Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the extent of childhood obesity that has increased globally in our age and to give information about prevention studies.
World Health Organization is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation, which overweight and obesity can impair health in the body. Childhood obesity is one of the most important problems faced by children in the 21 st century. Obesity problem is experienced especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. Globally, the number of overweight children under the age of five is estimated to be over 41 million. The prevalence of obesity in our country is increasing day by day. According to Turkey Nutrition and Health Survey; Overweight at 0-5 years of age was 17.9% and overweight and obese were 26.4%; In the age group 6-18, overweight and overweight were found to be 14.3% and 22.5%, respectively. Turkey between 6-11 years in 3963 in a study with children and parents; 11.1% of the children were overweight and 7.5% were obese.
Childhood obesity, which is associated with genetic factors, sedentary life and malnutrition habits, brings with it various health and economic problems. It is stated that individuals with childhood obesity are prone to chronic diseases in adulthood and have chronic disease at an earlier age than other individuals. The treatment of this problem which affects the health of individuals negatively requires cost and time.
In terms of noncommunicable diseases, childhood obesity is a preventable problem. Therefore, prevention of childhood obesity should be started from perinatal period. It is stated that the proper nutrition of the fetus in the womb, the baby in the postnatal period and the child in the school period are important in preventing childhood obesity. Therefore, children, families and individuals interacting with the child; training and awareness raising activities on healthy nutrition and physical activity issues are important.
|Konular||Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri|
|Bölüm||Konferans Bildirisi (Tam Metin)|
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||10 Aralık 2019|
|Kabul Tarihi||14 Ocak 2020|
|Yayınlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2019 Cilt: 7 Sayı: Ek - IRUPEC 2019 Kongresi Tam Metin Bildirileri|