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ÇÖZÜM ODAKLI SOSYAL HİZMET MÜDAHALESİNİN ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN UMUTSUZLUK VE STRES DÜZEYLERİNE ETKİSİ - THE EFFECT OF SOLUTION FOCUSED SOCIAL WORK INTERVENTION ON COLLEGE STUDENTS’ HOPELESSNESS AND STRESS LEVELS

Yıl 2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 42 - 66, 23.03.2020
https://doi.org/10.30798/makuiibf.568273

Öz

Objective: This research aims to investigate the effects of “Social Work Intervention Based on Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) on college students’ hopelessness and stress levels. Method: A total of 24 college students who applied Hacettepe University Beytepe Psychological Counseling Unit in the fall of 2015-2016 academic year were assigned to intervention and control groups. SFBT between 4-8 sessions were conducted with each student from intervention group during the intervention. A quasi-experimental research model based on pretest-posttest with comparison group has been chosen for the study. Mann Whitney U test was utilized to analyze results. Results: For the Hopelessness Scale the difference among scores for the Motivation Loss Subscale was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Similarly, the difference among the total Hopelessness Scale score and the two other Hopelessness Subscale scores (Expectations and Feelings About Future and Hope Subscales) and for Perceived Stress Scale scores were statistically significant in favor of the intervention group (p < 0.001). Effect size of the intervention was found to be large for all the scales and for most of subscales. Conclusion: Results indicate that the social work intervention based on SFBT was statistically significant and effective on the college students.

