Singapur ve Türkiye’de Yönetsel Yapı ve Eğitim Reformları Bağlamında Program Geliştirme Süreçleri
Curriculum Development in Singapore and Turkey: Reflections of Administrative Structure and Educational Reforms

Gülçin TAN ŞİŞMAN [1] , Yasemin KARSANTIK [2]


Bu çalışmanın amacı, Singapur ve Türkiye’deki program geliştirme süreçlerini yönetsel yapı ve eğitim reformları bağlamında karşılaştırarak incelemektir. Betimsel nitelik taşıyan bu nitel karşılaştırmalı eğitim çalışmasının program geliştirme açısından iki ülkenin olası güçlü ve zayıf yönlerini değerlendirme boyutunda alana katkı sağlaması beklenmektedir. Çalışmanın verileri dokuman incelemesi yoluyla toplanmıştır. Resmi belge ve araştırma raporlarından elde edilen verilerin analizinde içerik analizinden yararlanılmıştır. Çalışmadan elde edilen bulgular program geliştirmede yönetsel yapı açısından Singapur ve Türkiye’nin merkeziyetçi yapı, yönetsel birimler ve görevleri bağlamında benzerlik ve farklılıklarını olduğunu göstermektedir. Eğitim reformlarının program geliştirme uygulamalarına yansımaları bakımından ise iki ülkede de eğitim reformlarının benzer amaçlara hizmet etmesine rağmen reformların uygulanışı ve sürdürülebilirliğinin planlama, zamanlama ve izleme gibi konularda farklılıklar gösterdiği görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda Türkiye’de politika ve uygulama bütünlüğünü sistematik olarak inceleyecek araştırma mekanizmalarının kurulması gibi düzenlemelerin yapılması önerilmiştir.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the curriculum development process in Singapore and Turkey comparatively regarding administrative structure and educational reforms. As a qualitative descriptive research, this comparative study is expected to contribute to evaluation of possible strengths and weaknesses of the two countries in curriculum development and support the adoption of effective policies and practices by policymakers. Considering the purpose of the study, the data were collected through document analysis. Content analysis was utilized to analyze qualitative data gathered from the official documents and research reports. Results revealed similarities and differences in terms of centralized approach, administrative units and their missions in Singapore and Turkey with respect to administrative structure of curriculum development. Regarding the reflections of educational reforms on curriculum development process and policies, it was found that although the educational reforms were implemented for similar purposes in the two countries, the way of implementation and sustainability demonstrated considerable differences in terms of conditions such as planning, delivery, timing and monitoring. It is recommended that regulations should be made in Turkey such as establishing research mechanisms to systematically study on the integration of curriculum policy and practice to fill in the gap between them.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Bölüm Makaleler / Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3806-6086
Yazar: Gülçin TAN ŞİŞMAN
Kurum: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5261-0295
Yazar: Yasemin KARSANTIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: TRABZON ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 5 Şubat 2021

APA Tan Şişman, G , Karsantık, Y . (2021). Curriculum Development in Singapore and Turkey: Reflections of Administrative Structure and Educational Reforms . Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education , 2021 February, Volume 10 (Issue 1) , 109-131 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buefad/issue/58052/704869