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Medical Tourism in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Strategies for Improvement

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 1 - 18, 30.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2022-7-1-1

Öz

“Right to health” is a fundamental human right and it is protected by international laws, also it turns over to states in three areas. Quality health care, affordability and the availability of necessary facilities and equipment’s form part of the reasons why individuals in need of these services migrate to countries that fortunately have upgraded facilities ready to serve the needs of patients worldwide. The purpose of this study is to examine the perceptions of health practitioners, tourist agents (travel agents) and hotel managers, to determine if they are aware of the present condition of medical tourism in North Cyprus, and to discover the most sought-after procedure in the country. Thereafter the status of the most sought-after procedure was analyzed and strategies for improving this sub-sector alongside medical tourism were proposed. The study aims to provide insight for stakeholders, administrators and public officials in designing their strategies for improving this sub-sector of tourism, and to highlight the contribution of medical tourism to the development of the Turkish Republic of North Cyprus. The study is based on surveys given to participants selected by a snowball sampling and convenience sampling technique. Collected data were analyzed using basic coding methods of qualitative analysis. Results from the first part of the study revealed that the most sought-after medical procedures in TRNC were invitro fertilization treatments, and in the latter part of the study, the push-pull motivators and status quo of this sector were determined.


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Kaynakça

  • 123.clinic. (2021). Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from 123Clinic: https://www.123.clinic/en/clinic-search/egg-donation/thailand
  • 2traveling. (2019). Top 10 World's best Medical Tourism Destinations in 2019. Retrieved from 2traveling: www.2traveling.com/top-10-worlds-best-medical-tourism-destinations/
  • Abbaspour, F., Soltani, S., & Tham, A. (2021). Medical tourism for COVID-19 post-crisis recovery?. Anatolia, 32(1), 140-143.
  • Akhavan, A. (2012). An Analysis of the North Cyprus Image from the Foreign Tourists’ Perceptions (Doctoral dissertation, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU)-Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi (DAÜ)).
  • Altinay, M., & Hussain, K. (2005). Sustainable tourism development: a case study of North Cyprus. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 17 (3) 272-280
  • Benzler, D. (2013). Historical Background of Medical Tourism. Medical Tourism.
  • Berkmen, B. (2017). An Investigation: Opinions of Individuals on In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Living in North Cyprus. Recent Developments in Sociology and Social Work, 237.
  • bfncosmetictourism.com. (2009). Cosmetic tourism in bfn cosmetics. Retrieved 2 Agust 2021 from TOURISM: www.bfncosmetictourism.com
  • Bhat, A. (2019). Empirical Research: Definition, Methods, Types and Examples. QuestionPro. Retrieved November 20, 2019, from https://www.questionpro.com/blog/research-design
  • Birader, T. K., & Ozturen, A. (2019). Motivators and Perceptions of Island Residents towards Medical Tourism in Mainland. Journal of Tourism and Services, 10 (19): 164-176. https://doi. org/10.29036/jots. v10i19. 99.
  • Chung, M. (2017). Health Care Reform: Learning From Other Major Health Care Systems. Retrieved from https://pphr.princeton.edu/2017/12/02/unhealthy-health-care-a-cursory-overview-of-major-health-care-systems/
  • Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications.
  • eggdonationfriends.com. (2021). Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from EggDonationFriends: https://www.eggdonationfriends.com/egg-donation-uk-ivf-donor-egg-guide/
  • Esiyok, B., Çakar, M., & Kurtulmuşoğlu, F. B. (2017). The effect of cultural distance on medical tourism. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 6(1), 66-75.
  • Froyd, J. (2018). Thailand Registers International Arrival Record Amid Medical Tourism Boom. Retrieved July 4, 2020, from Tourism Review: www.tourism-review.com/thai-medical-tourism-maintains-its-success-news10621
  • Gan, L. L., & Frederick, J. R. (2011). Medical tourism facilitators: Patterns of service differentiation. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 17(3), 165-183.
