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Germination Response of Seven Mediterranean Lamiaceae Species to Smoke and Smoke-derived Compounds

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 4, 478 - 485, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.28979/jarnas.936432

Öz

Abstract − Plant-derived smoke has been shown to trigger germination of many Lamiaceae species growing in Mediterranean-type ecosystems. However, very little is known about the germination response of Lamiaceae species to smoke-derived compounds, such as karrikinolide (KAR1) and cyanohydrin. In this work, therefore, we aimed to ascertain the effects of smoke-derived compounds on seed germination in seven Mediterranean Lamiaceae species (Ballota acetabulosa, Lavandula stoechas subsp. stoechas, Origanum onites, Phlomis bourgaei, P. lycia, Stachys cretica subsp. smyrnaea, and Teucrium chamaedrys). To achieve this goal, seeds of study species were exposed to different concentrations of smoke-water, KAR1, mandelonitrile (MAN), and KAR1 + MAN. Seeds from treatment groups were then incubated at 20 °C in dark conditions, and germination counts were made twice weekly for 35 days. Our results show that smoke leads to a significant increase in germination percentage of B. acetabulosa, P. lycia, and S. cretica as compared to control conditions. KAR1 stimulated the germination of B. acetabulosa and S. cretica while MAN treatments did not promote the germination of Lamiaceae species. The combination of KAR1 and MAN not only induced the germination of three smoke-sensitive species but also notably increased the germination percentage of T. chamaedrys. In conclusion, our study supports the idea that smoke has a positive impact on the germination of Lamiaceae species and provides evidence that combined application of KAR1 and cyanohydrin is more effective in the stimulation of seed germination than the separate application of these two compounds.

