Yıl 2021, Cilt 8 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 77 - 84 2021-01-23

Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi

Faruk ÖZKUTLU [1]


Vegetable consumption, as it is more economic, has rapidly increased in developing countries as compared to the developed countries. Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in vegetables is an important environmental problem globally threatening human health. Understanding the response of vegetables to Cd stress and applying management strategies may be helpful to decrease Cd uptake of vegetables. Among the factors, affecting Cd uptake of plants is salinity. Salinity is one of the biggest abiotic stresses in the world. Cadmium occurrence in saline soils makes the problem even worse. In this study, for this reason, three Cd (0.1, 0.5 and 2.5 mg Cd kg-1) and four salt (0, 200, 600 and 1800 mg NaCl kg-1) doses were applied to broccoli plant. Dry matter yield and Cd uptake of green parts were investigated in the study. According to the obtained results, in the dose of 0.1 mg Cd kg-1, dry matter yield in the salt-control plants was 3.59 g plant-1 whereas it decreased as 3.43, 2.83 and 2.36 g plant-1 depending on increasing salt applications. In unsalted and 2.5 mg Cd kg-1 application, dry matter yield was 3.0 g plant-1 while it reached to as 1.64 g plant-1 by increasing almost two-folds with the highest salt dose. It was determined that Cd uptake was increased when the soil contaminated with a low amount of Cd was together with salinity. Although K concentrations in green plant parts tended to decrease in all salt applications, it decreased from 4.19 to 3.06 mg kg-1 in the treatment of 2.5 mg Cd kg-1 and 1800 mg NaCl kg-1. In conclusion, it was found that Cd uptake in broccoli might be high in salty soils and thus there was a need for determining broccoli varieties accumulating lower amount of Cd.
Gelişmekte olan ülkelerde, daha ekonomik olması nedeniyle gelişmiş ülkelere göre sebze tüketimi hızla artmaktadır. Sebzelerde kadmiyum (Cd) birikimi, küresel olarak insan sağlığını tehdit eden önemli bir çevresel konudur. Sebzelerin Cd stresine tepkisini anlamak ve yönetim stratejilerini uygulamak, sebzelerin Cd alımını azaltmaya yardımcı olabilir. Bitkilerin Cd alımını etkileyen faktörler arasında tuzluluk yer almaktadır. Tuzluluk, dünyadaki en büyük abiyotik streslerden biridir. Tuzlu toprakta Cd bulunması sorunu daha da kötüleştirir. Bu amaçla yürütülen çalışmada brokoli bitkisine 3 farklı Cd dozu (0.1, 0.5 ve 2.5 mg Cd kg-1 ) ve 4 farklı tuz dozu (0, 200, 600, ve 1800 mg NaCl kg-1) uygulanmıştır. Denemede bitkinin yeşil aksam kuru madde verimi ve yeşil aksam Cd alımları incelenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre Cd 0.1 mg kg-1 olduğu dozda kuru madde verimi tuz uygulamasının kontrolünde 3.59 g bitki-1 iken artan tuz uygulamalarına bağlı olarak sırasıyla 3.43, 2.83 ve 2.36 g bitki-1 olarak azaldığı belirlenmiştir. Tuzsuz ve Cd 2.5 uygulamasında kuru madde verimi 3.0 g bitki-1 iken tuzun en yüksek dozunda yaklaşık 2 kat azalarak 1.64 g bitki-1 düzeyine gerilemiştir. Düşük miktarda Cd ile kontamine olmuş toprak tuzluluk ile bir arada olduğunda Cd alımının arttırdığı saptanmıştır. Bitkilerin yeşil aksamındaki K konsantrasyonları bütün tuz uygulamaları altında azalma eğilimi gösterirken, 2.5 mg Cd kg-1 ve 1800 mg NaCl kg-1 uygulamasında K konsantrasyonu 4.19’dan 3.06’a mg kg-1 düzeyine düştüğü belirlenmiştir. Sonuçta, tuzlu topraklarda brokolide Cd alımının yüksek miktarda birikebileceği ortaya konulmuş olup brokolide daha az Cd biriktiren çeşitlerin belirlenmesine ihtiyaç olduğu saptanmıştır.
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Orcid: 0000-0002-8651-3346
Yazar: Faruk ÖZKUTLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 23 Ocak 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { turkjans712033, journal = {Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {2148-3647}, address = {}, publisher = {Mevlüt AKÇURA}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {77 - 84}, doi = {10.30910/turkjans.712033}, title = {Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Özkutlu, Faruk} }
APA Özkutlu, F . (2021). Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi . Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi , 8 (1) , 77-84 . DOI: 10.30910/turkjans.712033
MLA Özkutlu, F . "Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi" . Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 8 (2021 ): 77-84 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/turkjans/issue/60017/712033>
Chicago Özkutlu, F . "Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 8 (2021 ): 77-84
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi AU - Faruk Özkutlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30910/turkjans.712033 DO - 10.30910/turkjans.712033 T2 - Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 84 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - 2148-3647- M3 - doi: 10.30910/turkjans.712033 UR - https://doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.712033 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi %A Faruk Özkutlu %T Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi %D 2021 %J Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi %P 2148-3647- %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30910/turkjans.712033 %U 10.30910/turkjans.712033
ISNAD Özkutlu, Faruk . "Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi". Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi 8 / 1 (Ocak 2021): 77-84 . https://doi.org/10.30910/turkjans.712033
AMA Özkutlu F . Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi. TTDBD. 2021; 8(1): 77-84.
Vancouver Özkutlu F . Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi. Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi. 2021; 8(1): 77-84.
IEEE F. Özkutlu , "Kadmiyum (Cd) ve NaCl Uygulamalarının Brokolide (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Kuru Madde Miktarı ve Besin Elementi İçeriğine Etkisi", Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 8, sayı. 1, ss. 77-84, Oca. 2021, doi:10.30910/turkjans.712033