Kaynakça

  • APA & POLL, H. (2014), The Stress in America Survey: 2013. Retrieved from http://www.apapracticecentral.org/update/2014/02-13/teen-stress.aspx.
  • BALTAS, Z., ATAKUMAN Y., & DUMAN, Y. (1998, July), Standardization of the perceived stress scale: perceived stress in middle managers. Paper presented at the 19th International Conference, Stress and Anxiety Research Society, Istanbul.
  • BANKS, V. (1999). A solution focused approach to adolescent group work. A.N.Z.J. Family Therapy, 20 (2), 78-82.
  • BECK, T. A. (1963), Thinking and Depression: I. idiosyncratic content and cognitive distortions, Archieves of General Psychiatry, 94 (4). 324-333.
  • BECK, A., WISSMAN, A., LESTER, D., & TREXLER, L. (1974), The measurement of pessimism: The Hopelessness Scale, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42 (6), 861-865.
  • CARVER, C. S. & CONNOR-SMITH, J. (2010), Personality and coping, Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 679-704.
  • CDC. (2007, Summer), Suicide: facts at a glance. Retrieved from http://www.naswdc.org/practice/adolescent_health/shift/documents/case/Prevalencey%C3%BCzde%2020Data/SHIFT-QuickFacts1.pdf.
  • COHEN, S., KAMARCK, T. & MERMEISTEIN, A. R. (1983), Global measure of perceived stress, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 285-396.
  • COREY, G. (2005), Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (7th Ed.), Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning.
  • CELIKEL, F. C. & ERKORKMAZ, U. (2008), Depressive symptoms and despair levels in university students and associated factors, Archieves of Neuropsychiatry, 45 (4), 122-129.
  • DE SHAZER, S. (1985), Keys to Solutions in Brief Therapy, New York, USA: Norton & Company, 18.
  • DE SHAZER, S., & ISEBAERT, L. (2003), The bruges model: A solution-focused approach to problem drinking, Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 14 (4), 43-52.
  • DIXON, A. W., HEPPNER, P. P., BURNETT, J. W., & LIPS, B. J. (1993), Hopelessness and stress: Evidence for an interactive model of deppression, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17 (1), 39-52.
  • DURAK, A. (1993), A Study on Validity of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Unpublished Master Thesis, Ankara University Institute of Social Sciences, Ankara.
  • DURAK-BATIGUN, A. (2005), Suicide probability: A study on reasons for living, hopelessness and loneliness, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry,16(1), 29-39.
  • ESKIN, M., DEMIR, K. H., & DEMIR, S. (2005), Same sex-sexual orientation childhood sexual abuse and suicidal behavior in university students in Turkey, Archieves of Sexual Behavior, 34(2), 185-195.
  • ESKIN, M., HARLAK, H., DEMIRKIRAN, F., & DEREBOY, C. (2013), Adaptation of perceived stress scale to Turkish: Reliability and validity analysis, New Symposium Journal, 51 (3), 132-140.
  • GARLOW, S. J. (2008), Depression, desperation, and suicidal ideation in college students: results from the American Foundation for suicide prevention college screening project at Emory University, Depression and Anxiety, 25, 482-488.
  • GINGERICH, J. W., & PETERSON, T. L. (2012), Effectiveness of solution-focused brief theraphy: A systematic qualitative review of controlled outcome studies, Research on Social Work Practice, 23(3), 266-283.
  • GOLDRICK, L. (2005), Youth suicide prevention: Strengthening state policies and school-based strategies, National Governors Association Center for Best Practices. Retrieved from https://afsp.org/advocacy/files/General_%20Documents/0504suicideprevention.pdf.
  • HISLI, N. (1988), A study on validity of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Turkish Journal of Psychology, 6,118-126.
  • KIM, S. J. (2008), Examining the effectiveness of solution-focused brief therapy: A meta-analysis, Research on Social Work Practice, 18 (2), 107-116.
  • KO, J. M., YU, J. S., & KIM, G. Y. (2003), The effects of solution-focused group counseling on the stress response and coping strategies in delinquent juveniles, Journal of Korean Academic Nursing, 33, 440-450.
  • LAZARUS, R., & FOLKMAN, S. (1984), Stress, Appraisal and Coping, New York, NY: Springer Publ., 19. MACDONALD, J. A. (2007), Solution-Focused Therapy: Theory Research & Practice, London: Sage Publ., 1-34.
  • MUNSON, E. C. (2002), Handbook of Clinical Social Work Supervision (Vol 3), USA: Haworth Press, 3-11.
  • NASW. (1987), NASW Register of Clinical Social Workers, Washington DC: NASW Press.
  • OZGUVEN I., E., AKHUN, I, ONSOY, R., FIDAN, N.& BAYKUL, Y. (1988), Expectations and Problems of Student Living at Yurtkur Dormitories, Ankara: Publications of General Directorate of Higher Education Credit and Dormitories.
  • OZGUVEN, I. E. (1992), Problems of students and ways of coping with them, Hacettepe University Training Faculty Journal, 7, 5-13.
  • SEBER, G. (1991), A Study on Validity and Reliability of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Unpublished Associate Professorship Thesis, Anadolu University Medicine Faculty Department of Psychiatry, Eskişehir.
  • SELYE, H. (1974), Stress Without Disstress, New York, NY: J. B. Lippencott Comp., 26-38.
  • SHIN, K. S. (2009), Effects of solution-focused program on the reduction of aggressiveness and the improvement of social readjustment for Korean youth probationers, Journal of Social Service Research, 35, 274-284.
  • TURKSTAT. (2014), Turkish Statistical Institute Youth in Statistics, Retrieved from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Kitap.do?metod=KitapDetay&KT_ID=11&KITAP_ID=251.
  • WONG, P. T. P. (2013), Suicide risks among college students from diverse cultural backrounds, Directions in Psychiatry, 33(4), 237-249.
  • YEDIGIS, B. L., & WEINBACH, R. W. (2005), Research Methods for Social Workers (Vol. 5), USA: Pearson Inc., 125.
  • YERLIKAYA, E. E., & INANÇ B. (2007), Psychometric Features of Turkish Translation of Perceived Stress Scale, Paper presented at IXth National Psychological Consultancy and Guidance Congress, Izmir.

THE EFFECT OF SOLUTION FOCUSED SOCIAL WORK INTERVENTION ON COLLEGE STUDENTS’ HOPELESSNESS AND STRESS LEVELS - ÇÖZÜM ODAKLI SOSYAL HİZMET MÜDAHALESİNİN ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN UMUTSUZLUK VE STRES DÜZEYLERİNE ETKİSİ

Yıl 2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 42 - 66, 23.03.2020
https://doi.org/10.30798/makuiibf.568273

