Research Article
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Nohut İçin Bir Prototip Hasat Makinesi

Year 2024, Volume: 55 Issue: 1, 51 - 57, 31.01.2024

Abstract

İranlı çiftçilerin yağmurlama sistemlerinde nohut yetiştirmeleri ihtiyaçlarını karşılamak amacıyla yeni bir hasat makinesi geliştirilmiş ve test edilmiştir. Proje, modifiye edilmiş bir şerit hasat makinesi ile başlamış ve yeni bir tasarım ile devam etmiştir. Platform, makara, şasi ve güç iletim sistemi gibi makinenin ana bileşenleri, çalışma kalitesini artırmak için iyileştirilmiştir. Traktör tarafından
çekilen hasat makinesi, nohudu bitkilerden ayırmak için 6 sopaya sahip, çapı 700 mm olan bir güç alımıyla çalışan makarayı kullanmaktadır. En iyi sonuçlar, makara hızının 3 km/s hızındaki ileri
hareket hızının 2.4 katı olduğunda elde edilmiştir. Hasat makinesi, 1.4 m çalışma genişliği ile saatte 0.42 ha alanı kapsayabilir ve saatte 120 kg nohudu toplayabilir. Makine, düşük satın alma ve
işletme maliyetleri, kabul edilebilir verimlilik ve kayıplar, nohut hasatı için mevcut yöntemler ve makinelerden daha iyi sonuçlar elde etmiştir.

References

  • ASAE Standards (2000). American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Agricultural machinery management (ASAE EP496.2 DEC99). 344–349.
  • Bansal, R. K., & Sakr, B. (1992). Development of a vertical conveyor reaper for harvesting chickpeas and lentils in Morocco. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 8(4), 425–428. [CrossRef]
  • Behroozi-Lar, M., & Huang, B. K. (2002). Design and development of chichpea combine. AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 33(1), 35–38.
  • Cruse, T. A. (1997). Reliability-based mechanical design (Vol. 108). Chemical Rubber Company (CRC) Press.
  • Gharakhani, H., Alimardani, R., & Jafari, A. (2017). Design a new cutter-bar mechanism with flexible blades and its evaluation on harvesting of lentil. Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food, 10(3), 198–207. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H. (2013). Conceptual design of a chickpea harvesting header. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(3), 635–641. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H. (2015a). Development of stripper harvesting technology for chickpea. International Scientific Journal Mechanization in Agriculture, 7, 11–13.
  • Golpira, H. (2015b). Redesign and evaluation of a chickpea harvester. Journal of Biosystems Engineering, 40(2), 102–109. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H., & Golpîra, H. (2017). Soft simulator for redesigning of a chickpea harvester header. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 135, 252–259. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H., Tavakoli, T., & Baerdemaeker, J. D. (2013). Design and development of a chickpea stripper harvester. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(4), 929–934. [CrossRef]
  • Haffar, L., Singh, K. B., & Birbari, W. (1991). Assessment of chickpea grain quality and losses in direct combin harvesting. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 34(1), 9–13.
  • Krisnawati, A., Soegianto, A., Waluyo, B., & Kuswanto, K. (2022). Pod shattering incidence in relation to seed dispersal and maximum harvest delay in soybean genotypes. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 16(16(01):2022), 26–34. [CrossRef]
  • Mennad, T., Ferhat, K., Assia, A, Aziz, D, & Bilal, R. (2017). Harvesting Loss: Solutions for the challenges faced in the production and harvesting of lentil (Lens culinaris) in Algeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 11(2), 36–42.
  • Sidahmed, M. M., & Jaber, N. S. (2004). The design and testing of a cutter and feeder mechanism for the mechanical harvesting of lentils. Biosystems Engineering, 88(3), 295–304. [CrossRef]
  • Siemens, M. C. (2006). Effect of guard spacing, guard attachmentsand reel type on chickpea harvesting losses. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 22(5), 651–657.
  • Tado, C. J. M., Wacker, P., Kutzbach, H. D., & Suministrado, D. C. (1998). Development of stripper harvester: A review. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 71(2), 103–112. [CrossRef]
  • Tang, Z., Li, Y., & Cheng, C. (2017). Development of multi-functional combine harvester with grain harvesting and straw baling. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(1), e0202. [CrossRef]
  • Wang, H., Li, Y., & Yiren, Q. (2021). Current status and prospect of research on combine harvester header for rape. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 742, 012001. [CrossRef]