Kaynakça

  • Adkins, S. W. ve Peters, N. C. B. (2001). Smoke derived from burnt vegetation stimulates germination of arable weeds. Seed Science Research, 11(3), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR200177
  • Arcamone, J. R. ve Jaureguiberry, P. (2018). Germination response of common annual and perennial forbs to heat shock and smoke treatments in the Chaco Serrano, central Argentina. Austral Ecology, 43(5), 567–577. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12593
  • Baldos, O. C., DeFrank, J. ve Sakamoto, G. S. (2015). Germination response of dormant tanglehead (Heteropogon contortus) seeds to smoke-infused water and the smoke-associated stimulatory compounds, karrikinolide and cyanide. HortScience, 50(3), 421–429. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.50.3.421
  • Baldwin, I. T., Staszak-Kozinski, L. ve Davidson, R. (1994). Up in smoke: I. Smoke-derived germination cues for postfire annual, Nicotiana attenuata torr. Ex. Watson. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20(9), 2345–2371. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02033207
  • Burger, B. V., Pošta, M., Light, M. E., Kulkarni, M. G., Viviers, M. Z. ve Van Staden, J. (2018). More butenolides from plant-derived smoke with germination inhibitory activity against karrikinolide. South African Journal of Botany, 115, 256–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2018.01.023
  • Chuvieco, E., Giglio, L. ve Justice, C. (2008). Global characterization of fire activity: Toward defining fire regimes from Earth observation data. Global Change Biology, 14(7), 1488–1502. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01585.x
  • Çatav, S. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Akbaş, K. ve Tavşanoğlu, Ç. (2014). Smoke-enhanced seed germination in Mediterranean Lamiaceae. Seed Science Research, 24(3), 257–264. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258514000142
  • Çatav, Ş. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Akbaş, K. (2015). Effects of aqueous smoke and nitrate treatments on germination of 12 eastern Mediterranean Basin plants. Annales Botanici Fennici, 52(1–2), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.5735/085.052.0211
  • Çatav, Ş. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). Effect of fire-derived chemicals on germination and seedling growth in Mediterranean plant species. Basic and Applied Ecology, 30, 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2018.05.005
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Pošta, M., Kohout, L. ve van Staden, J. (2013). Comparison of germination responses of Anigozanthos flavidus (Haemodoraceae), Gyrostemon racemiger and Gyrostemon ramulosus (Gyrostemonaceae) to smoke-water and the smoke-derived compounds karrikinolide (KAR1) and glyceronitrile. Annals of Botany, 111(3), 489–497. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs300
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Pošta, M., Kohout, L. ve van Staden, J. (2014). Do fire-related cues, including smoke-water, karrikinolide, glyceronitrile and nitrate, stimulate the germination of 17 Anigozanthos taxa and Blancoa canescens (Haemodoraceae)? Australian Journal of Botany, 62(4), 347–358. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT13189
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Posta, M. ve van Staden, J. (2015). Fire-related cues and the germination of eight Conostylis (Haemodoraceae) taxa, when freshly collected, after burial and after laboratory storage. Seed Science Research, 25(3), 286–298. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258515000227
  • Erik, S. ve Tarıkahya, B. (2004). Türkiye florası üzerine. Kebikeç, 17, 139–163.
  • Flematti, G. R., Dixon, K. W. ve Smith, S. M. (2015). What are karrikins and how were they ‘discovered’by plants? BMC Biology, 13(1), 108. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-015-0219-0
  • Flematti, G. R., Ghisalberti, E. L., Dixon, K. W. ve Trengove, R. D. (2004). A compound from smoke that promotes seed germination. Science, 305, 977. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1099944
  • Flematti, G. R., Merritt, D. J., Piggott, M. J., Trengove, R. D., Smith, S. M., Dixon, K. W. ve Ghisalberti, E. L. (2011). Burning vegetation produces cyanohydrins that liberate cyanide and stimulate seed germination. Nature Communications, 2, 360. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1356
  • Gupta, S., Hrdlička, J., Ngoroyemoto, N., Nemahunguni, N. K., Guckỳ, T., Novák, O., Kulkarni, M. G., Doležal, K. ve Van Staden, J. (2020). Preparation and standardisation of smoke-water for seed germination and plant growth stimulation. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 39, 338–345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-019-09985-y
  • He, T., Lamont, B. B. ve Pausas, J. G. (2019). Fire as a key driver of Earth’s biodiversity. Biological Reviews, 94(6), 1983–2010. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12544
  • Ice, G. G., Neary, D. G. ve Adams, P. W. (2004). Effects of wildfire on soils and watershed processes. Journal of Forestry, 102(6), 16–20. https://doi.org/10.1093/jof/102.6.16
  • Kazancı, D. D. ve Tavşanoğlu, Ç. (2019). Heat shock-stimulated germination in Mediterranean Basin plants in relation to growth form, dormancy type and distributional range. Folia Geobotanica, 54(1), 85–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12224-019-09349-0
  • Keeley, J. E. ve Fotheringham, C. J. (1998). Smoke-induced seed germination in California chaparral. Ecology, 79(7), 2320–2336. https://doi.org/10.2307/176825
  • Keeley, J. E., Pausas, J. G., Rundel, P. W., Bond, W. J. ve Bradstock, R. A. (2011). Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits. Trends in Plant Science, 16(8), 406–411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2011.04.002
  • Lamont, B. B., Pausas, J. G., He, T., Witkowski, E. T. ve Hanley, M. E. (2020). Fire as a selective agent for both serotiny and nonserotiny over space and time. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 39(2), 140–172. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689.2020.1768465
  • Light, M. E., Burger, B. V., Staerk, D., Kohout, L. ve Van Staden, J. (2010). Butenolides from plant-derived smoke: Natural plant-growth regulators with antagonistic actions on seed germination. Journal of Natural Products, 73(2), 267–269. https://doi.org/10.1021/np900630w
  • Ma, H., Erickson, T. E., Walck, J. L. ve Merritt, D. J. (2020). Interpopulation variation in germination response to fire-related cues and after-ripening in seeds of the evergreen perennial Anigozanthos flavidus (Haemodoraceae). International Journal of Wildland Fire, 29(10), 950–960. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF19195
  • Moreira, B. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). Shedding light through the smoke on the germination of Mediterranean Basin flora. South African Journal of Botany, 115, 244–250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2016.10.008
  • Moreira, B., Tormo, J., Estrelles, E. ve Pausas, J. G. (2010). Disentangling the role of heat and smoke as germination cues in Mediterranean Basin flora. Annals of Botany, 105(4), 627–635. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq017
  • Nelson, D. C., Flematti, G. R., Ghisalberti, E. L., Dixon, K. W. ve Smith, S. M. (2012). Regulation of seed germination and seedling growth by chemical signals from burning vegetation. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 63, 107–130. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-042811-105545
  • Newton, R. J., Bond, W. J. ve Farrant, J. M. (2006). Effects of seed storage and fire on germination in the nut-fruited Restionaceae species, Cannomois virgata. South African Journal of Botany, 72(1), 177–180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2005.05.005
  • Pausas, J. G., Keeley, J. E. ve Schwilk, D. W. (2017). Flammability as an ecological and evolutionary driver. Journal of Ecology, 105(2), 289–297. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12691
  • Quílez, M., Ferreres, F., López-Miranda, S., Salazar, E. ve Jordán, M. J. (2020). Seed oil from Mediterranean aromatic and medicinal plants of the lamiaceae family as a source of bioactive components with nutritional. Antioxidants, 9(6), 510. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9060510
  • Simpson, M. G. (2010). Plant systematics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Takhtajan, A. (2009). Flowering plants (2nd edition). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Tavşanoğlu, Ç., Ergan, G., Çatav, Ş. S., Zare, G., Küçükakyüz, K. ve Özüdoğru, B. (2017). Multiple fire-related cues stimulate germination in Chaenorhinum rubrifolium (Plantaginaceae), a rare annual in the Mediterranean Basin. Seed Science Research, 27(1), 26–38. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258516000283
  • Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). A functional trait database for Mediterranean Basin plants. Scientific Data, 5, 180135. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.135

Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 4, 478 - 485, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.28979/jarnas.936432

Öz

− Bitki kökenli dumanın, Akdeniz tipi ekosistemlerde yetişen birçok Lamiaceae türünün çimlenmesini tetiklediği gösterilmiştir. Bununla birlikte, Lamiaceae türlerinin karrikinolid (KAR1) ve siyanohidrin gibi duman kökenli bileşik-lere olan çimlenme tepkileri hakkında çok az şey bilinmektedir. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmada, duman bileşiklerin yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae türünde (Ballota acetabulosa, Lavandula stoechas subsp. stoechas, Origanum onites, Phlomis bourgaei, P. lycia, Stachys cretica subsp. smyrnaea ve Teucrium chamaedrys) tohum çimlenmesi üzerindeki etkile-rini belirlemeyi amaçladık. Bu hedefe ulaşmak için çalışma türlerinin tohumları farklı konsantrasyonlarda duman-suyu, KAR1, mandelonitril (MAN) ve KAR1 + MAN’a maruz bırakılmıştır. Uygulama gruplarına ait tohumlar daha sonra karanlık koşullarda 20 °C'de inkübe edilmiş ve 35 gün boyunca haftada iki kez çimlenme sayımları yapıl-mıştır. Sonuçlarımız, dumanın kontrol koşullarına göre B. acetabulosa, P. lycia ve S. cretica'nın çimlenme yüzde-lerinde önemli bir artışa yol açtığını göstermektedir. KAR1, B. acetabulosa ve S. cretica'nın çimlenmesini uyarırken, MAN uygulamaları Lamiaceae türlerinin çimlenmesini teşvik etmemiştir. KAR1 ve MAN kombinasyonu dumana duyarlı üç türün çimlenmesini tetiklemekle kalmamış, aynı zamanda T. chamaedrys'in çimlenme yüzdesini de önemli ölçüde arttırmıştır. Sonuç olarak, çalışmamız, dumanın Lamiaceae türlerinin çimlenmesi üzerinde olumlu bir etkiye sahip olduğu fikrini desteklemekte ve KAR1 ve siyanohidrinin birlikte uygulanmasının, tohum çimlenme-sinin uyarılmasında, bu iki bileşiğin ayrı ayrı uygulanmasına göre daha etkili olduğuna dair kanıtlar sağlamaktadır

