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The Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Epistemological Beliefs, Knowledge Levels and Attitudes regarding Organ Transplantation and Donation

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 53 - 64, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.656048

Öz

In this study, preservice teachers' epistemological beliefs and attitude/knowledge level regarding organ transplantation and donation (OTD) are investigated according to such demographical variables as gender, department and grade level. Teachers play a fundamental role in providing information to children/adolescents and could influence their attitudes. Organ transplantation is a life-saving hope for many people around the world. But, shortage of organs for transplantation is essentially a universal problem. Having positive attitude and true knowledge to the OTD are essential for teachers that affected students the future attitude toward this topic. The research method was descriptive and cross-sectional. The sample of research was 589 preservice teachers (preschool, classroom and science teachers) in a public university in Turkey’s East. Data collection instruments were developed by researchers as valid and reliable questionnaire in order to determine the attitudes and knowledge levels of preservice teachers regarding OTD. In addition, epistemological beliefs scale which adapted to Turkish by Deryakulu and Buyukozturk (2002) was used. The results indicated the high level of knowledge and positive attitudes regarding the OTD and developed epistemological beliefs. In addition, the results of correlation matrix for relationship between attitude/knowledge and epistemological beliefs presents that developed epistemological belief has a positive effect on attitude and knowledge levels. Also, the results showed that there is a low positive relationship between attitude and knowledge level.

Kaynakça

  • Adithyan, G. S., Mariappan, M., & Nayana, K. B. (2017). A Study on knowledge and attitude about organ donation among medical students in Kerala. Indian Journal of Transplantation, 11(3),133-137.
  • Alat, I. Akpinar, A.M. Egri, M. Aydin, N. Aydemir, I.K. Aldemir, M. Eroglu, T. Ozgur, B. Erbas, F., & Nisanoglu, V. (2007). The conviction of patients and hospital attendants on tissue and organ transplantation. Journal of Anatolian Cardiology, 7, 316-317.
  • Buehl, M. M., & Alexander, P. A. (2005). Motivation and performance differences in students’ domain-specific epistemological belief profiles. American Educational Research Journal, 42(4), 697-726.
  • Buyukozturk, S., Akgun, O. E., Karadeniz, S., Demirel, F., & Kilic, E., (2014). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Scientific Research Methods]. Ankara: Pegem.
  • Chakradhar, K., Doshi, D., Srikanth Reddy, B., Kulkarni, S., Padma Reddy, M., & Sruthi Reddy, S. (2016). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Organ Donation among Indian Dental Students, International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine, 7(1), 28-35.
  • Council of Europe. (2014) International Figures on Donation and Transplantation 2013. Newsletter Transplant.19(1).
  • Cross, D., Taasoobshirazi, G., Hendricks, S., & Hickey, D. T. (2008). Argumentation: A strategy for improving achievement and revealing scientific identities. International Journal of Science Education, 30(6), 837–861.
  • Demir, O. (2009). The effect of metacognitive strategies instructed through cognitive coaching on students’ epistemological beliefs, metacognitive skills, academic achievement and the retention of these in 6th grade social studies course. PhD Thesis. Department of Educational Sciences. Adana.
  • Demiral, U., & Cepni, S. (2018). Examining the argumentation skills of preservice science teachers on a socioscientific issue. Kirsehir Faculty of Education Journal. 19(1), 761-785.
  • Deryakulu, D., & Buyukozturk, S. (2002). The validity and reliability studies of the Epistemological Beliefs Questionnaire. Journal of Educational Research, 2(8), 111-125.
  • Downing, S. M., & Haladyna, T. M. (2006). Handbook of test development. USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Evcim, I., Turgut, H., & Sahin, F. (2011). The relationships between epistemological beliefs of elementary students and their problem solving abilities and academic achievement levels. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences. 10(3), 1199-1220.
  • Febrero, B., Rios, A., Lopez-Navas, A., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Almela, J., Sanchez, A., Sanchez, J., Parrilla, J. J., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. A. (2014). Multicenter study of the attitude of secondary school teachers toward solid organ donation and transplantation in the Southeast of Spain. Clinical Transplantation, 28, 259–266.