  • Gauldie, R. (2017). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and its hospital sector. International Travel and Health Insurance Journal.
  • Genower, E. (2017). Tina Malone shows stomach scars to IVF doctor who helped her conceive daughter. Retrieved November 12, 2019, from The Sun: www.google.com/amp/s/www.thesun.co.uk/tvandshowbiz/3620037/tina-malone-shows-stomach-scars-to-ivf-doctor-who-helped-her-conceive-daughter/amp/
  • globalhtc.org. (2019). The GHTC Baku Declaration, 'Health Tourism as an attractive lifestyle choice for all'. . Retrieved November 12, 2019, from Global Health Care Travel Council: www.globalhtc.org/bulletin/3526-the-ghtc-baku-declaration-health-tourism-as-an-attractive-lifestyle-choice-for-all
  • Gokcekus, L., Toklu, H. Z., Demirdamar, R., & Gumusel, B. (2012). Dispensing practice in the community pharmacies in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 34(2), 312-324. doi: 10.1007/s11096-011-9605-z
  • grandviewresearch.com. (2020). Medical Tourism Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Country (Thailand, India, Costa Rica, Mexico, Malaysia, Singapore, Brazil, Colombia, Turkey, Taiwan, South Korea, Spain, Czech Republic), And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027. Grandview research. Retrieved from https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/medical-tourism-market
  • Hasan Amca, Y. S. (2019). Northern Cyprus Economy Competitiveness Report 2018-2019. Lefkosa: Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce.
  • Health and Planning Office. (2008). Statistical yearbook of health: Turkish Republic of Northern, Cyprus. Nicosia: State Printing House..
  • Heung, V. C., Kucukusta, D., & Song, H. (2010). A conceptual model of medical tourism: Implications for future research. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 27(3), 236-251.
  • Hudson, S., & Li, X. (2012). Domestic medical tourism: A neglected dimension of medical tourism research. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 21(3), 227-246.
  • Hussain, K., Mothiravally, V., Shahi, M., & Ekiz, E. H. (2012). Strategic analysis of medical tourism: a case study of North Cyprus. JOHAR, 7(2), 25.
  • IHRC. (2014). Medical Tourism: Push and Pull factors. International Healthcare Research Center. Retrieved October 2019, from https://www.healthcareresearchcenter.org/medical-tourism-push-and-pull-factors/
  • IVF. (2021). What is the cost of Egg Donation in Cyprus? Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from Eurocare IVF: https://www.eurocareivf.com/faq/egg-donation-faqs/what-is-the-cost-of-egg-donation-in-cyprus/
  • Jarvis, T., Scott, F., El-Jardali, F., & Alvarez, E. (2020). Defining and classifying public health systems: a critical interpretive synthesis. Health research policy and systems, 18(1), 1-12.
  • John, S. P., & Larke, R. (2016). An analysis of push and pull motivators investigated in medical tourism research published from 2000 to 2016. Tourism Review International, 20(2-3), 73-90.
  • Kelly, T., & Allen, V. (2018). “‘Everything is legal here’: British couples are being lured to a lawless ‘ghost town’ in Northern Cyprus where they can avoid UK law to choose the sex of their baby” . Retrieved April 5, 2020, from Daily Mail: www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6250293/amap/British-couples-lured-lawless-ghost-town-choose-sex-baby.html
  • Khan, U., Chauhan, C., Majeed, J., & Goyal, R. K. (2020). The impact on medical tourism in the times of a pandemic covid-19. Parishodh Journal, 9 (3).
  • Lee, M., Han, H., & Lockyer, T. (2012). Medical Tourism: Attractig Japanese tourists for medical tourism experience. Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 69-86.
