Year 2018, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 981 - 990 2018-12-30

The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models

Mustafa Yılmaz [1] , Bürhan Kozlu [2]

4 37

The Earth system generates different phenomena that are observable at the surface of the Earth such as: Mass deformations and displacements leading to plate tectonics, earthquakes, and volcanism. The dynamic processes associated with the interior, surface, and atmosphere of the Earth affect the three pillars of geodesy: Shape of the Earth, its gravity field, and its rotation. Geodesy establishes a characteristic structure in order to define, monitor, and predict of the whole Earth system. The traditional and new instruments, observable, and techniques in geodesy are related to the gravity field. Therefore, the geodesy monitors the gravity field and its temporal variability in order to transform the geodetic observations made on the physical surface of the Earth into the geometrical surface in which positions are mathematically defined. In this paper, the main components of the gravity field modelling, (Free-air and Bouguer) gravity anomalies are calculated via recent high-degree global models (EIGEN6C4, GECO, and WGM2012) over a selected study area. The model-based gravity anomalies are compared with the corresponding terrestrial gravity data in terms of standard deviation (SD) and root mean square error (RMSE) for determining the best fit global model in the study area at a regional scale in Turkey. The least SD (13.45 mGal) and RMSE (15.42 mGal) were obtained by WGM2012 for the Free-air gravity anomaly residuals. For the Bouguer gravity anomaly residuals, EIGEN6C4 provides the least SD (8.05 mGal) and RMSE (8.12 mGal). The results indicated that EIGEN6C4 can be a useful tool for modelling the gravity field of the Earth over the study area.
Free-air gravity anomaly, Bouguer gravity anomaly, Global model, Land gravity.
  • Barthelmes, F. (2013). Definition of Functionals of the Geopotential and Their Calculation from Spherical Harmonic Models: Theory and Formulas Used by the Calculation Service of the International Centre for Global Earth Models (ICGEM). Scientific Technical Report STR09/02, Revised Edition, January 2013, GeoForschungZentrum Potsdam, doi: 10.2312/GFZ.b103-0902-26, http://icgem.gfz-potsdam.de/str-0902-revised.pdf (accessed 01 October 2018).
  • Barthelmes, F. (2014). Global models. In: Grafarend E (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Geodesy. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp.1-9, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02370-0 43-1.
  • Barthelmes, F., Köhler, W. (2016). International Centre for Global Earth Models (ICGEM). The Geodesists Handbook. Journal of Geodesy, 90(10), 907-1205, doi: 10.1007/s00190-016-0948-z.
  • Bolkas, D., Fotopoulos, G., Braun, A. (2016). On the impact of airborne gravity data to fused gravity field models, Journal of Geodesy, 90(6), 561-571.
  • Bonvalot, S., Balmino, G., Briais, A., Kuhn, M., Peyrefitte, A., Vales, N., Biancale, R., Gabalda, G. and Reinquin, F. (2012). World Gravity Map: a set of global complete spherical Bouguer and isostatic anomaly maps and grids. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 14, EGU2012-11091.
  • Bonvalot, S. (2016). International Gravimetric Bureau Bureau Gravimétrique International (BGI). The Geodesists Handbook 2016. Journal of Geodesy, 90(10), 907-1205. doi: 10.1007/s00190-016-0948-z.
  • Dehant, V. (2005). International and national geodesy and its three pillars: (1) geometry and kinematics, (2) earth orientation and rotation, and (3) gravity field and its variability. In: Arijs E, Ducarme B (Eds.) Earth Sciences Day of the CNBGG `Geodesy and Geophysics for the Third Millennium´. Belgian Academy of Sciences, 2005, pp. 27-35.
  • Featherstone, W.E., Dentith, M.C. (1997). A geodetic approach to gravity data reduction for geophysics, Computers & Geosciences, 23(10), 1063-1070.
  • Floberghagen, R., Fehringer, M., Lamarre, D., Muzi, D., Frommknecht, B., Steiger, C.H., Pineiro, J., da Costa, A. (2011). Mission design, operation and exploitation of the gravity field and steady-state ocean circulation explorer mission. Journal of Geodesy, 85(11), 749-758.
  • Förste, C., Bruinsma, S.L., Abrikosov, O., Lemoine, J-M., Marty, J.C., Flechtner, F., Balmino, G., Barthelmes, F., Biancale, R. (2014). EIGEN-6C4 The latest combined global gravity field model including GOCE data up to degree and order 2190 of GFZ Potsdam and GRGS Toulouse. GFZ Data Services, doi: 10.5880/ICGEM.2015.1. Gilardoni, M., Reguzzoni, M., Sampietro, D. (2016). GECO: a global gravity model by locally combining GOCE data and EGM2008. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 60(2), 228-247.
  • Godah, W., Szelachowska, M., Krynski, J. (2017). On the analysis of temporal geoid height variations obtained from GRACE-based GGMs over the area of Poland. Acta Geophysica, 65, 713-725.
  • Hackney, R.I., Featherstone, W.E. (2003). Geodetic versus geophysical perspectives of the ‘gravity anomaly’, Geophysical Journal International, 154(1), 35-43.
  • Hackney, R.I. (2011). Gravity, data to anomalies. In: Gupta HK (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics. Springer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 524-533.
  • Helmert, F.R. (1880) Die Mathematischen und Physikalischen Theorieen der H¨oheren Geodäsie (Mathematical and Physical Theories of Higher Geodesy) (in German). Druck und Verlag von B.G. Teubner, Leipzig, Germany.
  • Hildenbrand, T.G., Briesacher, A., Flanagan, G., Hinze, W.J., Hittelman, A.M., Keller, G.R., Kucks, R.P., Plouff, D., Roest, W., Seeley, J., Smith, D.A., Webring, M. (2002). Rationale and Operational Plan to Upgrade the U.S Gravity Database. USGS Open-File Report 02-463.
