Year 2018, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 81 - 85 2018-08-03

Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations
Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations

Gökhan Tüccar [1] , Erdi Tosun [2] , Erinç Uludamar [3]

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In the present study, effects of fuel properties; such as viscosity and density of different biodiesels on engine exhaust emissions were investigated. Sunflower, corn and canola oils were used as raw materials of biodiesel fuels which were produced via transesterification method. In experiments, pure biodiesels were used as test fuels and diesel was used as reference fuel. The results indicated that viscosity and density of biodiesel fuels went up with a higher proportion of biodiesel. Engine experiments, which were conducted on a Mitsubishi Canter 4D34-2A, four-stroke, four-cylinder diesel engine indicated that carbon monoxide (CO) emission reduced with the utilization of fuels that have higher viscosity and density. On the other hand, carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission had opposite trend. Both emission values were increased with higher biodiesel ratios.

In the present study, effects of fuel properties; such as viscosity and density of different biodiesels on engine exhaust emissions were investigated. Sunflower, corn and canola oils were used as raw materials of biodiesel fuels which were produced via transesterification method. In experiments, pure biodiesels were used as test fuels and diesel was used as reference fuel. The results indicated that viscosity and density of biodiesel fuels went up with higher proportion of biodiesel. Engine experiments, which were conducted on a Mitsubishi Canter 4D34-2A, four-stroke, four cylinder diesel engine indicated that carbon monoxide (CO) emission reduced with utilization of fuels that have higher viscosity and density. On the   other hand, carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emission had opposite trend. Both emission values were increased with higher biodiesel ratios.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Published Date Mayıs
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Gökhan Tüccar (Primary Author)
Institution: ADANA BİLİM VE TEKNOLOJİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Erdi Tosun
Institution: ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Erinç Uludamar
Institution: ADANA BİLİM VE TEKNOLOJİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: August 3, 2018

Bibtex @research article { apjes371015, journal = {Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-4575}, address = {Academic Platform}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {81 - 85}, doi = {10.21541/apjes.371015}, title = {Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations}, key = {cite}, author = {Tüccar, Gökhan and Tosun, Erdi and Uludamar, Erinç} }
APA Tüccar, G , Tosun, E , Uludamar, E . (2018). Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations. Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 6 (2), 81-85. DOI: 10.21541/apjes.371015
MLA Tüccar, G , Tosun, E , Uludamar, E . "Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 6 (2018): 81-85 <http://dergipark.org.tr/apjes/issue/38735/371015>
Chicago Tüccar, G , Tosun, E , Uludamar, E . "Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 6 (2018): 81-85
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations AU - Gökhan Tüccar , Erdi Tosun , Erinç Uludamar Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.371015 DO - 10.21541/apjes.371015 T2 - Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 81 EP - 85 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2147-4575 M3 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.371015 UR - https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.371015 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Academic Platform Journal of Engineering and Science Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations %A Gökhan Tüccar , Erdi Tosun , Erinç Uludamar %T Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations %D 2018 %J Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2147-4575 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21541/apjes.371015 %U 10.21541/apjes.371015
ISNAD Tüccar, Gökhan , Tosun, Erdi , Uludamar, Erinç . "Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations". Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 6 / 2 (August 2018): 81-85. https://doi.org/10.21541/apjes.371015
AMA Tüccar G , Tosun E , Uludamar E . Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations. APJES. 2018; 6(2): 81-85.
Vancouver Tüccar G , Tosun E , Uludamar E . Investigations of Effects of Density and Viscosity of Diesel and Biodiesel Fuels on NOx and other Emission Formations. Akademik Platform Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2018; 6(2): 85-81.