Yıl 2019, Cilt 7 , Sayı , Sayfalar 99 - 111 2019-11-24

Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil

Saba H. SEDEEQ [1] , Neam M.t. AL-LAYLA [2] , Abdelrahman B. FADHİL [3]


Utilization of priceless raw materials for biodiesel (BD) production is an essential target to reduce its production cost. Therefore, this work inspects the exploitation of a non-conventional feedstock, namely a mixture of non-edible oils (40% castor bean oil+ 30% bitter almond oil, and 30% waste fish oil w/w) in the production of ethylic biodiesel (EBD) and methylic/ethylic biodiesel (MEBD) through KOH-catalyzed transesterification reaction with ethanol and mixed methanol/ethanol, respectively. Effect of alcoholysis variables, such as alcohol/oil molar ratio, reaction period, reaction temperature and KOH amount, were examined. The alcoholysis outcomes revealed that the kind of implemented alcohol affected the optimum conversion of the oils mixture to BD. The maximum yield of FAMEE (96.33± 1.0 %) was attained at 0.75 wt.% KOH,6/1 alcohol/oils blend molar ratio, 45 minutes, and 55ºC reaction temperature, while the best FAEE yield (95.11 % ± 2.50%) was obtained at 1.0 %wt.KOH,7/1 ethanol/oils blend molar ratio, 65ºC, and a reaction time of 60 minutes. The fuel properties of the prepared fuels were assessed and discussed following ASTM D 6751 specifications. The results also exhibited that properties of FAMEE and FAEE were much better than those of BD from castor bean oil, suggesting their suitability as realistic alternative fuels to diesel fuel. 1H NMR and FTIR techniques affirmed the transformation of the oils blend to BD. Pseudo-first-order kinetics was obeyed on the alcoholysis of the said mixed oils.
Mixed non-eatable oils, Biodiesel, Fuel properties assessment, Identification of biodiesels, Kinetics
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Saba H. SEDEEQ
Kurum: Mosul University
Ülke: Iraq


Yazar: Neam M.t. AL-LAYLA
Kurum: Mosul University
Ülke: Iraq


Yazar: Abdelrahman B. FADHİL
Kurum: Mosul University
Ülke: Iraq


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 24 Kasım 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epstem653239, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-3199}, address = {isresoffice@gmail.com}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2019}, volume = {7}, pages = {99 - 111}, doi = {}, title = {Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil}, key = {cite}, author = {SEDEEQ, Saba H. and AL-LAYLA, Neam M.t. and FADHİL, Abdelrahman B.} }
APA SEDEEQ, S , AL-LAYLA, N , FADHİL, A . (2019). Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil. The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics , 7 () , 99-111 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epstem/issue/50288/653239
MLA SEDEEQ, S , AL-LAYLA, N , FADHİL, A . "Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil". The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 7 (2019 ): 99-111 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epstem/issue/50288/653239>
Chicago SEDEEQ, S , AL-LAYLA, N , FADHİL, A . "Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil". The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 7 (2019 ): 99-111
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil AU - Saba H. SEDEEQ , Neam M.t. AL-LAYLA , Abdelrahman B. FADHİL Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 99 EP - 111 VL - 7 IS - SN - -2602-3199 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil %A Saba H. SEDEEQ , Neam M.t. AL-LAYLA , Abdelrahman B. FADHİL %T Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil %D 2019 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics %P -2602-3199 %V 7 %N %R %U
ISNAD SEDEEQ, Saba H. , AL-LAYLA, Neam M.t. , FADHİL, Abdelrahman B. . "Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil". The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 7 / (Kasım 2019): 99-111 .
AMA SEDEEQ S , AL-LAYLA N , FADHİL A . Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil. EPSTEM. 2019; 7: 99-111.
Vancouver SEDEEQ S , AL-LAYLA N , FADHİL A . Production, Analysis, and Evaluation of Biodiesel from mixed Castor SEED oil, Bitter Almond oil, and Waste Fish Oil. The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics. 2019; 7: 111-99.