Araştırma Makalesi
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Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours

Yıl 2019, Cilt: 5 Sayı: 1-2, 31 - 42, 01.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.634058

Öz

English

The aim of the study is to investigate
the predictive effect of fathers’ supporting development tasks of their
children on their self-perception, level of being liked by their peers and
their prosocial behaviours. The sample group of this study conducted by the
correlational survey model consisted of 127 father and 127 children in the age
group of 5-6 years attending preschool education in Denizli province, Turkey.
In the study, the data were collected with the help of Scale of Supporting
Development tasks, Ladd and Profilet Child Behaviour Scale-Prosocial Behaviour
Subscale, Peer Rating based Sociometric Technique, and Self-Perception Profile
for Young Children. According to the results of the study, fathers’ supporting
development tasks of their children predicted the children’s self-perception,
the level of being liked by their peers, and their prosocial behaviour levels
in a statistically significant way (p< 0.01).

Kaynakça

  • Albukrek, İ. (2002). The Relationship between father-child and child`s self concept according to the perception of the child, mother and the father. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: İstanbul University (in Turkish).
  • Amato, P. R., & Rivera, F. (1999). Paternal involvement and children’s behavior problems. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61: 375-384.
  • Barnett, R. C., & Baruch, G. K., (2015). Determinants of fathers' participation in family work. Journal of Marriage and Family, 49(1): 29-40.
  • Beyazkürk, D., Anlıak, Ş., & Dinçer, Ç. (2007). Peer relationships and friendships in childhood. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 26: 13-26 (in Turkish).
  • Black, M. M., Dubowitz, H., & Starr, R. R. (1999). African American fathers in low income, urban families: Development, behaviour, and home environment of their three year-old children. Child Development, 70(4): 967–978.
  • Black, B., & Logan, A. (1995). Links between communication patterns in mother-child, father-child, and child-peer interactions and children’s social status. Child Development, 66: 255-271.
  • Boulton, M. J., & Underwood, K. (1992). Bully/victim problems among middle school children. British Journal of Education Psychology. 62: 73-87.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2014). Scientific research methods. Ankara: PegemA Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Cabrera, N. J., Tamis - LeMonda, C. S., Bradley, R. H., Hofferth, S., & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Fatherhood in the twenty-first century. Child Development, 71(1): 127-136.
  • Crespi, I., & Ruspini, E. (2015). Transition to fatherhood: New perspectives in the global context of changing men's identities. International Review of Sociolog Revue Internationale de Sociologie, 25(3): 353-358.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2013). Reserach design: Qualitative. Quantitative and mixed methods approaches. (Trans. Ed. Demir, S. B.). Ankara: Eğiten Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Çabuk, F. U. (2013) Investigation of relationship between social status of 5 year old children and their parental acceptance rejection levels. Unpublished master thesis. Denizli: Pamukkale University (in Turkish).
  • Derman, M. & Başal, H. (2013). Relation between behavioural problems observed in preschool children and parental attitudes of families. Amasya Education Journal, 2(1): 115-144 (in Turkish).
  • Dermott, E. (2008). Intimate fatherhood. A sociological analysis. London: Routledge.
  • Decovic, M., & Janessens, J. A. M. (1992). Parents’ child-rearing styles and child’s sociometric status. Developmental Psychology, 28(5): 925-932.
  • Downer, J. T., & Mendez, J. L. (2005). African American father involvement and preschool children's school readiness. Early Education and Development, 16(3): 317-340.
  • Evans, C. (1997). Turkish fathers attitudes to and involvement their fathering role. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: Boğaziçi University.
