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THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA

Yıl 2015, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 39 - 56, 31.12.2014

Öz

This study attempts to examine the effectiveness of zakat distribution as a mechanism to poverty reduction among the New Converts (Muallaf) in the state of Selangor, Malaysia. As one of the several instruments by Islam, zakat is important to combat and improve welfare in the society. The target population of this study is the zakat recipient among the New Converts in Selangor. 78 respondents were randomly selected from Selangor Zakat Centre (SZC) zakat recipient’s list from the New Converts category for nine districts of Selangor. In depth interview were used to gather the data. Method of data analysis is through regression analysis. Results indicate that only family size, gender (male), income and expenditure variables have a significant effect from zakat distribution while age, status, race, previous religion, highest education, job and region variables did not have any significant effect from zakat distribution among the new converts. Thus, zakat distribution is significant in reducing poverty burden among the new converts by increasing their income and positively improves; their budget for expenditure. Thus, these statistical measures have proven the positive role of zakat in reducing poverty among the new converts. However, to make zakat distribution provides significant impact on the quality of life among the new converts, immediate actions need to be done to ensure that at least their needs are satisfied and adequate

Kaynakça

  • [1] Ab. Aziz, M. R.,. 2012. Introduction to Islamic Institutions in Economics and Finance. USIM Bandar Baru Nilai Publisher.
  • [2] Aishah M, Junaida I, Muna A. J, Siti Rafidah M. D, and Kamaruzaman Jusoff, 2011, Conversion Patterns among Mualafs at Pusat Bimbingan Islam Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’azam Syah Negeri Kedah Darul Aman (Pusba), Aishah et al. Elixir Soc. Sci. 34(2011): 2509–2511.
  • [3] Al-Qardawi, Y. (1999). Fiqh az-Zakat: A Comparative Study. Dar Al-Tawwa, Ltd, London, 407.
  • [4] Ali, M., Fahme, A., Noor, M., Aziz, A., Ridhwan, M., Ibrahim, M. F., & Johari, F. (2013). Impact of Zakat Distribution on Poor and Needy Recipients: An Analysis in Kelantan, Malaysia. Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 7(13).
  • [5] Ghazali, A. and Zulkifli, A., 2012. Kajian Berkaitan Kepuasan Responden Terhadap Program Bantuan Kepada New Converts Di Selangor, Paper presented at Persidangan Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Converts 2013, (ICMuD), 7 - 8 September 2013, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa to Islam.Selangor, Selangor.
  • [6] Harris, J. M., N. Blisard (2002). Food-consumption patterns among elderly age groups. Journal of Food Distribution Research, 33(1), 85-91.
  • [7] Hauser, R. M., J.R. Warren, (1997). Socioeconomic indexes for occupations: A review, update, and critique. Sociological methodology, 27(1), 177-298.
  • [8] Henninger, N. (1998). Mapping and geographic analysis of human welfare and poverty: review and assessment. Washington, DC, USA: World Resources Institute.
  • [9] Ibrahim, P. (2006). Economic role of Zakat in reducing income inequality and poverty in Selangor (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Putra Malaysia)
  • [10] Johari, F. (2004). Keberkensanan Zakat dalam Mengatasi Masalah Kemiskinan di Negeri Malaka. Kuala Lumpur: Akademi pengajian Islam, University Malaya.
  • [11] Johari, F., Ab Aziz, M. R., Ibrahim, M. F., & Ali, A. F. M. (2013). The Roles of Islamic Social Welfare Assistant (Zakat) for the Economic Development of New Convert. MiddleEast Journal of Scientific Research, 18(3), 330-339.
  • [12] Johari, F., Aziz, M. R. A., Ibrahim, M. F., & Ali, A. F. M. (2013). Zakat Distribution and Programme for Sustaining Muallaf Belief and Thought. Jurnal Teknologi, 66(1).
  • [13] Kawangit, R. M., Anuar Puteh Nur A‟Thiroh Masya‟Il Tan Abdullah, 2009. Participation of Muallaf in the Mosque Activities in Enhancing Islamic Tolerance. Jurnal Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
  • [14] Kawangit, R. M., A. G. Don, S.H. Hamjah, F. M. Sham, B. M. Nasir, M. F. Asha’ari, R. Tibek, Z. Ismail, I. Endot, A. Puteh, A. Ismail, M. Z. Abd Ghani, 2012, Assimilation Level of Chinese Muallaf In Kuala Lumpur. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. 6(4): 524– 533. ISSN 1995-0772.
  • [15] Kerckhoff, A. C. (1975). Patterns of educational attainment in Great Britain.American Journal of Sociology, 1428-1437.
  • [16] Lanjouw, P., M. Ravallion, M. (1995). Poverty and household size. The Economic Journal, 1415-1434.
  • [17] Mariam binti Abd, Majid, Ab, Aziz bin Mohd Zin and Fakhrul Adabi bin Abd, Kadir, 2010. Kepuasan DalamHubungan Persaudaraan : Satu Tinjauan Di KalanganNew Converts Di Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan. PaperPresented at Seminar Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Converts 2013 (ICMuD 2013), 7 - 8 September 2013 at Kolej Universiti Islam Malaysia.
  • [18] Mohd. Faisol Ibrahim, S. Musani, 2010. Zakat dan pelaksanaanya di Malaysia. Universiti Malaysia Sabah.
  • [19] Mok, T. Y., Gan, C., & Sanyal, A. (2007). The determinants of urban household poverty in Malaysia. Journal of Social Sciences, 3(4), 190-196.
  • [20] Panudulkitti, P. (2007). How Does the Level of Urbanization Matter for Poverty Reduction?. Working Paper, Georgia State University.
  • [21] Sham, F. M., A. J. Siti and R. H. Siti, 2013. Faktor Peningkatan Kualiti Hidup Saudara Baru Orang Asli di Gombak Selangor, Paper presented at Seminar Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Convert. On 7- 8 Sept, 2013. at KUIS organized by Institut Islam Hadhari, MAIS, Religion, 29(2): 141-163. Pusat Kajian Dakwah Orang Asli FPI & KUIS.
  • [22] Stanfiel, J. D. (1973). Socioeconomic status as related to aptitude, attrition, and achievement of college students. Sociology of Education, 480-488.
  • [23] Worley, S. E., W. E. Story (1967). Socieconomic Status and Language Facility of Beginning First Graders. The Reading Teacher, 20(5), 400-403
  • [24] Yusoff, M. (2011). Zakat expenditure, school enrollment, and economic growth in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(6), 175-181.

THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA

Yıl 2015, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 39 - 56, 31.12.2014

Öz

.

Kaynakça

  • [1] Ab. Aziz, M. R.,. 2012. Introduction to Islamic Institutions in Economics and Finance. USIM Bandar Baru Nilai Publisher.
  • [2] Aishah M, Junaida I, Muna A. J, Siti Rafidah M. D, and Kamaruzaman Jusoff, 2011, Conversion Patterns among Mualafs at Pusat Bimbingan Islam Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’azam Syah Negeri Kedah Darul Aman (Pusba), Aishah et al. Elixir Soc. Sci. 34(2011): 2509–2511.
  • [3] Al-Qardawi, Y. (1999). Fiqh az-Zakat: A Comparative Study. Dar Al-Tawwa, Ltd, London, 407.
  • [4] Ali, M., Fahme, A., Noor, M., Aziz, A., Ridhwan, M., Ibrahim, M. F., & Johari, F. (2013). Impact of Zakat Distribution on Poor and Needy Recipients: An Analysis in Kelantan, Malaysia. Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 7(13).
  • [5] Ghazali, A. and Zulkifli, A., 2012. Kajian Berkaitan Kepuasan Responden Terhadap Program Bantuan Kepada New Converts Di Selangor, Paper presented at Persidangan Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Converts 2013, (ICMuD), 7 - 8 September 2013, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa to Islam.Selangor, Selangor.
  • [6] Harris, J. M., N. Blisard (2002). Food-consumption patterns among elderly age groups. Journal of Food Distribution Research, 33(1), 85-91.
  • [7] Hauser, R. M., J.R. Warren, (1997). Socioeconomic indexes for occupations: A review, update, and critique. Sociological methodology, 27(1), 177-298.
  • [8] Henninger, N. (1998). Mapping and geographic analysis of human welfare and poverty: review and assessment. Washington, DC, USA: World Resources Institute.
  • [9] Ibrahim, P. (2006). Economic role of Zakat in reducing income inequality and poverty in Selangor (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Putra Malaysia)
  • [10] Johari, F. (2004). Keberkensanan Zakat dalam Mengatasi Masalah Kemiskinan di Negeri Malaka. Kuala Lumpur: Akademi pengajian Islam, University Malaya.
  • [11] Johari, F., Ab Aziz, M. R., Ibrahim, M. F., & Ali, A. F. M. (2013). The Roles of Islamic Social Welfare Assistant (Zakat) for the Economic Development of New Convert. MiddleEast Journal of Scientific Research, 18(3), 330-339.
  • [12] Johari, F., Aziz, M. R. A., Ibrahim, M. F., & Ali, A. F. M. (2013). Zakat Distribution and Programme for Sustaining Muallaf Belief and Thought. Jurnal Teknologi, 66(1).
  • [13] Kawangit, R. M., Anuar Puteh Nur A‟Thiroh Masya‟Il Tan Abdullah, 2009. Participation of Muallaf in the Mosque Activities in Enhancing Islamic Tolerance. Jurnal Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.
  • [14] Kawangit, R. M., A. G. Don, S.H. Hamjah, F. M. Sham, B. M. Nasir, M. F. Asha’ari, R. Tibek, Z. Ismail, I. Endot, A. Puteh, A. Ismail, M. Z. Abd Ghani, 2012, Assimilation Level of Chinese Muallaf In Kuala Lumpur. Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences. 6(4): 524– 533. ISSN 1995-0772.
  • [15] Kerckhoff, A. C. (1975). Patterns of educational attainment in Great Britain.American Journal of Sociology, 1428-1437.
  • [16] Lanjouw, P., M. Ravallion, M. (1995). Poverty and household size. The Economic Journal, 1415-1434.
  • [17] Mariam binti Abd, Majid, Ab, Aziz bin Mohd Zin and Fakhrul Adabi bin Abd, Kadir, 2010. Kepuasan DalamHubungan Persaudaraan : Satu Tinjauan Di KalanganNew Converts Di Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan. PaperPresented at Seminar Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Converts 2013 (ICMuD 2013), 7 - 8 September 2013 at Kolej Universiti Islam Malaysia.
  • [18] Mohd. Faisol Ibrahim, S. Musani, 2010. Zakat dan pelaksanaanya di Malaysia. Universiti Malaysia Sabah.
  • [19] Mok, T. Y., Gan, C., & Sanyal, A. (2007). The determinants of urban household poverty in Malaysia. Journal of Social Sciences, 3(4), 190-196.
  • [20] Panudulkitti, P. (2007). How Does the Level of Urbanization Matter for Poverty Reduction?. Working Paper, Georgia State University.
  • [21] Sham, F. M., A. J. Siti and R. H. Siti, 2013. Faktor Peningkatan Kualiti Hidup Saudara Baru Orang Asli di Gombak Selangor, Paper presented at Seminar Antarabangsa Pembangunan New Convert. On 7- 8 Sept, 2013. at KUIS organized by Institut Islam Hadhari, MAIS, Religion, 29(2): 141-163. Pusat Kajian Dakwah Orang Asli FPI & KUIS.
  • [22] Stanfiel, J. D. (1973). Socioeconomic status as related to aptitude, attrition, and achievement of college students. Sociology of Education, 480-488.
  • [23] Worley, S. E., W. E. Story (1967). Socieconomic Status and Language Facility of Beginning First Graders. The Reading Teacher, 20(5), 400-403
  • [24] Yusoff, M. (2011). Zakat expenditure, school enrollment, and economic growth in Malaysia. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(6), 175-181.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Fuadah JOHARI Bu kişi benim


