Year 2019, Volume 19 , Issue 1, Pages 193 - 202 2019-05-28

Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques
Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques

Murat BAYAZİT [1] , Osman EKİNCİ [2]


Mevcut çalışmada Erken Tunç Çağı’na ait şerit perdahlı seramik buluntular (Tilbaşar Höyük, Gaziantep) X-ışını difraksiyonu, taramalı elektron mikroskobu/enerji saçınımlı X-ray spektroskopisi, optik mikroskop ve termogravimetrik-diferansiyel termal analiz teknikleri ile arkeometrik olarak incelenmiştir. Ayrıca, seramik buluntuların renkleri kromametrik analiz ile belirlenmiştir. Çalışmanın temel amacı buluntuların hammadde içeriklerinin (mineral, ilave malzemeler; eğer mevcut ise, vb.) ve üretim özelliklerinin kimyasal, mineralojik ve mikroskobik metotlarla aydınlatılmasıdır. Sonuçlar, numunelerin karbonatlı hammadde içerdiğini ve höyüğü çevreleyen alanın jeolojik özellikleri dikkate alındığında büyük olasılıkla bölgesel bir üretim ile ilişkilendirilebilecek kalkerli kil yataklarının kullanıldığını göstermektedir. Örneklerin mineral/faz içeriği ve mikro yapısal özellikleri (zayıf vitrifikasyon davranışı) göz önüne alındığında, seramiklerin pişirim sıcaklığının 700-900oC aralığında değiştiği ve bu durumun da göreceli olarak basit bir pişirme tekniğine (ör, çukurda pişirim) bağlı olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Çalışmada elde edilen sonuçlar şerit perdahlı seramik buluntularının hammadde hazırlama ve pişirim teknolojisi bakımından basit teknikler kullanılarak üretilmiş olabilecekleri düşüncesini ortaya koymuştur.

In the present study, representative samples of ring burnished ceramic findings belonging to the Early Bronze Age (from Tilbaşar Mound, Gaziantep, Turkey) were archaeometrically investigated by means of multiple analysis methods covering X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy together with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, optical microscopy and thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis. Additionally, the colors of the potsherds were determined by chromametric analysis. The main aim of the research was to elucidate the raw material content (minerals, additional materials, if exist, etc.) and production features of the findings by means of chemical, mineralogical and microscopic techniques, as mentioned. The results indicated that the samples comprise carbonates suggesting use of calcareous clay batches which likely refer to a regional production (when the geological features of the area covering the mound are considered). Taking into account the mineral/phase content and the micro structural features (poor vitrification behavior) of the samples, it was deduced that the firing temperatures of the potsherds change in the range of 700-900oC which could be attributed to a relatively simple firing technique (e.g. pit firing). The whole data obtained in the study brought the thought that the ring burnished potteries have presumably been produced using simple techniques in terms of raw material preparation and firing technology. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1453-249X
Author: Murat BAYAZİT (Primary Author)
Institution: Batman Üniversitesi, Batman, Türkiye
Country: Turkey


Author: Osman EKİNCİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 28, 2018
Publication Date : May 28, 2019

Bibtex @research article { akufemubid410495, journal = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-3367}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe University}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {193 - 202}, doi = {}, title = {Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques}, key = {cite}, author = {BAYAZİT, Murat and EKİNCİ, Osman} }
APA BAYAZİT, M , EKİNCİ, O . (2019). Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 19 (1) , 193-202 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/akufemubid/issue/45488/410495
MLA BAYAZİT, M , EKİNCİ, O . "Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 19 (2019 ): 193-202 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/akufemubid/issue/45488/410495>
Chicago BAYAZİT, M , EKİNCİ, O . "Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 19 (2019 ): 193-202
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques AU - Murat BAYAZİT , Osman EKİNCİ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 193 EP - 202 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - -2149-3367 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques %A Murat BAYAZİT , Osman EKİNCİ %T Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques %D 2019 %J Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2149-3367 %V 19 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD BAYAZİT, Murat , EKİNCİ, Osman . "Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 19 / 1 (May 2019): 193-202 .
AMA BAYAZİT M , EKİNCİ O . Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 19(1): 193-202.
Vancouver BAYAZİT M , EKİNCİ O . Investigation of Ring Burnished Pottery Samples from Tilbaşar Mound (Gaziantep, Turkey) Using Multiple Analysis Techniques. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 19(1): 202-193.