  • Gander M. J., & Gandiner, H. W. (2001). Child and adolescent development. (fourth edition) (Trans. Dönmez, A., Çelen, N., & Onur, B.). Ankara: İmge Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Gülay, H. (2008). Standartization of a scale for measuring peer relations among 5-6 years old children and studying the relations between some familial variables and peer relations of children at this age. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Gülay, H. (2009). Some variables which influencing 5-6 years old children’s social status. Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Education Faculty VI(I): 104-121 (in Turkish).
  • Gülay Ogelman, H. (2018). Peer relationships in preschool period. Ankara: Eğiten Publishing. (in Turkish).
  • Güngörmüş-Özkardeş, O. (2015). Being father. (3rd edition). İstanbul: Remzi Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Gürşimşek, I., Kefi, S. & Girgin, G., (2007). Investigation of variables related with father involvement in early childhood education. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 33: 181-191 (in Turkish).
  • Harris, K. M., Furstenberg, F., Jr., & Marmer, J. K. (1998). Paternal involvement with adolescents in intact families: The influence of fathers over the life course. Demography, 35, 201–216.
  • Harris, K. M., & Morgan, S. P. (1991). Fathers, sons and daughters differential paternel involvement in parenting. Journal of Mariage and the Family, 53: 531-544.
  • Harter, S., & Pike, R. (1984). The pictorial scales of perceived competence and social acceptance for young children. Child Development, 55: 1969-1982.
  • Hartup, W. W. (1989). Behavioral manifestations of children’s friendships. T. J. Berndt, & G. W. Ladd. (Ed.). Peer relationships in child development. (pp. 46-71) USA: A Wiley Interscence Publication.
  • İnanç, N. (1997). The Relationship between university students’ level of self-esteem and their academic achievement. Unpublished master thesis. Gaziantep: Gaziantep University (in Turkish).
  • Jogawars, V. V. (1982). Development of self-concept during adolescence and acceptance of the child by parents. Indian Psychological Review, 22: 6-8.
  • Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2012). Culture and parenting: Theory and practice inferences. (Eds. Sayıl, M., & Yağmurlu, B.). Parenting: Theory and Research. (pp. 61-80). İstanbul: Koç University Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kandır, A., & Alpan, Y. (2008). The impact of parents’s behavior of preschoolers social-emotional development. Family and Society. 10(4): 33-38. (in Turkish). Karasar, N. (2011). Scientific research methods. Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kaya, A. (2004). Psychological counseling and guidance. Ankara: Anı Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kaya, E. (2016). Fathers' emotion socialization practices and the role of this practices to their preschool children's social and emotional development. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Ankara University (in Turkish).
  • Kehale, D. (2002). Self perception, perception of parent behavior and empathic skills, and the correlation between these parameters of the preschool educators. Unpublished master thesis, İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Kimmet, E. (2003). Different approaches and applications in early childhood: Father support programme. OMEP World Council Meeting and Congress Proceedings. (pp. 371-378), İstanbul: YA-PA (in Turkish).
  • Kuruçırak, Ş. (2010). The correlation between fathers' participation in infant care and their perception of fatherhood role. Unpublished master thesis. Antalya: Akdeniz University (in Turkish).
  • Kwan, V. S. Y., Kenny, D. A., John, O. P., Bond, M. H., & Robins, R. W. (2004). Reconceptualizing individual differences in self-enhancement bias: An interpersonal approach. Psychological Review, 111(1): 94-110.
  • Ladd, G. W., Kochenderfer- Ladd, B., & Coleman, C. C. (1996). Friendship quality as a predictor of young children’s early school adjustment. Child Development, 67: 1103-1118.
  • Lawhon, G. (1997). Providing developmentally supportive care in the newborn intensive care unit: an evolving challenge. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 10(4): 296-311.
  • Lieberman, M., Doyle, A. B. & Markiewicz, D. (1999). Developmental patterns in security of attachment to mother and father in late childhood and early adolescence: Associations with peer relations. Child Development, 70: 202-213.
  • Maridaki Kassotaki, K. (2000). Understanding fatherhood in Greece: Father’s involvement in child care. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 16(3): 213-219.
