Yıl 2019, Cilt 3 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 58 - 76 2019-06-30

Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv

Susanne ZİEGLER [1]


In the focus of this paper are historical sources of Turkish music kept in institutions and archives in Berlin. They are, first and foremost, due to the work of Kurt Reinhard (1914–1979), professor at the Free University in Berlin (1948–1977) and director of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv (1952–1968). From 1955 onwards, he intensively did fieldwork in Turkey, often together with his wife Ursula, and published and lectured on Turkish music.

Today Reinhard’s sound recordings are preserved in the Phonogramm-Archiv in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin, together with ample documentation, photos, writings, correspondence, and personal documents. Additional materials, including recordings and publications of his students and colleagues, preserved in the Institute for Comparative Musicology of the Free University, have also been given to the Phonogramm-Archiv.

These historical documents form a unique collection of cultural heritage of Turkish music, which includes examples of music and dance from the late 1950’s through the end of the 20th century.

In my article I shall briefly introduce the different Berlin institutions and provide information on the sound collections of Turkish music recorded in Turkey by Reinhard, his wife, his students, and colleagues from 1955 onwards.

Historical sound recordings, Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, Kurt Reinhard, Cultural heritage
  • Ahrens, Christian. (1970). Instrumentale Musikstile an der osttürkischen Schwarzmeerküste: eine vergleichende Untersuchung der Spielpraxis von davul-zurna, kemençe und tulum. [Instrumental musical styles at the Eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey: A comparative study of playing davul-zurna, kemençe and Tulum]. Dissertation Free University Berlin. München: Renner.
  • Ahrens, Christian; Rudolf Maria Brandl; Felix Hoerburger (Eds.). (1984). „Weine, meine Laute…”. [Cry, my lute…] Gedenkschrift Kurt Reinhard. Laaber-Verlag.
  • Akat, Abdullah. (2013). Analyzing the Eastern Black Sea Region Local Culture Products in German Archives and Creating a Database. International Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship Programme – Final Report. Trabzon. (not published).
  • Akat, Abdullah. (2015). “An Overview of the Eastern Black Sea Region Local Culture Products in Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv”. The Issues of Performance Folk and Church Music, Ed. Managadze, K., Batumi Art State University, Batumi, 80–110.
  • Bartók, Béla. (1976). Turkish Folk Music from Asia Minor, Ed. Benjamin Suchoff, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976 with an “Afterword” written by Kurt Reinhard, 255–269.
  • Baumann, Max Peter (Ed.). (1985). Musik der Türken in Deutschland. [Music of Turks in Germany]. Kassel: Verlag Yvonne Landeck.
  • Baumann. Max Peter. (1979). „Kurt Reinhard (1914–1979)“. Die Musikforschung, 32. Jg, H.3, 257–258
  • Baumann, Max Peter. (1993). “International Institute for Traditional Music”. ICTM World Conference Berlin 1993, 32nd World Conference of the International Council for Traditional Music, Berlin, June 16–22, 1993. Ed. M. P. Baumann, Berlin: International Institute for Traditional Music, 44–47.
  • Christensen, Dieter (Ed.). (1970). Katalog der Tonbandaufnahmen M1-M2000 der Musikethnologischen Abteilung. [Catalogue of the tape recordings M1–M2000 of the Ethnomusicological Department]. Berlin: Museum für Völkerkunde Berlin, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz.
  • Christensen, Dieter. (1980). „Kurt Reinhard 1914–1979“. Ethnomusicology, vol 24, No. 1, v-vi.
  • Eberhard, Wolfram. (1955). Minstrel Tales from Southeastern Turkey. Folklore Studies: 5. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Eggebrecht, Hans Heinrich. (2001). „Reinhard, Kurt“. Grove Music Online. https://doi.org/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.23136 accesed 05 June 2019
  • Koch, Lars-Christian; Albrecht Wiedmann; Susanne Ziegler. (2004). “The Berlin Phonogramm- Archiv: A treasury of sound recordings”. Acoustical Science and Technology – the Acoustical Society of Japan. 25(4): 227–231.
  • Kuckertz, Josef. (1984) „Kurt Reinhard: Forscher, Lehrer und Administrator“. „Weine, meine Laute …“ [Kurt Reinhard: Researcher, teacher and administrator. Cry, my lute…] Gedenkschrift Kurt Reinhard. Eds. Ahrens, Christian et al., Laaber-Verlag 1984: 11–14.
  • Reiche, Jens Peter. (1968). Stilelemente süd-türkischer Davul-Zurna-Stücke. Ein Beitrag zur Untersuchung der mediterranen Spielpraxis von Trommel und Oboe. [Style elements of south-Turkic davul-zurna-pieces. A contribution to the research of the mediterranean playing technique of drum and oboe]. Dissertation Free University Berlin. Short version published in: Jahrbuch für musikalische Volks- und Völkerkunde 5: 9–54.
  • Reinhard, Kurt. (1939). Die Musik Birmas. [The music of Birma]. Dissertation Universität München 1938. (Schriften des Musikwissenschaftlichen Seminars der Universität München, [Writings oft he Musicological Seminar of Munich University]. vol. 5) Würzburg 1939.
  • Reinhard, Kurt. (1961). „Das Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv“. The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv]. Baessler-Archiv, Neue Folge 9:83–94.
  • Reinhard, Kurt. (1962). Türkische Musik. (Veröffentlichungen des Museums für Völkerkunde Berlin, Neue Folge [Turkish Music. (Publications of the Museum of Ethnology in Berlin, new series], Band 4). Berlin.
  • Reinhard, Kurt. (1966) „Musik am Schwarzen Meer. Erste Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise in die Nordost-Türkei“.[Music at the Black Sea coast. First results of an expedition to Northeastern Turkey. ]. Jahrbuch für musikalische Volks- und Völkerkunde 2: 9–58 (with record).
  • Reinhard, Kurt. (1972). „Zwanzig Jahre Wiederaufbau des Berliner Phonogramm-Archivs“. [Twenty years of rebuilding the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv]. Jahrbuch für musikalische Volks- und Völkerkunde 6: 65–76.
  • Reinhard, Kurt and Ursula. (1968) Auf der Fiedel mein…: Volkslieder von der osttürkischen Schwarzmeerküste. [On my fiddle…: Folksongs from the Black Sea coast of Eastern Turkey]. Berlin: Museum für Völkerkunde Berlin.
  • Reinhard, Kurt and Ursula. (1969). Turquie. [Turkey]. (Les traditions musicales, [The music traditions] vol 4). Paris: Buchet-Chastel.
  • Reinhard, Kurt and Ursula. (1984). Musik der Türkei. Bd. 1: Die Kunstmusik, Bd. 2: Die Volksmusik. [Music of Turkey. Vol. 1: Art music, vol. 2: Folk music]. Wilhelmshaven: Heinrichshofen Verlag.
  • Reinhard, Ursula. (1965). Vor seinen Häusern eine Weide … . Volksliedtexte aus der Süd-Türkei. [In front of his houses a pasture… Folksong texts from South-Turkey.]. Berlin: Museum für Völkerkunde.
  • Reinhard, Ursula; Tiago de Oliveira Pinto. (1989). Sänger und Poeten mit der Laute: Türkische Âşık und Ozan. [Singers and poets with the lute: Turkish Âşık and Ozan]. Berlin: Museum für Völkerkunde (with 2 cassettes).
  • Schumacher, Rüdiger. (2015). „Reinhard, Kurt“. MGG Online, hrsg. von Laurenz Lütteken, Kassel, Stuttgart, New York: 2016ff., veröffentlicht 2015-11-28, https://www.mgg-online.com/mgg/stable/50648 accesed 05 June, 2019
  • Simon, Artur (Ed.). (2000) Das Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv 1900–2000. Sammlungen der traditionellen Musik der Welt. [The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv 1900–2000. Collections of Traditional Music of the World], Berlin: VWB – Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung.
  • Tewari, Laxmi. (1972). “Turkish Village Music”, Asian Music III-1, 10–24.
  • Ziegler, Susanne. (2006). Die Wachszylinder des Berliner Phonogramm-Archivs. [The wax cylinders of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv]. Berlin: Ethnologisches Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (with CD-ROM).
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Konular Sanat
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-0588-5330
Yazar: Susanne ZİEGLER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Germany