  • Medhekar, A., Wong, H. Y., & Hall, J. (2014). Medical tourism: A conceptual framework for an innovation in global healthcare provision. In Innovations in services marketing and management: Strategies for emerging economies (pp. 148-169). IGI Global. doi:DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4671-1.ch009
  • Medical Tourism in Turkey. (2020). Retrieved Jauary 2021, from Elcid Tour: https://www.elcidtour.com/medical-tourism-in-turkey/
  • medicaltourism.com. (2019). Medical Tourism. Global HealthCare Resources (Medical Tourism Association). Retrieved from www.medicaltourismassociation.com/en/medical-tourism-faq-s.html
  • Mestrovic, T. (2018, August). What is medical tourism history? Retrieved From: https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Medical-Tourism.aspx
  • Mihas, P. (2019). Research and Assessment Methods. Oxford Research Encyclopaedias. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.1195
  • mordorintelligence.com. (2019). Medical Tourism Market- Growth, Teds and Forecast (2019-2024). (2019). Mordor Intelligence. Retrieved from: https://www.mordorintelligence.com/industry-reports/medical-tourism-market
  • naraveeplasticsurgery.com. (2018). Why Cosmetic Surgery Thailand Is Getting So Popular? - Naravee Aesthetic Clinic. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from Naravee website: https://www.naraveeplasticsurgery.com/en/blog/why-cosmetic-surgery-thailand-getting-so-popular/
  • NCI. (2015). North Cyprus Medical Tourism, North Cyprus International. Retrieved from: https://northcyprusinternational.com/north-cyprus-medical-tourism/
  • Osumeje, B. O. (2015). Medical Tourism Potentials and Prospects: The Case of TRNC. Eastern Mediterranean University, Tourism Management. Gazimağusa: Eastern Mediterranean University.
  • Perryer, S. (2019). Turkey's medical tourism industry boosts visitor numbers. Business Destinations.
  • Pickert, K. (2008). A Brief History of Medical Tourism. Retrieved August 1, 2021, from TIME: http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1861919,00.html#:~:text=People%20have%20been%20traveling%20for,is%20a%20fairly%20modern%20phenomenon.
  • Rahmioglu, N., Naci, H., & Cylus, J. (2012). Improving health care services in Northern Cyprus: a call for research and action. European Journal of Public Health, 22 (6), 754-755. doi:http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks145
  • Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., Martin, D. S., & Martin, W. S. (2015). The determinants of medical tourism intentions: Applying the theory of planned behavior. Health marketing quarterly, 32(2), 165-179.
  • Rogers, K. (2011). Medical Tourism. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  • Savaşan, A., Yalvaç, M., Uzunboylu, H., & Tuncel, E. (2018). The attitudes of education, tourism and health sector managers in Northern Cyprus towards Education on Health Tourism. Quality & Quantity, 52(1), 285-303.
  • Security, T. R. (2019). Retrieved December 21, 2020, from Çalışma Ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı: https://csgb.gov.ct.tr/en-us/Minimum-Wage
  • Singh, L. (2019). Medical Tourism Motivations: The Driving force. Journal of multidisciplinary academic tourism, , 4(2), 77-86. https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.621874
  • State Planning Organization. (2018). Sectoral Developments in Gross National Product. Turkish Republic of North Cyprus: State Planning Organization.
  • Stevens, F. C. J., Kroneman, M. W., & van der Zee, J. (2017). Health-Care Delivery Systems (S. R. B. T.-I. E. of P. H. (Second E. Quah, Ed.). Oxford: Academic Press.
  • Sultana, A. H. (2014). Factors affecting the attractiveness of medical tourism destination: an empirical study on India- Review Article. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 867-876.
  • Taşiran, A. C., & Özoğlu, B. (2017). Northern Cyprus economy competitiveness report 2016-2017. Lefkoşa, Northern Cyprus: Cypriot Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved August 1, 2021 https://www.ktto.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/KTTO2016-2017-eng.pdf
  • Thasariya, S. (2019). popular plastic surgery prices in UK: How much does it cost in the United Kingdom. Retrieved December 7, 2020, from ehealthcare cost.