  • Ganta, S. R., Pamarthi, K., & Prasad, L. (2018). Knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation and transplantation among undergraduate medical students in North coastal Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 5(3),1064-1068.
  • Gurkan, G., & Kahraman, S. (2018). Development of an attitude scale to measure attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation of preservice teachers. Journal of Baltic Science Education. 17(6), 1005-1016.
  • Kardash, C. M., & Scholes, R. J. (1996). Effects of preexisting beliefs, epistemological beliefs, and need for cognition on interpretation of controversial issues. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 260–271.
  • Khishfe, R. (2012). Relationship between nature of science understandings and argumentation skills: A role for counterargument and contextual factors. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 49(4), 489–514.
  • Khoddami-Vishteh, H., Ghorbani, F., Ghasemi, A., Shafaghi, S., & Najafizadeh, K. (2011). Attitudes toward organ donation: a survey on Iranian Teachers. Transplantation Proceedings, 43(2), 407-409.
  • Kocaay, A.F., Celik, S.U., Eker, T., Oksuz, N.E., Akyol, C., & Tuzuner, A. (2015) Brain death and organ donation: knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of medical, law, divinity, nursing, and communication students. Transplantation Proceedings.47(5), 1244-1248.
  • Kocak, A., Aktas, E.O., Senol, E., Kaya, A., & Bilgin, U.E. (2010). Ege University Faculty of Medicine undergraduates' knowledge level regarding organ donation and transplantation. Ege Journal of Medicine, 49(3), 153-160.
  • Kubiszyn, T., & Borich, G. (2013). Educational testing and measurement: Classroom application and practice (10th ed.). USA: Wiley.
  • Linn, M., & Bell, P. (2000). Designing the knowledge integration environment. International Journal of Science Education, 22, 781–796.
  • Lisowska, D., Budzinska, K., Scieranka, M., Mazur, A., & Smolen, E. (2017). Attitudes of students of Jan Grodek State High Vocational School in Sanok towards organ donation.Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(8), 1684-1699.
  • Lopez-Navidad, A., Vilardell, J., Aguayo, M. T., Albadalejo, C., Cabrer, C., Cuello, J., Echebarrı´a, I., Martı´nez-Castelao, A., Tarre´ s, M., Vicente, R., Lloveras, J., & Viedma, M.A. (1999). Survey of secondary education teachers in Catalonia on donation and transplants. Transplantation Proceedings, 31, 2612-2613.
  • Mohammadpour, M., Mohammadpour, A., Ajam-Zibad, H., & Najafi, S. (2018). A study on the awareness, attitudes and performance of teachers towards the organ donation during 2016-2017.Nursing Practice Today, 5(2), 299-309.
  • Munro, B. H. (2005). Statistical methods for health care research. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Ozdag, N. (2001). The view of the public towards organ transplantation and donation. Journal of C.U Faculty of Nursing. 5(2), 44-55.
  • Oztuna Kaplan, A., & Cavus, R. (2016). Perspectives of 8th grade students with different epistemological beliefs on genetic themed socio-scientific issues. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 8(4), 178-198.
  • Ozturk-Emiral, G., Isiktekin-Atalay, B., Altunok, H., Gokler, M. E., Onsuz M. F., & Metintas, S. (2017). Development of a reliable and valid organ tissue and donation and transplantation knowledge scale. Transplantation Proceedings, 49(2), 260-266.
  • Ozturk, N., & Yilmaz-Tuzun, O. (2017). Preservice science teachers’ epistemological beliefs and informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues. Research in Science Education,47, 1275–1304.
  • Qian, G., & Alvermann. D. (2000). Relationship between epistemological beliefs and conceptual change learning. Reading and Writing Quarterly, 16, 59–76.
  • Rios, A., Febrero, B., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Lopez-Navas, A., Sanchez, J., Guzman, D., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. (2010). Evaluation of Attitudes Toward Living Organ Donation: A Multicenter Study of Compulsory Secondary School Education Teachers.Transplantation Proceedings, 42, 3106-3108.
  • Rios, A., Febrero, B., Lopez-Navas, A., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Sanchez, J., Guzman, D., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. (2012). Knowledge of the brain-death concept among secondary school teachers.Transplantation Proceedings, 44(6), 1486-1488.
