Yıl 2019, Cilt 12 , Sayı , Sayfalar 19 - 31 2019-02-26

Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms

Samar SINNO [1]


The main purpose of this study is to find out if the elementary schools in Lebanon are educating for democracy.  In particular, it aims to determine whether or not the ESL classrooms are preparing young citizens to live in a democratic society in the future.  The data was collected from: a) classroom observations, b) analysis of the Lebanese National ESL Curriculum, launched by CERD in 1997, c) social-media conferencing with a focused group of 31 elementary and intermediate ESL teachers, d) a questionnaire addressed to that focused group teachers, and e) five meetings with the trainers. The study targeted grades 1 through 6 of Basic Education in schools in different regions of Lebanon. The research study is qualitative in nature, yet it includes a quantitative aspect to triangulate the data. This design enables the researcher to formulate an informed opinion about teachers’ attitudes, behaviors and practices. The Lebanese National ESL Curriculum and the literature on educating for democracy help provide the theoretical framework for the aforementioned variables.  Results indicate that democracy prevailed in only very few instances.  Recommendations for some instructional practices and teachers’ attitudes and behaviors that help sustain a democratic atmosphere in the English language classroom are highlighted.
Education for democracy, ESL classes, Basic education, Implicit or hidden curriculum
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Yazar: Samar SINNO

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Yayımlanma Tarihi : 26 Şubat 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epess532952, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1730}, address = {}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2019}, volume = {12}, pages = {19 - 31}, doi = {}, title = {Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms}, key = {cite}, author = {SINNO, Samar} }
APA SINNO, S . (2019). Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences , 12 () , 19-31 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/43564/532952
MLA SINNO, S . "Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 12 (2019 ): 19-31 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/43564/532952>
Chicago SINNO, S . "Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 12 (2019 ): 19-31
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms AU - Samar SINNO Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 31 VL - 12 IS - SN - -2587-1730 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms %A Samar SINNO %T Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms %D 2019 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences %P -2587-1730 %V 12 %N %R %U
ISNAD SINNO, Samar . "Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 12 / (Şubat 2019): 19-31 .
AMA SINNO S . Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms. EPESS. 2019; 12: 19-31.
Vancouver SINNO S . Educating for Democracy? The Case of the Lebanese Elementary ESL Classrooms. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences. 2019; 12: 31-19.