Year 2019, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 66 - 96 2019-01-22

Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International
İnsan Hakları İzleme Örgütü ve Uluslararası Af Örgütü Perspektifinden Xı Jınpıng Döneminde Çin’de İnsan Hakları

Habibe Kara [1]

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China as a rising global power has realized a rapid modernization and significant economic, social and political changes in the last four decades. However, its development in the field of human rights has not been at an equal rate. While fundamental human rights principles have been explicitly identified in the Constitution, the Chinese government has failed to implement those principles. In this article, China’s human rights record during the leadership of Xi has been examined from the perspective of international human rights organisations, namely Human Rights Watch (HRW) and Amnesty International (AI) by addressing their reports and news. In this context, the article reveals that although Xi JinPing has made some reforms, he has been seriously criticised by human rights organisations regarding his suppressing policies on right to liberty and security, freedom of expression, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and human rights violations in Tibet and Xinjiang. It has been also argued that he has adopted discriminative and repressive policies regarding the ethnic minorities in the country to assure stability and security. Therefore, the human rights situation in China is incompatible with both the Constitution and international conventions which China is party to.

Yükselen bir küresel güç olarak Çin, son 40 yılda hızlı bir modernleşme ve önemli ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel değişimlere sahne olmuştur. Öte yandan, Çin, insan hakları alanında, eşit oranda bir gelişme gösterememiştir. Her ne kadar temel insan hakları ilkeleri, Anayasa’da açıkça tanımlanmış olsa da Çin Hükümeti bu ilkeleri uygulamada başarısız olmuştur. Bu makalede, Xi liderliğindeki Çin’in insan hakları sicili, İnsan Hakları İzleme Örgütü (HRW) ve Uluslararası Af Örgütü (AI)’nün rapor ve haberleri incelenerek, adı geçen örgütlerin bakış açısından ele alınmıştır. Bu bağlamda, makalede, Xi JinPing'in bazı reformlar gerçekleştirmiş olmasına rağmen, kişi özgürlüğü ve güvenliği hakkı, ifade özgürlüğü, düşünce, din ve vicdan özgürlüğü üzerindeki baskıcı politikaları ve Tibet ve Sincan’daki insan hakları ihlalleri nedeniyle, insan hakları örgütleri tarafından ağır bir şekilde eleştirildiğini ortaya konmaktadır. İnsan hakları örgütleri tarafından, ayrıca, Çin Hükümeti’nin güvenlik ve istikrar sağlamak amacıyla, ülkedeki etnik azınlıklara yönelik olarak ayrımcı ve baskıcı politikalar izlediği savunulmakta, böylelikle Çin’deki insan hakları durumunun ne Çin Anayasası ile ne de Çin'in taraf olduğu uluslararası sözleşmelerle bağdaşmadığı ileri sürülmektedir.  

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Primary Language en
Subjects Sociology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Habibe Kara

Dates

Publication Date: January 22, 2019

Bibtex @research article { dasad516054, journal = {Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2587-1919}, eissn = {2619-953X}, address = {Abdürreşit Celil KARLUK}, year = {2019}, volume = {2}, pages = {66 - 96}, doi = {}, title = {Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International}, key = {cite}, author = {Kara, Habibe} }
APA Kara, H . (2019). Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi, 2 (1), 66-96. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/dasad/issue/42748/516054
MLA Kara, H . "Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International". Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (2019): 66-96 <http://dergipark.org.tr/dasad/issue/42748/516054>
Chicago Kara, H . "Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International". Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 (2019): 66-96
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International AU - Habibe Kara Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 66 EP - 96 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - 2587-1919-2619-953X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of East Asian Studies in Türkiye Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International %A Habibe Kara %T Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International %D 2019 %J Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 2587-1919-2619-953X %V 2 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Kara, Habibe . "Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International". Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi 2 / 1 (January 2019): 66-96.
AMA Kara H . Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 2(1): 66-96.
Vancouver Kara H . Human Rights in China In The Xi Jinping Era: From The Perspective of Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Doğu Asya Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 2(1): 96-66.