  • Markus, H., Moreland, R. L., & Smith, J. (1985). Role of the self-concept in the perception of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(6): 1494-1512.
  • Marissa, A., & Ishaaq, F. (2012). The correlation of perception on the role of father with academic achievement in senior high school student. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69: 1369 – 1373.
  • Marsiglio, W., Day, R. D., & Lamb, M. E. (2008). Exploring fatherhood diversity. Marriage & Family Review, 29(4): 269-293.
  • McDonald, K. (1988). Social and personality development. New York - London: Plenum Press.
  • McGuire, W. I., & McGuire, C. V. (1982). Significant others in self-space: Sex differences and develop- mental trends in the social self. Psychological Perspectives on the Self 1: 71-96.
  • Miller, T. (2011). Making sense of fatherhood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Nugent, J. K. (1991). Cultural and psychological influences on the father's role in infant development. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53(2): 475-485.
  • Önder, A. (1997). Turkish adaptation of Self-Perception Scale for Young Children and examination of self-perception in preschool children in relation to age, gender, prematurity and attendance period. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Paschal, A. M., Lewis Moss, R. K., & Hsiao, T. (2011). Perceived fatherhood roles and parenting behaviors among African American teen fathers. Journal of Adolescent Research 26(1): 61–83.
  • Rossini, V., & Loiacono, F. (2013). How Italian fathers’ perception of their childcare capacity is chang in between tradition and modernity. International Journal of Cross-cultural. Studies and Environmental Communication (IJCCSEC), 2(2): 158-168.
  • Santrock, W. J. (2011). Child development (13th edition). New York.
  • Smith, P. K., Cowie, H., & Blades, M. (2005). Understanding children’s development. USA: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Sümer, N. (1999). Self-awareness and self-regulation: A survey of theories and research in personality and social psychology. Turkish Psychology Articles, 3(1): 151-164 (in Turkish).
  • Şahin, H. (2012). A review about the relation between the perceptions of the role of paternity of fathers having 5-6 years old children and their performance of family involvement studies. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Gazi University (in Turkish).
  • Ünlü, Ş. (2010). Being fathered and being a father: Examination of the general pattern of Turkish fathers' and their own fathers' involvement level for children between the ages of 0-8. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Middle East Technical University.
  • Ünüvar, P. (2008). Developing and determining the quality of the time period fathers spare for their children at 3-6 years a old. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Konya: Selçuk University (in Turkish).
  • Ünüvar, P. & Senemoğlu, N., (2010). Developing the quality of the time period fathers spare for their children at 3-6 years old. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 27: 55-66 (in Turkish).
  • Ünüvar, P., & Şahin, H. (2011). Development tasks supporting scale for fathers. Educational Research and Reviews, 6(19): 969-973.
  • Telli, A. A. (2014). Determination of fatherhood role perception of fathers with children aged 3-6 years and the affecting factors. Unpublished master thesis. Erzurum: Atatürk University (in Turkish).
  • Telli, A. A., & Özkan, H. (2016). Determination of fatherhood role perception of fathers with children aged 3-6 years and the affecting factors. Journal of İzmir Behçet Uz Pediatry, 6(2): 127-134 (in Turkish).
  • Türkoğlu, D. (2013). Examining the perception of fathers, who have a preschool child, about their paternity roles, and the effect of the support they get from their wives on social skill levels of their children. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Gazi University (in Turkish).
  • Yablonsky, L. (1991). Father and sons: The most challenging of all family relations. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 19(1): 83-90.
  • Yalçınöz, B. (2011). From being a son to being a father: An intergenerational comparison of fatherhood in Turkey. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi University (in Turkish).
  • White, N. R., (1994). About fathers: Masculinity and the social construction of fatherhood. Journal of Sociology, 30(2): 118- 131.
Yıl 2019, Cilt: 5 Sayı: 1-2, 31 - 42, 01.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.634058

