Year 2020, Volume XXXVI , Issue 102, Pages 77 - 106 2020-11-01

LOYAL SOLDIERS OF HER MAJESTY: GREAT BRITAIN TROOPS IN GALLIPOLI FRONT
Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler

Resul BABAOĞLU [1]


The consequences of Gallipoli Front, which is the bloodiest phase of World War I have been the subject of many national and international researches. The fact that Gallipoli front has been a source of inspiration for the nationalist and independence movement getting a new look in the 20th century is an issue that is often ignored in historical researches. ANZAC army formed by the troops of Australia and New Zealand obtained from the British colonies, 10th division including Irish soldiers and 52th infantry division consisting of Scottish troops carried out the duties given in the battles that took place under very bad conditions of Gallipoli front. Considerations that motivate the aforesaid British regiments in Gallipoli Front as in other fronts of World War I can be listed as fidelity bonds for the British Royal Family, religious responsibilities and political relations. The troops and the general public in colonies that may be motivated by intense feelings too early in the war drifted into deep concern after suffering heavy casualties in the front. These heavy losses suffered in the front and the aggravated and poor conditions which the soldiers were in have been forwarded to the related colonial societies through the written press which was the most effective means of mass communication of that period. In this study, it is mainly focused on the issues of how the activities of colony unions in Gallipoli front were followed by their own media and which emotions it aroused. It has been thought that the data obtained by scanning the newspaper collections published in the colonial state under the administration of British and comparing them with the research and monographs works may demonstrate the link between war and nation-building in the British colony which is the underlying hypothesis of this study.
I. Dünya Savaşı’nın en kanlı safhasını teşkil eden Çanakkale Cephesi’nin savaş tarihi açısından yol açtığı sonuçlar yerli ve yabancı birçok araştırmaya konu olmuştur. Görünürde İtilaf ve İttifak blokları arasında cereyan eden Çanakkale Cephesi’nin XX. yüzyılda yeni bir görünüm kazanan ulusçu ve bağımsızlıkçı hareketlere ilham kaynağı olduğu gerçeği ise tarih araştırmalarında genellikle göz ardı edilen bir husustur. İngiliz kolonilerinden temin edilen Avustralya ve Yeni Zelandalı askerlerin oluşturdukları ANZAC ordusu, İrlandalı askerlerden kurulan 10. Tümen ve İskoç birliklerinden oluşan 52. Piyade Tümeni Çanakkale Cephesi’nde çok kötü şartlar altında gerçekleşen muharebelerde verilen görevleri yapmışlardır. Sözü edilen İngiltere’ye bağlı birlikleri I. Dünya Savaşı’ndaki diğer cephelerde olduğu gibi Çanakkale Cephesi’nde de motive eden hususlar; İngiliz Kraliyeti ’ne karşı duyulan sadakat bağları, dinsel sorumluluklar ve siyasi ilişkiler şeklinde sıralanabilir. Savaşın başlarında çok yoğun duygularla motive olabilen askeri birlikler ve kolonilerdeki kamuoyu, cephede ağır kayıplar verilmesinden sonra derin endişelere sürüklenmiştir. Cephede verilen bu ağır kayıplar ve askerlerin içinde bulunduğu kötü koşullar dönemin en etkili kitle iletişim aracı olan yazılı basın aracılığıyla ilgili koloni toplumlarına iletilmiştir. Bu çalışmada ağırlıklı olarak koloni birliklerinin Çanakkale Cephesi’ndeki faaliyetlerinin kendi kamuoylarında nasıl takip edildiği ve hangi duyguları uyandırdığı hususu üzerinde durulmuştur. Çanakkale Cephesi’nde muharebelerin sürdüğü dönemde İngiliz yönetiminde olan koloni devletlerinde yayınlanan gazete koleksiyonları üzerinde tarama yapılarak elde edilen verilerin araştırma ve monografi eserleriyle karşılaştırılmasının, bu çalışmanın temel hipotezini oluşturan İngiliz kolonilerinde savaş ve uluslaşma arasındaki bağı ortaya koyabileceği düşünülmektedir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects History
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8726-904X
Author: Resul BABAOĞLU
Institution: SİİRT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : November 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { aamd815784, journal = {Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi}, issn = {1011-727X}, address = {dergi@atam.gov.tr}, publisher = {Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi}, year = {2020}, volume = {XXXVI}, pages = {77 - 106}, doi = {10.33419/aamd.815784}, title = {Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler}, key = {cite}, author = {Babaoğlu, Resul} }
APA Babaoğlu, R . (2020). Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler . Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi , XXXVI (102) , 77-106 . DOI: 10.33419/aamd.815784
MLA Babaoğlu, R . "Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler" . Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi XXXVI (2020 ): 77-106 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aamd/issue/57696/815784>
Chicago Babaoğlu, R . "Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler". Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi XXXVI (2020 ): 77-106
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler AU - Resul Babaoğlu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33419/aamd.815784 DO - 10.33419/aamd.815784 T2 - Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 106 VL - XXXVI IS - 102 SN - 1011-727X- M3 - doi: 10.33419/aamd.815784 UR - https://doi.org/10.33419/aamd.815784 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler %A Resul Babaoğlu %T Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler %D 2020 %J Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi %P 1011-727X- %V XXXVI %N 102 %R doi: 10.33419/aamd.815784 %U 10.33419/aamd.815784
ISNAD Babaoğlu, Resul . "Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler". Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi XXXVI / 102 (November 2020): 77-106 . https://doi.org/10.33419/aamd.815784
AMA Babaoğlu R . Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler. AAM Dergisi. 2020; XXXVI(102): 77-106.
Vancouver Babaoğlu R . Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler. Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi. 2020; XXXVI(102): 77-106.
IEEE R. Babaoğlu , "Majestelerinin Sadık Askerleri: Çanakkale Cephesi’nde Büyük Britanya’ya Bağlı Birlikler", Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi Dergisi, vol. XXXVI, no. 102, pp. 77-106, Nov. 2020, doi:10.33419/aamd.815784