Kaynakça

  • Adkins, S. W. ve Peters, N. C. B. (2001). Smoke derived from burnt vegetation stimulates germination of arable weeds. Seed Science Research, 11(3), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.1079/SSR200177
  • Arcamone, J. R. ve Jaureguiberry, P. (2018). Germination response of common annual and perennial forbs to heat shock and smoke treatments in the Chaco Serrano, central Argentina. Austral Ecology, 43(5), 567–577. https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12593
  • Baldos, O. C., DeFrank, J. ve Sakamoto, G. S. (2015). Germination response of dormant tanglehead (Heteropogon contortus) seeds to smoke-infused water and the smoke-associated stimulatory compounds, karrikinolide and cyanide. HortScience, 50(3), 421–429. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.50.3.421
  • Baldwin, I. T., Staszak-Kozinski, L. ve Davidson, R. (1994). Up in smoke: I. Smoke-derived germination cues for postfire annual, Nicotiana attenuata torr. Ex. Watson. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20(9), 2345–2371. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02033207
  • Burger, B. V., Pošta, M., Light, M. E., Kulkarni, M. G., Viviers, M. Z. ve Van Staden, J. (2018). More butenolides from plant-derived smoke with germination inhibitory activity against karrikinolide. South African Journal of Botany, 115, 256–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2018.01.023
  • Chuvieco, E., Giglio, L. ve Justice, C. (2008). Global characterization of fire activity: Toward defining fire regimes from Earth observation data. Global Change Biology, 14(7), 1488–1502. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01585.x
  • Çatav, S. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Akbaş, K. ve Tavşanoğlu, Ç. (2014). Smoke-enhanced seed germination in Mediterranean Lamiaceae. Seed Science Research, 24(3), 257–264. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258514000142
  • Çatav, Ş. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Akbaş, K. (2015). Effects of aqueous smoke and nitrate treatments on germination of 12 eastern Mediterranean Basin plants. Annales Botanici Fennici, 52(1–2), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.5735/085.052.0211
  • Çatav, Ş. S., Küçükakyüz, K., Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). Effect of fire-derived chemicals on germination and seedling growth in Mediterranean plant species. Basic and Applied Ecology, 30, 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2018.05.005
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Pošta, M., Kohout, L. ve van Staden, J. (2013). Comparison of germination responses of Anigozanthos flavidus (Haemodoraceae), Gyrostemon racemiger and Gyrostemon ramulosus (Gyrostemonaceae) to smoke-water and the smoke-derived compounds karrikinolide (KAR1) and glyceronitrile. Annals of Botany, 111(3), 489–497. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs300
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Pošta, M., Kohout, L. ve van Staden, J. (2014). Do fire-related cues, including smoke-water, karrikinolide, glyceronitrile and nitrate, stimulate the germination of 17 Anigozanthos taxa and Blancoa canescens (Haemodoraceae)? Australian Journal of Botany, 62(4), 347–358. https://doi.org/10.1071/BT13189
  • Downes, K. S., Light, M. E., Posta, M. ve van Staden, J. (2015). Fire-related cues and the germination of eight Conostylis (Haemodoraceae) taxa, when freshly collected, after burial and after laboratory storage. Seed Science Research, 25(3), 286–298. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258515000227
  • Erik, S. ve Tarıkahya, B. (2004). Türkiye florası üzerine. Kebikeç, 17, 139–163.
  • Flematti, G. R., Dixon, K. W. ve Smith, S. M. (2015). What are karrikins and how were they ‘discovered’by plants? BMC Biology, 13(1), 108. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12915-015-0219-0
  • Flematti, G. R., Ghisalberti, E. L., Dixon, K. W. ve Trengove, R. D. (2004). A compound from smoke that promotes seed germination. Science, 305, 977. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1099944
  • Flematti, G. R., Merritt, D. J., Piggott, M. J., Trengove, R. D., Smith, S. M., Dixon, K. W. ve Ghisalberti, E. L. (2011). Burning vegetation produces cyanohydrins that liberate cyanide and stimulate seed germination. Nature Communications, 2, 360. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1356
