Year 2019, Volume 29, Issue 1, Pages 25 - 38 2019-05-24

Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries

Daniela BELTRAME [1] , Eliot GEE [2] , Birgül GÜNER [3] , Nina O. LAURIDSEN [4] , W. L. Gamini SAMARASINGHE [5] , Victor W. WASIKE [6] , Danny HUNTER [7] , Terase BORELLI [8]

42 62

ABSTRACT: This paper outlines the methodology for mainstreaming biodiversity developed by the Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project (BFN), a multi-country initiative led by Brazil, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Turkey. BFN explored the nutritional properties of traditional and/or neglected native edible species, both wild and cultivated (including varieties and landraces), and used this knowledge to incorporate local agricultural biodiversity into national and global policy instruments that address food and nutrition security through the promotion of healthy, diversified and sustainable diets. Across the four countries, the project adopted a three-pillar approach for mainstreaming biodiversity for food and nutrition into policies and practices by: 1) Providing Evidence, 2) Influencing Policy, and 3) Raising Awareness. Case study examples from Brazil, Kenya, Turkey, and Sri Lanka demonstrate how the approach can be adapted to suit specific country contexts and how a multi-level, cross-sectoral partnership-based approach can create an enabling environment for mainstreaming biodiversity to improve nutrition.


Biodiversity, traditional and neglected edible species, multi-country, policymaking, nutrition, mainstreaming.
  • Abukutsa-Onyango, M. O. 2007. Seed Production and Support Systems for African Leafy Vegetables in Three Communities in Western Kenya. African Journal of Food Agriculture, Nutrition and Development Volume 7, No: 3. ISSN 1648-5374 (Online).
  • Allen, T., P. Prosperi, B. Cogill, and G. Flichman. 2014. Agricultural biodiversity, social-ecological systems and sustainable diets. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 73 (4): 498-508.
  • Anonymous. 2006. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). COP 8, Decision VIII/23. Available at: https://www.cbd.int/decision/cop/?id=11037.
  • Anonymous. 2009. State of Brazil’s plant genetic resources - Second National Report. Conservation and sustainable utilization for food and agriculture. Brasília, DF, 2009, p. 29. Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation.
  • Anonymous. 2014a. Fifth National Report to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs (MoF&WA), Republic of Turkey.
  • Anonymous. 2014b. TürKomp, Turkish Food Composition Database, version 1.0. Food Institute, TÜBİTAK Marmara Research Center, Gebze / Kocaeli, 2014. Website: www.turkomp.gov.tr.
  • Anonymous. 2015a. Connecting global priorities, biodiversity and human health. Summary of the state of knowledge review. WHO. World Health Organization.
  • Anonymous. 2015b. The state of food insecurity in the world 2015. Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress (FAO, IFAD and WFP). Rome, FAO.
  • Anonymous. 2015c. Conselho Federal de Nutricionistas. IV jornada de atualização técnica de fiscais do Sistema CFN/CRN.
  • Anonymous. 2016a. Food systems and diets: Facing the challenges of the 21st Century. Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition (GPA&FSN). London, UK.
  • Anonymous. 2016b. IPES-Food. From uniformity to diversity: A paradigm shift from industrial agriculture to diversified agroecological systems. International panel of experts on sustainable food systems.
  • Anonymous. 2016c. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Brazil - Country profile - Biodiversity facts. Available at: https://www.cbd.int/countries/profile/ default.shtml?country=br.
  • Anonymous. 2016d. Global Nutrition Report 2016: From promise to impact: ending malnutrition by 2030. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Washington, D. C. USA.
  • Anonymous. 2016e. National biodiversity strategic action plan 2016-2022. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Biodiversity Secretariat, Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment (MoMD & E).
  • Anonymous. 2016f. National biodiversity strategy and action plan 2016-2020. Ministry of Environment, Brazil.
  • Anonymous. 2016g. Busia county biodiversity policy (Our heritage, our strength and the basis of our development) 2016-2023. Busia County, Government of the Republic of Kenya, 2016.
  • Anonymous. 2016h. Voluntary guidelines for mainstreaming biodiversity into policies, programmes and national and regional plans of action on nutrition. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO).
  • Anonymous. 2017a. HLPE. Nutrition and food systems. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on food security and nutrition of the committee on world food security, Rome.
  • Anonymous. 2017b. Global nutrition report 2017: Nourishing the SDGs. Bristol, UK: Development Initiatives.