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { musicologist560186, journal = {Musicologist}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5652}, address = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Faik Ahmet Barutçu Kütüphanesi 61030 TRABZON}, publisher = {Trabzon Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {58 - 76}, doi = {10.33906/musicologist.560186}, title = {Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv}, key = {cite}, author = {ZİEGLER, Susanne} }
APA ZİEGLER, S . (2019). Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv. Musicologist , 3 (1) , 58-76 . DOI: 10.33906/musicologist.560186
MLA ZİEGLER, S . "Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv". Musicologist 3 (2019 ): 58-76 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/musicologist/issue/46460/560186>
Chicago ZİEGLER, S . "Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv". Musicologist 3 (2019 ): 58-76
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv AU - Susanne ZİEGLER Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.560186 DO - 10.33906/musicologist.560186 T2 - Musicologist JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 58 EP - 76 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2618-5652 M3 - doi: 10.33906/musicologist.560186 UR - https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.560186 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Musicologist Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv %A Susanne ZİEGLER %T Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv %D 2019 %J Musicologist %P -2618-5652 %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33906/musicologist.560186 %U 10.33906/musicologist.560186
ISNAD ZİEGLER, Susanne . "Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv". Musicologist 3 / 1 (Haziran 2019): 58-76 . https://doi.org/10.33906/musicologist.560186
AMA ZİEGLER S . Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv. Musicologist. 2019; 3(1): 58-76.
Vancouver ZİEGLER S . Historical Sources of Turkish Music in Berlin: The Kurt Reinhard Collections in the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv. Musicologist. 2019; 3(1): 76-58.