Yıl 2019, Cilt 7 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 84 - 87 2019-12-31

Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport

Emine Rumeysa KOCAER [1] , Halil KORUCA [2] , Samia CHEHBI-GAMOURA [3]


It is important for both the bus owner and the passengers to determine the bus and minibus routes that are frequently used in urban passenger transport. Because the distance between the stops, the streets where the vehicle passes, the distance to reach the bus stop of passengers, how many minutes the bus will move, the waiting and transport time effects. Bus routes surround the entire residential area of the city as a network in various ways. The use of buses as a means of public transportation is preferred because it requires fewer infrastructure investments. The distance between stops, the population of settlements, the size/capacity of the bus and how many minutes the bus will move, determines the waiting time of passengers at the stop and duration of the tour. In this study, it is aimed to reduce bus operating costs and waiting times of passengers. Bus stops between Isparta center and Süleyman Demirel University West Campus, number and density of passengers, bus departure times and bus capacities were analyzed and modeled in the simulation software. As an alternative improvement scenario, buses with little and very passenger capacity were used and departure times were arranged. The effect of alternative scenarios on operating costs and waiting time was evaluated with the results obtained from simulation software.

Urban transportation, operating cost
  • A. Rudnicki, “Equivalent Travel Time of Passengers as a Synthetic Performance Measure in Urban Public Transport,” Proceedings from the 2nd KFB-Research Conference on Urban Transport Systems, 1999, pp.174-183.
  • A.Tirachini, “Estimation of travel time and the benefits of upgrading the fare payment technology in urban bus services,” Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, vol.30, pp.239-256, 2013.
  • E. Yılmaz, “Design of Urban Public Transportation Systems with Axioms,” Uludag University Journal of Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, vol.1, 2006.
  • G. Doğan, M. Özuysal, “Investigation of Factors Affecting Waiting Time in Public Transportation: Reliability, Passenger Information System and Physical Conditions,” Technical Journal of the Chamber of Civil Engineers, pp.481, 2017.
  • I.H.Tolic, G. Martinovic and D.C. Milic, “Optimization Methods in Modern Transportation Systems,” Portal of Croatian Scientific And Professional Journals, 2018.
  • J.Jolliffe, T.Hutchinson, “A Behavioural Explanation of the Association Between Bus and Passenger Arrivals at a Bus Stop,” Transportation Science, vol.9, pp.248-282, 1975.
  • M. Akad, E. Gedizoğlu, “Simulation Assisted Analytic Hierarchy Approach in Public Transport Type Selection,” Journal of Istanbul Technic University, vol.1, pp.88-98, 2007.
  • M. Gökdağ, “Comparison of Road and Rail Transport Systems in Urban Transportation According to Some Important Factors,” II. Transportation and Traffic Congress,1999, pp.394-400.
  • M. Özuysal, P. Çalışkanelli and S. Tanyeli, “A Discussion on Passenger Landing and Boarding Time at Bus Stations,” Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol.6, 2016.
  • Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP), “Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual.” 3rd ed. TCRP Report, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, US, 165, 2013.
  • Y. Huo, W. Li, J. Zhao and S. Zhu, “Modelling Bus Delay At Bus Stop,” Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Transport Journals, 2015.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-1822-7540
Yazar: Emine Rumeysa KOCAER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2448-1772
Yazar: Halil KORUCA
Kurum: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1239-0873
Yazar: Samia CHEHBI-GAMOURA
Kurum: 2Strasbourg University, Faculty of Managment Strasbourg
Ülke: France


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijamec621174, journal = {International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-8228}, address = {}, publisher = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {7}, pages = {84 - 87}, doi = {}, title = {Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport}, key = {cite}, author = {KOCAER, Emine Rumeysa and KORUCA, Halil and CHEHBI-GAMOURA, Samia} }
APA KOCAER, E , KORUCA, H , CHEHBI-GAMOURA, S . (2019). Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport. International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers , 7 (4) , 84-87 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijamec/issue/51220/621174
MLA KOCAER, E , KORUCA, H , CHEHBI-GAMOURA, S . "Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport". International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers 7 (2019 ): 84-87 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijamec/issue/51220/621174>
Chicago KOCAER, E , KORUCA, H , CHEHBI-GAMOURA, S . "Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport". International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers 7 (2019 ): 84-87
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport AU - Emine Rumeysa KOCAER , Halil KORUCA , Samia CHEHBI-GAMOURA Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 84 EP - 87 VL - 7 IS - 4 SN - -2147-8228 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport %A Emine Rumeysa KOCAER , Halil KORUCA , Samia CHEHBI-GAMOURA %T Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport %D 2019 %J International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers %P -2147-8228 %V 7 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD KOCAER, Emine Rumeysa , KORUCA, Halil , CHEHBI-GAMOURA, Samia . "Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport". International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers 7 / 4 (Aralık 2020): 84-87 .
AMA KOCAER E , KORUCA H , CHEHBI-GAMOURA S . Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport. International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers. 2019; 7(4): 84-87.
Vancouver KOCAER E , KORUCA H , CHEHBI-GAMOURA S . Evaluation of Waiting Time and Transport Costs with Simulation in Urban Bus Transport. International Journal of Applied Mathematics Electronics and Computers. 2019; 7(4): 87-84.