Yıl 2019, Cilt 2 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 1 - 12 2019-12-31

Mental Bozukluklara Sahip Obez Bireylerin Egzersize Katılım Durumlarının Değerlendirilmesi
EVALUATION OF THE EXERCISE PARTICIPATION STATUS OF OBESE INDIVIDUALS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS

Mustafa Deniz DİNDAR [1] , Fuat ERDUĞAN [2] , Özdemir ATAR [3]


Amaç: Mental rahatsızlıklar çağımızın en büyük sağlık sorunlarından bir tanesi haline gelmiştir. Mental rahatsızlıklar üzerinde uygulanmakta olan tedavi yöntemlerinden birisi olan ilaç tedavileri mental hastalıklara sahip bireylerin kilo almalarına sebep olmakta ve bunun sonucu olarak bu bireyleri obeziteye maruz bırakmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, gerek psikolojik anlamda gerek bedensel olarak bu bireylerin egzersize katılım oranları bir hayli az olduğu gözlemlenmektedir. Bu derleme çalışmasında; mental rahatsızlıklara sahip obezite ile mücadele eden bireylerin egzersize katılım durumları yapılan literatür taramasından elde edilen veriler ışığında değerlendirilerek, bu bireylerin egzersize katılmalarına engel olan ve egzersiz katılım motivasyonlarına etki eden unsurlar incelenmiştir.

Yöntem: Çalışmaya ait literatür verileri, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi ve Trakya Üniversitesi kütüphane veri tabanları ve Google Scholar arama motorlarında; “Obesity and Mental Disorders’’, “Exercise Participation and Mental Disorders’’ ve “Obesity and Exercise Participation anahtar kelimeleri aratılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir.

Bulgular: Çalışmanın sonucunda mevcut literatür verilerinden yola çıkarak mental rahatsızlıklara sahip obez bireylerin özellikle fiziksel aktivite esnasındaki güvenlik problemlerinden ve toplumda olumsuz anlamda damgalanmaktan çekinmeleri bu bireylerin fiziksel aktiviteye katılım motivasyonunu olumsuz etkilediği anlaşılmaktadır.

Sonuç: bu bireyler için spor psikologları veya imkanlar dahilinde psikolog, psikiyatrist ve spor uzmanları eşliğinde oluşturulacak, sosyal, ruhsal ve fiziksel ihtiyaçlarına cevap verebilecek, egzersize katılımı teşvik edici müdahale ve terapi programlarının oluşturulması, bu bireylerin hem sosyal hayata kazandırılması, hem de fiziksel, ruhsal açıdan iyileşme göstermesi açısından faydalı olabileceği ileri sürülebilir.

Purpose: Mental Disorders have become one of the most concerning issues of today. Drug therapies, one of treatment methods conducted on mental disorders contribute to weight gain and as a result of this these type of treatments may expose these individuals to obesity. However, either physically or mentally, these individuals don’t seem to participate sufficiently in physical activity. In this review, exercise participations of obese individuals having mental disorders will be assessed in consideration of literature data, and causes posing an obstacle for physical activity participation, factors motivating these individuals for physical activity were discussed.

Method: Literature data were obtained from the library database of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Trakya University and Google Scholar using ‘’Obesity and Mental Disorders’’, Exercise participation and Mental Disorders’’ and ‘’Obesity and Exercise Participation’’ keywords.

Results: As a result of this review, obese individuals with mental disorders were observed to refrain from physical activity because of stigmatization and safety problems during physical activity.

Conclusion: it can be suggested that planning  intervention programs for these individuals by sports psychologists, psychiatrists and sports experts which may fulfill social, mental and physical needs, may have benefits on both physical and mental improvements and reintegrate them into society.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mustafa Deniz DİNDAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5548-6947
Yazar: Fuat ERDUĞAN
Kurum: TRAKYA UNIVERSITY, KIRKPINAR ACADEMY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Özdemir ATAR
Kurum: Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

APA Di̇ndar, M , Erduğan, F , Atar, Ö . (2019). Mental Bozukluklara Sahip Obez Bireylerin Egzersize Katılım Durumlarının Değerlendirilmesi . Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 2 (2) , 1-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/comusbd/issue/51651/671174