Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy

Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 4, 231 - 239, 04.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.457501

Öz

The gas turbine systems are some equipment; that have extensive industrial and military applications due to their unique characteristics. One of the major problems in association with utilization of gas turbines is the output power and thermal efficiency. One of the major methods that are used for increasing the power and thermal efficiency in this type of power systems is compressor's inlet air cooling. In this paper, the effect of fuel replacement for methane gas-fired gas turbines with LNG and cooling the compressor's air inlet with the cold exergy of LNG fuel evaporation will be examined. In the first step, the energy balance equation is applied to the gas turbine with Methane and LNG fuel separately. Then the problem of fuel replacement in some mini and micro gas turbine has been examined and the appropriate engine with the most power and thermal efficiency is selected. In next step, the exergetic analysis of considered systems is performed and exergetic parameters of two systems are compared together. Finally, the advance exergy analysis is performed and effects of fuel replacement on exergetic cost parameter and environmental characteristics are evaluated.


Kaynakça

  • [1] Pegg R. Foster, Method and apparatus for increasing power output and/or thermal efficiency of a gas turbine power plant, (1971) US3796045A.
  • [2] B. Mohanty, G .PalosoJr, Enhancing gas turbine performance by intake air cooling using an absorption chiller, Heat Recovery Systems and CHP, 15 (1) (1995) 41-50.
  • [3] M. De Lucia, C. Lanfranchi, V. Boggio, Benefits of Compressor Inlet Air Cooling for Gas Turbine Cogeneration Plants, International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, (1995) doi:10.1115/95-GT-311.
  • [4] Y.S.H. Najjar, Enhancement of performance of gas turbine engines by inlet air cooling and cogeneration system, Applied Thermal Engineering, 16 (2) (1996) 163-173.
  • [5] J. Palsson, A. Selimovic, L. Sjunnesson, Combined solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine systems for efficient power and heat generation, Journal of Power Sources , 86 (1–2) (2000) 442-448.
  • [6] A.M. Bassily, Effects of evaporative inlet and after-cooling on the recuperated gas turbine cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering, 21 (18) (2001) 1875-1890.
  • [7] F.J. Wang, J.S. Chiou, Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system, Energy Conversion and Management, 45 (1) (2004) 15-26.
  • [8] M.M. Alhazmya, Y.S.H .Najjar, Augmentation of gas turbine performance using air coolers, Applied Thermal Engineering 24 ( 2–3) (2004) 415-429.
  • [9] C. Yang, Z. Yanga, R. Cai, Analytical method for evaluation of gas turbine inlet air cooling in combined cycle power plant, Applied Energy, 86 (6) (2009) 848-856.
  • [10] M. Farzaneh-Gord, M. Deymi-Dashtebayaz, Effect of various inlet air cooling methods on gas turbine performance, Energy, 36 (2) (2011) 1196-1205.
  • [11] D.Olivenza-León, A. Medina, A. Calvo Hernández, Thermodynamic modeling of a hybrid solar gas-turbine power plant, Energy Conversion and Management, 93 (2015) 435-447.
  • [12] Yousef N.Dabwan, Esmail M.A.Mokheimer, Optimal integration of linear Fresnel reflector with gas turbine cogeneration power plant, Energy Conversion and Management, 148 (2017) 830-843.
  • [13] Ashkan. Entezari, Ali. Manizadeh,Rouhollah. Ahmadi, Energetical, exergetical and economical optimization analysis of combined power generation system of gas turbine and Stirling engine, Energy Conversion and Management, 159 (2018) 189-203.
  • [14] M.J.Santos, C. Miguel-Barbero, , R.P. Merchán, A. Medina, A. Calvo Hernández, Roads to improve the performance of hybrid thermosolar gas turbine power plants: Working fluids and multi-stage configurations, Energy Conversion and Management, 165 (2018) 578-592.
  • [15] H. Sayyaadi, M. Babaelahi. Exergetic Optimization of a Refrigeration Cycle forRe-Liquefaction of LNG Boil-Off Gas. Int. J. of Thermodynamics, 13 (4) (2010) 127-133 ISSN 1301-9724.
  • [16] A. Valero, S. Usón, C. Torres, W. Stanek, Chapter Book: Theory of Exergy Cost and Thermo-Ecological Cost, Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, Springer (2017).

Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 4, 231 - 239, 04.12.2018
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.457501