  • Sadler, T.D., & Donnelly, L.A. (2006). Socioscientific argumentation: The effects of content knowledge and morality. International Journal of Science Education, 28(12), 1463–1488.
  • Saleem, T., Ishaque, S., Habib, N., Hussain, S.S., Jawed, A., Khan, A.A., & Jehan, I. (2009). Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan. BMC Medical Ethics, doi. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6939-10-5.
  • Saylan, A. (2014). Relationships among pre-service science teachers’ epistemological beliefs, knowledge level and trustworthıness on information sources: climate change, nuclear energy, and organ donation and transplantation (Doctoral dissertation). The Council of Higher Education wasobtained from the National Thesis Center. (Thesis No: 379893).
  • Schaeffner, E.S, Windisch, W., Friedel, K., Breitenfeldt, K., & Wolfgang, C. W. (2004). Knowledge and attitude-organ donation among medical students and physicians. Transplantation, 77(11), 1714-1718.
  • Schommer, M. (1990). Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 498-504.
  • Schommer-Aikins, M., & Hutter, R. (2002). Epistemological beliefs and thinking about everyday controversial issues. The Journal of Psychology, 136(1), 5–20.
  • Shi, J., & Salmon, C.T. (2018). Identifying opinion leaders to promote organ donation on social media: Network Study.Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(1), http://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7643.
  • Simsek, O. F. (2007). Yapısal esitlik modellemesine giris: Temel ilkeler ve LISREL uygulamalari [Introduction to structural equation modeling: Basic principles and LISREL applications]. Ankara: Ekinoks Press.
  • Srivasta, A., Mani, A. (2018). Deceased organ donation and transplantation in India: Promises and challenges. Neurology India. 66(2), 316-322.
  • Tekin, H. (2000). Eğitimde Ölçme ve Değerlendirme [Measurement and Evaluation in Education]. 14. Edition, Ankara: Yargi Press.
  • Weiss, J., Schober, R., Abati, V., Immer, F., & Shaw, D. (2017). Attitudes towards organ donation and relation to wish to donate posthumously.Swiss Medical Weekly, doi. 10.4414/smw.2017.14401.
  • Zampieron, A., Corso, M., & Frigo, A. C. (2010). Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards organ donation: a survey in an Italian university. International Nursing Review, 57, 370-376.

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 53 - 64, 15.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.21891/jeseh.656048

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Adithyan, G. S., Mariappan, M., & Nayana, K. B. (2017). A Study on knowledge and attitude about organ donation among medical students in Kerala. Indian Journal of Transplantation, 11(3),133-137.
  • Alat, I. Akpinar, A.M. Egri, M. Aydin, N. Aydemir, I.K. Aldemir, M. Eroglu, T. Ozgur, B. Erbas, F., & Nisanoglu, V. (2007). The conviction of patients and hospital attendants on tissue and organ transplantation. Journal of Anatolian Cardiology, 7, 316-317.
  • Buehl, M. M., & Alexander, P. A. (2005). Motivation and performance differences in students’ domain-specific epistemological belief profiles. American Educational Research Journal, 42(4), 697-726.
  • Buyukozturk, S., Akgun, O. E., Karadeniz, S., Demirel, F., & Kilic, E., (2014). Bilimsel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Scientific Research Methods]. Ankara: Pegem.
  • Chakradhar, K., Doshi, D., Srikanth Reddy, B., Kulkarni, S., Padma Reddy, M., & Sruthi Reddy, S. (2016). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Organ Donation among Indian Dental Students, International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine, 7(1), 28-35.
  • Council of Europe. (2014) International Figures on Donation and Transplantation 2013. Newsletter Transplant.19(1).
  • Cross, D., Taasoobshirazi, G., Hendricks, S., & Hickey, D. T. (2008). Argumentation: A strategy for improving achievement and revealing scientific identities. International Journal of Science Education, 30(6), 837–861.
  • Demir, O. (2009). The effect of metacognitive strategies instructed through cognitive coaching on students’ epistemological beliefs, metacognitive skills, academic achievement and the retention of these in 6th grade social studies course. PhD Thesis. Department of Educational Sciences. Adana.