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Albukrek, İ. (2002). The Relationship between father-child and child`s self concept according to the perception of the child, mother and the father. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: İstanbul University (in Turkish).
  • Amato, P. R., & Rivera, F. (1999). Paternal involvement and children’s behavior problems. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61: 375-384.
  • Barnett, R. C., & Baruch, G. K., (2015). Determinants of fathers' participation in family work. Journal of Marriage and Family, 49(1): 29-40.
  • Beyazkürk, D., Anlıak, Ş., & Dinçer, Ç. (2007). Peer relationships and friendships in childhood. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 26: 13-26 (in Turkish).
  • Black, M. M., Dubowitz, H., & Starr, R. R. (1999). African American fathers in low income, urban families: Development, behaviour, and home environment of their three year-old children. Child Development, 70(4): 967–978.
  • Black, B., & Logan, A. (1995). Links between communication patterns in mother-child, father-child, and child-peer interactions and children’s social status. Child Development, 66: 255-271.
  • Boulton, M. J., & Underwood, K. (1992). Bully/victim problems among middle school children. British Journal of Education Psychology. 62: 73-87.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2014). Scientific research methods. Ankara: PegemA Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Cabrera, N. J., Tamis - LeMonda, C. S., Bradley, R. H., Hofferth, S., & Lamb, M. E. (2000). Fatherhood in the twenty-first century. Child Development, 71(1): 127-136.
  • Crespi, I., & Ruspini, E. (2015). Transition to fatherhood: New perspectives in the global context of changing men's identities. International Review of Sociolog Revue Internationale de Sociologie, 25(3): 353-358.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2013). Reserach design: Qualitative. Quantitative and mixed methods approaches. (Trans. Ed. Demir, S. B.). Ankara: Eğiten Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Çabuk, F. U. (2013) Investigation of relationship between social status of 5 year old children and their parental acceptance rejection levels. Unpublished master thesis. Denizli: Pamukkale University (in Turkish).
  • Derman, M. & Başal, H. (2013). Relation between behavioural problems observed in preschool children and parental attitudes of families. Amasya Education Journal, 2(1): 115-144 (in Turkish).
  • Dermott, E. (2008). Intimate fatherhood. A sociological analysis. London: Routledge.
  • Decovic, M., & Janessens, J. A. M. (1992). Parents’ child-rearing styles and child’s sociometric status. Developmental Psychology, 28(5): 925-932.
  • Downer, J. T., & Mendez, J. L. (2005). African American father involvement and preschool children's school readiness. Early Education and Development, 16(3): 317-340.
  • Evans, C. (1997). Turkish fathers attitudes to and involvement their fathering role. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: Boğaziçi University.
  • Gander M. J., & Gandiner, H. W. (2001). Child and adolescent development. (fourth edition) (Trans. Dönmez, A., Çelen, N., & Onur, B.). Ankara: İmge Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Gülay, H. (2008). Standartization of a scale for measuring peer relations among 5-6 years old children and studying the relations between some familial variables and peer relations of children at this age. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Gülay, H. (2009). Some variables which influencing 5-6 years old children’s social status. Yüzüncü Yıl University Journal of Education Faculty VI(I): 104-121 (in Turkish).
  • Gülay Ogelman, H. (2018). Peer relationships in preschool period. Ankara: Eğiten Publishing. (in Turkish).
  • Güngörmüş-Özkardeş, O. (2015). Being father. (3rd edition). İstanbul: Remzi Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Gürşimşek, I., Kefi, S. & Girgin, G., (2007). Investigation of variables related with father involvement in early childhood education. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 33: 181-191 (in Turkish).
  • Harris, K. M., Furstenberg, F., Jr., & Marmer, J. K. (1998). Paternal involvement with adolescents in intact families: The influence of fathers over the life course. Demography, 35, 201–216.
  • Harris, K. M., & Morgan, S. P. (1991). Fathers, sons and daughters differential paternel involvement in parenting. Journal of Mariage and the Family, 53: 531-544.
  • Harter, S., & Pike, R. (1984). The pictorial scales of perceived competence and social acceptance for young children. Child Development, 55: 1969-1982.
  • Hartup, W. W. (1989). Behavioral manifestations of children’s friendships. T. J. Berndt, & G. W. Ladd. (Ed.). Peer relationships in child development. (pp. 46-71) USA: A Wiley Interscence Publication.
  • İnanç, N. (1997). The Relationship between university students’ level of self-esteem and their academic achievement. Unpublished master thesis. Gaziantep: Gaziantep University (in Turkish).
  • Jogawars, V. V. (1982). Development of self-concept during adolescence and acceptance of the child by parents. Indian Psychological Review, 22: 6-8.
  • Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2012). Culture and parenting: Theory and practice inferences. (Eds. Sayıl, M., & Yağmurlu, B.). Parenting: Theory and Research. (pp. 61-80). İstanbul: Koç University Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kandır, A., & Alpan, Y. (2008). The impact of parents’s behavior of preschoolers social-emotional development. Family and Society. 10(4): 33-38. (in Turkish). Karasar, N. (2011). Scientific research methods. Ankara: Nobel Academic Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kaya, A. (2004). Psychological counseling and guidance. Ankara: Anı Publishing (in Turkish).
  • Kaya, E. (2016). Fathers' emotion socialization practices and the role of this practices to their preschool children's social and emotional development. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Ankara University (in Turkish).
