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Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials

Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3, 138 - 147, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.495329

Öz

In this work, two underfloor solar assisted heating systems without and with phase change materials (PCMs) are investigated energetically for a building of 100 m2 floor area, which is situated in Athens, (Greece). The simulations are conducted with the commercial software TRNSYS 17. More analytically, flat plate collectors coupled to a storage tank are used while there is, in the first system, an auxiliary heater and in the second system, a heat pump, for supplying the extra heating demand when the solar potential is not sufficient. The PCM layer is situated below the underfloor heating system in order to increase the storage capacity. Moreover, this study compares the indoor temperature profiles of the building with and without a PCM layer on the floor and specifically in different cases by changing the area of the collectors and the thickness of the insulation layer. The results showed that the electrical energy consumption decreases on average 70% and 41% for the system with an auxiliary heater and for the system with heat pump respectively. Moreover, the application of the PCM layer on the floor in both systems gives an increase of the indoor temperature about 2oC into the limits of thermal comfort.

Kaynakça

  • [1] S. Li, J. Joe, J. Hu, P. Karava, “System identification and model-predictive control of office buildings with integrated photovoltaic-thermal collectors, radiant floor heating and active thermal storage,” Solar Energy, 113,139–157,2015.
  • [2] C. Tzivanidis, E. Bellos, G. Mitsopoulos, K. A. Antonopoulos, A. Delis, “Energetic and financial evaluation of solar assisted heat pump heating system with other usual heating systems in Athens,” Applied Thermal Engineering,106,87-97,2016.
  • [3] D. A. Asimakopoulos, M. Santamouris, I. Farrou, M. Laskari, M. Saliari, G. Zanis, G. Giannakidis, K. Tigas, J. Kapsomenakis, C. Douvis, S. C. Zerefos, T. Antonakaki, C. Giannakopoulos, “Modelling the energy demand projection of the building sector in Greece in the 21st century,” Energy and Buildings,49,488–498,2012.
  • [4] E. Bellos, C. Tzivanidis, “Alternative designs of parabolic trough solar collectors”, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 71,81-117,2019.
  • [5] D. Borello, S. Evangelisti, E. Tortora, “Modelling of a CHP SOFC System Fed with Biogas from Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Waste Integrated with Solar Collectors and Storage Unit,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,16(1),28-35,2013.
  • [6] A. Dietrich, F. Dammel, P. Stephan, “Exergoeconomic Analysis of a Pumped Heat Electricity Storage System with Concrete Thermal Energy Storage,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,19(1),43-51,2016.
  • [7] R. Yokoyama, R. Kato, T. Wakui, K. Takemura, “Performance Estimation and Optimal Operation of a CO2 Heat Pump Water Heating System,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,16(2),62-72,2013.
  • [8] J. Castaing-Lasvignottes, M. David, S. Simpore, O. Marc, F. Garde, “Simulating a Compressed Air Energy Storage System for a Net Zero Energy Building in Tropics,” International Journal of Thermodynamics, 19(3),130-135,2016.
  • [9] A. Korkmaz, N. Eğrican, “Solar Assisted Conditioning of Residences with Floor Heating and Ceiling Cooling: Review and Simulation Results,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,18(4),235-244,2015.
