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Psychological Resilience and Life Satisfaction of Healthcare Professionals in Turkey: The Mediating Role of Fear of COVID

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 403 - 417, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001724

Öz

COVID-19 pandemic has caused devastating consequences as psychological traumas especially for healthcare professionals, who play an active role and are at greatest risk in this process. It is important to protect their health to prevent the health system from collapsing. The purpose of this study is to reveal the mediating role of coronavirus fear in the effect of psychological resilience on life satisfaction. coronavirus fear, psychological resilience, and life satisfaction scales were applied to 414 healthcare professionals in 36 provinces of Turkey. The findings show that the increase in the fear of coronavirus decreases the levels of psychological resilience and life satisfaction, whereas the increase in psychological resilience increases the level of life satisfaction. The results suggest that coronavirus fear may contribute to understanding the association between psychological resilience and life satisfaction among healthcare professionals.

Kaynakça

  • Abbott, M. L. (2011). Understanding educational statistics using Microsoft Excel and SPSS. United States: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  • Ahmed, M. A., Jouhar, R., Ahmed, N., Adnan, S., Aftab, M., Zafar, M. S., & Khurshid, Z. (2020). Fear and practice modifications among dentists to combat novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2821. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082821
  • Ahorsu, D. K., Lin, C., Imani, V., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M. D., & Pakpour, A. H. (2020). The fear of COVID-19 scale: Development and initial validation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00270-8
  • Amin, S. (2020). The psychology of coronavirus fear: Are healthcare professionals suffering from corona-phobia? International Journal of Healthcare Management, 13(3), 249-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/20479700.2020.1765119
  • Arslan, G., Yildirim, M., Tanhan, A., Bulus, M., & Allen, K. A. (2020). Coronavirus stress, optimism-pessimism, psychological inflexibility, and psychological health: Psychometric properties of the Coronavirus Stress Measure. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00337-6
  • Bakioglu, F., Korkmaz, O., & Ercan, H. (2020). Fear of COVID-19 and positivity: Mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00331-y
  • Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
  • Baykal, E. (2020). COVID-19 baglaminda psikolojik dayaniklilik, kaygi ve yasam doyum iliskisi [Relationship of psychological resilience, anxiety, and life satisfaction in the context of COVID-19]. International Journal of Social and Economic Sciences, 10(2), 68-80. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.43492
  • Belen, H. (2021). Fear of COVID-19 and mental health: The role of mindfulness in during times of crisis. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-40529/v
  • Bozdag, F. and Ergün, N. (2020). Psychological Resilience of Healthcare Professionals During COVID-19 Pandemic. Sage Journals, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294120965477
  • Chaudhary, N. K. (2020). Outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 10(1), 1-2. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v10i1.28059
  • Chen, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2020). Psychological Adjustment During the Global Outbreak of COVID-19: A Resilience Perspective. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), 51-55. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000685
  • Çiçek, B., & Almali, V. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemisi sürecinde kaygi öz-yeterlilik ve psikolojik iyi olus arasindaki iliski: Özel sektör ve kamu calisanlari karsilastirmasi [The Relationship between anxiety self-efficacy and psychological well-being in the COVID-19 pandemic process: Comparison of private sector and public servants]. Electronic Turkish Studies, 15(4), 241- 260. https://doi.org/10.7827/turkishstudies.43492
  • D’Agostino, R. B., Belanger, A., & D’Agostino, R. B. (1990). A suggestion for using powerful and informative tests of normality. The American Statistician, 44(4), 316-321. https://doi.org/10.2307/2684359
  • Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment; 49(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  • Doshi, D., Karunakar, P., Sukhabogi, J. R., Prasanna, J. S. and Mahajan, S. V. (2020). Assessing coronavirus fear in Indian population using the fear of COVID-19 scale. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00332-x
  • Duncan, L. A., Schaller, M., & Park, J. H. (2009). Perceived vulnerability to disease: Development and validation of a 15-item self-report instrument. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(6), 541–546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.001
  • Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E., & Gencoz, T. (2010). Psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale among Turkish university students, correctional officers, and elderly adults. Social Indicators Research, 99, 413–429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9589-4
