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Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs

Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3, 159 - 166, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.405050

Öz

Energy need of the civilized world is ever increasing, and as such, the subject of energy production from renewable energy sources is gaining popularity in scientific studies. Amongst these studies are the researches on fuel cell systems. In this study, the flow channels of the “proton exchange membrane” (PEM) type fuel cell were designed, modelled, and studies were conducted on three-dimensional channels of various designs via Comsol Multiphysics simulation software, with hopes to contribute to the renewable energy solutions. Proposed fuel cell designs and geometries of flow channels were compared to existing fuel cells’ with exergetically efficient designs, in terms of total exergy efficiency. Exergy efficiency analysis was conducted on the membrane surfaces of the proposed flow channels. Anode and cathode side exergy analyses, polarization curve of the system, voltage, current and produced power parameter results were also inspected. 

Kaynakça

  • Broka, K, and P Ekdunge. 1997. “Modelling the PEM Fuel Cell Cathode.” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 27: 281–89. doi:10.1023/A:1018476612810.
  • Comsol. 2010. Comsol Multiphysics User’s Guide. Building. doi:10.1007/s10237-010-0257-z.
  • COMSOL Inc. 2013. “COMSOL Multiphysics.” Interfaces.
  • Dickinson, Edmund J.F., Henrik Ekström, and Ed Fontes. 2014. “COMSOL Multiphysics®: Finite Element Software for Electrochemical Analysis. A Mini-Review.” Electrochemistry Communications 40 (March): 71–74. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2013.12.020.
  • Dincer, Ibrahim. 2002. “The Role of Exergy in Energy Policy Making.” Energy Policy 30: 137–49. doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00079-9.
  • Dincer, Ibrahim, and Yunus A. Cengel. 2001. “Energy, Entropy and Exergy Concepts and Their Roles in Thermal Engineering.” Entropy. doi:10.3390/e3030116.
  • EG&G Technical Services, Inc., and Inc. EG&G Technical Services. 2004. Fuel Cell Technology-Handbook, 7th Edition. U.S. Department of Energy.
  • Gregor Hoogers, and Gregor Hoogers. 2003. Fuel Cell Technology – Handbook. CRC Press.
  • Hamilton, P. J., and B. G. Pollet. 2010. “Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) Flow Field Plate: Design, Materials and Characterisation.” Fuel Cells. doi:10.1002/fuce.201000033.
  • Henriques, T., B. César, and P. J Costa Branco. 2010. “Increasing the Efficiency of a Portable PEM Fuel Cell by Altering the Cathode Channel Geometry: A Numerical and Experimental Study.” Applied Energy 87: 1400–1409. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.09.001.
  • Jithesh, P.K., A.S. Bansode, T. Sundararajan, and Sarit K. Das. 2012. “The Effect of Flow Distributors on the Liquid Water Distribution and Performance of a PEM Fuel Cell.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.08.058.
  • Karthikeyan, P., M. Muthukumar, S. Vignesh Shanmugam, P. Pravin Kumar, Suryanarayanan Murali, and A.P. Senthil Kumar. 2013. “Optimization of Operating and Design Parameters on Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell by Using Taguchi Method.” Procedia Engineering 64: 409–18. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2013.09.114.
  • Ly, H., E. Birgersson, and M. Vynnycky. 2012. “Fuel Cell Model Reduction through the Spatial Smoothing of Flow Channels.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37: 7779–95. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.01.129.
  • Mehta, Viral, and Joyce Smith Cooper. 2003. “Review and Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Design and Manufacturing.” Journal of Power Sources. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00542-6.
  • Mert, S. O., I. Dincer, and Z. Ozcelik. 2012. “Performance Investigation of a Transportation PEM Fuel Cell System.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37 (1): 623–33.
  • Rosen, M. A., and I. Dincer. 2003. “Exergy-Cost-Energy-Mass Analysis of Thermal Systems and Processes.” Energy Conversion and Management 44: 1633–51. doi:10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00179-6.
  • Rosen, MA, and Ibrahim Dincer. 1997. “On Exergy and Environmental Impact.” International Journal of Energy Research 21: 643–54. doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-114x(19970610)21:7<643::aid-er284>3.0.co;2-i.
  • Springer, T. E., T. A. Zawodzinski, and S. Gottesfeld. 1991. “Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Model.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 138: 2334–42. doi:10.1149/1.2085971.
  • Tsatsaronis, George. 2007. “Definitions and Nomenclature in Exergy Analysis and Exergoeconomics.” Energy 32 (4): 249–53. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2006.07.002.
  • Water, C, and C This. 2010. “Mass Transport Analysis of a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell.” Comsol. Comsol.
  • Zahi, I., C. Rossi, and V. Faucheux. 2011. “Micro PEM Fuel Cell Current Collector Design and Optimization with CFD 3D Modeling.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36: 14562–72. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.020.

Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3, 159 - 166, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.405050

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Broka, K, and P Ekdunge. 1997. “Modelling the PEM Fuel Cell Cathode.” Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 27: 281–89. doi:10.1023/A:1018476612810.
  • Comsol. 2010. Comsol Multiphysics User’s Guide. Building. doi:10.1007/s10237-010-0257-z.
  • COMSOL Inc. 2013. “COMSOL Multiphysics.” Interfaces.
  • Dickinson, Edmund J.F., Henrik Ekström, and Ed Fontes. 2014. “COMSOL Multiphysics®: Finite Element Software for Electrochemical Analysis. A Mini-Review.” Electrochemistry Communications 40 (March): 71–74. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2013.12.020.
  • Dincer, Ibrahim. 2002. “The Role of Exergy in Energy Policy Making.” Energy Policy 30: 137–49. doi:10.1016/S0301-4215(01)00079-9.
  • Dincer, Ibrahim, and Yunus A. Cengel. 2001. “Energy, Entropy and Exergy Concepts and Their Roles in Thermal Engineering.” Entropy. doi:10.3390/e3030116.
  • EG&G Technical Services, Inc., and Inc. EG&G Technical Services. 2004. Fuel Cell Technology-Handbook, 7th Edition. U.S. Department of Energy.
  • Gregor Hoogers, and Gregor Hoogers. 2003. Fuel Cell Technology – Handbook. CRC Press.
  • Hamilton, P. J., and B. G. Pollet. 2010. “Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) Flow Field Plate: Design, Materials and Characterisation.” Fuel Cells. doi:10.1002/fuce.201000033.
  • Henriques, T., B. César, and P. J Costa Branco. 2010. “Increasing the Efficiency of a Portable PEM Fuel Cell by Altering the Cathode Channel Geometry: A Numerical and Experimental Study.” Applied Energy 87: 1400–1409. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.09.001.
  • Jithesh, P.K., A.S. Bansode, T. Sundararajan, and Sarit K. Das. 2012. “The Effect of Flow Distributors on the Liquid Water Distribution and Performance of a PEM Fuel Cell.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.08.058.
  • Karthikeyan, P., M. Muthukumar, S. Vignesh Shanmugam, P. Pravin Kumar, Suryanarayanan Murali, and A.P. Senthil Kumar. 2013. “Optimization of Operating and Design Parameters on Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell by Using Taguchi Method.” Procedia Engineering 64: 409–18. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2013.09.114.
  • Ly, H., E. Birgersson, and M. Vynnycky. 2012. “Fuel Cell Model Reduction through the Spatial Smoothing of Flow Channels.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37: 7779–95. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.01.129.
  • Mehta, Viral, and Joyce Smith Cooper. 2003. “Review and Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Design and Manufacturing.” Journal of Power Sources. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00542-6.
  • Mert, S. O., I. Dincer, and Z. Ozcelik. 2012. “Performance Investigation of a Transportation PEM Fuel Cell System.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37 (1): 623–33.
  • Rosen, M. A., and I. Dincer. 2003. “Exergy-Cost-Energy-Mass Analysis of Thermal Systems and Processes.” Energy Conversion and Management 44: 1633–51. doi:10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00179-6.
  • Rosen, MA, and Ibrahim Dincer. 1997. “On Exergy and Environmental Impact.” International Journal of Energy Research 21: 643–54. doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-114x(19970610)21:7<643::aid-er284>3.0.co;2-i.
  • Springer, T. E., T. A. Zawodzinski, and S. Gottesfeld. 1991. “Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Model.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 138: 2334–42. doi:10.1149/1.2085971.
  • Tsatsaronis, George. 2007. “Definitions and Nomenclature in Exergy Analysis and Exergoeconomics.” Energy 32 (4): 249–53. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2006.07.002.
  • Water, C, and C This. 2010. “Mass Transport Analysis of a High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell.” Comsol. Comsol.
  • Zahi, I., C. Rossi, and V. Faucheux. 2011. “Micro PEM Fuel Cell Current Collector Design and Optimization with CFD 3D Modeling.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36: 14562–72. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.020.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Regular Original Research Article
Yazarlar

Suha Orçun Mert> (Sorumlu Yazar)

0000-0002-7721-1629
Türkiye


M. Mucahit TOPRAK Bu kişi benim


Tolga DEPCİ>

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Eylül 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijot405050, journal = {International Journal of Thermodynamics}, issn = {1301-9724}, eissn = {2146-1511}, address = {}, publisher = {Uluslararası Uygulamalı Termodinamik Derneği İktisadi İşletmesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, number = {3}, pages = {159 - 166}, doi = {10.5541/ijot.405050}, title = {Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs}, key = {cite}, author = {Mert, Suha Orçun and Toprak, M. Mucahit and Depci, Tolga} }
APA Mert, S. O. , Toprak, M. M. & Depci, T. (2019). Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs . International Journal of Thermodynamics , 22 (3) , 159-166 . DOI: 10.5541/ijot.405050
MLA Mert, S. O. , Toprak, M. M. , Depci, T. "Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs" . International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 (2019 ): 159-166 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijot/issue/48498/405050>
Chicago Mert, S. O. , Toprak, M. M. , Depci, T. "Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs". International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 (2019 ): 159-166
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs AU - Suha OrçunMert, M. MucahitToprak, TolgaDepci Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.405050 DO - 10.5541/ijot.405050 T2 - International Journal of Thermodynamics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 159 EP - 166 VL - 22 IS - 3 SN - 1301-9724-2146-1511 M3 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.405050 UR - https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.405050 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Thermodynamics Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs %A Suha Orçun Mert , M. Mucahit Toprak , Tolga Depci %T Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs %D 2019 %J International Journal of Thermodynamics %P 1301-9724-2146-1511 %V 22 %N 3 %R doi: 10.5541/ijot.405050 %U 10.5541/ijot.405050
ISNAD Mert, Suha Orçun , Toprak, M. Mucahit , Depci, Tolga . "Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs". International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 / 3 (Eylül 2019): 159-166 . https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.405050
AMA Mert S. O. , Toprak M. M. , Depci T. Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2019; 22(3): 159-166.
Vancouver Mert S. O. , Toprak M. M. , Depci T. Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2019; 22(3): 159-166.
IEEE S. O. Mert , M. M. Toprak ve T. Depci , "Exergetic Comparison of Various Flow Patterns in PEMFCs", International Journal of Thermodynamics, c. 22, sayı. 3, ss. 159-166, Eyl. 2019, doi:10.5541/ijot.405050