Araştırma Makalesi
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

The effect of score components on total score in the Group All-Around Ranking of 1st Rhythmic Gymnastics Junior World Championships

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 114 - 119, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18826/useeabd.1001903

Öz

Aim: The analysis of the score components that affect the result in rhythmic gymnastics group (RGG) routines can guide the decisions to be made in the future evaluation and competition rules, and the physical preparation of the coaches and athletes. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of total score components on total score in the Group All-Around RankingApparatus Qualification of 1st Rhythmic Gymnastics Junior World Championships (WCh), which was organized for the first time in 2019, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Methods: In this study, 455 components of a total of 65 group routines were analyzed in 5 hoops (33 countries) and 5 ribbons routines (32 countries). Descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis were used for all score components.

Results: In 5 hoops and 5 ribbons routines, the effect of D1-2 scores on DTS was 91% and 81%, the effect of D3-4 scores on DTS was 99% and 95%, the effect of DTS on TS was 98% and 98% respectively, also in the E score components, the effect of deduction E1-2 scores on TS was 93% and 95%, the effect of deduction E3-4-5-6 scores on ETS was 88% and 99%, the effect of ETS on TS was 94% and 97% respectively (p<0.001). In both routines, the effect of DTS on TS was more than ETS. It was determined that the effects of D1-2 and D3-4 components on DTS in 5 hoops routines were higher than in 5 ribbons routines and the most effective subcomponent on DTS was D3-4. In the 5 ribbons routines, the effect of ETS was observed to be higher than the 5 hoops routines. 
Conclusion: A good balance to be established between the score components is important for the integrity of composition. The predominance of one component can disrupt the beauty of unity.

Kaynakça

  • Agopyan, A. (2014). Analysis of body movement difficulties of individual elite rhythmic gymnasts at London 2012 Olympic games finals. Middle - East Journal of Scientific Research, 19(12), 1554– 1565.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Klentrou, P., and Levre, E. (2012a). Handling, throws, catches and collaborations in elite group rhythmic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 4, 37–47.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Leandro, C., Lebre, E. (2009) Portimão Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup. Scores analysis. Book of abstracts of the 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Liverpool 2011; pp. 579-80.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Lebre, E. (2011). Estudio del valor artístico de los ejercicios de conjunto de Gimnasia Rítmica de la Copa del Mundo de Portimão 2007 y 2008. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes. 2011, n.º 103. 1.er trimestre, pp. 68-75. ISSN-1577-4015.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Palomero, MdL., Klentrou, P., and Lebre, E. (2012b). Analysis of the technical content of elite rhythmic gymnastics group routines. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 5, 146– 153.
  • Federation Internationale De Gymnastique (FIG), (2017). Code de pointage GR 2017-2020, Version mise à jour valable dès le 1er février 2018.
  • Ferreirinha, J., Carvalho, J., CôrteReal, C., & Silva, A. (2011). Evolução do Valor Real de Dificuldade dos Exercícios de Paralelas Assimétricas de Ginástas de Elite nos Ultimos Ciclos Olímpicos. In FGP (Ed.), Da Prática à Ciência. Artigos do 2º e 3º Congresso de FGP (pp. 71-78). Lisboa.
  • Gymnastics disciplines. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/pages/disciplines/ histrg.php, date of access 26 Jan 2021.
  • Gymnastics events. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/events/searchresults.php, date of access 15 Jun 2021.
  • Gymnastics rules. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/rules/#5, date of access 15 Jun 2021.
  • Jastrejevskaya, N., (1995). Rhythmic Sportive Gymnastics Theory and Practice, FIG, p 140.
  • Jastrjembskaia, N., Titov, Y. (1999). Rhythmic Gymnastics, Human Kinetics, p 127-192.
  • Kutlay, E., Yardımcı, S. (2007). Analysis of Individual Competition Forms in Rhythmic Gymnastics, 4th International Mediterranean Sport Sciences Congress, 9-11 Kasım, Antalya/Türkiye.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2017). Judging in rhythmic gymnastics at diferent levels of performance. Journal of Human Kinetics, 60, 159–165. doi: 10.1515/hukin-2017- 0099.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2015). Accuracy in judgment the difficulty score in elite rhythmic gymnastics individual routines. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 7, 81–93.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2016). Technical content of elite rhythmic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 8(1), 85 – 96.
  • Massidda, M., and Calò, M. C. (2012). Performance scores and standings during the 43rd artistic gymnastics world championships, 2011. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 1415–1420. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.710759.
  • Örs, B. S. The effect of difficulty and execution scores on total ranking during 2019 Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships (2020). African Educational Research Journal, Special Issue 8 (1), 37-42.
  • Sierra-Palmeiro, E., Bobo-Arce, M., Pérez-Ferreirós, A., & Fernández-Villarino, M. A. (2019). Longitudinal Study of Individual Exercises in Elite Rhythmic Gymnastics. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1496. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01496.
  • Trifunov, T., and Slovodanka, D. (2013). The structure of difficulties in the routines of the best world and Serbian rhythmic gymnastics. Fiziˇcka Kultura, 67, 120–129. doi: 10.5937/fizkul1302120t.
  • Tsopani, D., Dallas, G., Tasika, N., & Tinto, A. (2012). The effect of different teaching system in learning rhythmic gymnastics apparatus motor skills. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 4, 55–62