  • The History of Medical Tourism. (2019). Health Tourism. Retrieved from www.health-tourism.com/medical-tourism/history/
  • Todd, M. (2020). 30 Key Findings from Medical Tourism Benchmarking Research. Retrieved December 20, 2020, from Mercury Advisory Group: https://mercuryadvisorygroup.com/30-key-findings-from-medical-tourism-benchmarking-research/
  • TRNC Public Information Office. (2020). Retrieved from TRNC Public Information Office: pio.mfa.gov.ct.tr
  • T-VINE. (2017). North Cyprus on the world health tourism map. Retrieved September 2, 2019, from T-VINE: www.t-vine.com/north-cyprus-on-the-world-health-tourism-map/
  • Walker, J. R., & Walker, J. T. (2011). Tourism: concepts and practices. Pearson Education, 43.
  • Walton, J. K. (2012). Tourism. Britannica. Retrieved from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/tourism
  • whatclinic.com. (2019). Cosmetic Surgery Cyprus, Retrieved December 9, 2020, from What Clinic: https://www.whatclinic.com/cosmetic-plastic-surgery/cyprus/nicosia/cosmetic-surgery-cyprus
  • Whittaker, A., Manderson, L., & Cartwright, E. (2010). Patients without borders: understanding medical travel. Medical Anthropology, 29(4), 336-343.doi:www.doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2010.501318
  • WHO. (2010). Monitoring the building blocks of health systems: a handbook of indicators and their measurement strategies. Geneva: WHO.
  • Why did North Cyprus Tourism Increase? (2019, October 7). Retrieved November 11, 2019, from North Cyprus International: www.northcyprusinternational.com/north-cyprus-tourism-increase/
  • Wiki Travel: Northern Cyprus. (2019). Retrieved from Wiki Travel: www.wikitravel.org/en/Northern_Cyprus
  • Youngman, I. (2020, June 23). If cheap air fares are no more, what of medical travel? International Medical Travel Journal. Retrieved July 20, 2020, from https://www.imtj.com/articles/if-cheap-air-fares-are-no-more-what-medical-travel/

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 1 - 18, 30.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.2022-7-1-1

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 123.clinic. (2021). Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from 123Clinic: https://www.123.clinic/en/clinic-search/egg-donation/thailand
  • 2traveling. (2019). Top 10 World's best Medical Tourism Destinations in 2019. Retrieved from 2traveling: www.2traveling.com/top-10-worlds-best-medical-tourism-destinations/
  • Abbaspour, F., Soltani, S., & Tham, A. (2021). Medical tourism for COVID-19 post-crisis recovery?. Anatolia, 32(1), 140-143.
  • Akhavan, A. (2012). An Analysis of the North Cyprus Image from the Foreign Tourists’ Perceptions (Doctoral dissertation, Eastern Mediterranean University (EMU)-Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi (DAÜ)).
  • Altinay, M., & Hussain, K. (2005). Sustainable tourism development: a case study of North Cyprus. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 17 (3) 272-280
  • Benzler, D. (2013). Historical Background of Medical Tourism. Medical Tourism.
  • Berkmen, B. (2017). An Investigation: Opinions of Individuals on In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Living in North Cyprus. Recent Developments in Sociology and Social Work, 237.
  • bfncosmetictourism.com. (2009). Cosmetic tourism in bfn cosmetics. Retrieved 2 Agust 2021 from TOURISM: www.bfncosmetictourism.com
  • Bhat, A. (2019). Empirical Research: Definition, Methods, Types and Examples. QuestionPro. Retrieved November 20, 2019, from https://www.questionpro.com/blog/research-design
  • Birader, T. K., & Ozturen, A. (2019). Motivators and Perceptions of Island Residents towards Medical Tourism in Mainland. Journal of Tourism and Services, 10 (19): 164-176. https://doi. org/10.29036/jots. v10i19. 99.
  • Chung, M. (2017). Health Care Reform: Learning From Other Major Health Care Systems. Retrieved from https://pphr.princeton.edu/2017/12/02/unhealthy-health-care-a-cursory-overview-of-major-health-care-systems/
  • Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications.