  • Kehale, D. (2002). Self perception, perception of parent behavior and empathic skills, and the correlation between these parameters of the preschool educators. Unpublished master thesis, İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Kimmet, E. (2003). Different approaches and applications in early childhood: Father support programme. OMEP World Council Meeting and Congress Proceedings. (pp. 371-378), İstanbul: YA-PA (in Turkish).
  • Kuruçırak, Ş. (2010). The correlation between fathers' participation in infant care and their perception of fatherhood role. Unpublished master thesis. Antalya: Akdeniz University (in Turkish).
  • Kwan, V. S. Y., Kenny, D. A., John, O. P., Bond, M. H., & Robins, R. W. (2004). Reconceptualizing individual differences in self-enhancement bias: An interpersonal approach. Psychological Review, 111(1): 94-110.
  • Ladd, G. W., Kochenderfer- Ladd, B., & Coleman, C. C. (1996). Friendship quality as a predictor of young children’s early school adjustment. Child Development, 67: 1103-1118.
  • Lawhon, G. (1997). Providing developmentally supportive care in the newborn intensive care unit: an evolving challenge. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing, 10(4): 296-311.
  • Lieberman, M., Doyle, A. B. & Markiewicz, D. (1999). Developmental patterns in security of attachment to mother and father in late childhood and early adolescence: Associations with peer relations. Child Development, 70: 202-213.
  • Maridaki Kassotaki, K. (2000). Understanding fatherhood in Greece: Father’s involvement in child care. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 16(3): 213-219.
  • Markus, H., Moreland, R. L., & Smith, J. (1985). Role of the self-concept in the perception of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49(6): 1494-1512.
  • Marissa, A., & Ishaaq, F. (2012). The correlation of perception on the role of father with academic achievement in senior high school student. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69: 1369 – 1373.
  • Marsiglio, W., Day, R. D., & Lamb, M. E. (2008). Exploring fatherhood diversity. Marriage & Family Review, 29(4): 269-293.
  • McDonald, K. (1988). Social and personality development. New York - London: Plenum Press.
  • McGuire, W. I., & McGuire, C. V. (1982). Significant others in self-space: Sex differences and develop- mental trends in the social self. Psychological Perspectives on the Self 1: 71-96.
  • Miller, T. (2011). Making sense of fatherhood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Nugent, J. K. (1991). Cultural and psychological influences on the father's role in infant development. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53(2): 475-485.
  • Önder, A. (1997). Turkish adaptation of Self-Perception Scale for Young Children and examination of self-perception in preschool children in relation to age, gender, prematurity and attendance period. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. İstanbul: Marmara University (in Turkish).
  • Paschal, A. M., Lewis Moss, R. K., & Hsiao, T. (2011). Perceived fatherhood roles and parenting behaviors among African American teen fathers. Journal of Adolescent Research 26(1): 61–83.
  • Rossini, V., & Loiacono, F. (2013). How Italian fathers’ perception of their childcare capacity is chang in between tradition and modernity. International Journal of Cross-cultural. Studies and Environmental Communication (IJCCSEC), 2(2): 158-168.
  • Santrock, W. J. (2011). Child development (13th edition). New York.
  • Smith, P. K., Cowie, H., & Blades, M. (2005). Understanding children’s development. USA: Blackwell Publishing.
  • Sümer, N. (1999). Self-awareness and self-regulation: A survey of theories and research in personality and social psychology. Turkish Psychology Articles, 3(1): 151-164 (in Turkish).
  • Şahin, H. (2012). A review about the relation between the perceptions of the role of paternity of fathers having 5-6 years old children and their performance of family involvement studies. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Gazi University (in Turkish).
  • Ünlü, Ş. (2010). Being fathered and being a father: Examination of the general pattern of Turkish fathers' and their own fathers' involvement level for children between the ages of 0-8. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Middle East Technical University.
  • Ünüvar, P. (2008). Developing and determining the quality of the time period fathers spare for their children at 3-6 years a old. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Konya: Selçuk University (in Turkish).
  • Ünüvar, P. & Senemoğlu, N., (2010). Developing the quality of the time period fathers spare for their children at 3-6 years old. Pamukkale University Journal of Education, 27: 55-66 (in Turkish).
  • Ünüvar, P., & Şahin, H. (2011). Development tasks supporting scale for fathers. Educational Research and Reviews, 6(19): 969-973.
  • Telli, A. A. (2014). Determination of fatherhood role perception of fathers with children aged 3-6 years and the affecting factors. Unpublished master thesis. Erzurum: Atatürk University (in Turkish).
  • Telli, A. A., & Özkan, H. (2016). Determination of fatherhood role perception of fathers with children aged 3-6 years and the affecting factors. Journal of İzmir Behçet Uz Pediatry, 6(2): 127-134 (in Turkish).
  • Türkoğlu, D. (2013). Examining the perception of fathers, who have a preschool child, about their paternity roles, and the effect of the support they get from their wives on social skill levels of their children. Unpublished master thesis. Ankara: Gazi University (in Turkish).
  • Yablonsky, L. (1991). Father and sons: The most challenging of all family relations. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 19(1): 83-90.
  • Yalçınöz, B. (2011). From being a son to being a father: An intergenerational comparison of fatherhood in Turkey. Unpublished master thesis. İstanbul: İstanbul Bilgi University (in Turkish).
  • White, N. R., (1994). About fathers: Masculinity and the social construction of fatherhood. Journal of Sociology, 30(2): 118- 131.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hülya GÜLAY OGELMAN 0000-0002-4245-0208