Öz

Kaynakça

  • [1] Pegg R. Foster, Method and apparatus for increasing power output and/or thermal efficiency of a gas turbine power plant, (1971) US3796045A.
  • [2] B. Mohanty, G .PalosoJr, Enhancing gas turbine performance by intake air cooling using an absorption chiller, Heat Recovery Systems and CHP, 15 (1) (1995) 41-50.
  • [3] M. De Lucia, C. Lanfranchi, V. Boggio, Benefits of Compressor Inlet Air Cooling for Gas Turbine Cogeneration Plants, International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, (1995) doi:10.1115/95-GT-311.
  • [4] Y.S.H. Najjar, Enhancement of performance of gas turbine engines by inlet air cooling and cogeneration system, Applied Thermal Engineering, 16 (2) (1996) 163-173.
  • [5] J. Palsson, A. Selimovic, L. Sjunnesson, Combined solid oxide fuel cell and gas turbine systems for efficient power and heat generation, Journal of Power Sources , 86 (1–2) (2000) 442-448.
  • [6] A.M. Bassily, Effects of evaporative inlet and after-cooling on the recuperated gas turbine cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering, 21 (18) (2001) 1875-1890.
  • [7] F.J. Wang, J.S. Chiou, Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system, Energy Conversion and Management, 45 (1) (2004) 15-26.
  • [8] M.M. Alhazmya, Y.S.H .Najjar, Augmentation of gas turbine performance using air coolers, Applied Thermal Engineering 24 ( 2–3) (2004) 415-429.
  • [9] C. Yang, Z. Yanga, R. Cai, Analytical method for evaluation of gas turbine inlet air cooling in combined cycle power plant, Applied Energy, 86 (6) (2009) 848-856.
  • [10] M. Farzaneh-Gord, M. Deymi-Dashtebayaz, Effect of various inlet air cooling methods on gas turbine performance, Energy, 36 (2) (2011) 1196-1205.
  • [11] D.Olivenza-León, A. Medina, A. Calvo Hernández, Thermodynamic modeling of a hybrid solar gas-turbine power plant, Energy Conversion and Management, 93 (2015) 435-447.
  • [12] Yousef N.Dabwan, Esmail M.A.Mokheimer, Optimal integration of linear Fresnel reflector with gas turbine cogeneration power plant, Energy Conversion and Management, 148 (2017) 830-843.
  • [13] Ashkan. Entezari, Ali. Manizadeh,Rouhollah. Ahmadi, Energetical, exergetical and economical optimization analysis of combined power generation system of gas turbine and Stirling engine, Energy Conversion and Management, 159 (2018) 189-203.
  • [14] M.J.Santos, C. Miguel-Barbero, , R.P. Merchán, A. Medina, A. Calvo Hernández, Roads to improve the performance of hybrid thermosolar gas turbine power plants: Working fluids and multi-stage configurations, Energy Conversion and Management, 165 (2018) 578-592.
  • [15] H. Sayyaadi, M. Babaelahi. Exergetic Optimization of a Refrigeration Cycle forRe-Liquefaction of LNG Boil-Off Gas. Int. J. of Thermodynamics, 13 (4) (2010) 127-133 ISSN 1301-9724.
  • [16] A. Valero, S. Usón, C. Torres, W. Stanek, Chapter Book: Theory of Exergy Cost and Thermo-Ecological Cost, Thermodynamics for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, Springer (2017).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Regular Original Research Article
Yazarlar

Mojtaba BABAELAHİ>

0000-0001-5829-6228
Iran


Hamed JAFARİ Bu kişi benim

Iran


Farnaz AMİNİ HAJİBASHİ Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 4 Aralık 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijot457501, journal = {International Journal of Thermodynamics}, issn = {1301-9724}, eissn = {2146-1511}, address = {}, publisher = {Uluslararası Uygulamalı Termodinamik Derneği İktisadi İşletmesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, number = {4}, pages = {231 - 239}, doi = {10.5541/ijot.457501}, title = {Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy}, key = {cite}, author = {Babaelahi, Mojtaba and Jafari, Hamed and Amini Hajibashi, Farnaz} }
APA Babaelahi, M. , Jafari, H. & Amini Hajibashi, F. (2018). Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy . International Journal of Thermodynamics , 21 (4) , 231-239 . DOI: 10.5541/ijot.457501
MLA Babaelahi, M. , Jafari, H. , Amini Hajibashi, F. "Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy" . International Journal of Thermodynamics 21 (2018 ): 231-239 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijot/issue/40795/457501>
Chicago Babaelahi, M. , Jafari, H. , Amini Hajibashi, F. "Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy". International Journal of Thermodynamics 21 (2018 ): 231-239
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy AU - MojtabaBabaelahi, HamedJafari, FarnazAmini Hajibashi Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.457501 DO - 10.5541/ijot.457501 T2 - International Journal of Thermodynamics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 231 EP - 239 VL - 21 IS - 4 SN - 1301-9724-2146-1511 M3 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.457501 UR - https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.457501 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Thermodynamics Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy %A Mojtaba Babaelahi , Hamed Jafari , Farnaz Amini Hajibashi %T Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy %D 2018 %J International Journal of Thermodynamics %P 1301-9724-2146-1511 %V 21 %N 4 %R doi: 10.5541/ijot.457501 %U 10.5541/ijot.457501
ISNAD Babaelahi, Mojtaba , Jafari, Hamed , Amini Hajibashi, Farnaz . "Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy". International Journal of Thermodynamics 21 / 4 (Aralık 2018): 231-239 . https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.457501
AMA Babaelahi M. , Jafari H. , Amini Hajibashi F. Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2018; 21(4): 231-239.
Vancouver Babaelahi M. , Jafari H. , Amini Hajibashi F. Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2018; 21(4): 231-239.
IEEE M. Babaelahi , H. Jafari ve F. Amini Hajibashi , "Exergy Cost Analysis of New Method for Efficiency Improvement in Small Gas Turbines Using LNG Cold Exergy", International Journal of Thermodynamics, c. 21, sayı. 4, ss. 231-239, Ara. 2018, doi:10.5541/ijot.457501