  • Anonymous. 2017c. Mainstreaming agrobiodiversity in sustainable food systems: Scientific foundations for an agrobiodiversity index. Bioversity International, Rome. Italy.
  • Anonymous. 2017d. The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2017. Building resilience for peace and food security (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP and WHO). Rome, FAO.
  • Anonymous. 2017e. FAO/INFOODS Food Composition Database for Biodiversity Version 4.0 - BioFoodComp4.0. FAO, Rome.
  • Anonymous. 2018a. Plantas para o Futuro. Ministry of Environment, Brazil. From http://www.mma.gov.br/biodiversidade/conservacao-e-promocao-do-uso-da-diversidade-genetica/plantas-para-o-futuro#.
  • Anonymous. 2018b. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). What is NBSAP? From https://www.cbd.int/nbsap/introduction.shtml
  • Anonymous. 2018c. Diário official da união. Portaria Interministerial Nº 284 de 30 de Maio de 2018. ISSN 1677-7042. Imprensa Nacional (MoE&MoSD). Ayas, F., F. A. Vuran, K. Yuksel, O. Cinar, S. Tugrul Ay, and S. Karabak 2017. The Antioxidant Capacities and Consumption Per Capita of Edible Wild Species and Local Varieties Collected from Turkey within the GEF-Funded Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition (BFN) project. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27 (2): 46-53.
  • Beltrame, D. M. O, C. N. S. Oliveira, T. Borelli, R. A. C. Santiago, E. S. Monego, V. V. Rosso, L. Coradin, and D. Hunter. 2016. Diversifying institutional food procurement – opportunities and barriers for integrating biodiversity for food and nutrition in Brazil. Revista Raizes 36(2) p. 55-69 ISSN: 0102-552X.
  • Broegaard, R. B., L. V. Rasmussen, N. Dawson, O. Mertz, T. Vongvisouk, and K. Grogan. 2017. Wild food collection and nutrition under commercial agriculture expansion in agriculture-forest landscapes. Forest Policy and Economics 84: 92-101.
  • Cinar, A., S. Tugrul Ay, F. Ayas, S. Karabak, N. Guzelsoy, and O. Ucurum. 2017. Foxtail lily (Eremurus spectabilis M. Bieb.) as priority species of Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project of Turkey. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27(2): 69 - 73.
  • Dogan, Y. 2012. Traditionally used wild edible greens in the Aegean region of Turkey. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae Vol 81, No 4.
  • Ebert, A. W. 2014. Potential of underutilised traditional vegetables and legume crops to contribute to food and nutritional security, income and more sustainable production systems. Sustainability 6: 319-335.
  • Ertug, F. 2014. Yenen Bitkiler (Edible Plants). In: A. Güner and T. Ekim (Eds.) Resimli Türkiye florası (İllustrated flora of Turkey). Vol. 1. Ali Nihat Gökyiğit vakfı, flora araştırmaları derneği and Türkiye İş bankası kültür yayınları, İstanbul.
  • França, C., M. Grossi, and V. Marques. 2009. O censo agropecuário 2006 e a agricultura familiar no Brasil. Brasília: Ministry of Agrarian Development.
  • Gido, E. O., O. I. Ayuya, G. Owuor, and W. Bokelmann. 2017. Consumption intensity of leafy African indigenous vegetables: towards enhancing nutritional security in rural and urban dwellers in Kenya. Agricultural and Food Economics 5: 14.
  • Gillespie, S., L. Haddad, V. Mannar, P. Menon, and N. Nisbett. 2013. The politics of reducing malnutrition: building commitment and accelerating progress. Maternal and child nutrition study group. Lancet 382 (9891): 552-569.
  • Guzelsoy, N. A., O. Uçurum , E. Tokat, A. Tan, S. Tugrul Ay, and K. Ozbek. 2017. Nutritional Properties of some Wild Edible Plant Species in Turkey. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27 (2): 39-45.
  • Hajjar, R., D. I. Jarvis, and B. Gemmill-Herren. 2008. The utility of crop genetic diversity in maintaining ecosystem services. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 123: 261-270.
  • Hunter, D., B. Burlingame, and R. Remans. 2015. Biodiversity and nutrition. In: WHO/CBD (Ed.) Connecting global priorities: Biodiversity and human health: A state of knowledge review. Geneva: WHO. 97-129.
  • Hunter, D., I. Özkan, D. Moura de Oliveira Beltrame, W. L. G. Samarasinghe, V. W. Wasike, U. R. Charrondière, T. Borelli, and J. Sokolow. 2016. Enabled or disabled: is the environment right for using biodiversity to improve nutrition? Front. Nutr. 3: 14.
  • Huntley, B. J., and K. H. Redford. 2014. Mainstreaming biodiversity in practice: a STAP advisory document. Global Environment Facility, Washington, D.C. USA.
  • Johns, T., and P. B. Eyzaguirre. 2006. Linking biodiversity, diet and health in policy and practice. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 65 (2): 182–189.
  • Jones, A. D. 2017. On-farm crop species richness is associated with household diet diversity and quality in subsistence- and market-oriented farming households in Malawi. J. Nutr.147 (1): 86-96.
  • Karabak, S. 2017. Economic and socio-cultural importance of edible wild species. ANADOLU, J. of AARI. 27 (2): 26-38. MFAL.