  • Durmus, M., & Durar, E. (2021). The relationship between spiritual well-being and fear of COVID-19 among Turkish elders. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/15528030.2021.1894627
  • Dymecka J., Gerymski R., Machnik-Czerwik A. (2021). How does stress affect life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic? Moderated mediation analysis of sense of coherence and fear of coronavirus. Psychol. Health Med., 31, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2021.1906436
  • Evren, C., Evren, B., Dalbudak, E., Topcu, M., & Kutlu, N. (2020). Measuring anxiety related to COVID-19: A Turkish validation study of the coronavirus anxiety scale. Death Studies, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1774969
  • Fritz, M. S., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2007). Required sample size to detect the mediated effect. Psychological Science, 18(3), 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01882.x
  • Garcia R. (2017). Neurobiology of fear and specific phobias. Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), 24(9), 462–471. https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.044115.116
  • Guo, Y. R., Cao, Q. D., Hong, Z. S., Tan, Y. Y., Chen, S. D., Jin, H. J., ... & Yan, Y. (2020). The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak–an update on the status. Military Medical Research, 7(1), 1-10. https://doi. org/10.1186/s40779-020-00240-0
  • Haktanir, A., Lenz, A.S., Can, N., Watson, J. C. (2016). Development and evaluation of Turkish language versions of three positive psychology assessments. International Journal of Advancement in Counselling; 38(4), 286–297. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-016-9272-9
  • Haktanir, A., Seki, T., & Dilmaç, B. (2020). Adaptation and evaluation of Turkish version of the fear of COVID-19 scale. Death Studies, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1773026
  • Haktanir, A., Watson, J. C., Ermis-Demirtas, H., Karaman, M. A., Freeman, P. D., Kumaran, A., & Streeter, A. (2021). Resilience, academic self-concept, and college adjustment among first-year students. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 23(1), 161-178. https://doi.org/10.1177/1521025118810666
  • Hayes, A. F. (2018). Partial, conditional, and moderated moderated mediation: Quantification, inference, and interpretation. Communication Monographs, 85(1), 4-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/03637751.2017.1352100
  • Hjemdal, O., Vogel, P. A., Solem, S., Hagen, K., & Stiles, T. C. (2011). The relationship between resilience and levels of anxiety, depression, and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in adolescents. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 18(4), 314-321. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.719
  • Holmes, K. V. (2003). SARS-associated coronavirus. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(20), 1948-1951. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp030078
  • Huang, Y., & Zhao, N. (2020). Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: A web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Research, 288, 112954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres
  • Karaman, M. A., Chandrika Kumaran, A., Haktanir A., & Lenz, S. (2018). Predictors of counselor-in-training students’ general self-efficacy. Mediterranean Journal of Educational Research, 12(25), 136–149. https://doi.org/10. 29329/mjer.2018.153.8
  • Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford Press.
  • Kul, A., Demir, R., & Katmer, A. N. (2020). COVID-19 salgini döneminde psikolojik saglamligin yordayicisi olarak yasam anlami ve kaygi [Life meaning and anxiety as the predictor of psychological resilience during the COVID-19 outbreak]. Electronic Turkish Studies, 15(6), 695-719. https://doi.org/10.7827/turkishstudies.44419
  • Mamun, M. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (2020). First COVID-19 suicide case in Bangladesh due to fear of COVID-19 and xenophobia: possible suicide prevention strategies. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 102073. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102073.
  • Mertens, G., Gerritsen, L., Duijndam, S., Salemink, E. and Engelhard, I.M. (2020). Fear of the coronavirus (COVID-19): Predictors in an online study conducted in March 2020. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 74, 102258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102258
  • Pappas, G., Kiriaze, I. J., Giannakis, P., & Falagas, M. E. (2009). Psychosocial consequences of infectious diseases. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 15(8), 743-747. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469- 0691.2009.02947.x
  • Pituch, K. A., & Stevens, J. P. (2015). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences: Analyses with SAS and IBM’s SPSS. 6th Edition, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315814919
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Türkiye'de Sağlık Çalışanlarının Psikolojik Sağlamlığı ve Yaşam Doyumu: COVID-19 Korkusunun Aracılık Rolü

Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62, 403 - 417, 27.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1001724

