Yıl 2020, Cilt , Sayı 23, Sayfalar 289 - 346 2021-01-08

Civic Coinage of Attouda in Caria
Karia’daki Attuda’nın Şehir Sikkeleri

Inci TÜRKOĞLU [1]


The ancient city of Attouda is localised at Hisarköy of Sarayköy district in Denizli province and no systematic surveys or excavations have been carried out. As the site was registered as first degree archaeological site the contemporary village moved out and the existing architectural heritage started to deteriorate. The present study endeavours to build a corpus of coins minted by Attouda from publications, online catalogues and museum collections as well as some private collections. Based on more than 300 coins compiled a typology was prepared and these coins were evaluated to gain information on ancient Attouda was retrieved. Thus, it is noted that Attouda started minting coins in the Late Hellenistic period and continued minting until mid-third century AD. The Carminii Family is dominantly attested with many titles. In addition to the magistrate names, some light was cast onto the administrative bodies and cults of the city.
Denizli ili Sarayköy ilçesine bağlı Hisarköy’e lokalize edilen antik Attouda kentinde herhangi bir sistematik kazı veya yüzey araştırması gerçekleştirilmemiştir. Birinci derece arkeolojik sit alanı olan yerleşme yeni bir alana taşınmış ve mevcut mimari miras da yok olmaya yüz tutmuştur. Bu çalışmada yayınlanmış ve online kataloglar ve çevre müze ve kimi özel koleksiyonlardaki Attouda sikkeleri saptanarak derlenmiş ve bir korpus oluşturulmaya çalışılmıştır. Ulaşılan 300’den fazla sikkeye dayanarak bir tipoloji oluşturulmuş ve hem bu sikkeler değerlendirilmiş hem de Attouda hakkında bilgi edinilmeye çalışılmıştır. Böylece Attouda’nın Hellenistik Dönemin sonlarında sikke basmaya başladığı ve aralıklarla MS 3. yüzyılın ortalarına değin basmaya devam ettiği anlaşılmıştır. Carminii Ailesinin baskınlığı da net şekilde görülmektedir. Magistrat isimlerinin yanı sıra kentin idari kurumları ve kültleri hakkında da bilgi edinilmektedir.
  • Adak, M. (2020). Civic Notables and Their Honorific Titles in Roman Pamphylia and Pisidia. In O. Tekin, C.H. Roosevelt & E. Akyürek (Eds.), Philanthropy in Anatolia through the Ages (47-71). Istanbul, Turkey: Koç University Publications. google scholar
  • Altınoluk, S. (2013). Hypaipa, A Lydian City during the Roman Imperial Period. Istanbul, Turkey: Ege Yayınları. google scholar
  • BMC B. V. Head (1897). Catalogue of the Greek Coins of Caria, Cos, Rhodes &c. Arnoldo Forni Editore (reprint 1964). google scholar
  • Brody, L.R. (2007). Aphrodite of Aphrodisias. Mainz am Rhein, Germany: Verlag Philip von Zabern. google scholar
  • Canciani, F. (1994). Synkletos. In LIMC, VII.1: 828-829, VII.2: 582. google scholar
  • Chaniotis, A. (2012). Inscriptions. In C. Ratte & P.D. De Staebler (Eds.), The Aphrodisias Regional Survey, Aphrodisias V (pp. 347-366). Darmstadt, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern. google scholar
  • Dönmez-Öztürk, F. (2006). Roma Çağı Küçükasya Kentleri Arasında Homonoia Anlaşmaları. Istanbul, Turkey: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları. google scholar
  • Forni, G. (1994). IEPA e 0EOL LYNKAHTOL un capitol dimenticato nella storia del Senato romano. In M.G. Angeli Bertinelli (Ed.), Scritti vari di storia, epigrafia e antichito romane. Rome, Italy: Giorgio Bretschneider. google scholar
  • Franke, P.R. & Nolle, M.K. (1997). Die Homonoia-Münzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete I Katalog. Saarbrück: Saarbrückere Druckerei und Verlag. google scholar Head, B.V. (1887). Historia Numorum. A Manual of Greek Numismatics. Oxford: Clarendon Press. google scholar
  • Howgego, C.J. (1985). Greek Imperial Countermarks. Studies in the Provincial Coinage of the Roman Empire. London: Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publication no. 17 (reprinted 2005 by Spink). google scholar
  • Imhoof-Blumer, F. (1901). Kleinasiatische Münzen, Band 1, Vienna: Alfred Hölder. google scholar