  • eggdonationfriends.com. (2021). Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from EggDonationFriends: https://www.eggdonationfriends.com/egg-donation-uk-ivf-donor-egg-guide/
  • Esiyok, B., Çakar, M., & Kurtulmuşoğlu, F. B. (2017). The effect of cultural distance on medical tourism. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 6(1), 66-75.
  • Froyd, J. (2018). Thailand Registers International Arrival Record Amid Medical Tourism Boom. Retrieved July 4, 2020, from Tourism Review: www.tourism-review.com/thai-medical-tourism-maintains-its-success-news10621
  • Gan, L. L., & Frederick, J. R. (2011). Medical tourism facilitators: Patterns of service differentiation. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 17(3), 165-183.
  • Gauldie, R. (2017). The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and its hospital sector. International Travel and Health Insurance Journal.
  • Genower, E. (2017). Tina Malone shows stomach scars to IVF doctor who helped her conceive daughter. Retrieved November 12, 2019, from The Sun: www.google.com/amp/s/www.thesun.co.uk/tvandshowbiz/3620037/tina-malone-shows-stomach-scars-to-ivf-doctor-who-helped-her-conceive-daughter/amp/
  • globalhtc.org. (2019). The GHTC Baku Declaration, 'Health Tourism as an attractive lifestyle choice for all'. . Retrieved November 12, 2019, from Global Health Care Travel Council: www.globalhtc.org/bulletin/3526-the-ghtc-baku-declaration-health-tourism-as-an-attractive-lifestyle-choice-for-all
  • Gokcekus, L., Toklu, H. Z., Demirdamar, R., & Gumusel, B. (2012). Dispensing practice in the community pharmacies in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 34(2), 312-324. doi: 10.1007/s11096-011-9605-z
  • grandviewresearch.com. (2020). Medical Tourism Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Country (Thailand, India, Costa Rica, Mexico, Malaysia, Singapore, Brazil, Colombia, Turkey, Taiwan, South Korea, Spain, Czech Republic), And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027. Grandview research. Retrieved from https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/medical-tourism-market
  • Hasan Amca, Y. S. (2019). Northern Cyprus Economy Competitiveness Report 2018-2019. Lefkosa: Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce.
  • Health and Planning Office. (2008). Statistical yearbook of health: Turkish Republic of Northern, Cyprus. Nicosia: State Printing House..
  • Heung, V. C., Kucukusta, D., & Song, H. (2010). A conceptual model of medical tourism: Implications for future research. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 27(3), 236-251.
  • Hudson, S., & Li, X. (2012). Domestic medical tourism: A neglected dimension of medical tourism research. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 21(3), 227-246.
  • Hussain, K., Mothiravally, V., Shahi, M., & Ekiz, E. H. (2012). Strategic analysis of medical tourism: a case study of North Cyprus. JOHAR, 7(2), 25.
  • IHRC. (2014). Medical Tourism: Push and Pull factors. International Healthcare Research Center. Retrieved October 2019, from https://www.healthcareresearchcenter.org/medical-tourism-push-and-pull-factors/
  • IVF. (2021). What is the cost of Egg Donation in Cyprus? Retrieved 2 8, 2021, from Eurocare IVF: https://www.eurocareivf.com/faq/egg-donation-faqs/what-is-the-cost-of-egg-donation-in-cyprus/
  • Jarvis, T., Scott, F., El-Jardali, F., & Alvarez, E. (2020). Defining and classifying public health systems: a critical interpretive synthesis. Health research policy and systems, 18(1), 1-12.
  • John, S. P., & Larke, R. (2016). An analysis of push and pull motivators investigated in medical tourism research published from 2000 to 2016. Tourism Review International, 20(2-3), 73-90.
  • Kelly, T., & Allen, V. (2018). “‘Everything is legal here’: British couples are being lured to a lawless ‘ghost town’ in Northern Cyprus where they can avoid UK law to choose the sex of their baby” . Retrieved April 5, 2020, from Daily Mail: www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6250293/amap/British-couples-lured-lawless-ghost-town-choose-sex-baby.html
  • Khan, U., Chauhan, C., Majeed, J., & Goyal, R. K. (2020). The impact on medical tourism in the times of a pandemic covid-19. Parishodh Journal, 9 (3).
