Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 183 - 194 2019-08-31

Sağlık okuryazarlığı düzeyi kadınların meme kanseri bilgisi ve tarama davranışını etkiliyor: Türkiye’den bir kesitsel çalışma
Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study

Candan Kendir [1] , Mehtap Kartal [2]


Amaç: Meme kanserine bağlı 50 yaş ve altı ölüm hızı azalmakta ve sağlık okuryazarlığı kanser farkındalığı ve tarama davranışı açısından önem kazanmaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı, kadınların sağlık okuryazarlığı seviyesi ve meme kanseri bilgi ve tarama davranışı arasındaki ilişkiyi göstermektir. Yöntem: Çalışma kesitsel bir çalışma olup, Türkiye’de iki birinci basamak sağlık merkezinde uygulanmıştır. Sağlık okuryazarlığı seviyesi değerlendirmesi için; REALM ve AHLS ölçekleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Kadınaların ortalama yaşı 49±8.42’ydi. Kadınların REALM ortalama skoru 61±4.97 (min-max=0-65) olup, ortalama AHLS skoru 19±2.64 (min-max=0-23) olarak değerlendirildi. Yetersiz sağlık okuryazarlığı seviyesine sahip kadınlar en düşük meme kanseri bilgi skoruna sahipti (6±2.82, min-maks=0-15). Kadınların %38,2’si (n=191) meme kanseri bilgisini televizyondan edindiğini belirtirken, %31,7’si (n=102) doktorundan edindiğini bildirdi. Sonuç: Düşük sağlık okuryazarlığı düzeyi kadınların meme kanseri tarama davranışı ile bilgi kaynaklarını etkileyerek meme kanseri bilgisinde önemli bir bariyer olarak görünüyor. 

Objective: The mortality rate for breast cancer for people under the age of 50 is decreasing, and health literacy is increasingly understood as important for cancer awareness and screening behavior. The aim of this study was to address the relationship between health literacy levels and breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women. Method: The study was cross-sectional, and conducted in two primary healthcare centers in Turkey. The Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy Measurement (REALM) and Adult Health Literacy Scale (AHLS) were used for health literacy level assessment. Results: The mean age of the participants was 49.62±8.43 years. The mean score of the women for REALM was 61.59±4.97 and the mean AHLS score of women was 19.55±2.64 (min-max=0-23). The women who had inadequate health literacy levels had the lowest Breast cancer knowledge score (BCKS) (6.00±2.82). Of the women, 38.2% (n=191) reported that they received breast cancer information from TV, whereas 31.7% (n=102) received information from their doctors. Conclusion: Low health literacy levels seem to be an important barrier for breast cancer knowledge, affecting screening attitudes and the source of knowledge among women.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6877-4836
Yazar: Candan Kendir (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ecole des hautes etudes en sante publique
Ülke: France


Yazar: Mehtap Kartal
Kurum: Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjph420151, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Halk Sağlığı Uzmanları Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {183 - 194}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.420151}, title = {Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study}, key = {cite}, author = {Kendir, Candan and Kartal, Mehtap} }
APA Kendir, C , Kartal, M . (2019). Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study. Turkish Journal of Public Health , 17 (2) , 183-194 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/48212/420151
MLA Kendir, C , Kartal, M . "Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 183-194 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/48212/420151>
Chicago Kendir, C , Kartal, M . "Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 183-194
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study AU - Candan Kendir , Mehtap Kartal Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 183 EP - 194 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study %A Candan Kendir , Mehtap Kartal %T Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 17 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Kendir, Candan , Kartal, Mehtap . "Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 183-194 .
AMA Kendir C , Kartal M . Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study. TurkJPH. 2019; 17(2): 183-194.
Vancouver Kendir C , Kartal M . Health literacy levels affect breast cancer knowledge and screening attitudes of women in Turkey: A descriptive study. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2019; 17(2): 194-183.