  • [10] A. K. Athienitis, T. Y. Chen, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of floor heating with thermal storage,” ASHRAE Transactions, 99(1),1049–1057,1993.
  • [11] K. Ghali, “Economic viability of underfloor heating system: A case study in Beirut climate,” In International conference on renewable energies & power quality, Sevilla, Spain, 2007.
  • [12] C. Inard, A. Meslem, P. Depecker, “Energy consumption and thermal comfort in dwelling-cells: A zonal-model approach,” Building and Environment, 33(5),279–291,1998.
  • [13] S. Li, K. Zou, G. Sun, X. Zhang, “Simulation research on the dynamic thermal performance of a novel triple-glazed window filled with PCM,” Sustainable Cities and Society,40,266-273,2018.
  • [14] J. Xie, W. Wang, P. Sang, J. Liu, “Experimental and numerical study of thermal performance of the PCM wall with solar radiation,” Construction and Building Materials, 177,443-456,2018.
  • [15] M. Saffari, C. Piselli, A. De Gracia, A. L. Pisello, F. Cotana, L. F. Cabeza, “Thermal stress reduction in cool roof membranes using phase change materials (PCM),” Energy and Buildings,158,1097-1105,2018.
  • [16] G. Feng, K. Huang, H. Xie, H. Li, X. Liu, S. Liu, C. Cao, “DSC test error of phase change material (PCM) and its influence on the simulation of the PCM floor,” Renewable Energy,87(3),1148-1153,2016.
  • [17] K. Lin, Y. Zhang, X. Xu, H. Di, R. Yang, P. Qin, “Experimental study of under-floor electric heating system with shape-stabilized PCM plates,” Energy and Buildings, 37,215–220,2005.
  • [18] R. Ansuini, R. Larghetti, A. Giretti, M. Lemma, “Radiant floors integrated with PCM for indoor temperature control,” Energy and Buildings,43,3019–3026,2011.
  • [19] J. Mazo, M. Delgado, J. M. Marin, B. Zalba, “Modeling a radiant floor system with phase change material (PCM) integrated into a building simulation tool: Analysis of a case study of a floor heating system coupled to a heat pump,” Energy and Buildings,47,458–466,2012.
  • [20] L. Royon, L. Karim, A. Bontemps, “Optimization of PCM embedded in a floor panel developed for thermal management of the lightweight envelope of buildings,” Energy and Buildings,82,385–390,2014.
  • [21] W. Cheng, B. Xie, R. Zhang, Z. Xu, Y. Xia, “Effect of thermal conductivities of shape stabilized PCM on under-floor heating system,” Applied Energy,144,10–18,2015.
  • [22] P. Devaux, M. M. Farid, “Benefits of PCM underfloor heating with PCM wallboards for space heating in winter,” Applied Energy,191,593–602,2017.
  • [23] A. E. Mays, R. Ammar, M. Hawa, M. A. Akroush, F. Hachem, M. Khaled, M. Ramadan, “Using phase change material in under floor heating,” Energy Procedia, 119,806–811,2017.
  • [24] S. Lu, Y. Zhao, K. Fang, Y. Li, P. Sun, “Establishment and experimental verification of TRNSYS model for PCM floor coupled with solar water heating system,” Energy and Buildings,140,245–260,2017.
  • [25] TRNSYS 17 Transient System Simulation Program – Volume 5, Multizone Building Modeling with Type 56 and TRNBuild Manual, Solar Energy Laboratory (SEL), University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, pp. 8-200,2012.
  • [26] Thermal Energy System Specialists (TESS), TESSLibs 3-Mathematical Reference. Type 1270: Phase Change Material (PCM) wall layer for Type56, 2012.
  • [27] BioPCM, Phase Change Energy Solutions Australia. Available: http://www.phasechange.com.au (accessed October 5, 2018).

Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3, 138 - 147, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.495329

Öz

Kaynakça

  • [1] S. Li, J. Joe, J. Hu, P. Karava, “System identification and model-predictive control of office buildings with integrated photovoltaic-thermal collectors, radiant floor heating and active thermal storage,” Solar Energy, 113,139–157,2015.
  • [2] C. Tzivanidis, E. Bellos, G. Mitsopoulos, K. A. Antonopoulos, A. Delis, “Energetic and financial evaluation of solar assisted heat pump heating system with other usual heating systems in Athens,” Applied Thermal Engineering,106,87-97,2016.
  • [3] D. A. Asimakopoulos, M. Santamouris, I. Farrou, M. Laskari, M. Saliari, G. Zanis, G. Giannakidis, K. Tigas, J. Kapsomenakis, C. Douvis, S. C. Zerefos, T. Antonakaki, C. Giannakopoulos, “Modelling the energy demand projection of the building sector in Greece in the 21st century,” Energy and Buildings,49,488–498,2012.
  • [4] E. Bellos, C. Tzivanidis, “Alternative designs of parabolic trough solar collectors”, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 71,81-117,2019.
  • [5] D. Borello, S. Evangelisti, E. Tortora, “Modelling of a CHP SOFC System Fed with Biogas from Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Waste Integrated with Solar Collectors and Storage Unit,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,16(1),28-35,2013.
  • [6] A. Dietrich, F. Dammel, P. Stephan, “Exergoeconomic Analysis of a Pumped Heat Electricity Storage System with Concrete Thermal Energy Storage,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,19(1),43-51,2016.
  • [7] R. Yokoyama, R. Kato, T. Wakui, K. Takemura, “Performance Estimation and Optimal Operation of a CO2 Heat Pump Water Heating System,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,16(2),62-72,2013.
  • [8] J. Castaing-Lasvignottes, M. David, S. Simpore, O. Marc, F. Garde, “Simulating a Compressed Air Energy Storage System for a Net Zero Energy Building in Tropics,” International Journal of Thermodynamics, 19(3),130-135,2016.
  • [9] A. Korkmaz, N. Eğrican, “Solar Assisted Conditioning of Residences with Floor Heating and Ceiling Cooling: Review and Simulation Results,” International Journal of Thermodynamics,18(4),235-244,2015.
  • [10] A. K. Athienitis, T. Y. Chen, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of floor heating with thermal storage,” ASHRAE Transactions, 99(1),1049–1057,1993.
  • [11] K. Ghali, “Economic viability of underfloor heating system: A case study in Beirut climate,” In International conference on renewable energies & power quality, Sevilla, Spain, 2007.
  • [12] C. Inard, A. Meslem, P. Depecker, “Energy consumption and thermal comfort in dwelling-cells: A zonal-model approach,” Building and Environment, 33(5),279–291,1998.
  • [13] S. Li, K. Zou, G. Sun, X. Zhang, “Simulation research on the dynamic thermal performance of a novel triple-glazed window filled with PCM,” Sustainable Cities and Society,40,266-273,2018.
  • [14] J. Xie, W. Wang, P. Sang, J. Liu, “Experimental and numerical study of thermal performance of the PCM wall with solar radiation,” Construction and Building Materials, 177,443-456,2018.
  • [15] M. Saffari, C. Piselli, A. De Gracia, A. L. Pisello, F. Cotana, L. F. Cabeza, “Thermal stress reduction in cool roof membranes using phase change materials (PCM),” Energy and Buildings,158,1097-1105,2018.
  • [16] G. Feng, K. Huang, H. Xie, H. Li, X. Liu, S. Liu, C. Cao, “DSC test error of phase change material (PCM) and its influence on the simulation of the PCM floor,” Renewable Energy,87(3),1148-1153,2016.
  • [17] K. Lin, Y. Zhang, X. Xu, H. Di, R. Yang, P. Qin, “Experimental study of under-floor electric heating system with shape-stabilized PCM plates,” Energy and Buildings, 37,215–220,2005.
  • [18] R. Ansuini, R. Larghetti, A. Giretti, M. Lemma, “Radiant floors integrated with PCM for indoor temperature control,” Energy and Buildings,43,3019–3026,2011.
  • [19] J. Mazo, M. Delgado, J. M. Marin, B. Zalba, “Modeling a radiant floor system with phase change material (PCM) integrated into a building simulation tool: Analysis of a case study of a floor heating system coupled to a heat pump,” Energy and Buildings,47,458–466,2012.
  • [20] L. Royon, L. Karim, A. Bontemps, “Optimization of PCM embedded in a floor panel developed for thermal management of the lightweight envelope of buildings,” Energy and Buildings,82,385–390,2014.
  • [21] W. Cheng, B. Xie, R. Zhang, Z. Xu, Y. Xia, “Effect of thermal conductivities of shape stabilized PCM on under-floor heating system,” Applied Energy,144,10–18,2015.
  • [22] P. Devaux, M. M. Farid, “Benefits of PCM underfloor heating with PCM wallboards for space heating in winter,” Applied Energy,191,593–602,2017.
  • [23] A. E. Mays, R. Ammar, M. Hawa, M. A. Akroush, F. Hachem, M. Khaled, M. Ramadan, “Using phase change material in under floor heating,” Energy Procedia, 119,806–811,2017.
  • [24] S. Lu, Y. Zhao, K. Fang, Y. Li, P. Sun, “Establishment and experimental verification of TRNSYS model for PCM floor coupled with solar water heating system,” Energy and Buildings,140,245–260,2017.
  • [25] TRNSYS 17 Transient System Simulation Program – Volume 5, Multizone Building Modeling with Type 56 and TRNBuild Manual, Solar Energy Laboratory (SEL), University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, pp. 8-200,2012.
  • [26] Thermal Energy System Specialists (TESS), TESSLibs 3-Mathematical Reference. Type 1270: Phase Change Material (PCM) wall layer for Type56, 2012.
  • [27] BioPCM, Phase Change Energy Solutions Australia. Available: http://www.phasechange.com.au (accessed October 5, 2018).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Termodinamik
Bölüm Regular Original Research Article
Yazarlar