  • Lee, M., Han, H., & Lockyer, T. (2012). Medical Tourism: Attractig Japanese tourists for medical tourism experience. Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing, 69-86.
  • Medhekar, A., Wong, H. Y., & Hall, J. (2014). Medical tourism: A conceptual framework for an innovation in global healthcare provision. In Innovations in services marketing and management: Strategies for emerging economies (pp. 148-169). IGI Global. doi:DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4671-1.ch009
  • Medical Tourism in Turkey. (2020). Retrieved Jauary 2021, from Elcid Tour: https://www.elcidtour.com/medical-tourism-in-turkey/
  • medicaltourism.com. (2019). Medical Tourism. Global HealthCare Resources (Medical Tourism Association). Retrieved from www.medicaltourismassociation.com/en/medical-tourism-faq-s.html
  • Mestrovic, T. (2018, August). What is medical tourism history? Retrieved From: https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Medical-Tourism.aspx
  • Mihas, P. (2019). Research and Assessment Methods. Oxford Research Encyclopaedias. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.1195
  • mordorintelligence.com. (2019). Medical Tourism Market- Growth, Teds and Forecast (2019-2024). (2019). Mordor Intelligence. Retrieved from: https://www.mordorintelligence.com/industry-reports/medical-tourism-market
  • naraveeplasticsurgery.com. (2018). Why Cosmetic Surgery Thailand Is Getting So Popular? - Naravee Aesthetic Clinic. Retrieved August 2, 2021, from Naravee website: https://www.naraveeplasticsurgery.com/en/blog/why-cosmetic-surgery-thailand-getting-so-popular/
  • NCI. (2015). North Cyprus Medical Tourism, North Cyprus International. Retrieved from: https://northcyprusinternational.com/north-cyprus-medical-tourism/
  • Osumeje, B. O. (2015). Medical Tourism Potentials and Prospects: The Case of TRNC. Eastern Mediterranean University, Tourism Management. Gazimağusa: Eastern Mediterranean University.
  • Perryer, S. (2019). Turkey's medical tourism industry boosts visitor numbers. Business Destinations.
  • Pickert, K. (2008). A Brief History of Medical Tourism. Retrieved August 1, 2021, from TIME: http://content.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1861919,00.html#:~:text=People%20have%20been%20traveling%20for,is%20a%20fairly%20modern%20phenomenon.
  • Rahmioglu, N., Naci, H., & Cylus, J. (2012). Improving health care services in Northern Cyprus: a call for research and action. European Journal of Public Health, 22 (6), 754-755. doi:http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks145
  • Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., Martin, D. S., & Martin, W. S. (2015). The determinants of medical tourism intentions: Applying the theory of planned behavior. Health marketing quarterly, 32(2), 165-179.
  • Rogers, K. (2011). Medical Tourism. Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  • Savaşan, A., Yalvaç, M., Uzunboylu, H., & Tuncel, E. (2018). The attitudes of education, tourism and health sector managers in Northern Cyprus towards Education on Health Tourism. Quality & Quantity, 52(1), 285-303.
  • Security, T. R. (2019). Retrieved December 21, 2020, from Çalışma Ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı: https://csgb.gov.ct.tr/en-us/Minimum-Wage
  • Singh, L. (2019). Medical Tourism Motivations: The Driving force. Journal of multidisciplinary academic tourism, , 4(2), 77-86. https://doi.org/10.31822/jomat.621874
  • State Planning Organization. (2018). Sectoral Developments in Gross National Product. Turkish Republic of North Cyprus: State Planning Organization.
  • Stevens, F. C. J., Kroneman, M. W., & van der Zee, J. (2017). Health-Care Delivery Systems (S. R. B. T.-I. E. of P. H. (Second E. Quah, Ed.). Oxford: Academic Press.