  • Katulanda, P., M. A. Jayawardena, M. H. Sheriff, G. R. Constantine and D. R. Matthews. 2010. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Sri Lankan adults. Obes Rev. (11): 751-756.
  • Kepe, T. 2008. Beyond the numbers: understanding the value of vegetation to rural livelihoods in Africa. Geoforum 39 (2): 958-968.
  • Khoury, C. K., A. D. Bjorkman, H. Dempewolf, J. Ramirez-Villegas, L. Guarino, A. Jarvis, L. H. Rieseberg and P. C. Struik. 2014. Increasing homogeneity in global food supplies and the implications for food security. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111 (11): 4001-6.
  • Khoury, C. K., H. A. Achicanoy, A. D. Bjorkman, C. Navarro-Racines, L. Guarino, X. Flores-Palacios, J. M. M. Engels, J. H. Wiersema, H. Dempewolf, S. Sotelo, J. Ramírez-Villegas, N. P. Castañeda-Álvarez, C. Fowler, A. Jarvis, L. H. Rieseberg, and P. C. Struik. 2016. Origins of food crops connect countries worldwide. Proceeding of the Royal Society B 283: 20160792.
  • Koppmair, S., M. Kassie, and M. Qaim. 2017. Farm production, market access and dietary diversity in Malawi. Public Health Nutrition 20 (2): 325-335.
  • Li, X., and K. H. M. Siddique. 2018. Future Smart Food - Rediscovering hidden treasures of neglected and underutilised species for Zero Hunger in Asia. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok, 242 pp.
  • Ngugi, I. K., R. Gitau, and J. K. Nyoro. 2006. Access to high value markets by smallholder farmers of African indigenous vegetables in Kenya. Tegemeo Institute, Egerton University.
  • Nugent, R. 2011. Bringing agriculture to the table: How agriculture and food can play a role in preventing chronic disease. Chicago council on global affairs.
  • Ozbek, K., S. Karabak, N. Aysar Guzelsoy, N. Sari, R. Murat Duran, R. Tasci, B. Guner, H. Yuce Arslan, D. Deniz, A. Aksoy. 2017. Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition Project: Black Sea region studies. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27 (2): 17-25.
  • Ozcan, M. 1999. The physical and chemical properties and fatty acid compositions of raw and brined caperberries (Capparis spp.). Turkish journal of agriculture and forestry 23 (3): 771-776
  • Powell, B., S. H. Thilsted, A. Ickowitz, C. Termote, T. Sunderland and A. Herforth. 2015. Improving diets with wild and cultivated biodiversity from across the landscape. Food Security 7: 535-554.
  • Rajapaksha, U. 1998. Traditional food plants in Sri Lanka. Hector Kobbekaduwa agrarian research and training institute, Sri Lanka.
  • Remans, R., and S. Smukler. 2013. Linking biodiversity and nutrition. In: J. Fanzo et al. (Eds). Diversifying foods and diets: using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health. Routledge, 140-163.
  • Remans, R., D. F. Flynn, F. DeClerck, W. Diru, J. Fanzo, K. Gaynor, I. Lambrecht, J. Mudiope, P. K. Mutuo, P. Nkhoma, D. Siriri, C. Sullivan, and C. A. Palm. 2011. Assessing nutritional diversity of cropping systems in African villages. PLoS ONE 6 (6): e21235.
  • Romeo, A., J. Meerman, M. Demeke, A. Scognamillo and S. Asfaw. 2016. Linking farm diversification to household diet diversification: evidence from a sample of Kenyan ultra-poor farmers. Food Security 8 (6): 1069-1085.
  • Sekercioglu, C. H., S. S. Anderson, E. Akcay, R. Bilgin, O. Emre Can, G. Semiz, C. Tavsanoglu, M. B. Yokeş, A. Soyumert, K. Ipekdal, I. K. Sağlam, M. Yucel, and H. N. Dalfes. 2011. Turkey’s globally important biodiversity in crisis. Biological Conservation 144: 2752-2769.
  • Stöber, S., W. Chepkoech, S. Neubert, B. Kurgat, H. Bett, and H. Lotze-Campen. 2016. Adaptation pathways for African indigenous vegetables’ value chains. pp. 21-23. In Filho et al. (Eds) Symposium on climate change adaptation in Africa “Fostering African resilience and capacity to adapt”, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Tan, A. 2010. Second national report of Turkey on Conservation and Sustainable Utilisation of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture on conservation and sustainable utilization of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, AARI Pub. No: 141. Meta Basım. Bornova.
  • Tan, A., N. Adanacioglu, S. Karabak, L. Aykas, N. Tas, and T. Taylan. 2017. Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition: Edible wild plant species of Aegean region of Turkey. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27 (2): 1-8.
  • Tan, A., and Taskin. T. 2011. Some edible wild plants of Turkey and their use. Transaction of the international scientific conference “Actual problems in the use of useful plants”. Proceedings. 26-28. Oktober 2011. Bakü, Azerbaijan.
  • Tugrul Ay, S., A. Cinar, F. Ayas, K. Yuksel, O. Cinar, and S. Karabak. 2017. Mediterranean Region Studies of Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use for Improved Human Nutrition and Wellbeing Project. ANADOLU, J. of AARI 27 (2): 9-16.
Primary Language en
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: Daniela BELTRAME
Country: Italy


