Yıl 2019, Cilt 29 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 548 - 558 2019-09-30

Koruyucu Toprak İşlemesinde Dipkazan Tipinin Toprak Parçalanması Üzerindeki Etkisinin Araştırılması
Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage

Gholamhossein SHAHGHOLI [1] , Abdolmajid MOINFAR [2]


Toprak işleme operasyonunun temel amaçlarından biri, uygun toprak parçalanmasına sahip bir tohum yatağı sağlamak ve koruyucu toprak işlemesi için nispeten iri agregata sahip bir üst toprak oluşturmaktır. İşlenmemiş sert toprağın kırılması için derin sürümün gerekli olduğu göz önüne alındığında, aynı işlemle bir tohum yatağı oluşturulması işlem verimliliğini artırabilir. Bu çalışma, dipkazan tipinin toprak agregası üzerindeki etkisini araştırmak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bunun için dört toprak altı dipkazanı (Konvansiyonel, Bentleg, Paraplow ve kanatlı Paraplow), farklı toprak nemi içeriğinde (%8, %12, %16 ve %20) ve faklı traktör hızlarında (0.5, 1, 1.2 ve 1.4 m/s) test edilmiştir. Toprak parçalanması, farklı derinliklerde (10, 20, 30 ve 40 cm) değerlendirilmiştir. Diğer iki araçla karşılaştırıldığında, Kanatlı-Paraplow ve Paraplow, dipkazan sonunda bir kanat ve keski olması nedeniyle daha fazla zemin örselenmesi göstermiştir. En yüksek ortalama ağırlık çapına [(MWD) = 19.9 mm], Bentleg ile 10 cm derinlikte ve %20 nem içeriği kullanarak ulaşılmıştır. Bununla birlikte en düşük değer (3.37 mm), 40 cm derinliğindeki kanatlı Paraplow ve nem içeriği %8 ile elde edilmiştir. Düzgün bir tohum yatağı sağlamak için 0.5-8 mm agrega büyüklüğü göz önüne alındığında, 0.8P (PL=Zeminin plastisite limiti) su içeriğinde herhangi bir derinlikte tohum yatağı sağlayabilmede kanatlı-Paraplow dipkazanı uygun bir araçtır. Yavaş ileri hızlarda, ince parçacıklar daha derin bir tabakaya elenmek için yeterli zamana sahiptir; bu da tohum yatağı oluşturma için faydalı olmaktadır. Toprağın nemini azaltmak, toprağın bozulmasını ve parçalanmasını artırmaktadır. Ayrıca, MWD'nin yüksek nemlerde daha yüksek olduğu gözlenmiştir.

One of the main aims of tillage operation is to provide a seedbed with appropriate soil fragmentation and to create relatively large aggregates of topsoil to achieve conservation tillage. Considering that subsoiling is necessary for hardpan breakup, the creation of a seedbed with the same operation can increase the operation efficiency. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of tine type on soil aggregate. For this purpose, we tested four subsoiling tines of conventional, Bentleg, Paraplow, and winged-Paraplow in the field at soil moisture contents of 8, 12, 16, and 20% and the tractor forward speeds of 0.5, 1, 1.2, and 1.4 m/s. Soil fragmentation was evaluated in different depths of 10, 20, 30, and 40 cm. Winged-Paraplow and Paraplow, compared with two other tools, showed more soil disturbance due to having a wing and chisel at the end of the tine. The highest mean weight diameter (MWD) =19.9 mm was reached using a Bentleg at a depth of 10 cm and moisture content of 20%. In comparison, the lowest value of 3.37 mm was related to the winged-Paraplow at a depth of 40 cm and moisture content of 8%.Considering the aggregate size of 0.5-8 mm for providing a proper seedbed, the winged-Paraplow tine is a suitable tool that can provide seedbed at any depth at a water content of 0.8PL, where PL denotes plastic limit. At slow forward speeds, fine particles had enough time to sift to a deeper layer, which is beneficial for seedbed creation. Reducing the soil moisture increased soil disturbance and its fragmentation. Moreover, it was observed that MWD was higher at high moistures..

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Ziraat
Yayımlanma Tarihi Eylül 2019
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9646-9772
Yazar: Gholamhossein SHAHGHOLI (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Ülke: Iran


Yazar: Abdolmajid MOINFAR

Destekleyen Kurum University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { yyutbd564789, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {}, publisher = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {29}, pages = {548 - 558}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.564789}, title = {Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage}, key = {cite}, author = {SHAHGHOLI, Gholamhossein and MOINFAR, Abdolmajid} }
APA SHAHGHOLI, G , MOINFAR, A . (2019). Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , 29 (3) , 548-558 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.564789
MLA SHAHGHOLI, G , MOINFAR, A . "Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019 ): 548-558 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/yyutbd/issue/49200/564789>
Chicago SHAHGHOLI, G , MOINFAR, A . "Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 (2019 ): 548-558
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage AU - Gholamhossein SHAHGHOLI , Abdolmajid MOINFAR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.564789 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.564789 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 548 EP - 558 VL - 29 IS - 3 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.564789 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.564789 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage %A Gholamhossein SHAHGHOLI , Abdolmajid MOINFAR %T Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage %D 2019 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 29 %N 3 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.564789 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.564789
ISNAD SHAHGHOLI, Gholamhossein , MOINFAR, Abdolmajid . "Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 29 / 3 (Eylül 2019): 548-558 . https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.564789
AMA SHAHGHOLI G , MOINFAR A . Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage. YYÜ TAR BİL DERG. 2019; 29(3): 548-558.
Vancouver SHAHGHOLI G , MOINFAR A . Investigation Tine Type Effect on Soil Fragmentation for Conservation Tillage. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 29(3): 558-548.