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Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany

Yıl 2017, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2, 180 - 185, 30.06.2017

Öz

Gartlage is the second smallest district of Osnabrück Germany. It is in
direct vicinity to the city centre. There is a big wire and metal production
factory (KME) in the area and the factory have been in operation since
1873.  Main products are rolled copper
and copper alloys, copper tubes, copper & brass rods and special products
for the steel industry. The main strategy of KME factory for copper production
is focusing on recycling of the products. Especially products made by copper
are recycled back after main usage at homes, cars, computers and windmills with
the help of scarp dealers. Although copper is recyclable and productive
material, the wastes produced during the manufacturing process of copper may be
harmful for environment and human kind. Smelting and refining operations are
two mostly used copper manufacturing processes. Both may lead to different
kinds of pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, flotation
wastewaters, uncontrolled leachate, slurry sludge and slag. In this study,
heavy metal pollution in Gartlage area of Germany was investigated. Several
samples were taken from the area around KME factory and heavy metal analyses
(copper and lead) were performed on these samples. Moreover, after the
analyses, concentrations of copper and lead were compared with values in
Federal Soil Protection Act. Thus, heavy metal pollution in the area was
detected.

Kaynakça

  • Duruibe JO., Ogwuegbu MOC, Egwurugwu JN, (2007) Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 2, 112-118. Federal Soil Protection Act, 1998, web page: http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/ger13146.pdf, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • Google Earth, GeoBasis-DE/BKG (2009). 52°17'03"N, 8°03'53"E, DigitalGlobe 2017, web page: https://earth.google.com/web/, retrieval date: 12.05.2017.
  • Greene D, (1993) Effects of lead on the environment, LEAD Action News Vol 1 no 2 Winter 1993, web page: https://www.lead.org.au/lanv1n2/lanv1n2-8.html, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • Jarup L, (2003) Hazards of heavy metal contamination, Br. Med. Bull., 68, 167-182.
  • URL 1, KME Engineering Copper Solutions, web page: http://www.kme.com/, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 2, Copper, web page: http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Copper.html, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 3, Chapter 82 - Metal Processing and Metal Working Industry, web page: http://www.ilocis.org/documents/chpt82e.htm, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 4, Copper And Soil – How Copper Affects Plants, web page: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/copper-for-the-garden.htm, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • URL 5, What is the effect of lead in human health?, web page: http://www.mma.gob.cl/retc_ingles/1316/w3-article-51433.html, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • URL 6, silt loam, web page: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/silt%20loam, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
Yıl 2017, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2, 180 - 185, 30.06.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Duruibe JO., Ogwuegbu MOC, Egwurugwu JN, (2007) Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 2, 112-118. Federal Soil Protection Act, 1998, web page: http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/ger13146.pdf, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • Google Earth, GeoBasis-DE/BKG (2009). 52°17'03"N, 8°03'53"E, DigitalGlobe 2017, web page: https://earth.google.com/web/, retrieval date: 12.05.2017.
  • Greene D, (1993) Effects of lead on the environment, LEAD Action News Vol 1 no 2 Winter 1993, web page: https://www.lead.org.au/lanv1n2/lanv1n2-8.html, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • Jarup L, (2003) Hazards of heavy metal contamination, Br. Med. Bull., 68, 167-182.
  • URL 1, KME Engineering Copper Solutions, web page: http://www.kme.com/, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 2, Copper, web page: http://www.madehow.com/Volume-4/Copper.html, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 3, Chapter 82 - Metal Processing and Metal Working Industry, web page: http://www.ilocis.org/documents/chpt82e.htm, retrieval date: 15.05.2017.
  • URL 4, Copper And Soil – How Copper Affects Plants, web page: https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/garden-how-to/soil-fertilizers/copper-for-the-garden.htm, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • URL 5, What is the effect of lead in human health?, web page: http://www.mma.gob.cl/retc_ingles/1316/w3-article-51433.html, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.
  • URL 6, silt loam, web page: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/silt%20loam, retrieval date: 16.05.2017.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Zeynep Cansu AYTURAN

Sukru DURSUN

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2017
Kabul Tarihi 24 Haziran 2017
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017 Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA AYTURAN, Z. C., & DURSUN, S. (2017). Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 12(2), 180-185.
AMA AYTURAN ZC, DURSUN S. Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany. J. Int. Environmental Application & Science. Haziran 2017;12(2):180-185.
Chicago AYTURAN, Zeynep Cansu, ve Sukru DURSUN. “Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany”. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 12, sy. 2 (Haziran 2017): 180-85.
EndNote AYTURAN ZC, DURSUN S (01 Haziran 2017) Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 12 2 180–185.
IEEE Z. C. AYTURAN ve S. DURSUN, “Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany”, J. Int. Environmental Application & Science, c. 12, sy. 2, ss. 180–185, 2017.
ISNAD AYTURAN, Zeynep Cansu - DURSUN, Sukru. “Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany”. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 12/2 (Haziran 2017), 180-185.
JAMA AYTURAN ZC, DURSUN S. Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany. J. Int. Environmental Application & Science. 2017;12:180–185.
MLA AYTURAN, Zeynep Cansu ve Sukru DURSUN. “Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany”. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, c. 12, sy. 2, 2017, ss. 180-5.
Vancouver AYTURAN ZC, DURSUN S. Soil Contamination in Gartlage Area, Germany. J. Int. Environmental Application & Science. 2017;12(2):180-5.

“Journal of International Environmental Application and Science”