Öz

Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı Çözüm Odaklı Kısa Süreli Terapiye Dayalı Sosyal Hizmet Müdahalesinin üniversite öğrencilerinin umutsuzluk ve stres düzeylerine etkisini incelemektir. Yöntem: 2015-2016 akademik yılı güz döneminde Hacettepe Üniversitesi Beytepe Psikolojik Danışma Birimine başvuran toplamda 24 öğrenci bu araştırmanın deney ve control grubuna dahil edilmiştir. Müdahale kapsamında, deney grubundaki öğrencilere 4-8 oturum arasında ÇOKT uygulanmıştır. Öntest - sontest kontrol gruplu yarı deneysel model bu araştırmada kullanılmıştır. Sonuçların analizinde Mann Whitney U Testi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Umutsuzluk ölçeği motivasyon kaybı altboyutu için puanlar arasındaki fark istatistiksel olarak anlamlı (p<0.05) bulunmuştur. Benzer şekilde toplam Umutsuzluk Ölçeği puanı ve diğer iki Umutsuzluk Ölçeği alt boyutu (gelecekle ilgili duygular ve beklentiler alt boyutu ile umut alt boyutu) ve Algılanan Stres ölçeği puanları arasında müdahale grubunun lehine olacak şekilde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılıklar bulunmuştur (p<0.001). Müdahalenin etki büyüklüğü ölçekler açısından ve alt boyutların çoğunluğu açısından yüksek bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Sonuçlar göstermektedir ki ÇOKT’ye dayalı sosyal hizmet müdahalesi üniversite öğrencileri üzerinde etkili ve istastistiksel olarak anlamlıdır.

