Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 302 - 314 2019-09-04

Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA

Lokman AKBAY [1] , Tuncer AKBAY [2] , Osman EROL [3] , Mustafa KILINÇ [4]


ANOVA and MANOVA address different research questions and decision on conducting one or the other of these tests relies on the research purpose. One prominent illegitimate analysis of multivariate data is developed out of conducting multiple ANOVAs rather than conducting a MANOVA. Another common mistake about MANOVA applications is the use of improper post hoc procedure. Post hoc procedures are needed to determine why the null hypothesis was rejected. Although the correct post hoc procedure for MANOVA is descriptive discriminant analysis (DDA), many researchers fail to conduct DDA to interpret their MANOVA results. The purpose of this study is two-fold; (1) we aim to emphasize the theory behind the MANOVA and its appropriate post hoc procedure and make clear distinction between surrogate statistical procedures such as ANOVA; and (2) this study also investigates the extent of incorrect analysis of multivariate dependent variables in educational research in Turkey. First, we provided a small simulation study to demonstrate the extent to which multiple ANOVAs yields contradictory results when they are inadvertently used to test group mean differences on multiple dependent variables. Results of the simulations indicated that MANOVA and multiple ANOVAs had severe disagreements under many conditions. Disagreement rate is elevated under the conditions where MANOVA retains the null hypothesis. Then, we systematically reviewed the archives of three education journals, which are classified as higher-, medium, and lower quality journals. Results indicated that correct use of MANOVA with its proper post hoc procedure is not common practice across educational researchers who publish in Turkish education journals.

Multivariate data analysis, multivariate dependent variable, ANOVA, MANOVA
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Orcid: 0000-0003-4026-5241
Yazar: Lokman AKBAY
Kurum: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3938-1026
Yazar: Tuncer AKBAY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9920-5211
Yazar: Osman EROL
Kurum: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2759-4916
Yazar: Mustafa KILINÇ
Kurum: BURDUR MEHMET AKİF ERSOY ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 4 Eylül 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epod524511, journal = {Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology}, issn = {1309-6575}, eissn = {1309-6575}, address = {}, publisher = {Eğitimde ve Psikolojide Ölçme ve Değerlendirme Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {10}, pages = {302 - 314}, doi = {10.21031/epod.524511}, title = {Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA}, key = {cite}, author = {AKBAY, Lokman and AKBAY, Tuncer and EROL, Osman and KILINÇ, Mustafa} }
APA AKBAY, L , AKBAY, T , EROL, O , KILINÇ, M . (2019). Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology , 10 (3) , 302-314 . DOI: 10.21031/epod.524511
MLA AKBAY, L , AKBAY, T , EROL, O , KILINÇ, M . "Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA". Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology 10 (2019 ): 302-314 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epod/issue/48297/524511>
Chicago AKBAY, L , AKBAY, T , EROL, O , KILINÇ, M . "Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA". Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology 10 (2019 ): 302-314
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA AU - Lokman AKBAY , Tuncer AKBAY , Osman EROL , Mustafa KILINÇ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21031/epod.524511 DO - 10.21031/epod.524511 T2 - Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 302 EP - 314 VL - 10 IS - 3 SN - 1309-6575-1309-6575 M3 - doi: 10.21031/epod.524511 UR - https://doi.org/10.21031/epod.524511 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Eğitimde ve Psikolojide Ölçme ve Değerlendirme Dergisi Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA %A Lokman AKBAY , Tuncer AKBAY , Osman EROL , Mustafa KILINÇ %T Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA %D 2019 %J Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology %P 1309-6575-1309-6575 %V 10 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21031/epod.524511 %U 10.21031/epod.524511
ISNAD AKBAY, Lokman , AKBAY, Tuncer , EROL, Osman , KILINÇ, Mustafa . "Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA". Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology 10 / 3 (Eylül 2019): 302-314 . https://doi.org/10.21031/epod.524511
AMA AKBAY L , AKBAY T , EROL O , KILINÇ M . Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology. 2019; 10(3): 302-314.
Vancouver AKBAY L , AKBAY T , EROL O , KILINÇ M . Inadvertent Use of ANOVA in Educational Research: ANOVA is not A Surrogate for MANOVA. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology. 2019; 10(3): 314-302.