  • Demiral, U., & Cepni, S. (2018). Examining the argumentation skills of preservice science teachers on a socioscientific issue. Kirsehir Faculty of Education Journal. 19(1), 761-785.
  • Deryakulu, D., & Buyukozturk, S. (2002). The validity and reliability studies of the Epistemological Beliefs Questionnaire. Journal of Educational Research, 2(8), 111-125.
  • Downing, S. M., & Haladyna, T. M. (2006). Handbook of test development. USA: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Evcim, I., Turgut, H., & Sahin, F. (2011). The relationships between epistemological beliefs of elementary students and their problem solving abilities and academic achievement levels. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences. 10(3), 1199-1220.
  • Febrero, B., Rios, A., Lopez-Navas, A., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Almela, J., Sanchez, A., Sanchez, J., Parrilla, J. J., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. A. (2014). Multicenter study of the attitude of secondary school teachers toward solid organ donation and transplantation in the Southeast of Spain. Clinical Transplantation, 28, 259–266.
  • Ganta, S. R., Pamarthi, K., & Prasad, L. (2018). Knowledge and attitude regarding organ donation and transplantation among undergraduate medical students in North coastal Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 5(3),1064-1068.
  • Gurkan, G., & Kahraman, S. (2018). Development of an attitude scale to measure attitudes towards organ transplantation and donation of preservice teachers. Journal of Baltic Science Education. 17(6), 1005-1016.
  • Kardash, C. M., & Scholes, R. J. (1996). Effects of preexisting beliefs, epistemological beliefs, and need for cognition on interpretation of controversial issues. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 260–271.
  • Khishfe, R. (2012). Relationship between nature of science understandings and argumentation skills: A role for counterargument and contextual factors. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 49(4), 489–514.
  • Khoddami-Vishteh, H., Ghorbani, F., Ghasemi, A., Shafaghi, S., & Najafizadeh, K. (2011). Attitudes toward organ donation: a survey on Iranian Teachers. Transplantation Proceedings, 43(2), 407-409.
  • Kocaay, A.F., Celik, S.U., Eker, T., Oksuz, N.E., Akyol, C., & Tuzuner, A. (2015) Brain death and organ donation: knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of medical, law, divinity, nursing, and communication students. Transplantation Proceedings.47(5), 1244-1248.
  • Kocak, A., Aktas, E.O., Senol, E., Kaya, A., & Bilgin, U.E. (2010). Ege University Faculty of Medicine undergraduates' knowledge level regarding organ donation and transplantation. Ege Journal of Medicine, 49(3), 153-160.
  • Kubiszyn, T., & Borich, G. (2013). Educational testing and measurement: Classroom application and practice (10th ed.). USA: Wiley.
  • Linn, M., & Bell, P. (2000). Designing the knowledge integration environment. International Journal of Science Education, 22, 781–796.
  • Lisowska, D., Budzinska, K., Scieranka, M., Mazur, A., & Smolen, E. (2017). Attitudes of students of Jan Grodek State High Vocational School in Sanok towards organ donation.Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 7(8), 1684-1699.
  • Lopez-Navidad, A., Vilardell, J., Aguayo, M. T., Albadalejo, C., Cabrer, C., Cuello, J., Echebarrı´a, I., Martı´nez-Castelao, A., Tarre´ s, M., Vicente, R., Lloveras, J., & Viedma, M.A. (1999). Survey of secondary education teachers in Catalonia on donation and transplants. Transplantation Proceedings, 31, 2612-2613.
  • Mohammadpour, M., Mohammadpour, A., Ajam-Zibad, H., & Najafi, S. (2018). A study on the awareness, attitudes and performance of teachers towards the organ donation during 2016-2017.Nursing Practice Today, 5(2), 299-309.
  • Munro, B. H. (2005). Statistical methods for health care research. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Ozdag, N. (2001). The view of the public towards organ transplantation and donation. Journal of C.U Faculty of Nursing. 5(2), 44-55.
  • Oztuna Kaplan, A., & Cavus, R. (2016). Perspectives of 8th grade students with different epistemological beliefs on genetic themed socio-scientific issues. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 8(4), 178-198.