Maria PLYTARİA Bu kişi benim
National technical University of Athens
Greece


Christos TZİVANİDİS Bu kişi benim


İoannis ALEXOPOULOS> (Sorumlu Yazar)
National Technical University of Athens
Greece


Evangelos BELLOS Bu kişi benim


Kimon ANTONOPOULOS Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Eylül 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 22, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @konferans bildirisi { ijot495329, journal = {International Journal of Thermodynamics}, issn = {1301-9724}, eissn = {2146-1511}, address = {}, publisher = {Uluslararası Uygulamalı Termodinamik Derneği İktisadi İşletmesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, number = {3}, pages = {138 - 147}, doi = {10.5541/ijot.495329}, title = {Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials}, key = {cite}, author = {Plytaria, Maria and Tzivanidis, Christos and Alexopoulos, İoannis and Bellos, Evangelos and Antonopoulos, Kimon} }
APA Plytaria, M. , Tzivanidis, C. , Alexopoulos, İ. , Bellos, E. & Antonopoulos, K. (2019). Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials . International Journal of Thermodynamics , 22 (3) , 138-147 . DOI: 10.5541/ijot.495329
MLA Plytaria, M. , Tzivanidis, C. , Alexopoulos, İ. , Bellos, E. , Antonopoulos, K. "Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials" . International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 (2019 ): 138-147 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijot/issue/48498/495329>
Chicago Plytaria, M. , Tzivanidis, C. , Alexopoulos, İ. , Bellos, E. , Antonopoulos, K. "Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials". International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 (2019 ): 138-147
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials AU - MariaPlytaria, ChristosTzivanidis, İoannisAlexopoulos, EvangelosBellos, KimonAntonopoulos Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.495329 DO - 10.5541/ijot.495329 T2 - International Journal of Thermodynamics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 138 EP - 147 VL - 22 IS - 3 SN - 1301-9724-2146-1511 M3 - doi: 10.5541/ijot.495329 UR - https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.495329 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Thermodynamics Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials %A Maria Plytaria , Christos Tzivanidis , İoannis Alexopoulos , Evangelos Bellos , Kimon Antonopoulos %T Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials %D 2019 %J International Journal of Thermodynamics %P 1301-9724-2146-1511 %V 22 %N 3 %R doi: 10.5541/ijot.495329 %U 10.5541/ijot.495329
ISNAD Plytaria, Maria , Tzivanidis, Christos , Alexopoulos, İoannis , Bellos, Evangelos , Antonopoulos, Kimon . "Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials". International Journal of Thermodynamics 22 / 3 (Eylül 2019): 138-147 . https://doi.org/10.5541/ijot.495329
AMA Plytaria M. , Tzivanidis C. , Alexopoulos İ. , Bellos E. , Antonopoulos K. Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2019; 22(3): 138-147.
Vancouver Plytaria M. , Tzivanidis C. , Alexopoulos İ. , Bellos E. , Antonopoulos K. Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials. International Journal of Thermodynamics. 2019; 22(3): 138-147.
IEEE M. Plytaria , C. Tzivanidis , İ. Alexopoulos , E. Bellos ve K. Antonopoulos , "Comparison of two solar-assisted underfloor heating systems with Phase Change Materials", International Journal of Thermodynamics, c. 22, sayı. 3, ss. 138-147, Eyl. 2019, doi:10.5541/ijot.495329