Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 25 - 35 2019-06-29

Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey)

Abdullah Emin Akay [1] , Halil Şahin [2]

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In Turkey, forest areas located along the coastline of the Marmara, the Aegean and the Mediterranean regions are very sensitive to fire. As a result of forest fires, about 10000 hectares of forest area is damaged annually. One of the key elements in firefighting is early detection and quick intervention. In order to achieve this goal, first of all, the forest areas with fire risk should be determined especially for fire sensitive forest areas. The forest fire risk can be evaluated considering various risk factors such as stand structures, topographic factors, proximity to some features (roads, settlements, and water resources), and climatic factors. In this study, GIS techniques and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method was used to produce forest fire risk map for the first degree fire sensitive forest land located in Bodrum province of Muğla in Turkey. The results indicated that 11.83% and 21.98% of the forest area was categorized as very high and high fire risk, respectively, while 22.28% and 25.93% was moderate and low fire risk, respectively. The fire risk was found to be very low at the rest of the study area (17.98%). To compare the fire risk map with actual forest fire occurrences in the study area, it was overlapped with the fire map indicating forest components where previous forest fires (>1.0 ha) occurred in the study area in last five years. It was found that 38.32% of the areas damaged by the previous fires were categorized as high and very high fire risks zones in fire risk map, while 28.44% was moderate fire risk zones. The result showed that tree species was the most effective risk factor, followed by tree stages and proximity to water resources. This study revealed that the combination of GIS techniques and AHP method is very advantageous approach to map forest areas with fire risk in short time.  

Forest fire, GIS, Fire risk map, AHP, Turkey
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6558-9029
Author: Abdullah Emin Akay (Primary Author)
Institution: BURSA TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Halil Şahin
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: June 29, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ejfe579075, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {25 - 35}, doi = {10.33904/ejfe.579075}, title = {Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Akay, Abdullah Emin and Şahin, Halil} }
APA Akay, A , Şahin, H . (2019). Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey). European Journal of Forest Engineering, 5 (1), 25-35. DOI: 10.33904/ejfe.579075
MLA Akay, A , Şahin, H . "Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 (2019): 25-35 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ejfe/issue/45835/579075>
Chicago Akay, A , Şahin, H . "Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 (2019): 25-35
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey) AU - Abdullah Emin Akay , Halil Şahin Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.579075 DO - 10.33904/ejfe.579075 T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 25 EP - 35 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.579075 UR - https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.579075 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey) %A Abdullah Emin Akay , Halil Şahin %T Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey) %D 2019 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33904/ejfe.579075 %U 10.33904/ejfe.579075
ISNAD Akay, Abdullah Emin , Şahin, Halil . "Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey)". European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 / 1 (June 2019): 25-35. https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.579075
AMA Akay A , Şahin H . Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey). Eur J Forest Eng. 2019; 5(1): 25-35.
Vancouver Akay A , Şahin H . Forest Fire Risk Mapping by using GIS Techniques and AHP Method: A Case Study in Bodrum (Turkey). European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2019; 5(1): 35-25.