  • Johnston, A. (2007). Greek Imperial Denominations, ca 200-275. A Study of the Roman Provincial Coinages of Asia Minor. London: Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publication no. 43. google scholar
  • Kienast, D. (1985). Der heilige Senat. Senatskult und “kaiserlicher” Senat*. Chiron 15, 253-282. google scholar
  • Lane, E. N. (1975). Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Dei Menis. (CMRDM) II. The Coins and Gems. Leiden: Brill. google scholar
  • Lane, E. N. (1976). Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Dei Menis (CMRDM) III. Interpretations and Testimonia. Leiden: Brill. google scholar
  • Laumonier, A. (1958). Les cultes indigenes en Carie. Paris: De Boccard. google scholar
  • MacDonald, D.J. (1976). Greek and Roman Coins from Aphrodisias. BAR Supp. Series 9. Oxford: BAR. google scholar
  • MAMA VI (1939). Buckler, W.H. & Calder, W.M. (Eds.), Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua, Vol. VI Monuments and Documents from Phrygia and Caria. Manchester: Manchester University Press. google scholar
  • Martin, K. (2013). Demos. Boule. Gerousia. Personifikationen stadtischer Institutionen auf kaiserzeitlichen Münzen aus Kleinasien. 2 vols, Bonn: Habelt Verlag. google scholar
  • Mionnet, T.E. (1809). Description deMedailles antiques, grecques et romaines. Tome IV, Paris: Imprimerie de Testu. google scholar
  • Pera, R. (1996). Le monete di dedica di M. Ulpio Carminio Claudiano ad Attouda (Caria). In C. Stella & A. Valvo (Eds.), Studi in onore di Albino Garzetti (313-324), Brescia. google scholar
  • Pont, A.-V. (2008). L’inscription en l’honneur de M. Vlpivs Carminivs Clavdianvs a Aphrodisias (CIG 2782). Cahiers Glotz XIX, 219-245. google scholar
  • Ramsay, W. M. (1895). The Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia. vol. I, The Lycos Valley and South-Western Phrygia, Oxford: Clarendon Press. google scholar
  • Ritti, T. (Ed.) (2008). Museo Archeologico di Denizli-Hierapolis. Catalogo delle iscrizioni greche e latine. Distretto di Denizli. / Denizli-Hierapolis Arkeoloji Müzesi Yunanca ve Latince Yazılı Eserlerin Kataloğu. Denizli Yöresinden Gelen Yazıtlar. (bilingual in Italian and Turkish) Napoli, Italy: Liguori Editore. google scholar
  • RPC I Burnett, A., Amandry, M., & Ripolles, P. P (2006). Roman Provincial Coinage, Volume I, From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC - AD 69), Part I: Introduction and Catalogue. London: British Museum Press, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale de France. google scholar
  • RPC II Burnett, A., Amandry, M., & Carradice, I. (1999). Roman Provincial Coinage, Volume II, From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96), Part I: Introduction and Catalogue. London: British Museum Press, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale de France. google scholar
  • RPC III Burnett, A. & Amandry, M. (2015). Roman Provincial Coinage, Volume III, Nerva, Trajan and Hadrian (AD 96-138), Part I: Introduction and Catalogue. London: British Museum Press, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale de France. google scholar
  • RPC VII.1 Spoerri Butcher, M. (2006). Roman Provincial Coinage, de Gordien ler a Gordien III (238244 apres J.-C.), Volume VII.1: Province d’Asie. London: British Museum Press, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale de France. google scholar
  • RPC IX. Hostein, A. & Mairat, J. (2016). Roman Provincial Coinage, Volume IX, From Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249-254), Part I: Introduction and Catalogue. London: British Museum Press, Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale de France. google scholar
  • Sina, A. (2002). Karia Tanrıları ve Kültleri. (doctoral dissertation, Ankara University, Ankara) (Retrieved from http://tez.yok.gov.tr in 2019). google scholar SNG Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum google scholar
  • SNG Anamur Tekin, O. & Altınoluk S. (2007). SNG Turkey 2. Anamur Museum Volume 1. Roman Provincial Coins. Istanbul, Turkey: Turkish Institute of Archaeology. google scholar