Ahmad Fahme ALI Bu kişi benim


Muhammad AB AZIZ Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2014
Başvuru Tarihi 8 Ocak 2015
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 2, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iuipad15744, journal = {Journal of Economic Policy Researches}, eissn = {2148-3876}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2014}, volume = {2}, number = {1}, pages = {39 - 56}, title = {THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA}, key = {cite}, author = {Joharı, Fuadah and Alı, Ahmad Fahme and Ab Azız, Muhammad} }
APA Joharı, F. , Alı, A. F. & Ab Azız, M. (2014). THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA . Journal of Economic Policy Researches , 2 (1) , 39-56 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iuipad/issue/1334/15744
MLA Joharı, F. , Alı, A. F. , Ab Azız, M. "THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA" . Journal of Economic Policy Researches 2 (2014 ): 39-56 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iuipad/issue/1334/15744>
Chicago Joharı, F. , Alı, A. F. , Ab Azız, M. "THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA". Journal of Economic Policy Researches 2 (2014 ): 39-56
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA AU - FuadahJoharı, Ahmad FahmeAlı, MuhammadAb Azız Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Economic Policy Researches JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 56 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2148-3876 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 İktisat Politikası Araştırmaları Dergisi THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA %A Fuadah Joharı , Ahmad Fahme Alı , Muhammad Ab Azız %T THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA %D 2014 %J Journal of Economic Policy Researches %P -2148-3876 %V 2 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Joharı, Fuadah , Alı, Ahmad Fahme , Ab Azız, Muhammad . "THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA". Journal of Economic Policy Researches 2 / 1 (Aralık 2014): 39-56 .
AMA Joharı F. , Alı A. F. , Ab Azız M. THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA. JEPR. 2014; 2(1): 39-56.
Vancouver Joharı F. , Alı A. F. , Ab Azız M. THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA. Journal of Economic Policy Researches. 2014; 2(1): 39-56.
IEEE F. Joharı , A. F. Alı ve M. Ab Azız , "THE ROLE OF ZAKAT DISTRIBUTION AMONG MUALLAF (NEW CONVERT) IN REDUCING POVERTY IN SELANGOR, MALAYSIA", Journal of Economic Policy Researches, c. 2, sayı. 1, ss. 39-56, Ara. 2014