1. Ritmik Cimnastik Gençler Dünya Şampiyonası Grup All-Around Sıralamasında puan bileşenlerinin toplam puana etkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, 114 - 119, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.18826/useeabd.1001903

Öz

Amaç: Ritmik cimnastik grup (RGG) rutinlerinde sonuca etki eden skor bileşenlerinin analizi, ileride yapılacak değerlendirme ve müsabaka kurallarında verilecek kararlarda, antrenör ve sporcuların fiziksel hazırlıklarında yol gösterici olabilir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, 2019 yılında ilk kez Rusya Federasyonu'nun Moskova'da düzenlediği 1. Ritmik Cimnastik Gençler Dünya Şampiyonası (WCh) Grup All-Around Sıralama-Alet Elemeleri'nde toplam puan bileşenlerinin toplam puana etkisini belirlemektir. 

Yöntemler: Bu çalışmada, 5 çember (33 ülke) ve 5 kurdele rutininde (32 ülke) toplam 65 grup rutininin 455 bileşeni analiz edildi. Tüm puan bileşenleri için tanımlayıcı istatistikler ve doğrusal regresyon analizi kullanıldı. 

Bulgular: 5 çember ve 5 kurdele rutininde D1-2 puanlarının zorluk toplam skora (DTS) etkisi %91 ve %81, D3-4 puanlarının DTS'ye etkisi %99 ve %95, DTS'nin toplam skora (TS) etkisi sırasıyla %98 ve %98, yine E puanı bileşenlerinde de, kesinti E1-2 puanlarının TS üzerindeki etkisi %93 ve %95, kesinti E3-4-5-6 puanlarının uygulama toplam skoru (ETS) üzerindeki etkisi %88 ve %99 olmuştur. ETS'nin TS üzerindeki etkisi sırasıyla %94 ve %97 idi (p<0.001). Her iki rutinde de DTS'nin TS üzerindeki etkisi ETS'den daha fazlaydı. D1-2 ve D3-4 bileşenlerinin 5 çember rutininde DTS üzerindeki etkilerinin 5 kurdele rutinine göre daha yüksek olduğu ve DTS üzerinde en etkili alt bileşenin D3-4 olduğu belirlendi. 5 kurdele rutininde ETS'nin etkisinin 5 çember rutininden daha yüksek olduğu gözlendi. 

Sonuç: Skor bileşenleri arasında kurulacak iyi bir denge, kompozisyon bütünlüğü için önemlidir. Bir bileşenin baskınlığı, kompozisyon bütünlüğünü bozabilir.