Author: Eliot GEE
Country: Italy


Author: Birgül GÜNER
Institution: T.C. TARIM VE ORMAN BAKANLIĞI
Country: Turkey


Author: Nina O. LAURIDSEN
Country: Italy


Author: W. L. Gamini SAMARASINGHE
Country: Sri Lanka


Author: Victor W. WASIKE
Country: Kenya


Author: Danny HUNTER
Country: Italy


Author: Terase BORELLI (Primary Author)
Country: Italy


Dates

Publication Date: May 24, 2019

Bibtex @research article { anadolu568795, journal = {Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1300-0225}, eissn = {2667-6087}, address = {Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2019}, volume = {29}, pages = {25 - 38}, doi = {10.18615/anadolu.568795}, title = {Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries}, key = {cite}, author = {BELTRAME, Daniela and GEE, Eliot and GÜNER, Birgül and O. LAURIDSEN, Nina and SAMARASINGHE, W. L. Gamini and W. WASIKE, Victor and HUNTER, Danny and BORELLI, Terase} }
APA BELTRAME, D , GEE, E , GÜNER, B , O. LAURIDSEN, N , SAMARASINGHE, W , W. WASIKE, V , HUNTER, D , BORELLI, T . (2019). Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries. Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, 29 (1), 25-38. DOI: 10.18615/anadolu.568795
MLA BELTRAME, D , GEE, E , GÜNER, B , O. LAURIDSEN, N , SAMARASINGHE, W , W. WASIKE, V , HUNTER, D , BORELLI, T . "Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries". Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 29 (2019): 25-38 <http://dergipark.org.tr/anadolu/issue/45404/568795>
Chicago BELTRAME, D , GEE, E , GÜNER, B , O. LAURIDSEN, N , SAMARASINGHE, W , W. WASIKE, V , HUNTER, D , BORELLI, T . "Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries". Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 29 (2019): 25-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries AU - Daniela BELTRAME , Eliot GEE , Birgül GÜNER , Nina O. LAURIDSEN , W. L. Gamini SAMARASINGHE , Victor W. WASIKE , Danny HUNTER , Terase BORELLI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18615/anadolu.568795 DO - 10.18615/anadolu.568795 T2 - Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 25 EP - 38 VL - 29 IS - 1 SN - 1300-0225-2667-6087 M3 - doi: 10.18615/anadolu.568795 UR - https://doi.org/10.18615/anadolu.568795 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Aegean Agricultural Research Institute Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries %A Daniela BELTRAME , Eliot GEE , Birgül GÜNER , Nina O. LAURIDSEN , W. L. Gamini SAMARASINGHE , Victor W. WASIKE , Danny HUNTER , Terase BORELLI %T Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries %D 2019 %J Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1300-0225-2667-6087 %V 29 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18615/anadolu.568795 %U 10.18615/anadolu.568795
ISNAD BELTRAME, Daniela , GEE, Eliot , GÜNER, Birgül , O. LAURIDSEN, Nina , SAMARASINGHE, W. L. Gamini , W. WASIKE, Victor , HUNTER, Danny , BORELLI, Terase . "Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries". Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi 29 / 1 (May 2019): 25-38. https://doi.org/10.18615/anadolu.568795
AMA BELTRAME D , GEE E , GÜNER B , O. LAURIDSEN N , SAMARASINGHE W , W. WASIKE V , HUNTER D , BORELLI T . Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries. Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 29(1): 25-38.
Vancouver BELTRAME D , GEE E , GÜNER B , O. LAURIDSEN N , SAMARASINGHE W , W. WASIKE V , HUNTER D , BORELLI T . Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Food and Nutrition into Policies and Practices: Methodologies and Lessons Learned from Four Countries. Anadolu Ege Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 29(1): 38-25.