition using academic domains and task-specific ındividual differences. Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 13, 28-43.
  • Siswati, B. H., & Corebima, A. D. (2017). The effect of education level and gender on students’ metacognitive skills in malang, Indonesia. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(4).
  • Sperling, R. A., Howard, B. C., Miller, L. A., & Murphy, C. (2002). Measures of children's knowledge and regulation of cognition. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 27(1), 51-79.
  • Sperling, R. A., Howard, B. C., Staley, R., & DuBois, N. (2004). Metacognition and self-regulated learning constructs. Educational Research and Evaluation, 10(2), 117-139.
  • Şen, Ş., & Yılmaz, A. (2017). Fen bilgisi ve kimya öğretmen adaylarının metabilişsel öğrenme stratejilerinin incelenmesi. Kastamonu Education Journal, 25(2).
  • Şendurur, E., Şendurur, P., Mutlu, N., & Baser, V. G. (2011). Metacognitive awareness of pre-service teachers. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 2(4), 102-107.
  • Tok, H., Özgan, H., & Döş, B. (2010). Uzaktan eğitim sınıfında başarının pozitif yordayıcısı olarak bilişötesi farkındalık stratejisi ve öğrenme stratejilerinin değerlendirilmesi [Assessing metacognitive awareness and learning strategies as positive predictors for success in a distance learning class]. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 7(14).
  • ur Rahman, F., Jumani, N. B., Chaudry, M. A., & Abbasi, F. (2010). Impact of metacognitive awareness on performance of students in chemistry. Contemporary Issues in Educational Research, 39-44.
  • Uwazurike, N. R. (2010). Metacognition and achievement goals as correlates of academic success. Continental Journal of Education Research, 3, 1-6.
  • van der Stel, M., & Veenman, M. V. (2008). Relation between intellectual ability and metacognitive skillfulness as predictors of learning performance of young students performing tasks in different domains. Learning and Individual Differences, 18(1), 128-134.
  • Veenman, M. V., Wilhelm, P., & Beishuizen, J. J. (2004). The relation between intellectual and metacognitive skills from a developmental perspective. Learning and Instruction, 14(1), 89-109.
  • Ward, R. T., & Butler, D. L. (2019). An Investigation of Metacognitive Awareness and Academic Performance in College Freshmen. Education, 139(3), 120-126.
  • Yesilyurt, E. (2013). An analysis of teacher candidates’ usage level of metacognitive learning strategies: sample of a university in Turkey. Educational Research and Reviews, 8(6), 218-225.
  • Young, A., & Fry, J. D. (2008). Metacognitive awareness and academic achievement in college students. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 8(2), 1-10.
  • Zhu, Z. (2007). Gender differences in mathematical problem solving patterns: A review of literature. International Education Journal, 8(2), 187-203.
  • Zimmerman, B. J. (2000). Attaining self-regulation: A social cognitive perspective. In Handbook of self-regulation (pp. 13-39). Academic Press.
  • Zimermann, B. & Martinez-Pons, M. (1990). Student differences in self-regulated learning: relating grade, sex, and giftedness to self-efficacy and strategy use. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(1), 51–59.
  • Zohar, A., & Barzilai, S. (2013). A review of research on metacognition in science education: Current and future directions. Studies in Science Education, 49(2), 121-169.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Bölüm Makaleler / Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7534-368X
Yazar: Funda Ekici (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GAZİ EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1476-1519
Yazar: Burcu Ulutaş
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GAZİ EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1683-2381
Yazar: Basri Atasoy
Kurum: GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GAZİ EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Ekim 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { buefad566640, journal = {Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-7177}, address = {}, publisher = {Bartın Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {8}, pages = {1035 - 1054}, doi = {10.14686/buefad.566640}, title = {An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables}, key = {cite}, author = {Ekici, Funda and Ulutaş, Burcu and Atasoy, Basri} }
APA Ekici, F , Ulutaş, B , Atasoy, B . (2019). An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education , 8 (3) , 1035-1054 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buefad/issue/49482/566640
MLA Ekici, F , Ulutaş, B , Atasoy, B . "An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 (2019 ): 1035-1054 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buefad/issue/49482/566640>
Chicago Ekici, F , Ulutaş, B , Atasoy, B . "An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 (2019 ): 1035-1054
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables AU - Funda Ekici , Burcu Ulutaş , Basri Atasoy Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1035 EP - 1054 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -1308-7177 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Bartın Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables %A Funda Ekici , Burcu Ulutaş , Basri Atasoy %T An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables %D 2019 %J Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education %P -1308-7177 %V 8 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Ekici, Funda , Ulutaş, Burcu , Atasoy, Basri . "An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables". Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education 8 / 3 (Ekim 2019): 1035-1054 .
AMA Ekici F , Ulutaş B , Atasoy B . An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables. Bartın Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 8(3): 1035-1054.
Vancouver Ekici F , Ulutaş B , Atasoy B . An Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Levels of Metacognitive Awareness in Terms of Certain Variables. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education. 2019; 8(3): 1054-1035.