Öz

COVID-19 salgını, özellikle bu süreçte aktif bir rol oynayan ve en büyük risk altında olan sağlık çalışanları için psikolojik travmalar gibi yıkıcı sonuçlara neden olmaktadır. Sağlık sisteminin çökmesini önlemek için sağlık çalışanlarının sağlıklarını korumak önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, psikolojik sağlamlığın yaşam doyumu üzerindeki etkisinde koronavirüs korkusunun aracı rolünü ortaya çıkarmaktır. Türkiye'nin 36 ilinde 414 sağlık çalışanına koronavirüs korkusu, psikolojik sağlamlık ve yaşam doyumu ölçekleri uygulanmıştır. Bulgular, koronavirüs korkusundaki artışın psikolojik sağlamlık ve yaşam doyumu düzeylerini azalttığını, psikolojik sağlamlık düzeyindeki artışın ise yaşam doyumu düzeyini artırdığını göstermektedir. Sonuçlar, koronavirüs korkusunun sağlık profesyonelleri arasında psikolojik dayanıklılık ve yaşam doyumu arasındaki ilişkiyi anlamaya katkıda bulunabileceğini göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Abbott, M. L. (2011). Understanding educational statistics using Microsoft Excel and SPSS. United States: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  • Ahmed, M. A., Jouhar, R., Ahmed, N., Adnan, S., Aftab, M., Zafar, M. S., & Khurshid, Z. (2020). Fear and practice modifications among dentists to combat novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2821. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082821
  • Ahorsu, D. K., Lin, C., Imani, V., Saffari, M., Griffiths, M. D., & Pakpour, A. H. (2020). The fear of COVID-19 scale: Development and initial validation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00270-8
  • Amin, S. (2020). The psychology of coronavirus fear: Are healthcare professionals suffering from corona-phobia? International Journal of Healthcare Management, 13(3), 249-256. https://doi.org/10.1080/20479700.2020.1765119
  • Arslan, G., Yildirim, M., Tanhan, A., Bulus, M., & Allen, K. A. (2020). Coronavirus stress, optimism-pessimism, psychological inflexibility, and psychological health: Psychometric properties of the Coronavirus Stress Measure. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00337-6
  • Bakioglu, F., Korkmaz, O., & Ercan, H. (2020). Fear of COVID-19 and positivity: Mediating role of intolerance of uncertainty, depression, anxiety, and stress. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00331-y
  • Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
  • Baykal, E. (2020). COVID-19 baglaminda psikolojik dayaniklilik, kaygi ve yasam doyum iliskisi [Relationship of psychological resilience, anxiety, and life satisfaction in the context of COVID-19]. International Journal of Social and Economic Sciences, 10(2), 68-80. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.43492
  • Belen, H. (2021). Fear of COVID-19 and mental health: The role of mindfulness in during times of crisis. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-40529/v
  • Bozdag, F. and Ergün, N. (2020). Psychological Resilience of Healthcare Professionals During COVID-19 Pandemic. Sage Journals, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033294120965477
  • Chaudhary, N. K. (2020). Outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Journal of Chitwan Medical College, 10(1), 1-2. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v10i1.28059
  • Chen, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2020). Psychological Adjustment During the Global Outbreak of COVID-19: A Resilience Perspective. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), 51-55. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000685
  • Çiçek, B., & Almali, V. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemisi sürecinde kaygi öz-yeterlilik ve psikolojik iyi olus arasindaki iliski: Özel sektör ve kamu calisanlari karsilastirmasi [The Relationship between anxiety self-efficacy and psychological well-being in the COVID-19 pandemic process: Comparison of private sector and public servants]. Electronic Turkish Studies, 15(4), 241- 260. https://doi.org/10.7827/turkishstudies.43492
  • D’Agostino, R. B., Belanger, A., & D’Agostino, R. B. (1990). A suggestion for using powerful and informative tests of normality. The American Statistician, 44(4), 316-321. https://doi.org/10.2307/2684359
  • Diener, E. D., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment; 49(1), 71-75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13
  • Doshi, D., Karunakar, P., Sukhabogi, J. R., Prasanna, J. S. and Mahajan, S. V. (2020). Assessing coronavirus fear in Indian population using the fear of COVID-19 scale. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00332-x
  • Duncan, L. A., Schaller, M., & Park, J. H. (2009). Perceived vulnerability to disease: Development and validation of a 15-item self-report instrument. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(6), 541–546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.05.001
  • Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E., & Gencoz, T. (2010). Psychometric properties of the satisfaction with life scale among Turkish university students, correctional officers, and elderly adults. Social Indicators Research, 99, 413–429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9589-4
  • Durmus, M., & Durar, E. (2021). The relationship between spiritual well-being and fear of COVID-19 among Turkish elders. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/15528030.2021.1894627