Kaynakça

  • APA & POLL, H. (2014), The Stress in America Survey: 2013. Retrieved from http://www.apapracticecentral.org/update/2014/02-13/teen-stress.aspx.
  • BALTAS, Z., ATAKUMAN Y., & DUMAN, Y. (1998, July), Standardization of the perceived stress scale: perceived stress in middle managers. Paper presented at the 19th International Conference, Stress and Anxiety Research Society, Istanbul.
  • BANKS, V. (1999). A solution focused approach to adolescent group work. A.N.Z.J. Family Therapy, 20 (2), 78-82.
  • BECK, T. A. (1963), Thinking and Depression: I. idiosyncratic content and cognitive distortions, Archieves of General Psychiatry, 94 (4). 324-333.
  • BECK, A., WISSMAN, A., LESTER, D., & TREXLER, L. (1974), The measurement of pessimism: The Hopelessness Scale, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42 (6), 861-865.
  • CARVER, C. S. & CONNOR-SMITH, J. (2010), Personality and coping, Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 679-704.
  • CDC. (2007, Summer), Suicide: facts at a glance. Retrieved from http://www.naswdc.org/practice/adolescent_health/shift/documents/case/Prevalencey%C3%BCzde%2020Data/SHIFT-QuickFacts1.pdf.
  • COHEN, S., KAMARCK, T. & MERMEISTEIN, A. R. (1983), Global measure of perceived stress, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 285-396.
  • COREY, G. (2005), Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy (7th Ed.), Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning.
  • CELIKEL, F. C. & ERKORKMAZ, U. (2008), Depressive symptoms and despair levels in university students and associated factors, Archieves of Neuropsychiatry, 45 (4), 122-129.
  • DE SHAZER, S. (1985), Keys to Solutions in Brief Therapy, New York, USA: Norton & Company, 18.
  • DE SHAZER, S., & ISEBAERT, L. (2003), The bruges model: A solution-focused approach to problem drinking, Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 14 (4), 43-52.
  • DIXON, A. W., HEPPNER, P. P., BURNETT, J. W., & LIPS, B. J. (1993), Hopelessness and stress: Evidence for an interactive model of deppression, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17 (1), 39-52.
  • DURAK, A. (1993), A Study on Validity of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Unpublished Master Thesis, Ankara University Institute of Social Sciences, Ankara.
  • DURAK-BATIGUN, A. (2005), Suicide probability: A study on reasons for living, hopelessness and loneliness, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry,16(1), 29-39.
  • ESKIN, M., DEMIR, K. H., & DEMIR, S. (2005), Same sex-sexual orientation childhood sexual abuse and suicidal behavior in university students in Turkey, Archieves of Sexual Behavior, 34(2), 185-195.
  • ESKIN, M., HARLAK, H., DEMIRKIRAN, F., & DEREBOY, C. (2013), Adaptation of perceived stress scale to Turkish: Reliability and validity analysis, New Symposium Journal, 51 (3), 132-140.
  • GARLOW, S. J. (2008), Depression, desperation, and suicidal ideation in college students: results from the American Foundation for suicide prevention college screening project at Emory University, Depression and Anxiety, 25, 482-488.
  • GINGERICH, J. W., & PETERSON, T. L. (2012), Effectiveness of solution-focused brief theraphy: A systematic qualitative review of controlled outcome studies, Research on Social Work Practice, 23(3), 266-283.
  • GOLDRICK, L. (2005), Youth suicide prevention: Strengthening state policies and school-based strategies, National Governors Association Center for Best Practices. Retrieved from https://afsp.org/advocacy/files/General_%20Documents/0504suicideprevention.pdf.
  • HISLI, N. (1988), A study on validity of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Turkish Journal of Psychology, 6,118-126.
  • KIM, S. J. (2008), Examining the effectiveness of solution-focused brief therapy: A meta-analysis, Research on Social Work Practice, 18 (2), 107-116.
  • KO, J. M., YU, J. S., & KIM, G. Y. (2003), The effects of solution-focused group counseling on the stress response and coping strategies in delinquent juveniles, Journal of Korean Academic Nursing, 33, 440-450.
  • LAZARUS, R., & FOLKMAN, S. (1984), Stress, Appraisal and Coping, New York, NY: Springer Publ., 19. MACDONALD, J. A. (2007), Solution-Focused Therapy: Theory Research & Practice, London: Sage Publ., 1-34.
  • MUNSON, E. C. (2002), Handbook of Clinical Social Work Supervision (Vol 3), USA: Haworth Press, 3-11.
  • NASW. (1987), NASW Register of Clinical Social Workers, Washington DC: NASW Press.
  • OZGUVEN I., E., AKHUN, I, ONSOY, R., FIDAN, N.& BAYKUL, Y. (1988), Expectations and Problems of Student Living at Yurtkur Dormitories, Ankara: Publications of General Directorate of Higher Education Credit and Dormitories.
  • OZGUVEN, I. E. (1992), Problems of students and ways of coping with them, Hacettepe University Training Faculty Journal, 7, 5-13.
  • SEBER, G. (1991), A Study on Validity and Reliability of Beck Hopelessness Scale, Unpublished Associate Professorship Thesis, Anadolu University Medicine Faculty Department of Psychiatry, Eskişehir.
  • SELYE, H. (1974), Stress Without Disstress, New York, NY: J. B. Lippencott Comp., 26-38.
  • SHIN, K. S. (2009), Effects of solution-focused program on the reduction of aggressiveness and the improvement of social readjustment for Korean youth probationers, Journal of Social Service Research, 35, 274-284.
  • TURKSTAT. (2014), Turkish Statistical Institute Youth in Statistics, Retrieved from http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Kitap.do?metod=KitapDetay&KT_ID=11&KITAP_ID=251.
  • WONG, P. T. P. (2013), Suicide risks among college students from diverse cultural backrounds, Directions in Psychiatry, 33(4), 237-249.
  • YEDIGIS, B. L., & WEINBACH, R. W. (2005), Research Methods for Social Workers (Vol. 5), USA: Pearson Inc., 125.
  • YERLIKAYA, E. E., & INANÇ B. (2007), Psychometric Features of Turkish Translation of Perceived Stress Scale, Paper presented at IXth National Psychological Consultancy and Guidance Congress, Izmir.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Melek ZUBAROĞLU YANARDAĞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
MEHMET AKIF ERSOY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3425-483X
Türkiye


Emine ÖZMETE
ANKARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9264-5660
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 23 Mart 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 21 Mayıs 2019
Kabul Tarihi 17 Mart 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Zubaroğlu Yanardağ, M. & Özmete, E. (2020). ÇÖZÜM ODAKLI SOSYAL HİZMET MÜDAHALESİNİN ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN UMUTSUZLUK VE STRES DÜZEYLERİNE ETKİSİ - THE EFFECT OF SOLUTION FOCUSED SOCIAL WORK INTERVENTION ON COLLEGE STUDENTS’ HOPELESSNESS AND STRESS LEVELS . Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 7 (1) , 42-66 . DOI: 10.30798/makuiibf.568273