  • SNG Cop (1947) SNG The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals at the Danish National Museum, Caria, Part 1 Alabanda - Orthosia, Copenhagen: Einar Munksgaard. google scholar
  • SNG Fitzwilliam (1965) SNG Volume IV. Fitzwilliam Museum: Leake and General Collections. Part VI Asia Minor - Phrygia. London: The British Academy. google scholar
  • SNG Greece 5 Tsourti, E. & Trifiro, M. D. (2007) SNG Greece 5, Numismatic Museum Athens, The A. G. Soutzos Collection, Athens: Academy ofAthens. google scholar
  • SNG Leypold Szaivert, V. & Daburon, C. (2000). SNG Österreich Sammlung Leypold, Wiener Neustadt, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit, Band I: Pontus - Lydien, Vienna: Österreichische Forschungsgesellschaft für Numismatik. google scholar
  • SNG München (2006) SNG Deutschland Staatliche Münzsammlung München, 22. Heft, Karien Nr. 1-714, Munich: Hirmer Verlag. google scholar
  • SNG Ödemiş Tekin, O, & Altınoluk, S. (2012). SNG Turkey 7, Ödemiş Museum C. 1, Roman Provincial Coins of Ionia, Lydia and etc. Istanbul, Turkey: Turkish Institute ofArchaeology. google scholar
  • SNG Tübingen Mannsperger, D. (1994). SNG Deutschland Münzsammlung der Universitat Tübingen, 5. Heft, Karien und Lydien Nr. 3307 - 3886. Munich: Hirmer Verlag. google scholar
  • SNG UK Hunter Goddard, J. (2004). SNG United Kingdom vol. XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part I Roman Provincial Coins Spain - Kingdoms of Asia Minor. Oxford: The British Academy. google scholar
  • SNG von Aulock (1962) SNG Deutschland Sammlung v. Aulock, Karien 2334 - 2867. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann. google scholar
  • SNG von AulockN (1968) SNG DeutschlandSammlung v. Aulock, Nachtrage III, Ionien 7759-8052, Karien 8053-8203, Lydien 8204 - 8298. Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann. google scholar
  • Söğüt, B. (2007). Denizli-Hisarköy Müze Deposundaki Mimari Bloklar [Architectural Blocks in the Denizli-Hisarköy Museum Depot]. In 24. Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı [24th Meeting for Survey Results] 2. vols. (pp. 383-396) Ankara, Turkey: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı Yayınları. google scholar
  • Söğüt, B. (2017). Attouda (Hisar) Antik Kenti [The Ancient City ofAttouda], Cedrus V, 241-260. google scholar
  • Şahin, N. (2001). Zeus’un Anadolu Kültleri [Anatolian Cults of Zeus]. Antalya, Turkey: Suna-İnan Kıraç Akdeniz Medeniyetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü. google scholar
  • Şimşek, C. (2002). Attouda Nekropolü [Necropolis of Attouda]. In A.A. Öztürk (Ed.), Birinci Uluslararası Aşağı Büyük Menderes Havzası Tarih, Arkeoloji ve Sanat Tarihi Sempozyumu (15-16 Kasım 2001) Söke - Türkiye [First International Symposium on the History, Archaeology and Art History of Lower Meander Basin] (pp. 229-245). Izmir, Turkey: Şanal Matbaacılık. google scholar
  • Şimşek, C. (2017). Bir Salbakos Kenti: Attouda (Hisar) ve Heykeltraşlığı. In E. Dündar, Ş. Aktaş, M. Koçak, & S. Erkoç (Eds.) Havva İşkan’a Armağan Lykiarkhissa Festschrift für Havva İşkan (pp. 791-812). Istanbul, Turkey: Ege Yayınları. google scholar
  • Thonemann, P.J. & Ertuğrul, F. (2005). The Carminii of Attouda. In Epigraphica Anatolica 38, 75-86. google scholar
  • Vollkommer, R. (1992). Men. In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. Vol. VI.1: 462-472; VII.2: 239-255. google scholar
  • Weber L. Forrer, The Weber Collection, C. III Part 1 Greek Coins Asia. Attic Books Ltd. New York 1975. google scholar
  • Winterthur Bloesch, H. (1997). Griechische Münzen in Winterthur. Textband 2, Winterthur: Münzkabinett Winterthur. google scholar
Birincil Dil en
Konular Tarih
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-1865-7708
Yazar: Inci TÜRKOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Pamukkale Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 8 Ocak 2021

APA Türkoğlu, I . (2021). Civic Coinage of Attouda in Caria . Anadolu Araştırmaları , (23) , 289-346 . DOI: 10.26650/anar.2020.23.764535