Kaynakça

  • Agopyan, A. (2014). Analysis of body movement difficulties of individual elite rhythmic gymnasts at London 2012 Olympic games finals. Middle - East Journal of Scientific Research, 19(12), 1554– 1565.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Klentrou, P., and Levre, E. (2012a). Handling, throws, catches and collaborations in elite group rhythmic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 4, 37–47.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Leandro, C., Lebre, E. (2009) Portimão Rhythmic Gymnastics World Cup. Scores analysis. Book of abstracts of the 16th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Liverpool 2011; pp. 579-80.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Lebre, E. (2011). Estudio del valor artístico de los ejercicios de conjunto de Gimnasia Rítmica de la Copa del Mundo de Portimão 2007 y 2008. Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes. 2011, n.º 103. 1.er trimestre, pp. 68-75. ISSN-1577-4015.
  • Ávila-Carvalho, L., Palomero, MdL., Klentrou, P., and Lebre, E. (2012b). Analysis of the technical content of elite rhythmic gymnastics group routines. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 5, 146– 153.
  • Federation Internationale De Gymnastique (FIG), (2017). Code de pointage GR 2017-2020, Version mise à jour valable dès le 1er février 2018.
  • Ferreirinha, J., Carvalho, J., CôrteReal, C., & Silva, A. (2011). Evolução do Valor Real de Dificuldade dos Exercícios de Paralelas Assimétricas de Ginástas de Elite nos Ultimos Ciclos Olímpicos. In FGP (Ed.), Da Prática à Ciência. Artigos do 2º e 3º Congresso de FGP (pp. 71-78). Lisboa.
  • Gymnastics disciplines. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/pages/disciplines/ histrg.php, date of access 26 Jan 2021.
  • Gymnastics events. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/events/searchresults.php, date of access 15 Jun 2021.
  • Gymnastics rules. Access address: https://www.gymnastics.sport/site/rules/#5, date of access 15 Jun 2021.
  • Jastrejevskaya, N., (1995). Rhythmic Sportive Gymnastics Theory and Practice, FIG, p 140.
  • Jastrjembskaia, N., Titov, Y. (1999). Rhythmic Gymnastics, Human Kinetics, p 127-192.
  • Kutlay, E., Yardımcı, S. (2007). Analysis of Individual Competition Forms in Rhythmic Gymnastics, 4th International Mediterranean Sport Sciences Congress, 9-11 Kasım, Antalya/Türkiye.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2017). Judging in rhythmic gymnastics at diferent levels of performance. Journal of Human Kinetics, 60, 159–165. doi: 10.1515/hukin-2017- 0099.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2015). Accuracy in judgment the difficulty score in elite rhythmic gymnastics individual routines. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 7, 81–93.
  • Leandro, C., Ávila-Carvalho, L., Sierra-Palmeiro, E., and Bobo Arce, M. (2016). Technical content of elite rhythmic gymnastics. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 8(1), 85 – 96.
  • Massidda, M., and Calò, M. C. (2012). Performance scores and standings during the 43rd artistic gymnastics world championships, 2011. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30, 1415–1420. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.710759.
  • Örs, B. S. The effect of difficulty and execution scores on total ranking during 2019 Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships (2020). African Educational Research Journal, Special Issue 8 (1), 37-42.
  • Sierra-Palmeiro, E., Bobo-Arce, M., Pérez-Ferreirós, A., & Fernández-Villarino, M. A. (2019). Longitudinal Study of Individual Exercises in Elite Rhythmic Gymnastics. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1496. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01496.
  • Trifunov, T., and Slovodanka, D. (2013). The structure of difficulties in the routines of the best world and Serbian rhythmic gymnastics. Fiziˇcka Kultura, 67, 120–129. doi: 10.5937/fizkul1302120t.
  • Tsopani, D., Dallas, G., Tasika, N., & Tinto, A. (2012). The effect of different teaching system in learning rhythmic gymnastics apparatus motor skills. Science of Gymnastics Journal. 4, 55–62

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Yayınlanma Tarihi September 15, 2021
Bölüm HAREKET ve ANTRENMAN BİLİMİ
Yazarlar

Emine KUTLAY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Spor Bilimleri Fakültesi
0000-0002-6999-5961
Türkiye


Pınar TATLIBAL>
DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3158-6468
Türkiye


Onur ORAL>
EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-9117-6359
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Eylül 2021
Gönderilme Tarihi 1 Eylül 2021
Kabul Tarihi 5 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 7, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Kutlay, E. , Tatlıbal, P. & Oral, O. (2021). The effect of score components on total score in the Group All-Around Ranking of 1st Rhythmic Gymnastics Junior World Championships . International Journal of Sport Exercise and Training Sciences - IJSETS , 7 (3) , 114-119 . DOI: 10.18826/useeabd.1001903

Bu dergi DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journal), Tubitak Ulakbim, Google Scholar, Eurasian Scientific Journal Index, Index Copernicus (ICV 2016, 69.46), Turkish Citation Index, ASOS Index, Turkish Education Index, Academic Resource Index, Scientific World Indexing, SOBIAD, Cosmos Impact Factor, Academic Keys, Erih Plus, CrosReff, Root Indexing, Science Library Index, InfoBase Index (IBI Factor 2017, 2.8), U.S. National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health, Electronic Journals Library, WorldCat, MIAR, Arastirmax Scientific Publication Index, Akademik Dizin (Akademik Türk Dergileri İndeksi), CABI Abstracts, IdealOnline, Turk Medline, ROAD (Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources), BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine), International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF), and Genamics JournalSeek tarafından indekslenmektedir.