  • Gupta, S., Hrdlička, J., Ngoroyemoto, N., Nemahunguni, N. K., Guckỳ, T., Novák, O., Kulkarni, M. G., Doležal, K. ve Van Staden, J. (2020). Preparation and standardisation of smoke-water for seed germination and plant growth stimulation. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 39, 338–345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-019-09985-y
  • He, T., Lamont, B. B. ve Pausas, J. G. (2019). Fire as a key driver of Earth’s biodiversity. Biological Reviews, 94(6), 1983–2010. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12544
  • Ice, G. G., Neary, D. G. ve Adams, P. W. (2004). Effects of wildfire on soils and watershed processes. Journal of Forestry, 102(6), 16–20. https://doi.org/10.1093/jof/102.6.16
  • Kazancı, D. D. ve Tavşanoğlu, Ç. (2019). Heat shock-stimulated germination in Mediterranean Basin plants in relation to growth form, dormancy type and distributional range. Folia Geobotanica, 54(1), 85–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12224-019-09349-0
  • Keeley, J. E. ve Fotheringham, C. J. (1998). Smoke-induced seed germination in California chaparral. Ecology, 79(7), 2320–2336. https://doi.org/10.2307/176825
  • Keeley, J. E., Pausas, J. G., Rundel, P. W., Bond, W. J. ve Bradstock, R. A. (2011). Fire as an evolutionary pressure shaping plant traits. Trends in Plant Science, 16(8), 406–411. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2011.04.002
  • Lamont, B. B., Pausas, J. G., He, T., Witkowski, E. T. ve Hanley, M. E. (2020). Fire as a selective agent for both serotiny and nonserotiny over space and time. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 39(2), 140–172. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689.2020.1768465
  • Light, M. E., Burger, B. V., Staerk, D., Kohout, L. ve Van Staden, J. (2010). Butenolides from plant-derived smoke: Natural plant-growth regulators with antagonistic actions on seed germination. Journal of Natural Products, 73(2), 267–269. https://doi.org/10.1021/np900630w
  • Ma, H., Erickson, T. E., Walck, J. L. ve Merritt, D. J. (2020). Interpopulation variation in germination response to fire-related cues and after-ripening in seeds of the evergreen perennial Anigozanthos flavidus (Haemodoraceae). International Journal of Wildland Fire, 29(10), 950–960. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF19195
  • Moreira, B. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). Shedding light through the smoke on the germination of Mediterranean Basin flora. South African Journal of Botany, 115, 244–250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2016.10.008
  • Moreira, B., Tormo, J., Estrelles, E. ve Pausas, J. G. (2010). Disentangling the role of heat and smoke as germination cues in Mediterranean Basin flora. Annals of Botany, 105(4), 627–635. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcq017
  • Nelson, D. C., Flematti, G. R., Ghisalberti, E. L., Dixon, K. W. ve Smith, S. M. (2012). Regulation of seed germination and seedling growth by chemical signals from burning vegetation. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 63, 107–130. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-042811-105545
  • Newton, R. J., Bond, W. J. ve Farrant, J. M. (2006). Effects of seed storage and fire on germination in the nut-fruited Restionaceae species, Cannomois virgata. South African Journal of Botany, 72(1), 177–180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2005.05.005
  • Pausas, J. G., Keeley, J. E. ve Schwilk, D. W. (2017). Flammability as an ecological and evolutionary driver. Journal of Ecology, 105(2), 289–297. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12691
  • Quílez, M., Ferreres, F., López-Miranda, S., Salazar, E. ve Jordán, M. J. (2020). Seed oil from Mediterranean aromatic and medicinal plants of the lamiaceae family as a source of bioactive components with nutritional. Antioxidants, 9(6), 510. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9060510
  • Simpson, M. G. (2010). Plant systematics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Takhtajan, A. (2009). Flowering plants (2nd edition). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Tavşanoğlu, Ç., Ergan, G., Çatav, Ş. S., Zare, G., Küçükakyüz, K. ve Özüdoğru, B. (2017). Multiple fire-related cues stimulate germination in Chaenorhinum rubrifolium (Plantaginaceae), a rare annual in the Mediterranean Basin. Seed Science Research, 27(1), 26–38. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258516000283
  • Tavşanoğlu, Ç. ve Pausas, J. G. (2018). A functional trait database for Mediterranean Basin plants. Scientific Data, 5, 180135. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.135