  • Hill, P., Bankey, V., Langenheim, V. (1997). Introduction to Potential Fields: Gravity. USGS fact sheet, http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-0239-95/fs-0239-95.pdf (accessed 01 October 2018).
  • Hofmann-Wellenhof, B., Moritz, H. (2006). Physical Geodesy, 2nd edition. Springer-Verlag, Vienna, Austria.
  • Karpik, A.P., Kanushin, V.F., Ganagina, I.G., Goldobin, D.N., Kosarev, N.S., Kosareva, A.M. (2016). Evaluation of recent Earth’s global gravity field models with terrestrial gravity data. Contributions to Geophysics and Geodesy, 46(1), 1-11.
  • Li, X., Götze, H.J. (2001). Ellipsoid, geoid, gravity, geodesy, and geophysics. Geophysics, 66(6), 1660-1668.
  • Mishra, D.C. (2009). Gravity anomalies. In: Lastovicka J (Ed) Geophysics and Geochemistry - Volume 3. EOLSS publishers/UNESCO, pp. 111-136.
  • Morelli, C., Gantar, C., Honkasalo, T., McConnell, R.K., Tanner, J.G., Szabo, B., Uotila, U., Whalen, C.T. (1974). The International Gravity Standardization Net 1971 (IGSN71). International Association of Geodesy, Special Publication No. 4.
  • Novák, P. (2010). Direct modeling of the gravitational field using harmonic series. Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia, 7(1), 35-47.
  • Pavlis, N.K., Factor, J.K., Holmes, S.A. (2007). Terrain-related gravimetric quantities computed for the next EGM, Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium of the International Gravity Field Service, Journal of Mapping (Special Issue), 18, 318-323.
  • Pavlis, N.K., Holmes, S.A., Kenyon, S.C., Factor, J.K. (2008). An earth gravitational model to degree 2160: EGM2008. General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union, 13-18 April, Vienna, Austria.
  • Plag, H-P., Altamimi, Z., Bettadpur, S., Beutler, G., Beyerle, G., Cazenave, A., Crossley, D., Donnellan, A., Forsberg, R., Gross, R., Hinderer, J., Komjathy, A., Ma, C., Mannucci, A.J., Noll, C., Nothnagel, A., Pavlis,, E.C., Pearlman, M., Poli, P., Schreiber, U., Senior, K., Woodworth, P.L., Zerbini, S., Zuffada, C. (2009). The goals, achievements, and tools of modern geodesy. In: Plag H-P, Pearlman M (Eds.) Global Geodetic Observing System – Meeting the Requirements of a Global Society on a Changing Planet in 2020. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2009, pp. 15-87.
  • Reigber, C., Lühr, H., Schwintzer, P. (2002). CHAMP mission status. Advances in Space Research, 30(2), 129-134.
  • Roman, D.R., Wang, Y.M., Saleh, J., Li, X. (2010). Geodesy, Geoids, & Vertical Datums: A Perspective from the U.S. National Geodetic Survey, Facing the Challenges - Building the Capacity. FIG Congress, 11-16 April 2010, Sydney, Australia.
  • Rummel, R., Balmino, G., Johannessen, J., Visser, P., Woodworth, P. (2002). Dedicated gravity field missions-principles and aims, Journal of Geodynamics, 33, 3-20.
  • Sjöberg, L.E., Bagherbandi, M. (2017). Gravity Inversion and Integration - Theory and Applications in Geodesy and Geophysics. Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-50298-4.
  • Smith, D. (2007). The GRAV-D Project: Gravity for the Redefinition of the American Vertical Datum. A NOAA contribution to the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) component of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Project Plan, http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/GRAV-D/pubs/GRAV-D_v2007_12_19.pdf (accessed 01 October 2018).
  • Tapley, B.D., Bettadpur, S., Watkins, M., Reigber, C. (2004). The gravity recovery and climate experiment: mission overview and early results. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L09607.
  • Yilmaz, M., Gullu, M. (2014). A comparative study for the estimation of geodetic point velocity by artificial neural networks. Journal of Earth System Sciences, 123(4), 791-808.
  • Yilmaz, M., Turgut, B., Gullu, M., Yilmaz, I. (2017). The evaluation of high-degree geopotential models for regional geoid determination in Turkey, AKU Journal of Science and Engineering, 17(1), 147-153
Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Mustafa Yılmaz

Author: Bürhan Kozlu

Bibtex @research article { akufemubid542356, journal = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-3367}, address = {Afyon Kocatepe University}, year = {2018}, volume = {18}, pages = {981 - 990}, doi = {}, title = {The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Mustafa and Kozlu, Bürhan} }
APA Yılmaz, M , Kozlu, B . (2018). The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 18 (3), 981-990. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/akufemubid/issue/44157/542356
MLA Yılmaz, M , Kozlu, B . "The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 18 (2018): 981-990 <http://dergipark.org.tr/akufemubid/issue/44157/542356>
Chicago Yılmaz, M , Kozlu, B . "The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 18 (2018): 981-990
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models AU - Mustafa Yılmaz , Bürhan Kozlu Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 981 EP - 990 VL - 18 IS - 3 SN - -2149-3367 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models %A Mustafa Yılmaz , Bürhan Kozlu %T The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models %D 2018 %J Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2149-3367 %V 18 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Yılmaz, Mustafa , Kozlu, Bürhan . "The Comparison of Gravity Anomalies based on Recent High-Degree Global Models". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 18 / 3 (December 2019): 981-990.