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## Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique

#### Beatriz Cobo RODRIGUEZ [1] , David Molina MUNOZ [2]

Due to its sensitive nature, bullying is difficult to study empirically. The prevalence and the frequency of bullying are difficult to estimate using standard survey techniques due to the tendency of respondents to hide information in such settings. This behavior is known as social desirability, that is, the desire to make a favorable impression on others, and poses a significant threat to the validity of self-reports. Since the 1960s a variety of questioning methods have been devised to ensure respondents' anonymity and to reduce the incidence of evasive answers and the over/underreporting of socially undesirable acts. These methods are generally known as indirect questioning techniques (IQTs) and they obey the principle that no direct question is posed to survey participants. Therefore, their privacy is protected because the responses remain confidential to the respondents and, consequently, their true status remains uncertain and undisclosed to both the interviewer and the researcher. This paper describes a survey asking sensitive qualitative questions about bullying, conducted using one of the IQT, concretely, randomized response technique (RRT). This work tests the efficacy of RRT in establishing higher rates of truthful self-reporting when compared to traditional survey techniques.

Bullying, Social desirability, Indirect questioning techniques, Randomized response techniques
 Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epess458502, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1730}, address = {}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2018}, volume = {9}, pages = {269 - 275}, doi = {}, title = {Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique}, key = {cite}, author = {Rodrıguez, Beatriz Cobo and Munoz, David Molina} } APA Rodrıguez, B , Munoz, D . (2018). Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique . The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences , 9 , 269-275 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/38900/458502 MLA Rodrıguez, B , Munoz, D . "Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique" . The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 (2018 ): 269-275 Chicago Rodrıguez, B , Munoz, D . "Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 (2018 ): 269-275 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique AU - Beatriz Cobo Rodrıguez , David Molina Munoz Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 269 EP - 275 VL - 9 IS - SN - -2587-1730 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER - EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique %A Beatriz Cobo Rodrıguez , David Molina Munoz %T Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique %D 2018 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences %P -2587-1730 %V 9 %N %R %U ISNAD Rodrıguez, Beatriz Cobo , Munoz, David Molina . "Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 / (Ağustos 2018): 269-275 . AMA Rodrıguez B , Munoz D . Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique. EPESS. 2018; 9: 269-275. Vancouver Rodrıguez B , Munoz D . Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences. 2018; 9: 269-275. IEEE B. Rodrıguez ve D. Munoz , "Measuring Bullying Among Students Using the Randomized Response Technique", The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences, c. 9, ss. 269-275, Ağu. 2018