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Ekoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Şükrü Serter ÇATAV (Sorumlu Yazar)
Mugla Sitki Kocman University
0000-0002-9934-254X
Türkiye


Kenan AKBAŞ
MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0198-4668
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Öğretim Üyesi Yetiştirme Programı (ÖYP) Koordinatörlüğü
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 11 Mayıs 2021
Kabul Tarihi 16 Ağustos 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jarnas936432, journal = {Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences}, eissn = {2757-5195}, address = {Çanakkale Onsekiz <mart Üniversitesi Lisansüstü Eğitim Enstitüsü}, publisher = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, number = {4}, pages = {478 - 485}, doi = {10.28979/jarnas.936432}, title = {Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Çatav, Şükrü Serter and Akbaş, Kenan} }
APA Çatav, Ş. S. & Akbaş, K. (2021). Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi . Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences , 7 (4) , 478-485 . DOI: 10.28979/jarnas.936432
MLA Çatav, Ş. S. , Akbaş, K. "Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi" . Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences 7 (2021 ): 478-485 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jarnas/issue/66083/936432>
Chicago Çatav, Ş. S. , Akbaş, K. "Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi". Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences 7 (2021 ): 478-485
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi AU - Şükrü Serter Çatav , Kenan Akbaş Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.28979/jarnas.936432 DO - 10.28979/jarnas.936432 T2 - Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 478 EP - 485 VL - 7 IS - 4 SN - -2757-5195 M3 - doi: 10.28979/jarnas.936432 UR - https://doi.org/10.28979/jarnas.936432 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi %A Şükrü Serter Çatav , Kenan Akbaş %T Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi %D 2021 %J Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences %P -2757-5195 %V 7 %N 4 %R doi: 10.28979/jarnas.936432 %U 10.28979/jarnas.936432
ISNAD Çatav, Şükrü Serter , Akbaş, Kenan . "Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi". Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences 7 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 478-485 . https://doi.org/10.28979/jarnas.936432
AMA Çatav Ş. S. , Akbaş K. Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi. Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences. 2021; 7(4): 478-485.
Vancouver Çatav Ş. S. , Akbaş K. Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi. Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences. 2021; 7(4): 478-485.
IEEE Ş. S. Çatav ve K. Akbaş , "Yedi Akdeniz Lamiaceae Türünün Duman ve Duman Kökenli Bileşiklere Olan Çimlenme Tepkisi", Journal of Advanced Research in Natural and Applied Sciences, c. 7, sayı. 4, ss. 478-485, Ara. 2021, doi:10.28979/jarnas.936432