  • Sultana, A. H. (2014). Factors affecting the attractiveness of medical tourism destination: an empirical study on India- Review Article. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 867-876.
  • Taşiran, A. C., & Özoğlu, B. (2017). Northern Cyprus economy competitiveness report 2016-2017. Lefkoşa, Northern Cyprus: Cypriot Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved August 1, 2021 https://www.ktto.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/KTTO2016-2017-eng.pdf
  • Thasariya, S. (2019). popular plastic surgery prices in UK: How much does it cost in the United Kingdom. Retrieved December 7, 2020, from ehealthcare cost.
  • The History of Medical Tourism. (2019). Health Tourism. Retrieved from www.health-tourism.com/medical-tourism/history/
  • Todd, M. (2020). 30 Key Findings from Medical Tourism Benchmarking Research. Retrieved December 20, 2020, from Mercury Advisory Group: https://mercuryadvisorygroup.com/30-key-findings-from-medical-tourism-benchmarking-research/
  • TRNC Public Information Office. (2020). Retrieved from TRNC Public Information Office: pio.mfa.gov.ct.tr
  • T-VINE. (2017). North Cyprus on the world health tourism map. Retrieved September 2, 2019, from T-VINE: www.t-vine.com/north-cyprus-on-the-world-health-tourism-map/
  • Walker, J. R., & Walker, J. T. (2011). Tourism: concepts and practices. Pearson Education, 43.
  • Walton, J. K. (2012). Tourism. Britannica. Retrieved from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/tourism
  • whatclinic.com. (2019). Cosmetic Surgery Cyprus, Retrieved December 9, 2020, from What Clinic: https://www.whatclinic.com/cosmetic-plastic-surgery/cyprus/nicosia/cosmetic-surgery-cyprus
  • Whittaker, A., Manderson, L., & Cartwright, E. (2010). Patients without borders: understanding medical travel. Medical Anthropology, 29(4), 336-343.doi:www.doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2010.501318
  • WHO. (2010). Monitoring the building blocks of health systems: a handbook of indicators and their measurement strategies. Geneva: WHO.
  • Why did North Cyprus Tourism Increase? (2019, October 7). Retrieved November 11, 2019, from North Cyprus International: www.northcyprusinternational.com/north-cyprus-tourism-increase/
  • Wiki Travel: Northern Cyprus. (2019). Retrieved from Wiki Travel: www.wikitravel.org/en/Northern_Cyprus
  • Youngman, I. (2020, June 23). If cheap air fares are no more, what of medical travel? International Medical Travel Journal. Retrieved July 20, 2020, from https://www.imtj.com/articles/if-cheap-air-fares-are-no-more-what-medical-travel/

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Otelcilik, Konaklama, Spor ve Turizm
Yayınlanma Tarihi July (First Published Online 11-08-2021)
Bölüm Contents
Yazarlar

Oritsetimeyin ARUEYİNGHO (Sorumlu Yazar)
GİRNE AMERİKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1125-8819
Türkiye


Matina GHASEMI Bu kişi benim
GIRNE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-5143-1132
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti


Tülin BODAMYALI
GIRNE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4364-491X
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

Destekleyen Kurum Girne American University
Teşekkür I wish to thank all these people whose assistance aided in the completion of this project. My heartfelt gratitude goes to Dr. Matina Ghasemi who against all odds took her time to teach and correct me during the course of this work. The distance was not a barrier and she consistently supported me from the beginning of this work up until its completion. I sincerely appreciate my supervisor, Professor Tulin Bodamyali who has been an amazing source of inspiration and spring of knowledge. To Professor Turay Yardimci, Dr. Anmar AL-TAIE, and my colleagues at the Faculty of Pharmacy, I give my love.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Temmuz 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Arueyingho, O. , Ghasemı, M. & Bodamyalı, T. (2022). Medical Tourism in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus: Strategies for Improvement . Journal of Multidisciplinary Academic Tourism , 7 (1) , 1-18 . DOI: 10.31822/jomat.2022-7-1-1