  • Ozturk-Emiral, G., Isiktekin-Atalay, B., Altunok, H., Gokler, M. E., Onsuz M. F., & Metintas, S. (2017). Development of a reliable and valid organ tissue and donation and transplantation knowledge scale. Transplantation Proceedings, 49(2), 260-266.
  • Ozturk, N., & Yilmaz-Tuzun, O. (2017). Preservice science teachers’ epistemological beliefs and informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues. Research in Science Education,47, 1275–1304.
  • Qian, G., & Alvermann. D. (2000). Relationship between epistemological beliefs and conceptual change learning. Reading and Writing Quarterly, 16, 59–76.
  • Rios, A., Febrero, B., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Lopez-Navas, A., Sanchez, J., Guzman, D., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. (2010). Evaluation of Attitudes Toward Living Organ Donation: A Multicenter Study of Compulsory Secondary School Education Teachers.Transplantation Proceedings, 42, 3106-3108.
  • Rios, A., Febrero, B., Lopez-Navas, A., Martinez-Alarcon, L., Sanchez, J., Guzman, D., Ramirez, P., & Parrilla, P. (2012). Knowledge of the brain-death concept among secondary school teachers.Transplantation Proceedings, 44(6), 1486-1488.
  • Sadler, T.D., & Donnelly, L.A. (2006). Socioscientific argumentation: The effects of content knowledge and morality. International Journal of Science Education, 28(12), 1463–1488.
  • Saleem, T., Ishaque, S., Habib, N., Hussain, S.S., Jawed, A., Khan, A.A., & Jehan, I. (2009). Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan. BMC Medical Ethics, doi. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6939-10-5.
  • Saylan, A. (2014). Relationships among pre-service science teachers’ epistemological beliefs, knowledge level and trustworthıness on information sources: climate change, nuclear energy, and organ donation and transplantation (Doctoral dissertation). The Council of Higher Education wasobtained from the National Thesis Center. (Thesis No: 379893).
  • Schaeffner, E.S, Windisch, W., Friedel, K., Breitenfeldt, K., & Wolfgang, C. W. (2004). Knowledge and attitude-organ donation among medical students and physicians. Transplantation, 77(11), 1714-1718.
  • Schommer, M. (1990). Effects of beliefs about the nature of knowledge on comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82, 498-504.
  • Schommer-Aikins, M., & Hutter, R. (2002). Epistemological beliefs and thinking about everyday controversial issues. The Journal of Psychology, 136(1), 5–20.
  • Shi, J., & Salmon, C.T. (2018). Identifying opinion leaders to promote organ donation on social media: Network Study.Journal of Medical Internet Research, 20(1), http://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.7643.
  • Simsek, O. F. (2007). Yapısal esitlik modellemesine giris: Temel ilkeler ve LISREL uygulamalari [Introduction to structural equation modeling: Basic principles and LISREL applications]. Ankara: Ekinoks Press.
  • Srivasta, A., Mani, A. (2018). Deceased organ donation and transplantation in India: Promises and challenges. Neurology India. 66(2), 316-322.
  • Tekin, H. (2000). Eğitimde Ölçme ve Değerlendirme [Measurement and Evaluation in Education]. 14. Edition, Ankara: Yargi Press.
  • Weiss, J., Schober, R., Abati, V., Immer, F., & Shaw, D. (2017). Attitudes towards organ donation and relation to wish to donate posthumously.Swiss Medical Weekly, doi. 10.4414/smw.2017.14401.
  • Zampieron, A., Corso, M., & Frigo, A. C. (2010). Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards organ donation: a survey in an Italian university. International Nursing Review, 57, 370-376.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Gülşah GÜRKAN>
T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
0000-0003-0297-3060
Türkiye


Sibel KAHRAMAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Inonu University
0000-0002-0720-4917
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum This research was supported by Inonu University Research Fund Unit (SBA-2017/842).
Proje Numarası (SBA-2017/842)
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ocak 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Gürkan, G. & Kahraman, S. (2020). The Investigation of Preservice Teachers’ Epistemological Beliefs, Knowledge Levels and Attitudes regarding Organ Transplantation and Donation . Journal of Education in Science Environment and Health , 6 (1) , 53-64 . DOI: 10.21891/jeseh.656048