  • Dymecka J., Gerymski R., Machnik-Czerwik A. (2021). How does stress affect life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic? Moderated mediation analysis of sense of coherence and fear of coronavirus. Psychol. Health Med., 31, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2021.1906436
  • Evren, C., Evren, B., Dalbudak, E., Topcu, M., & Kutlu, N. (2020). Measuring anxiety related to COVID-19: A Turkish validation study of the coronavirus anxiety scale. Death Studies, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1774969
  • Fritz, M. S., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2007). Required sample size to detect the mediated effect. Psychological Science, 18(3), 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01882.x
  • Garcia R. (2017). Neurobiology of fear and specific phobias. Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), 24(9), 462–471. https://doi.org/10.1101/lm.044115.116
  • Guo, Y. R., Cao, Q. D., Hong, Z. S., Tan, Y. Y., Chen, S. D., Jin, H. J., ... & Yan, Y. (2020). The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak–an update on the status. Military Medical Research, 7(1), 1-10. https://doi. org/10.1186/s40779-020-00240-0
  • Haktanir, A., Lenz, A.S., Can, N., Watson, J. C. (2016). Development and evaluation of Turkish language versions of three positive psychology assessments. International Journal of Advancement in Counselling; 38(4), 286–297. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-016-9272-9
  • Haktanir, A., Seki, T., & Dilmaç, B. (2020). Adaptation and evaluation of Turkish version of the fear of COVID-19 scale. Death Studies, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1773026
  • Haktanir, A., Watson, J. C., Ermis-Demirtas, H., Karaman, M. A., Freeman, P. D., Kumaran, A., & Streeter, A. (2021). Resilience, academic self-concept, and college adjustment among first-year students. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 23(1), 161-178. https://doi.org/10.1177/1521025118810666
  • Hayes, A. F. (2018). Partial, conditional, and moderated moderated mediation: Quantification, inference, and interpretation. Communication Monographs, 85(1), 4-40. https://doi.org/10.1080/03637751.2017.1352100
  • Hjemdal, O., Vogel, P. A., Solem, S., Hagen, K., & Stiles, T. C. (2011). The relationship between resilience and levels of anxiety, depression, and obsessive–compulsive symptoms in adolescents. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 18(4), 314-321. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.719
  • Holmes, K. V. (2003). SARS-associated coronavirus. New England Journal of Medicine, 348(20), 1948-1951. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp030078
  • Huang, Y., & Zhao, N. (2020). Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: A web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Research, 288, 112954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres
  • Karaman, M. A., Chandrika Kumaran, A., Haktanir A., & Lenz, S. (2018). Predictors of counselor-in-training students’ general self-efficacy. Mediterranean Journal of Educational Research, 12(25), 136–149. https://doi.org/10. 29329/mjer.2018.153.8
  • Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford Press.
  • Kul, A., Demir, R., & Katmer, A. N. (2020). COVID-19 salgini döneminde psikolojik saglamligin yordayicisi olarak yasam anlami ve kaygi [Life meaning and anxiety as the predictor of psychological resilience during the COVID-19 outbreak]. Electronic Turkish Studies, 15(6), 695-719. https://doi.org/10.7827/turkishstudies.44419
  • Mamun, M. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (2020). First COVID-19 suicide case in Bangladesh due to fear of COVID-19 and xenophobia: possible suicide prevention strategies. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 102073. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102073.
  • Mertens, G., Gerritsen, L., Duijndam, S., Salemink, E. and Engelhard, I.M. (2020). Fear of the coronavirus (COVID-19): Predictors in an online study conducted in March 2020. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 74, 102258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102258
  • Pappas, G., Kiriaze, I. J., Giannakis, P., & Falagas, M. E. (2009). Psychosocial consequences of infectious diseases. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 15(8), 743-747. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469- 0691.2009.02947.x
  • Pituch, K. A., & Stevens, J. P. (2015). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences: Analyses with SAS and IBM’s SPSS. 6th Edition, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315814919
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yalçın KARAGÖZ Bu kişi benim
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


İsmail DURAK Bu kişi benim
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Hakan Tahiri MUTLU Bu kişi benim
BOLU ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 11, Sayı 62

Kaynak Göster

APA Karagöz, Y. , Durak, İ. & Mutlu, H. T. (2021). Psychological Resilience and Life Satisfaction of Healthcare Professionals in Turkey: The Mediating Role of Fear of COVID . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 11 (62) , 403-417 . DOI: 10.17066/tpdrd.1001724