Year 2017, Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 907 - 912 2017-12-29

Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols

Emine Sert [1] , Ferhan S. Atalay [2]

166 930

In this study, three different catalysts were applied as catalysts for esterification of benzoic acid with ethanol, butanol and hexanol. These catalysts are ionic liquid, deep eutectic solvent, ion exchange resin. Amberlyst 15, ion exchange resin, was used as control catalyst to observe the catalytic activity of new generation solvent, deep eutectic solvent. Deep eutectic solvents show the similar properties with ionic liquids and have great attraction due to ease of preparation, low cost and environmentally friendly nature. They have many advantages such as reusability, stability, catalytically activity and removal of the reaction mixture. Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are composed hydrogen bond donor (HBD) and hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA). It has lower freezing point than that of individual constituents. In this study, p-toluene sulfonic acid (p-TSA) was used as HBD, benzyl tri-ethyl ammonium chloride (BTEAC) was used as HBA. DES formed by p-TSA and BTEAC was used as dual solvent-catalyst for esterification of benzoic acid with different alcohols. DES gave high catalytic activity among three different catalysts, 88.3, 87.8 and 67.5% conversion of benzoic acid for ethanol, butanol and hexanol, respectively. The effects of time, temperature, alcohol type and catalyst type were investigated in a batch reactor at specified conditions. It was found that DES provided the simple, efficient and environmentally friendly method for the synthesis of benzoic acid ester.

benzoic acid, catalysis, deep eutectic solvent, esterification, ionic liquid, ion exchange resin
  • 1. Othmer, K. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 4th ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, NY, USA, 1994; p. 797.
  • 2. G. Pipus, I. Plazl, T. Koloini, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2000, 76,239.
  • 3. J. Lilja, D.Yu. Murzin, T. Salmi, J. Aumo, P. Mäki-Arvela, M. Sundell, Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 182–183, (2002), 555.
  • 4. R. Rönnback, T. Salmi, A. Vuori, H. Haario, J. Lehtonen, A. Sundqvist, E. Tirronen, Chemical Engineering Science, 52, (1997), 3369.
  • 5. Y. Liu, E. Lotero, J.G. Goodwin Jr., Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 245/1–2, (2006), 132.
  • 6. A.D. Buluklu, E. Sert, S. Karakus, F.S. Atalay, International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 46 (2014) 197.
  • 7. S. R. Kirumakki, N. Nagaraju, K. V.R. Chary, Applied Catalysis A: General, 299, (2006), 185.
  • 8. E.Sert, F.S.Atalay, Industrial & Chemistry Research, 51, (2012), 6666.
  • 9. F. Rajabi, M.Abdollahi, R. Luque, Materials, 9, (2016), 557.
  • 10. E. K. Gaifutdinova, V. V. Beresnev, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 75/3, (2002), 4413.
  • 11. Y.Q Cai, G.Q Yu, C. D. Liu, Y.Y Xu, Wei Wang, Chinese Chemical Letters 23, (2012), 1.
  • 12. Q. Zhang, K. O. Vigier, S. Royer, F. Jerome, Chemical Society Reviewes, 41, (2012), 7108.
  • 13. M. A. Kareem, F. S. Mjalli, M. A. Hashim, I. M. AlNashef, Journal of Chemical Engineering Data, 55, (2010), 4632.
  • 14. V. De Santi, F. Cardellini, L. Brinchi, R. Germani, Tetrahedron Letters, 53, (2012) 5151.
  • 15. M. B. Taysun, E. Sert, F. S. Atalay, Journal of Molecular Liquids, 223, (2016), 845.
  • 16. M. B. Taysun, E. Sert, F. S. Atalay, Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 2017 (in press)
  • 17. E. Sert, A. D.Buluklu, S. Karakuş, F.S.Atalay, Chemical Engineering & Processing, 73, (2013), 23.
  • 18. N.C. Marziano, C. Tortato, L. Ronchin, C. Bianchi, Catalysis Letters, 64, (2000), 15.
  • 19. S. L. Barbosa, M. Ottone, M. C. Santos, G. C. Junior, C. D. Lima, G. C. Glososki, N. P. Lopes, S. I. Klein, Catalysis Communications, 68, (2015), 97.
  • 20. M. Wu, J. Guo, Ying Li, Yingjie Zhang, Ceramics International, 39, (2013), 9731.
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Emine Sert (Primary Author)

Author: Ferhan S. Atalay

Dates

Publication Date: December 29, 2017

Bibtex @research article { cbayarfbe370364, journal = {Celal Bayar University Journal of Science}, issn = {1305-130X}, eissn = {1305-1385}, address = {Celal Bayar University}, year = {2017}, volume = {13}, pages = {907 - 912}, doi = {10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364}, title = {Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols}, key = {cite}, author = {Sert, Emine and Atalay, Ferhan S.} }
APA Sert, E , Atalay, F . (2017). Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols. Celal Bayar University Journal of Science, 13 (4), 907-912. DOI: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364
MLA Sert, E , Atalay, F . "Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols". Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 13 (2017): 907-912 <http://dergipark.org.tr/cbayarfbe/issue/33464/370364>
Chicago Sert, E , Atalay, F . "Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols". Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 13 (2017): 907-912
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols AU - Emine Sert , Ferhan S. Atalay Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364 DO - 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364 T2 - Celal Bayar University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 907 EP - 912 VL - 13 IS - 4 SN - 1305-130X-1305-1385 M3 - doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364 UR - https://doi.org/10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Celal Bayar University Journal of Science Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols %A Emine Sert , Ferhan S. Atalay %T Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols %D 2017 %J Celal Bayar University Journal of Science %P 1305-130X-1305-1385 %V 13 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364 %U 10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364
ISNAD Sert, Emine , Atalay, Ferhan S. . "Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols". Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 13 / 4 (December 2017): 907-912. https://doi.org/10.18466/cbayarfbe.370364
AMA Sert E , Atalay F . Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols. Celal Bayar Univ J Sci. 2017; 13(4): 907-912.
Vancouver Sert E , Atalay F . Application of Green Catalysts for the Esterification of Benzoic Acid with Different Alcohols. Celal Bayar University Journal of Science. 2017; 13(4): 912-907.