Ahmet EROL Bu kişi benim

Nimet KARAŞAHİN Bu kişi benim

Mehmet AKYOL Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2019
Gönderilme Tarihi 16 Ekim 2019
Kabul Tarihi 26 Aralık 2019
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019 Cilt: 5 Sayı: 1-2

Kaynak Göster

APA GÜLAY OGELMAN, H., EROL, A., KARAŞAHİN, N., AKYOL, M. (2019). Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours. International Journal of Academic Research in Education, 5(1-2), 31-42. https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.634058
AMA GÜLAY OGELMAN H, EROL A, KARAŞAHİN N, AKYOL M. Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours. IJARE. Aralık 2019;5(1-2):31-42. doi:10.17985/ijare.634058
Chicago GÜLAY OGELMAN, Hülya, Ahmet EROL, Nimet KARAŞAHİN, ve Mehmet AKYOL. “Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours”. International Journal of Academic Research in Education 5, sy. 1-2 (Aralık 2019): 31-42. https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.634058.
EndNote GÜLAY OGELMAN H, EROL A, KARAŞAHİN N, AKYOL M (01 Aralık 2019) Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours. International Journal of Academic Research in Education 5 1-2 31–42.
IEEE H. GÜLAY OGELMAN, A. EROL, N. KARAŞAHİN, ve M. AKYOL, “Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours”, IJARE, c. 5, sy. 1-2, ss. 31–42, 2019, doi: 10.17985/ijare.634058.
ISNAD GÜLAY OGELMAN, Hülya vd. “Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours”. International Journal of Academic Research in Education 5/1-2 (Aralık 2019), 31-42. https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.634058.
JAMA GÜLAY OGELMAN H, EROL A, KARAŞAHİN N, AKYOL M. Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours. IJARE. 2019;5:31–42.
MLA GÜLAY OGELMAN, Hülya vd. “Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours”. International Journal of Academic Research in Education, c. 5, sy. 1-2, 2019, ss. 31-42, doi:10.17985/ijare.634058.
Vancouver GÜLAY OGELMAN H, EROL A, KARAŞAHİN N, AKYOL M. Fathers and Their Young Children’s Self-Perception, Levels of Being Liked by Their Peers and Prosocial Behaviours. IJARE. 2019;5(1-2):31-42.
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