A Prototype Harvester For Chickpea Harvesting

Year 2024, Volume: 55 Issue: 1, 51 - 57, 31.01.2024

Abstract

To meet the needs of Iranian farmers who grow rainfed chickpeas, a new harvester was developed and tested. The project began with a modified stripper harvester and continued with a new design. The main components of the machine, such as the platform, reel, chassis and power transmission system, were improved to enhance its work quality. The harvester, which is pulled by a tractor, uses a power take-off-powered reel with 6 bats and a diameter of 700 mm to hit the pods and detach them from the plants. The best results were achieved when the reel speed was 2.4 times the forward speed of 3 km/h. The harvester could cover 0.42 ha/h and collect 120 kg/h of pods with a working width of 1.4 m. The machine performed well in field trials, with low purchase and operation costs, acceptable efficiency and losses, and better outcomes than existing methods and machines for chickpea harvesting.

References

  • ASAE Standards (2000). American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Agricultural machinery management (ASAE EP496.2 DEC99). 344–349.
  • Bansal, R. K., & Sakr, B. (1992). Development of a vertical conveyor reaper for harvesting chickpeas and lentils in Morocco. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 8(4), 425–428. [CrossRef]
  • Behroozi-Lar, M., & Huang, B. K. (2002). Design and development of chichpea combine. AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 33(1), 35–38.
  • Cruse, T. A. (1997). Reliability-based mechanical design (Vol. 108). Chemical Rubber Company (CRC) Press.
  • Gharakhani, H., Alimardani, R., & Jafari, A. (2017). Design a new cutter-bar mechanism with flexible blades and its evaluation on harvesting of lentil. Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food, 10(3), 198–207. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H. (2013). Conceptual design of a chickpea harvesting header. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(3), 635–641. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H. (2015a). Development of stripper harvesting technology for chickpea. International Scientific Journal Mechanization in Agriculture, 7, 11–13.
  • Golpira, H. (2015b). Redesign and evaluation of a chickpea harvester. Journal of Biosystems Engineering, 40(2), 102–109. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H., & Golpîra, H. (2017). Soft simulator for redesigning of a chickpea harvester header. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 135, 252–259. [CrossRef]
  • Golpira, H., Tavakoli, T., & Baerdemaeker, J. D. (2013). Design and development of a chickpea stripper harvester. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 11(4), 929–934. [CrossRef]
  • Haffar, L., Singh, K. B., & Birbari, W. (1991). Assessment of chickpea grain quality and losses in direct combin harvesting. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 34(1), 9–13.
  • Krisnawati, A., Soegianto, A., Waluyo, B., & Kuswanto, K. (2022). Pod shattering incidence in relation to seed dispersal and maximum harvest delay in soybean genotypes. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 16(16(01):2022), 26–34. [CrossRef]
  • Mennad, T., Ferhat, K., Assia, A, Aziz, D, & Bilal, R. (2017). Harvesting Loss: Solutions for the challenges faced in the production and harvesting of lentil (Lens culinaris) in Algeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 11(2), 36–42.
  • Sidahmed, M. M., & Jaber, N. S. (2004). The design and testing of a cutter and feeder mechanism for the mechanical harvesting of lentils. Biosystems Engineering, 88(3), 295–304. [CrossRef]
  • Siemens, M. C. (2006). Effect of guard spacing, guard attachmentsand reel type on chickpea harvesting losses. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 22(5), 651–657.
  • Tado, C. J. M., Wacker, P., Kutzbach, H. D., & Suministrado, D. C. (1998). Development of stripper harvester: A review. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 71(2), 103–112. [CrossRef]
  • Tang, Z., Li, Y., & Cheng, C. (2017). Development of multi-functional combine harvester with grain harvesting and straw baling. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(1), e0202. [CrossRef]
  • Wang, H., Li, Y., & Yiren, Q. (2021). Current status and prospect of research on combine harvester header for rape. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 742, 012001. [CrossRef]

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agricultural Engineering (Other)
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Kaywan MAHMOODI 0009-0003-9845-4026

Hiwa GOLPIRA This is me 0000-0002-1558-1181

Early Pub Date January 29, 2024
Publication Date January 31, 2024
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 55 Issue: 1

Cite

APA MAHMOODI, K., & GOLPIRA, H. (2024). A Prototype Harvester For Chickpea Harvesting. Research in Agricultural Sciences, 55(1), 51-57.

Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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